秒速赛车6码计划

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花生白絹病發病條件、規律及防治措施

添加時間:2019/10/11

  摘要:秒速赛车6码计划近幾年來,中國各花生主產區得到了全面的發展,但白絹病頻發對花生生產造成了嚴重的負面影響,基于此,本文從花生白絹病的發病癥狀、發生規律、發病條件這3個方面入手進行分析,并且提出了選種整地、合理輪作、測土配方、合理施肥、田間管理、藥劑防治等綜合防治措施。

  關鍵詞:花生白絹病; 發病癥狀; 發病條件; 綜合防治;

秒速赛车6码计划   HUASHENGZUOWEIZHONGGUOZHUYAONONGZUOWUZHIYI,ZAIDUOGEDIQUDOUYOUZHONGZHI,HUASHENGZHONGZHISHENGCHANQINGKUANGHUIDUIXIANGGUANCHANYELIANCHANSHENGZHIJIEDEYINGXIANG。BAIJUANBINGSHIHUASHENGSHENGCHANGGUOCHENGZHONGDECHANGJIANBINGHAIZHIYI,SHOUQIHOUBIANHUA、GENGZUOBIANGE、ZHONGZHIFANWEIDENGFANGMIANDEYINGXIANG,BAIJUANBINGDEFASHENGPINLVBUDUANZENGQIANG,YANZHONGZHIYUELEHUASHENGCHANYEDEFAZHAN,YINCIDUIHUASHENGBAIJUANBINGDEFASHENGYUZONGHEFANGZHIJINXINGFENXIJUYOUZHONGYAOXIANSHIYIYI。

花生白絹病發病條件、規律及防治措施

  1、花生白絹病的發病癥狀

秒速赛车6码计划   RUGUOZAIFAMIAOQICHUXIANBAIJUANBING,ZUIXIANCHUXIANFABINGZHENGZHUANGDEQUYUYIBANWEIGENBU,SUIHOUJINGJIBUHUIBIANCHENGHESEBINGQIEBANSUIRUANFUZHENGZHUANG,BIAOMIANYEHUICHANGCHUBAISEJUANSIZHUANGDEJUNSITI,DANGBINGBANHUANRAOJINGJIBUYIQUANHOU,YOUMIAOJIUHUIZHUJIANCHUXIANWEIHUANGZHUANG,ZUIZHONGKUSI。RUGUOZAICHENGZHUQICHUXIANBAIJUANBING,HUIZHIJIECONGJINGJIBUKAISHI,DANGBAISEJUANSIZHUANGDEJUNSITIWANQUANFUGAIBINGBUHOU,JIUHUIZHUJIANMANYANDAOZHIZHUDEZHONGXIABUJINGGAN,YOUQISHIZAIFENZHI、ZHIZHUJIANMANYANSUDUZUIKUAI。CISHIRUGUOTURANGCHAOSHIYUBI,BINGZHUZHOUWEIDETURANGYEHUICHUXIANBAISEJUANSIZHUANGDEJUNSITI。FABINGHOUQI,JUNSITIZHONGHUICHUXIANQIUZHUANGJUNHE,XIEPIANBIANHUANG,BIANYUANJIAOKU,ZUIZHONGKUWEI,BUJINRUCI,JINGJIBUYEHUICHUXIANFULAN、PICENGTUOLUODENGQINGKUANG,QIEGUOBING、JIAGUOBUFENYEHUICHANGCHUBAISEJUNSI。

  2、花生白絹病的發病規律

秒速赛车6码计划   CONGHUASHENGDEFAMIAOQIKAISHIDAOSHOUHUOQIJIESHU,DOUYOUKENENGFASHENGBAIJUANBING,ZHUYAOFABINGQUYUZAIJIAGUO、JINGJI、SHENGGENDENGBUWEI[1]。ZUOWEIYIZHONGTUCHUANZHENJUNXINGBINGHAI,ZHEZHONGBINGJUNHUIYIJUNHE、JUNSIDEFANGSHIJISHENGZAITURANGHUOZHEBINGCANTISHANGYUEDONG,YINCIYIXIEHUASHENGZHONGZIYEHUIDAIYOUBINGJUN。CIWAI,BINGJUNKEYIYIKAOLIUSHUIHUOZHEKUNCHONGJINXINGCHUANBO。HUASHENGBAIJUANBINGDEWEIHAIJIAODA,YIDANRUQIN,JIUHUIBUDUANJILEI,FANGZHI、GENCHUDENANDUJIAODA,YOUQISHIZAIGAOWENDUOYUDEJIJIE。GENJUSISHUIXIANZHONGCEZHENNONGYEZONGHEFUWUZHONGXINDEPUCHAJIEGUOLAIKAN,6YUEXIAXUN,HUASHENGTIANJIANHUIKAISHICHUXIANBAIJUANBINGBINGZHU,CISHIFABINGBUWEIDADUOZAIZHIZHUGENJINGJIBU。7YUEZHONGXUN,BINGYUANJUNHE、JUNSIFANZHISHENGCHANGSUDUJIAOKUAI,ERQIEHUIZAICIQINRANHUASHENGZHIZHU,DAOZHIFABINGBUWEIMANYANKUODA,CONGJINGJIBUKUODADAOFENZHIJIANJINGGANDEZHONGXIABU,BAISEJUNSICENGFUGAIFABINGBUWEIHUOZHEDIBIAOCENG。8YUEZHONGXUNHUIDADAOFABINGDEZUIGAOFENG,ZHIZHUXIEMIANHUICHUXIANDAMIANJITUOLUOHUOZHEZHENGZHUKUSIDEQINGKUANG。

