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我國自由搏擊發展現狀與創新措施

添加時間:2019/10/12

  摘要:運用文獻資料法、調查法、訪談法對我國自由搏擊項目的現狀和發展情況進行剖析研究,簡要闡述了我國自由搏擊運動發展創新的必要性, 提出適合新形勢下我國自由搏擊運動健康持續發展的新途徑,以期為國內自由搏擊工作提供有效建議。

  關鍵詞:自由搏擊; 發展創新;

  1、前言

秒速赛车6码计划   ZIYOUBOJI(Kickboxing),YOUCHENGGUOJIZIYOUBOJI、OUMEIQUANJIECHUZIYOUKONGSHOUDAODENG。DAYUEZAI1960NIANZUOYOUQIYUANYUOUMEI,TEBIEZAIMEIGUO,ZIYOUBOJIBEIZUOWEIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEJINGJILEIXIANGMUKAIZHAN,BINGZHUJIANSHENTOUDAOSHIJIEGEGUO,POSHOURENMENXIAI。ZIYOUBOJIDUIGUIZEHEJIFAMEIYOUTAIDUODEYUESHU,CHANGDAOZAISHIZHANZHONGGENJULINCHANGZHUANGKUANGZIYOUFAHUI,LINGHUOSHIZHANQUAN、TUI、SHUAI、ZHOU、XIHEFANGUANJIEJIDENGGEZHONGLITIGONGFANGJISHU,YIZUIZHONGJIDAOHUOZHANSHENGDUISHOUWEIMUDE。ZAICISIXIANGZHIDAOXIA,JINGGUOSHUSHINIANGEGUOLIUPAIDESHIJIANMOSUO,ZIYOUBOJIJIANRONGBINGXUGEZHONGGEDOUSHUDEJINGHUA,ZHUBUXINGCHENGLEXIANGDUIWANZHENGDELILUNXUNLIANTIXI、JIZHANSHUXUNLIANFANGFAHEJIANJIEDEJINGSAIGUIZE,QIXIANMINGDESHIZHANGONGXIAOHESHANGYELIYIYETUXIANERCHU,CONGERQUDELECHENGGONGHEYINRENZHUMUDECHENGJI,ZAIXINXINGSHIXIADEGUOJIGEDOUXIANGMULIZHANJULEJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI。

我國自由搏擊發展現狀與創新措施

秒速赛车6码计划   XINXINGSHIXIA,SUIZHUJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,ZHONGGUOTIYUCHANYEYEYINGLAILEFEISUFAZHANDELIANGHAOJIYU,WOGUODETIYUSAISHIZHENGCHAOXIANGZHIYEHUA、CHANYEHUA、SHANGYEHUADEFAZHANQUSHIMAIJIN。ZHONGHUAWUSHUZUOWEIZHONGGUOMINZUCHUANTONGTIYUXIANGMU,YESHIZHONGGUOBIAOZHIXINGTIYUXIANGMU,ZAIZHONGGUONAIZHISHIJIESHANGDOUYOUZHUGUANGKUODESHICHANGQIANJING。ZAIBOJISHICHANGCHENJIDESUIYUEZHONG,ZHONGHUAWUSHUYEZAIHOUJIBOFA,MUQIANGUONEIDADAXIAOXIAODEBOJISAISHIRUYUHOUCHUNSUNBANFANHUACHENGXIAN,DANSHI,WOGUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGHUANCHUZAIQIBUJIEDUAN,ZHENGQUEYINDAOWOGUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGCHAOZHUJIANKANGWENDING、CHIXUKUAISUDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN,WEIWOGUOWUSHUBOJIXIANGMUDEFAZHANDAYOUBIYI。

  2、我國自由搏擊運動的發展現狀

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHONGGUOZUOWEICHUANTONGWUSHUDAGUO,ZIGUYILAIJIUYOUDUIWUSHUDECHONGYANGWENHUA。GUONEIZIYOUBOJISAISHIDEJUBAN,JIDADIDIAODONGGUOMINDEWUSHUREQING,TUIJINWUSHUYUNDONGYUANDEPEIYANGYITUICHONGWUSHUBOJIDEGENGHAOFAZHAN。YOUQIZAI2014NIAN10YUE,GUOWUYUANYINFA《GUANYUJIAQIANGFAZHANTIYUCHANYECUJINTIYUXIAOFEIDERUOGANYIJIAN》,MINGQUEZHICHUJIANGQUANMINJIANSHENSHANGSHENGWEIGUOJIAZHANLVE,BATIYUCHANYEZUOWEICHAOYANG、MINSHENGCHANYEFUCHI。ZAIGUOJIAZHENGCEDEZHUTUIXIA,ZHONGGUOWUYICHENGWEIQUANSHIJIEBOJICHANYEFAZHANDEZUIDASHICHANG。

