秒速赛车6码计划

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西青區主要農業氣象災害、影響及對策

添加時間:2019/10/08

  摘要:隨著社會經濟的發展與進步,天津市西青區的農業生產也實現了飛速發展,并成為當地民眾增產增收的一項支柱性產業。然而近些年來,隨著全球氣候異常變化,天津西青區干旱、暴雨、冰雹、大風等氣象災害的發生頻率居高不下,對當地農業生產構成了嚴重威脅。基于此,本文著重探討了該地區主要農業氣象災害及防災減災措施,以期能夠為充分利用當地的農業氣候資源,最大程度地減少氣象災害對農業造成的影響及損失提供一定的參考,并為安全、順利開展當地農業生產工作提供一定的指導。

  關鍵詞:秒速赛车6码计划西青區; 農業; 氣象災害; 防災減災;

  TIANJINXIQINGQUNONGYEKUAISUFAZHAN,RANERNONGYERENGWUFABAITUOKAOTIANCHIFANDEJUMIAN。SUIZHUQUANQIUJIASUBIANNUAN,XIQINGQUGANHAN、BAOYU、DAFENG、BINGBAODENGQIXIANGZAIHAIPINFA,BUJINDUIDANGDIDENONGYESHENGCHANGOUCHENGLEYANZHONGWEIXIE,HUANDUIDANGDISHEHUIJINGJIDEWENDINGCHIXUFAZHANCHANSHENGLEYANZHONGYINGXIANG。JIYUCI,XIQINGQUXIANGGUANQIXIANGBUMENBIXUCAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHIJIADAQIXIANGZAIHAICHENGZAIJILIDEYANJIULIDU,ZHANGWOQIXIANGZAIHAIFASHENGFAZHANGUILV,SHIYONGXIANJINDEQIXIANGGUANCEYIQIZUOHAOQIXIANGZAIHAIDEJIANCEJIYUJINGGONGZUO,BINGCAIQUKEXUE、HELIDEQIXIANGFANGZAIJIANZAICUOSHI,BUJINNENGGOUZUIDACHENGDUDEJIANSHAOQIXIANGZAIHAIDUINONGYESHENGCHANZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANGJIWEIHAI,HUANNENGWEISHIXIANDANGDINONGYESHENGCHANDEWENDING、KECHIXUFAZHANQIDAOYIDINGCHENGDUDETUIDONGZUOYONG。

  1、天津市西青區地理氣候概況及農業生產現狀

  1.1、XIQINGQUDILIQIHOUGAIKUANG

秒速赛车6码计划   XIQINGQUWEIYUTIANJINXINANBUDIQU,DISHIZHENGTICHENGXIANCHUXIBEIGAO、DONGNANDIERZHONGBUZUIDIDEBIANHUAQUSHI,JINGNEIDISHIJIAOWEIDIPING。GAIDIQUWEIYUNUANWENDAIBANSHIRUNDALUXINGJIFENGQIHOUQU,BINGBIAOXIANCHUCHUNJIQIWENBIANHUAMINGXIAN,DUOFENG、SHAOYU、GANZAO;XIAJIMENRE,JIANGSHUICHONGPEIQIEJIZHONG;QIUJITIANQILIANGSHUANG;DONGJIHANLENGGANZAODENGTEDIAN。DUIJINXIENIANXIQINGQUQIXIANGGUANCEZILIAOJINXINGTONGJIDECHU,GAIDIQUNIANPINGJUNWENDUWEI11.6℃,NIANJIANGSHUILIANGWEI586.1mm,JIANGSHUIZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIXIAJI,XIAJIJIANGSHUILIANGZHANDAOQUANNIANZONGJIANGSHUILIANGDE75.6%,NIANRIZHAOSHISHUWEI2810.4h,WUSHUANGQIWEI203d,GAIDIQUDEQIHOUTIAOJIANWEINONGZUOWUDESHENGCHANTIGONGLEYOULITIAOJIAN。

