秒速赛车6码计划

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沼液和中藥渣復合有機肥的成分檢測探究

添加時間:2019/10/08

  摘要:秒速赛车6码计划研究中藥渣與沼液混合的復合有機肥的養分含量及安全性。通過檢查正常使用中的沼液和制備的中藥渣與沼液混合的復合有機肥,根據相關國家標準進行對比分析,進而得出沼液與中藥渣復合有機肥的養分情況和安全情況。中藥渣與沼液混合的復合有機肥的養分含量提高,且其中重金屬含量低于國家復合肥標準,可以用于農事生產的安全養分供應來源。且中藥渣與沼液混合的復合有機肥中血吸蟲、鉤蟲卵和寄生蟲卵為零。該研究可為中藥渣與沼液混合的復合有機肥應用于農業生產提供理論基礎。

  關鍵詞:秒速赛车6码计划中藥渣; 沼液; 養分含量; 安全性;

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHONGYAOYESHIZHONGGUODECHUANTONGCHANYEZHIYI,MEINIANSHENGCHANCHUDALIANGZHONGCHENGYAODETONGSHIYECHANSHENGCHUXIANGDANGSHULIANGDEYAOZHA。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,JINGUIYANGDIQUNIANCHANYAOZHAJIUDAJISHIWANDUN。YAOZHACHANGQIDUIFANG,JIYIFUBAI,QIWEICIBI,HUIDUIHUANJINGZAOCHENGWURAN,YINCIYAOCHANGQIYEMEINIANDOUYAOHUAFEIRENLI、WULIHECAILILAICHULIYAOZHA。QISHIZHEXIEYAOZHAZHONGBUJINHANYOUFENGFUDEDANBAIZHI、XIANWEISUDENGCHUSHENGWUZHI,BINGQIEYOUYUXIANZAIDETIQUGONGYIBIJIAODANYI,ZHONGYAOZHONGDEBUFENYAOYONGCHENGFENRENGCANLIUZAIYAOZHAZHONG。ZHEXIECANLIUDECHUSHENGJICISHENGWUZHISHIDEYAOZHAJUYOUHENGAODEZAILIYONGJIAZHI,YINCI,YAOZHAZUOWEIYIZHONGZIYUANKAISHISHOUDAORENMENDEZHONGSHI,DANYOUGUANZHEFANGMIANDEYANJIUBINGBUDUO。

  SUIZHUWOGUORENMINDESHENGHUOSHUIPINGBUDUANTIGAO,DUIROUDANNAIDENGQINCHUCHANPINDEXIAOFEICHENGJIHESHIZENGCHANG,WOGUOCHUMUYERIYIFADA。QINCHUFENBIANQUECHENGWEIWOGUONONGCUNWURANDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN,YANZHONGYINGXIANGWOGUONONGCUNHUANJINGDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。ERZHAOQIFAJIAOGONGCHENGZHENGHAOKEYIHENHAODEJIEJUEZHEGEWENTI。DANSUIZHUZHAOQIJISHUDEFAZHAN,DAZHONGXINGZHAOQIGONGCHENGKAISHICHENGWEIYANGZHICHANGDEBIBEIFENWUCHULICUOSHI,ZAICHULIFENWUDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGLEDALIANGDEZHAOZHAHEZHAOYE,WUFADEDAOCHULI,RUOSUIYIPAIFANGJIANGZAOCHENGERCIWURAN[1]。XIANZAIYIJINGYOUDALIANGYANJIUBIAOMING,ZHAOYEZHONGYOUSHENGCHANGJISU、DUOZHONGMEI、HESUAN、KANGSHENGSUDENG,JUYOUSHACHONGYIJUNZUOYONG(KESHAMIEYACHONG、HONGZHIZHU、BAIFENSHIDENG)[2],JIKEYONGYUJINZHONGHEXIEMIANPENSHI,YEKEDAITINONGYAO,HUANKEZUOWEISILIAOTIANJIAJIWEIZHU、WEIJI、YANGYU。YINCIKEJIANGZHAOYEZUOWEIYIZHONGYOUZHIDEYOUJIFEILIAOLAISHIYONG。