  RANER,XIANGDUIGUOJIZIYOUBOJISHICHANGERYAN,GUONEIZIYOUBOJIFAZHANHUANCHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN,RENGRANCUNZAIZHUHENDUOWENTIHEKUNNAN,LIRU,GUONEIZIYOUBOJITIXIBUGOUWANSHAN、SAISHIGUIZEBUGOUTONGYI、YUNDONGYUANPEIXUNJIGOUCANCHABUQIHEJIANGLIZHIDUBUGOUMINGLANGDENGGEZHONGWENTITUXIANERCHU。

  3、我國自由搏擊運動發展創新的必要性

  3.1、ZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGFAZHANCHUANGXINSHITISHENGPEIXUNJIGOUNENGLIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN

秒速赛车6码计划   WOGUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGDEFAZHANCHUANGXINJIUSHIJINYIBUZHENGHEHEYOUHUAGUONEIBOJIZIYUAN,BINGFUYUPEIXUNJIGOUJIAOXUEGONGZUOXINDECHUANGZAOLI, JINYIBUZENGQIANGPEIXUNJIGOUJIAOXUEGONGZUOXIAOLV。WOGUOZIYOUBOJIFAZHANCHUANGXINJIUSHIYAOSHIYINGXINXINGSHIXIAGUOJIZIYOUBOJIKUAISUFAZHANDEYAOQIU, CUJINXUNLIANSHUIPINGHEGUANLITIZHIDECHUANGXIN, BUDUANTISHENGWOGUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGNENGLISHUIPING, YESHIBUDUANTISHENGPEIXUNJIGOUJIAOXUESHILIHEZONGHEXUNLIANSHUIPINGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。

  3.2、ZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGDEFAZHANCHUANGXINSHIWOGUOBOJIXIANGMUJIANKANGWENDING、CHIXUKUAISUFAZHANDEBIRANYAOQIU

  ZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGFAZHANCHUANGXINNENGCUJINTIZHIZHUANYEJIAOYUYUBOJIJULEBUDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN, SHIYINGHEMANZUGECENGCIRENQUNDEXUQIU。SUIZHUXINXINGSHIXIAGUOJIZIYOUBOJIXUNLIANTIXIDESHENRUTUIJIN, WOMENJIANGMIANLINZHUDALIANGXINDEXUNLIANJISHUWENTIPOQIEXUYAOGUANGDAWUSHUBOJIGONGZUOZHEYUYIHUIDAHEJIEJUE,ZHEYEYAOQIUZAIYANJIUXUNLIANQIANYANWENTIHEJIEJUEJISHUWENTIDEGUOCHENGZHONGTIGAOFAZHANCHUANGXINNENGLI, JIJITUIJINXUNLIANLILUNCHUANGXIN、JISHUTIXICHUANGXINHEXUNLIANFANGFACHUANGXIN。

  3.3、ZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGDEFAZHANCHUANGXINSHIGUONEIBOJIYANJIUZHINENGDENEIZAIYAOQIU

  YUNYONGDUOXUEKEDEZHISHIHEJISHUFANGFAYANJIUZHONGDAJISHUWENTIYIJINGCHENGWEIDANGDAIBOJIYANJIUDEZHUYAOTEDIANHEQUSHI, ZHEZHONGDAGUIMODEKEXUEYANJIUHUODONG, YAOQIUGUONEIBOJIYANJIUBUJINXUYAOJUBEIDAPIGAOSHUIPINGDEBOJIYANJIURENYUAN, HUANBIXUJINXINGHELIDEYOUHUAPEIZHI, SHIWOGUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGGENGKEXUEHUA、ZHIDUHUA、GUIFANHUA, CAINENGSHIXIANZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGZIYUANDEHELILIYONGHEYOUHUAPEIZHI, CONGERHUODELIANGHAODEXIAOYI。