西青區主要農業氣象災害、影響及對策

  1.2、XIQINGQUNONGYESHENGCHANXIANZHUANG

秒速赛车6码计划   XIQINGQUTUDIZONGMIANJIWEI57080hm2QIZHONGNONGLINYONGDIMIANJIWEI28133hm2,ZHANDAOTUDIZONGMIANJIDE49.3%。GENGDIMIANJIZUIDUO,WEI13667hm2;QICIWEILINDI,QIMIANJIWEI9667hm2;LINGYOU3467hm2YONGYUSHUICHANYANGZHIJI1334hm2GUOYUAN。2013NIAN,XIQINGQUNONGYESHENGCHANZONGZHIDADAO25.45YIYUAN,YU2012NIANXIANGBITONGBIZENGCHANGLE9.5%。NONGYEZENGJIAZHIWEI11.81YIYUAN,ZENGCHANGLVWEI9.3%。QIZHONGSHENGTAIYANGZHI、SHUCAIZHONGZHIMIANJIJIANGJIN0.73WANhm2,QINIANCHANZHIWEI18.5YIYUAN,ZAINONGYESHENGCHANZONGZHIZHONGZHANJU72.7%;XIANDAIZHONGZHIYEYUSHIYONGJUNSHENGCHANJIAGONGYEYEKUAISUFAZHAN,QINIANCHANZHIJIANGJIN3.2YIYUAN,ZAINONGYESHENGCHANZONGZHIZHONGZHANJU12.6%。SUIZHUXIQINGQUXIANDAINONGYEDEFEISUFAZHANJINONGYESHENGCHANJIEGOUDEBUDUANYOUHUA,SHESHINONGYEZAINONGYESHENGCHANZHONGSUOZHANDEBILIZHUNIANZENGJIA,BINGZAIXIQINGQUJINGJIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGFAHUIZHURIYIZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

  2、西青區主要農業氣象災害及影響

秒速赛车6码计划   NONGYEQIXIANGZAIHAIZHIDESHIBULITIANQIHUOQIHOUTIAOJIANDAOZHINONGYEYANZHONGJIANCHANQIANSHOUDEXIANXIANG。JINXIENIANLAI,SUIZHUQUANQIUQIHOUYICHANGBIANHUA,XIQINGQUGANHAN、BAOYU、HONGLAO、DAFENG、BINGBAODENGQIXIANGZAIHAIPINFA,DUIDANGDINONGYESHENGCHANGOUCHENGLEYANZHONGWEIXIE。

秒速赛车6码计划   2.1、GANHANZAIHAI

秒速赛车6码计划   GANHANZAIHAISHIXIQINGQUZUIWEICHANGJIANDENONGYEQIXIANGZAIHAIZHIYI。XIQINGQUJIANGSHUIBIAOXIANCHUJIAOWEIMINGXIANDENIANJIBIANHUATEZHENG,QIEXIAJIJIANGSHUILIANGZUIWEICHONGPEI,ZHANDAOQUANNIANZONGJIANGSHUILIANGDE70%ZUOYOU。YOUYUGAIDIQUJIANGSHUIFENBUBUJUN,YINCIDAOZHIGANHAN、HONGLAOZAIHAIPINFA。GANHANZAIHAIZHUYAOYICHUNHANJIXIAHANWEIZHU,QIZHONGCHUNHANFASHENGPINLVZUIGAO,SUYOU“SHINIANJIUHAN”ZHISHUO。

  TONGJI1971—2013NIANTIANJINXIQINGQUDEJIANGSHUIGUANCEZILIAODECHU,20SHIJI70NIANDAIYIGONGCHUXIAN6CICHUNHAN,ZHEYIJIEDUANCHUNHANCISHUZUIDUO;QICIWEI20SHIJI90NIANDAI,ER80NIANDAICHUXIANCHUNHANCISHUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。CHUNJICHUNBOZUOWUZHENGCHUYUBOZHONG、CHUMIAODENGJIEDUAN,ERYUEDONGZUOWUZHENGCHUYUFANQING、WANGSHENGSHENGCHANGFAYUJIEDUAN,CISHIYIDANJIANGSHUILIANGBUZUJIYIYINFAYANZHONGGANHANZAIHAI,JIDAOZHICHUNBOJICHUJIAOCHA,DUIQIUSHOUZUOWUDEZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANGJISHOUCHENGCHANSHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANG,HUANHUIDAOZHIXIALIANGDECHANLIANGBUGAO。