沼液和中藥渣復合有機肥的成分檢測探究

秒速赛车6码计划   XIANJIANGZHONGYAOZHAHEZHAOYEZHE2ZHONGWUZHIHUNHEQILAI,ZHONGYAOZHAZHONGCANLIUDEYAOYONGCHENGFEN、YINGYANGCHENGFENHEHUOXINGCHENGFENJIANGYUZHAOYEZHONGDEYINGYANGCHENGFENHEYOUYICHENGFENHUNHEYIQI,KENENGXINGCHENGYANGFENHANLIANGGAO,FUCHENGFENSHAO,FEILIAOLIYONGLVGAODEYOUJIFUHEFEI。ZHEYANGDEFEILIAOJIJIEJUELEYAOZHAHEZHAOYEERCIWURANWENTIYOUDUIQIJINXINGLEZAILIYONG,BIANFEIWEIBAO,HUANKEJIANSHAONONGYAOZAIZHONGZHIYEZHONGDEYUNYONG,JUYOUHENQIANGDESHIYONGXINGHEKEXINGXING。MUQIANQUEFALEISIDEYANJIU,DAOZHICILEIFUHEYOUJIFEIDEJIAZHIMEIYOUBEICHONGFENDEWAJUEHELIYONG。YINCISHENRUYANJIUZHONGYAOZHAYUZHAOYEDEFUHEYOUJIFEI,KAIFAXIANGGUANDECHANPINJUYOUQIANZAIDEJUDAJINGJI、HUANJINGHESHEHUIXIAOYI。

  1、材料與方法

秒速赛车6码计划   1.1、GONGSHICAILIAO

  1.1.1、ZHAOYE

  BENYANJIUCAIYONGDESHIGUIZHOUSHENGGUIYANGSHIXIUWENXIANLONGCHANGZHENGANBACUNMOUMIHOUTAOZHONGZHIJIDIDEZHAOYEYUANYE。

  1.1.2、ZHONGYAOZHA

秒速赛车6码计划   BENCIYANJIUCAIYONGDESHIMOUYAOWUDEZHONGYAOCANZHA(DASUI)。

  1.2、FUHEFEIZHIBEIFANGFA

秒速赛车6码计划   800mLZHAOYEYUANYEJIARU30gZHONGYAOZHAZHIYUMIBIRONGQIZHONG,JINPAO30d,QIJIANYAODUOCIZHENDANGYUYAOGUAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   1.3、JIANCEFENXI

  QUZHAOYEYUANYEYUJINPAO30dDEZHONGYAOZHAFUHEYOUJIFEI,JINXINGJIANCE,FENXI2GEYANGPINDEZHUYAOCHENGFENJIHANLIANG,GENJUGUOJIANONGYESHENGCHANJIHUANJINGBIAOZHUN,PINGJIAZHONGYAOZHAYUZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIYINGYONGYUNONGYESHENGCHANDEANQUANXING。

  1.4、JIANCEZHIBIAO

  CANKAOGUOJIAXINGYEBIAOZHUN,《FUHUNFEILIAO(FUHEFEILIAO)》(GB15063-2009)、NONGTIANGUANGAISHUIZHIBIAOZHUN(GB5084-2005)、《LVSESHIPINFEILIAOSHIYONGZHUNZE》(NY/T394-2013)、YOUJIFEILIAOBIAOZHUN(NY525-2012)、NONGYEXINGYEBIAOZHUN(NY/T798-2015)DENGQUEDINGZHAOYEYUFUHEYOUJIFEIDEJIANCENEIRONG。JIANCENEIRONGZHUYAOFENWEI3GEFANGMIAN:YINGYANG、WEISHENG、YOUDUYOUHAIWURANWU。CAIYONGDEJIANCEFANGFA:GUOJIABIAOZHUNHUOJINGDIANFANGFAJINXINGJIANCE。

  2、結果與分析

秒速赛车6码计划   2.1、ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEYOUJIZHIHANLIANGDEJIANCEJIEGUO