  3、花生白絹病的發生條件

秒速赛车6码计划   JINGGUOCHANGQIDEDIAOCHAYANJIU,YINGXIANGHUASHENGBAIJUANBINGDEYINSUYOUHENDUO,ZHUYAOBAOKUO:QIHOU、PINZHONG、LIANZUOZHONGCHA、TURANGFEILIAO、ZAIPEIGUANLIDENG,QIZHONGQIHOUSHIYOUFABAIJUANBINGDEZHUYAOYINSU。GENJUSISHUIXIANZHONGCEZHENNONGYEZONGHEFUWUZHONGXINDEDIAOCHAXIANSHI,BAIJUANBINGZAIWENDU25~35℃、KONGQISHIDU90%~100%、TURANGHANSHUILIANGWEI40%~50%ZHONGSHENGCHANGZUIKUAI。JIZAIYULIANGJIAODA、WENDUJIAOGAODEQINGKUANGXIA,BAIJUANBINGBINGJUNSHENGCHANGSUDUJIKUAI,KEYISHUOWENDUHESHIDUJUEDINGLEFABINGDEZAOWANHEQINGZHONG。CHUCIZHIWAI,BUTONGPINZHONGZHIJIANYECUNZAIYIDINGCHAYI,YIXIEPINZHONGDEKANGBINGXING、NAIBINGXINGJIAOQIANG,BIRU:SHANGHUA5HAO、ZHONGHUA16HAO,XIANGFANYUANZA9102、WANHUA2HAODEFABINGGAILVJIAOGAO。ZAISHIJIDIAOCHAZHONGHUANFAXIAN,XINZHONGZHIDIFABINGLVJIAODI,JISHIFABINGDUICHANLIANGDEYINGXIANGYEXIANGDUIJIAOXIAO,ERLIANZUOZHONGCHAZHONGZHIQUYURUGUOFABING,HUIDAOZHIBINGQINGJIAZHONG,HUANHUIYINGXIANGDAOZHENGTICHANLIANG。RUGUOJIANGHUASHENGHEHEBENKEJINXINGLUNZUOBINGQINGJIAOQING,RUGUOSHIGANSHU、MIANHUALUNZUOZEZHENGTIFABINGJIAOZHONG,CIWAICHUNBOFABINGJIAOZHONG,XIABOFABINGJIAOQING。TURANGFEILIAO、ZAIPEIGUANLIYEHUIDUIBAIJUANBINGCHANSHENGYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,RUGUODANDUSHIJIADANFEI、LINFEIHUOZHETURANGCHENGPIANSUANXING,BINGQINGYOUKENENGJIAZHONG,ERSHIJIAFUHEFEIHUOZHESHIJIA“YOUJIFEI+HUAFEI”KEYIYOUXIAOGAISHANBINGQING。DISHIDIAO、PAISHUIBUCHANGHUOZHEMIDUGUODA、TONGFENGTOUGUANGCHA、ZACAOJIAODUO、ZHIZHUDAOFUDENGQINGKUANG,DOUHUIDAOZHIBINGQINGJIAZHONGHUOZHEYOUFABAIJUANBING。