  4、我國自由搏擊運動發展創新的具體措施

  4.1、GUANLITIXIYUPINGJIADECHUANGXIN

  4.1.1、WANSHANDEGUANLITIXI

  JIANLIKEXUE、GUIFAN、KAIFANG、GAOXIAODEGUANLITIXI,ZHENGHEJIAOLIANYUANGUANLIYUYUNDONGYUANGUANLI,CHUANGZAORENYUANGUANLIDEYOUSHIYUTESE;HUANYAOJIAQIANGDUIWAIDEHEZUOYUJIAOLIU,SHIXIANGUOJI、GUONEIXIANJINXUNLIANLILUN、FANGFAHEJISHUJIQIAODEZHUANHUAHEGAIZAO,JIANLIQIWANSHANDEXUNLIANFUWUYUGUANLITIXI,JIASUXUNLIANCHENGGUODETUIGUANGYUYINGYONG。

  4.1.2、JIJIDEGUANLIPINGJIA

  PEIXUNJIGOUGUANLIYINGYINJINDUOYUANHUADEPINGJIATIXIYUFANGFA,CONGNEIBUJIFAJIAOLIANYUANHEYUNDONGYUANDEJIJIXING。YINCI,JIANLIJIJIDERENYUANGUANLIPINGJIAZHIDU,JIANGJIANGLI、CHENGFAYUGONGZUOXIAOLVJIEHEQILAI,JIANGYOUXIAOTIGAOJIAOLIANYUANHEYUNDONGYUANDEJIJIXING、ZHUDONGXINGYUCHUANGZAOXING。WEICI,GAIGERENYUANGUANLIZHIDUPINGJIA,SHIDANGJIANHUAPINGDINGCHENGXU,QUELIXIAOLVYOUXIANDEFENPEIYUANZE,LAKAISHOURUCHAJU。TONGSHI,ZAIWUZHIJILIDEJICHUSHANGSHIXINGJINGSHENJILI,ZHUYAOBAOKUOGERENFAZHANJIHUI、GONGZUONEIRONGSHIYIDUDENGFANGMIAN。JIANSHEYIZHIGAOSUZHI、GAOSHUIPINGDEJIAOLIANYUANHEYUNDONGYUANGUANLIDUIWUSHIXUNLIANGONGZUOYOUTIAOBUWENJINXINGDEBIYAOBAOZHANG。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.2、DUIWUPEIXUNYUJINSHENGJIZHIDECHUANGXIN

秒速赛车6码计划   4.2.1、JIANLIWANSHANDEDUIWUPEIXUNJIZHI

  SUIZHUGUONEIZIYOUBOJISAISHI(TIZHISAI、SHANGYESAI)DEBUDUANTUIGUANGHEKUODA,CANYUGEZHONGSAISHIDEJIAOLIANYUAN、YUNDONGYUANHECAIPANYUANZHUNIANSHANGZHANG,DUIBISAIJINGJISHUIPING、JINGCAICHENGDUHEZHICAIGONGZHENGDEZHONGSHICUSHISAISHIFANGHEPEIXUNJIGOUJIADATOURUYINJINGAOSHUIPINGZIYOUBOJIJIAOLIANYUAN、YUNDONGYUANHECAIPANYUAN。MIANDUISHULIANGZHUJIANPANGDA、CANCHABUQIDERENCAIDUIWU,SAISHIFANGHEPEIXUNJIGOUGUANLIRENYUANBIXUZHIDINGHELIDERENCAIGUANLIJIZHI,JIAQIANGDUIRENCAIDEPEIXUN、ZHENGHEHEYOUHUAPEIZHI,YIBIANCHONGFENFAHUIGEZIYOUSHI,DUIYOUXIAOZIYUANJINXINGHELIGUANLIHEKEXUEYUNYONG,WEIZIYOUBOJIFAZHANCHUANGXINGONGZUOTIGONGRUANTIAOJIANSHANGDEBAOZHANG。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.2.2、GOUJIANHELIDERENYUANJINSHENGJIZHI