秒速赛车6码计划   DUIXIQINGQUXIAHANCISHUJINXINGTONGJIDECHU,GAIDIQU20SHIJI90NIANDAICHUXIANXIAHANDEPINLVZUIGAO,ER70NIANDAICHUXIANXIAHANDEPINLVZUIDI。XIAJI,NONGZUOWUCHUYUWANGSHENGSHENGCHANGSHIQI,DUISHUIFENDEXUQIULIANGJIAODUO,CISHIYIDANCHUXIANXIAHANJIANGHUIDUINONGZUOWUDEZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANGFAYUCHANSHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANG,JIDAOZHITURANGDIDIBUGOU,HUANHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGYUEDONGZUOWUDEZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANG。

  2.2、BAOYUHONGLAOZAIHAI

  XIQINGQUXIAJIBAOYUHONGLAOZAIHAIFASHENGPINLVJIAOGAO,QIZHONG7YUEXIAXUN—8YUESHANGXUNBAOYUHONGLAOZAIHAIZUIWEIJIZHONG。XIQINGQUDISHIJIAOWEIDIPING,YIDANFASHENGBAOYUTIANQI,YUSHUINANYIJISHIPAICHUBINGJIJUZAIDIWADIQUXINGCHENGJISHUI,JINERYINFAYULAO。BAOYUZAIHAIFASHENGSHIJIYIDAOZHINONGTIANYANMEI、TONGXUNJIJIAOTONGSHOUZU、HESHUIHENGYIDENGXIANXIANG,YOUCIZAOCHENGDEJINGJICAICHANSUNSHIJUDA,YANZHONGSHIHUANHUIWEIXIEDAOMINZHONGDESHENGMINGANQUAN。NONGYESHOUDAOBAOYUZAIHAIDEYINGXIANGBIJIAOYANZHONG,YISHUIDAOWEILI,BAOYUZAIHAIFASHENGSHIGUANGZHAOBUZU,BUJINHUIJIANHUANSHUIDAODESHENGCHANGFAYUSUDU,HUANHUIDAOZHIQIJINGXIEFENGCHANG,GENBUKUHUANG,CUSHIGEZHONGBINGCHONGHAIPINFA。CHUCIZHIWAI,BAOYUHUANHUIBUTONGCHENGDUDISUNHUAIHUOZHEDUANSHUIDAOZUOWUDEJINGXIE,JINERYANZHONGYINGXIANGQIZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANGFAYU。

秒速赛车6码计划   2.3、DAFENGZAIHAI

  XIQINGQUDAFENGZAIHAIDEJIJIEXINGBIANHUATEZHENGJIAOWEIMINGXIAN,QIZHONGCHUNDONGJIJIEDAFENGRISHUJIAODUO,ERXIAJIYUQIUJIDAFENGRISHUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,JIUYUEFENBUERYAN,4YUEFENCHUXIANDAFENGZAIHAIDEPINLVZUIGAO,ER8YUEFENCHUXIANDAFENGZAIHAIDEPINLVZUIDI。XIQINGQURIGUANGWENSHIZUOWUJIAODUO,ERDAFENGDUIRIGUANGWENSHIZUOWUJUYOUHUIMIEXINGDEWEIHAI,QIYUANYINZAIYUDAFENGDAOZHIRIGUANGWENSHINEIWAIDEYALICUNZAIZHUMINGXIANCHAYI,BUJINHUIDUIBOMOZAOCHENGYIDINGCHENGDUDESUNHUAI,YANZHONGSHIHUANHUIZHEDUANWENSHIGUJIASHENZHIDAOZHIWENSHIGUJIACHUXIANTANTA,ZAOCHENGWENSHINEIZUOWUYANZHONGJIANCHANSHENZHIJUESHOU。