  4、花生白絹病的綜合防治

秒速赛车6码计划   4.1、XUANZHONGZHENGDI

  YOUSHANGKEZHI,ZAIZHONGZHIQIANYAOXUANZECHANLIANGJIAOGAO、KANGBINGXINGJIAOQIANGDEPINZHONG,BIRU:FENGHUA1HAO、HUAYU16、HUAYU17DENG,TONGSHIHUANYAOBAOZHENGZHONGZIWUBING,XUYAORENZHENSHAIXUAN、SHAIZHONG、TICHUFAMEIHEBIZHONG,BINGQIEDUIZHONGZIJINXINGYAOJICHULI。KEYICAIYONGJUNHEJING、DUOJUNLING、MIEJUNZUO、HEYOUWANCHENGBANZHONG,XUYAOZHUYIDESHI100gYAOJIJIAOBAN20~25kgDEHUASHENGZHONG,CONGYUANTOUSHANGYIZHIBINGJUNSHENGCHENG。TONGSHIHUANYAOZAIDIBIAOSASHISHAJUNJIYIDADAOXIAOMIEJUNHEDEMUDE,SHAJUNJIYAOYANGEANZHAOXIANGYINGDEPEIBISHIYONG,FENBIEWEIJIAJILIUJUNLING、JIAJILIKULIN、JUNHEJING、ERLVYIQINGNIAOSUANNADENGHUAXUEYAOJI,JIAOBANJUNYUNHOUSHIJIAZAITUBIAOMIAN,KEYIJIANGDIBAIJUANBINGDEFASHENG。ZAIWANCHENGHUASHENGSHOUHUOHOU,HUANYAOJISHIDESHENFANTUDIDONGFA,BINGLIYONG70%JIAJILIUJUN2kg/667m2,JIAXITUJIAOBANJUNYUNHOUSAYUTUZHONG,KEYIXIAOMIECANLIUBINGJUN,JIANSHAOTIANJIANYUEDONGJUNYUAN[2]。

  4.2、HELILUNZUO

  LUNZUOSHIYIZHONGSHENGWUXUECUOSHI,JINENGGOURANGTUDIDEDAOLIYONG,TONGSHIYEKEYIRANGTUDIDEDAOYANGHU,XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,HEHUASHENGYIQILUNZUODEZHIWUYAOSHENZHONGXUANZE,JINKENENGDEBIMIANZHONGCHA,ZUIWEIZHONGYAODESHIYAOZAISHIJIYINGYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANCHIYINDIZHIYIZHEYIPEIYANGYUANZE。LUNZUOKEYIRANGTURANGYANGFENGENGJIAJUNHENG,TONGSHIFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAIFAZHAN,RANGTURANGXINGZHUANGDEDAOGAISHAN,JINKENENGDEBAOCHI、TIGAO、HUIFUTURANGFEILI。BIRU:ZAIFABINGLVDADAO10%SHI,JIUYAOJISHISHIXINGLUNZUO,LUNZUOSHIJIANKONGZHIZAI2~3a,RUGUOTURANGFABINGJIAOWEIYANZHONG,YAOHEHEBENKEZUOWUJINXINGLUNZUO,RUSHUIDAO、XIAOMAI、YUMIDENG,QIELUNZUOSHIJIANYAOKONGZHIZAI3aYISHANG,CONGERYOUXIAOJIANSHAOJUNYUANJILEI,JIANGDIFABINGGAILV,WEIHOUQIHUASHENGZHONGZHITIGONGLIANGHAODETURANGHUANJING。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.3、CETUPEIFANG

  CETUPEIFANGSHIFEIZUOWEIYIZHONGJISHUTIXI,ZAISHIJIYINGYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,KEYIGENJUTURANGGONGFEIXINGNENGYIJIZUOWUXUFEIGUILV,XIEDIAOHAOTURANG、FEILIAO、ZUOWU3ZHEZHIJIANDEPINGHENG。TONGGUOZHEZHONGFANGSHIBUJINKEYIBAOZHENGHUASHENGJUNHENGXISHOUGEZHONGYINGYANG,TONGSHIHUANKEYISHIXIANYONGDI、YANGDI,ZUIZHONGDADAOSHAOFEI、HUANBAO、GAOCHAN、YOUZHIDEMUDE。

  4.4、HELISHIFEI

  DANFEI、LINFEI、JIAFEI、YOUJIFEI、XINFEI、GAIFEI、SHENGWUJUNFEIZHIJIANDESHIYONGYAOANZHAOKEXUEDEBIAOZHUN,BIMIANGUODUSHIFEI,HUOSHIFEIBUZU,DUIHUASHENGSHENGCHANGZAOCHENGDEWEIHAI。ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,SHIDANGZENGJIATURANGZHONGYOUYIWEISHENGWUDESHULIANGHEZHONGLEI,KEYIYOUXIAOYIZHIBAIJUANBINGDEFANZHIFASHENG,BINGQIENENGCUJINHUASHENGZHIZHU、GENXISHENGCHANG,TIGAOHUASHENGDEKANGBINGNENGLI,DADAOKONGZHIBAIJUANBINGWEIHAIDEMUDE。LIRU:MOUHUASHENGZHONGZHIHUCAIYONGLEYOUJIFEI45t/hm2、CAOMUHUI7500kg/hm2,DANFEI120kg/hm2,P2O590kg/hm2,K2O82.5kg/hm2,PENGFEI15kg/hm2。GENJUSHIJIDIAOCHA,ZAISHIYONGHOUFABINGLVMINGXIANJIANGDI,BINGQINGZHISHUYECHUXIANLEMINGXIANDEXIAJIANG。