  4.2.2.1、JIAOLIANYUANJINSHENGBANFA

  JIAOLIANYUANDEJIAOXUESHUIPINGSHIYINGXIANGYUNDONGYUANCHENGJIDEZHONGYAOYINSU,YESHISAISHIJILIECHENGDUDEJIANJIECANYUZHE,DUIZIYOUBOJIDEFAZHANYOUZHUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。SUOYI,GUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENYINGGAIJIANLIXIANGYINGDEZIYOUBOJIJIAOLIANYUANJINSHENGBANFA,GENJUZONGHENENGLIDINGJI(CHUJI、ZHONGJI、GAOJI),LIRU:CANJIACHUQIJIAOLIANYUANPEIXUNBINGTONGGUOKAOHEDEDINGWEICHUJI,HOUQIZAIGENJUJIAOXUESHUIPING、KEYANNENGLIHEXUEYUANCHENGJITIXIANDENGYIXILIETUJINGDEZONGHEKAOHEDINGJIWEIZHONGJIHEGAOJIJIAOLIANYUAN,JUTIFANGFAKEYICANZHAOGAOXIAOJIAOSHIJINSHENGLIUCHENG,ZAIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGCHUTAIXIANGYINGDEJIAOLIANYUANJINSHENGBANFA。

  4.2.2.2、YUNDONGYUANJINSHENGBANFA

秒速赛车6码计划   YUNDONGYUANJINGJISHUIPINGZHIJIEDAIBIAOZHUWOGUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGSHUIPING,SHISAISHIJILIECHENGDUHEJINGJINENGLIDEZHIJIEDIZAOZHE,ZAIWOGUOZIYOUBOJIDEFAZHANDAOLUSHANGYOUZHUBUKEDONGYAODEDIWEI。SUOYI,GUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENYINGGAIJIANLIXIANGYINGDEZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGYUANJINSHENGBANFA,CONGYIMINGCHUXUEAIHAOZHEDAOYIMINGZHIYEYUNDONGYUANDECHENGCHANGGUOCHENGZHONG,HUAFENXIANGYINGDENENGLIDENGJI,GENJUGUIDINGTIAOJIANJINXINGKAOHE,TONGGUOBANFAXIANGYINGDENGJIDEYUNDONGYUANZHENGSHUHUOBIAOZHI,JUTIFANGFAKEYICANZHAOTAIQUANDAOJINSHENGLIUCHENG,ZAIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGCHUTAIXIANGYINGDEYUNDONGYUANJINSHENGBANFA。ZHEYANGHUIJIDACUJINPEIXUNJIGOUHEZIYOUBOJIAIHAOZHEDERECHEN,CONGERJINYIBUTUIJINWOGUOZIYOUBOJIDEFAZHAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.2.2.3、CAIPANYUANJINSHENGBANFA

秒速赛车6码计划   CAIPANYUANSHIYUNDONGYUANDEBAOHUSHEN,GENGSHISAICHANGSHANGDE“FAGUAN”,TADEMEIYIGEYANSHEN、KOULINGHESHOUSHIJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGSAISHIDEJILIECHENGDU、YUNDONGYUANDEJINGJINENGLIHEBISAIDEGONGPINGGONGZHENG。WULUNSHICHANGCAIHUANSHIBIANCAIZAIBISAIZHICAISHIBIXUBAOCHITOUNAOQINGXING、ZHUYILIJIZHONG、FANYINGLINGMIN、PANDUANZHUNQUE、DONGZUOGUIFAN、KOULINGQINGXIDENGGEZHONGYAOQIU,ZHEJIUCUSHICAIPANYUANBIXUJINGTONGSAISHIGUIZE,SHULIANZHANGWOGEXIANGBOJIJISHU,BINGQIEJUYOULIANGHAODESHENTISUZHI。SUOYI,GUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENYINGGAIZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEZIYOUBOJICAIPANYUANJINSHENGBANFA,GENJUZONGHENENGLIDINGJI(CHUJI、ZHONGJI、GAOJI),SHIMEIYIMINGTONGGUORENDINGDECAIPANYUANZHENZHENGZUODAOBOJISAICHANGSHANGGONGPINGGONGZHENGDE“FAGUAN”。