秒速赛车6码计划   2.4、BINGBAOZAIHAI

  XIQINGQUNIANBINGBAORISHUCHENGXIANCHUYIDINGDEJIANSHAOQUSHI,QIZHONG20SHIJI70—80NIANDAIMOBINGBAOZAIHAIFASHENGPINLVJIAOGAO,ER90NIANDAIBINGBAOZAIHAIFASHENGPINLVJIAODI。DONGJIJIBENBUHUICHUXIANJIANGBAOTIANQI,CHUCIZHIWAICHUNJI、XIAJIYUQIUJIJUNHUICHUXIANBUTONGCHENGDUDEBINGBAOTIANQI。QIZHONG5—6YUEFENBINGBAORISHUZUIDUO,QIEJIANGBAOGUOCHENGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIMEITIANDE14∶00—20∶00。BINGBAOZAIHAIZUOWEIXIQINGQUCHANGJIANDEQIXIANGZAIHAIZHIYI,QIFASHENGGUOCHENGZHONGHUANBANSUIYOUDAFENG、BAOYUDENGTIANQIGUOCHENG。BINGBAOZAIHAIFASHENGSHIHUIZHEDUANNONGZUOWUDEJINGXIE,DALUOGUOSHI,HUANHUISHIDANGDINONGYESHESHIZAOSHOUYANZHONGSUNHUAI,YOUCIZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANGJISUNSHIBURONGHUSHI。

  3、農業防災減災措施

  3.1、TIGAOFANGZAIJIANZAIYISHI

  XIQINGQUQIXIANGBUMENYINGDANGZHONGSHIQIXIANGFANGZAIJIANZAIDEXUANCHUANGONGZUO,SHIDANGDIMINZHONGNENGGOUMINGQUEQIXIANGZAIHAIDECHENGYIN,BINGZHANGWOYIDINGDEFANGZAIJIANZAICUOSHI。DANGQIXIANGZAIHAIFASHENGSHI,MINZHONGNENGGOUJISHIDUIQIXIANGZAIHAIJINXINGCHULIYINGDUI,JINERZUIDAXIANDUDIJIANSHAOZAIHAIZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANGJISUNSHI。CHUCIZHIWAI,XIQINGQUQIXIANGBUMENYINGDANGZHONGSHIGONGZUORENYUANZONGHESUZHIDEPEIXUNGONGZUO,TIGAOQIXIANGGONGZUORENYUANDEYEWUJINENGYUSHUIPING,TIGAOQIXIANGZAIHAIJIANCEYUBAOYUJINGDEJISHIXINGYUZHUNQUEXING。

秒速赛车6码计划   3.2、JIANLIQIXIANGZAIHAIYUJINGFANGYUXITONG

  WEIZUIDACHENGDUDIJIANSHAOQIXIANGZAIHAIZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANGYUSUNSHI,XIQINGQUXIANGGUANZHENGFUBUMENYINGDANGJIANLIYITAOJIAOWEIWANZHENGDEZAIHAIFANGYUZHIHUI、SHISHIYUYUJINGYUBAOXIANGHUJIEHEDEZAIHAIYINGDUIXITONG,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGDUITONGYILINGDAOQIESHANGXIALIANDONGDEYINGJIJIZHIJINXINGWANSHAN,JIANLIQIXIANGXINXIYITIHUA、DUOBUMENXINXIGONGXIANGDEXINXIWANGLUOZHISHIXITONGJIJIANKONGXITONG。LINGWAI,HUANYAOZHONGSHIJIANSHEQIXIANGZAIHAIYUJINGYUBAONENGLI,BINGDUIGEZHONGQIXIANGZAIHAIJIANCE、YUJINGFABUXITONG、JUECEZHIHUIXITONGDENGJINXINGWANSHAN,YIQUEBAOJISHI、ZHUNQUEDIFABUQIXIANGZAIHAIXINXI。CHUCIZHIWAI,HUANYAOJIANLIQIXIANGZAIHAIYUCEJIANKONGJIFENXIXITONG,BINGQUEBAOQIXIANGZAIHAIFASHENGSHINENGGOUJISHIJINXINGFANGYU。