  4.5、TIANJIANGUANLI

秒速赛车6码计划   CHULESHANGSHUCUOSHIWAI,XUJIAQIANGTIANJIANGUANLI,BAOZHENGTONGFENGTOUGUANG,JIANLILIANGHAODETIANJIANPAIGUANXITONG、SHELITIANNEIGOU、WAIWEIGOU,BAOZHENGYUJIKEYIJISHIPAISHUI,BUHUICHUXIANJISHUI,TONGSHIZAIHANJIYENENGGOUBAOZHENGJIAOGUANGONGZUO,CHEDIQIEDUANBINGYUANJUNTONGGUOLIUSHUICHUANBO。SHENGCHANGZHONGQIHUANYAOCHUCAOFANGHUANG,ZUIDACHENGDUBIMIANBINGJUNCHUANBO,7YUEZHONGXUNJINRUZHIZHUWANGCHANGJIEDUAN,YAOJINKENENGDIYIZHITUCHANG,ZAIZHUGAODADAO35cmZUOYOUJISHIKONGWANG,ZHIZHUZUIGAOKONGZHIZAI45cmZUOYOU。TONGSHIHUANYAOJIANGDITIANJIANKONGQISHIDU,CHUANGZAOYOULIYUHUASHENGJIANZHUANGSHENGCHANGDEQIHOUTIAOJIAN,KONGZHIBAIJUANBINGFASHENG。CHUCIZHIWAI,RUGUOFAXIANBINGZHUYAOJISHIDEBACHU,DAICHUTIANWAIJINXINGXIAOHUI,BIMIANQINRANFANWEIKUODA,HUASHENGSHOUHUOHOUYEYAOJISHIDEQINGCHUBINGZHUCANTI,BIMIANBINGHAIJILEICHUANBO[3]。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.6、YAOJIFANGZHI

秒速赛车6码计划   YAOJIFANGZHISHIBAIJUANBINGZONGHEFANGZHIZHONGJIAOWEIZHUYAODEYIZHONG,YIBANYINGYONGZAIBINGHAIFASHENGCHUQI,YIBANKEYIYINGYONGZAI7YUESHANGXUNFABINGQIAN,MEIGE7~10dPENSA1CI,LIANXUPENSA3~4CI,YAOJIKEYIHUNPEISHIYONGHUOZHEJIAOTISHIYONG。YAOJIDEXUANZEJIWEIZHONGYAO,KEYICAIYONG240g/LSAIFUXIANAN1500BEIHUOZHECAIYONGHUNHEYAOJI,BIRUJIANGJUNHEJING、DUOJUNLING、PUHAIYINDENGHUNHEZAIYIQI,HUANKEYISHIYONGHAOLIKEDAITIDUOJUNLINGWANCHENGPEIZHI,MEICIYONGYAO3000~4500g/hm2。XUYAOZHUYIDESHIXIANGLIANDIKUAIYAOGONGTONGFANGZHI,BIMIANBINGJUNCANCUN、FANZHI、KUOZHAN,YICIYADIBINGQINGZHISHU。CIWAI,ZAIHUASHENGXIAZHENQIKEYISHIYONGFENXIUNINGRUYOUHUOZHEDUOJUNLINGKESHIFENJIDUIGENJINGBU,MEIXUE100~200mL,GENJUBINGQINGGUANGAI1~2CI,KEYIYOUXIAOKONGZHIBINGHAIFASHENGLIUXING。

  5、總結

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZAISHIJIZHONGZHIHUASHENGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,RUGUOBUNENGGOUKEXUEFANGZHIHUASHENGBAIJUANBING,DAOZHIBAIJUANBINGCHENGJIAZHONGQUSHI,NEIMEJIUHUIDUIHUASHENGCHANLIANG、PINZHIZAOCHENGZHIJIEDEYINGXIANG。TONGGUOBENWENFENXI,JIEHESHIJIJINGYAN,KEYICONGXUANZHONGZHENGDI、HELILUNZUO、CETUPEIFANG、HELISHIFEI、TIANJIANGUANLI、YAOJIFANGZHIDENGFANGMIANRUSHOU,KAIZHANZONGHEFANGZHICELVE,YICUJINHUASHENGCHANYEKECHIXUFAZHAN。

  參考文獻
  [1]張艷.花生白絹病的發生規律和綜合防治[J].農業科技通訊,2019(01):187-188.
  [2]靳秋生,劉國棟,劉駿.焦作市花生白絹病的發生及綜合防治技術初探[J].農業科技通訊,2018(02):195-196.
秒速赛车6码计划   [3]張明紅,張李娜,譚忠.花生白絹病的發生特點及綜合防治[J].農業科技通訊,2018(01):219-221.