  4.3、JINGSAIGUIZEYUSAISHITUIGUANGDECHUANGXIN

秒速赛车6码计划   4.3.1、WANSHANDEJINGSAIGUIZE

秒速赛车6码计划   SHIJIEZIYOUBOJIZONGHUIK-1GUIZE(WAKO Rules Ring Sports K-1)SHIMUQIANSHIJIEZIYOUBOJIBISAITONGYONGGUIZE。GUOJIATIYUZONGJUWUSHUGUANLIZHONGXINHEZHONGGUOWUSHUXIEHUIZHUBANDE“FFXINYINGTIANXIA”ZIYOUBOJISAISHIJIBENCAIYONGDEK-1GUIZE,ERHENDUOSHANGYESAISHIDOUYOUGEZIZHIDINGGUIZE,LIRU“KUNLUNJUE”“WULINFENG”“YONGSHIDERONGYAO”DENGGUONEIBOJISAISHI,ZUWEIHUIDOUSHIGENJUSAISHIYAOQIUHESHIJIQINGKUANGZAIK-1GUIZEDEJICHUJIAYIXIUGAIBINGYUNYONG。ZUIZHONGDAOZHIHENDUOZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGYUANYINBUNENGKUAISUSHIYINGGEZHONGSAISHIDEBUTONGGUIZEERYINGXIANGJINGJISHUIPING,CONGERYINGXIANGLEWOGUOZIYOUBOJIDEFAZHAN。SUOYI,GUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENYINGGAIGENJUWOGUOSHIJIQINGKUANGZHIDINGYITAOWANSHANDESHIHEWOGUOZIYOUBOJIFAZHANDEJINGSAIGUIZE,JINENGRANGZHONGHUAWUSHUXUNSURONGRUXIANDAIZIYOUBOJIXINGLIEYOUBUWEIBEISHIJIEZIYOUBOJIZONGHUIK-1GUIZE。

  4.3.2、JIAQIANGSAISHIPINPAITUIGUANG

秒速赛车6码计划   GUOJIZHIMINGBOJISAISHI“UFC”“IBF”“WBA”“K-1”ZAIBENGUOSHENZHIGUOJIDOUJUYOUJIAODADEYINGXIANGLI,WOGUOZIYOUBOJICHANYEDANKAOYINJINSHIWUFAZHENZHENGZUODAZUOQIANGDE。WOGUOZAIZHEFANGMIANJUYOUYIDINGYINGXIANGLIDEJIUYOU“FFXINYINGTIANXIA”DENG,ZHIYOUDANGYIGEGEWOMENZIJIDEQINGXIFAZHANMOSHIDEZIYOUBOJISAISHISAISHIZUOCHENGPINPAI,WOGUODEZIYOUBOJIFAZHANCAINENGZHENZHENGYINGLAICHUNTIAN。

  5、結語

  ZHONGGUOZIYOUBOJIZHENGCHUZAIQIBUJIEDUAN,WULUNSHISHANGYESAISHIHUANSHITIZHISAISHIQIANJINGDOUSHIGUANGMINGDE,ZAIFAZHANCHUANGXINDEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIKANKEDE,DANQITICHANG“SHANGWUJINGSHEN”HE“QUANMINJIANSHEN”DEZONGZHIHETUIGUANGZHONGHUAWUSHUDEMUDESHIYONGHENGBUBIANDE。ZIYOUBOJIZUOWEIWOGUOTIYUCHANYEBUKEHUOQUEDEZHONGYAOBUFEN,GAIGECHUANGXINSHISHIHEXINXINGSHIXIAZIYOUBOJIYUNDONGYIXIANMINGDETESEYANZHUZISHENDEDAOLUJIANKANGCHIXUFAZHANDEXINYAOQIU。ZAIFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONGBUDANXUEXI“K-1”“UFC”DENGGUOWAIYOUXIUSAISHIDEJINGYINGMOSHI,HUANXUYAOGENJUZISHENTEDIANYOUSUOCHUANGXIN,JIANGZHONGHUAWUSHUYUXIANDAIZIYOUBOJIXIANGRONGHE,XUNQIUYITIAOZUISHIHEZHONGGUOZIYOUBOJIDEFAZHANZHILU。

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秒速赛车6码计划   [8]馬國順.自由搏擊對散打發展的主要影響[J].產業與科技論壇,2016, 15, (14) :125-126.