  3.3、JIANSHESHENGTAIHUANJING,KUODALVHUAMIANJI

秒速赛车6码计划   ZIRANHUANJINGZAIQIXIANGZAIHAIFANGYUZHONGYEFAHUIZHUBUKETIDAIDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,YINCIBIXUZHONGSHIXIQINGQUSHENGTAIHUANJINGJIANSHEGONGZUO,YIYOUXIAOYIZHIQIXIANGZAIHAIDEFASHENG。LIYONGSENLINDIAOJIEQIHOU、WENDINGQIWENDENGZUOYONG,QIYUZHOUWEIHUANJINGZHIJIANDEQITIHUANLIUNENGGOUSHISHUANGDONGDUINONGZUOWUDEYINGXIANGYUPOHUAIDEDAOMINGXIANJIANGDI,HUANNENGDADAJIANSHAOBINGBAOZAIHAIDEFASHENGPINLV;LINGWAI,SENLINHUANJUYOUSHUITUBAOCHI、HUANJIEGANHAN、HANYANGSHUIYUANDENGZUOYONG,NENGGOUDUISHACHENBAO、DAFENGDENGZAIHAIJINXINGYOUXIAOYUFANG。YINCI,XIQINGQUYINGDANGKUODALVHUAMIANJI,DUOZHISHUZHONGCAO,ZENGJIASENLINMIANJIYIDADAOYIDINGDEFANGZAIJIANZAIMUDE。

  3.4、CHONGFENLIYONGQIHOUZIYUANFAZHANXIANDAINONGYE

  QIHOUTIAOJIANNENGGOUDUINONGYESHENGCHANCHANSHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANG,QUANMIANLEJIEDANGDIDEQIHOUZIYUANYUTEDIAN,BINGDUIDANGDIQIHOUZIYUANJINXINGCHONGFENLIYONG,ZUIDACHENGDUDIJIANSHAOQIXIANGZAIHAIDUINONGYESHENGCHANZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANG,CAINENGQUEBAONONGYEDEYOUZHIGAOCHAN,JINERSHIMINZHONGZENGCHANFENGSHOU。RANERZAISHIJIDENONGYESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,BUJINYAOYIRICHANGTIANQIYUBAOWEIYIJUANPAIHAOXIANGGUANDENONGSHIHUODONG,HUANYAOGENJUDANGDIDEQIHOUZHUANGKUANGDUINONGZUOWUBUJU、GENGZUOZHIDU、YINJINXINPINZHONGDENGJINXINGSHULIANZHANGWO,DUIQIJINXINGZONGHEFENXIYITIGAOXUANZEDEKEXUEXINGYUHELIXING,BUJINNENGGOUTIGAONONGYESHENGCHANZHONGDEQINGXIANGXING,HUANNENGYOUXIAODEDUIFENGXIANJINXINGGUIBI。LINGWAI,HUANYAOZHANGWOXIQINGQUGANHAN、BAOYUDENGNONGYEQIXIANGZAIHAIDEFASHENGFAZHANGUILV,DUINONGZUOWUJINXINGHELIBUJU,JINENGGOUTIGAONONGYEXIANDAIHUASHENGCHANSHUIPING,HUANNENGWEIDANGDINONGYESHENGCHANDEWENDING、KECHIXUFAZHANQIDAOYOULIDETUIDONGZUOYONG。

  參考文獻
  [1]李寧,李春,韓玥,等.天津市西青區日光溫室農業氣象災害分析[J].北方園藝,2017(12):51-54.
  [2]白艷嬌.天津市主要氣象災害分析及防御對策[J].農業與技術,2018,38(12):238.