  YINGYANGFANGMIANDEJIANCEFENWEI2GEBUFEN,YOUJIZHIHANLIANG(BIAO1);DALIANGYUANSUHANLIANG(BIAO2)。ZHAOYEYUANYEZHONGYOUJIZHIHANLIANGQINGKUANG:p HZHIWEI7.4、YOUJIZHI0.42%、WEIJIANCHUCUXIANWEISU、XIANWEISUWEI0.01mg/100g、GANWUZHISHI0.45%。WEIJIANCHUCUDANBAI、FUZHISUAN0.45%。ZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGYOUJIZHIHANLIANGQINGKUANG:pHZHIWEI7.2、YOUJIZHI0.51%、WEIJIANCHUCUXIANWEISU、XIANWEISUWEI0.01mg/100g、GANWUZHISHI0.55%,WEIJIANCHUCUDANBAI、FUZHISUAN0.57%。ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGFUHANDUOZHONGYINGYANGWUZHI,ZAIJINPAOGUOZHONGYAOZHAHOUGEGESHUJUDOUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEZENGCHANG,YINCIYONGZHONGYAOZHAYUZHAOYEZHIZUOFUHEYOUJIFEIJIAOYOUCHENGXIAO,KEYIZAIDUOKAOLVYIXIEHUNHEFANGSHISHIZHONGYAOZHAYINGYANGWUZHIGENGCHONGFENDERONGRUZHAOYEZHONG,YIHUODEGENGDUODEYINGYANGCHENGFEN。

表1 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥有機質含量的測定結果
表1 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥有機質含量的測定結果

  2.2、ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEDALIANGYUANSUDEJIANCEJIEGUO

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHAOYEYUANYEZHONGDALIANGYUANSUHANLIANG:ZONGDAN1434.2mg/L、SUXIAODAN126.180mg/L、ZONGJIA880.4mg/L、SUXIAOJIA552.58mg/L、ZONGLIN12.0mg/L、SUXIAOLIN65.690mg/L。ZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGDALIANGYUANSUHANLIANG:ZONGDAN1451.4mg/L、SUXIAODAN135.260mg/L、ZONGJIA894.9mg/L、SUXIAOJIA573.64mg/L、ZONGLIN26.7mg/L、SUXIAOLIN68.290mg/L。ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGDESUXIAOYUANSUJIAODUO,BINGQIEZHONGYAOZHAYUZHAOYEHUNHEFUHEHOUSUXIAOYUANSUJUNMINGXIANZENGDUO,YINCIGAIFANGFAYOUZENGJIAFEILIAOFEILIDEXIAOGUO。

表2 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥大量元素的測定結果
表2 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥大量元素的測定結果

  2.3、ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHIJIANCEJIEGUO

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEZHONGJINSHUJIANCEQINGKUANGRUBIAO3。ZHAOYEYUANYEZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUQINGKUANG:XIAOSUANYAN4.31mg/kg、SHEN8.7μg/L、TONG0.3mg/L、QIAN4.4μg/L、GE1.21mg/kg、GE0.1μg/L。ZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEZHONGJINSHUXIAOSUANYAN5.21mg/kg、SHEN14.2μg/L、TONG0.4mg/L、QIAN16.6μg/L、GE1.30mg/kg、GE0.6μg/L。ZAIZHAOYEHEZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEYOUJIFEIZHONGJUNYOUZHONGJINSHUYUANSUCUNZAI,KENENGDONGWUSILIAOZHONGHANYOUZHONGJINSHUDAOZHIZHAOYEZHONGZHONGJINSHUCUNZAI,YAOZHAZHONGHANZHONGJINSHUKENENGSHIYOUYUZHONGZHIYAOCAIDETURANGZHONGHANZHONGJINSHU,ZAISHENGCHANGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUANYIDAOYAOCAIZHONG。

表3 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥有毒有害物質的測定結果
表3 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥有毒有害物質的測定結果

秒速赛车6码计划   2.4、ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEWEISHENGQINGKUANGJIANCHAJIEGUO

  ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDEWEISHENGQINGKUANGJIANCEJIEGUOJIANBIAO4,ZHAOYEYUANYEZHONGGOUCHONGLUAN、XUEXICHONGHEJISHENGCHONGLUANCHENJIANGLVJIEWEILING,DACHANGGANJUNZHIWEI2100MPN/100mL。ZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGGOUCHONGLUAN、XUEXICHONGHEJISHENGCHONGLUANCHENJIANGLVJIEWEILING,DACHANGGANJUNZHIWEI1900MPN/100mL。KEYIKANCHUZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIZAIFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGYOUKONGZHIJISHENGCHONG、SHAMIECHONGLUANDEZUOYONG,YONGYUNONGYEFEILIAOZHONGZAIWEISHENGFANGMIANSHIANQUANDE。

表4 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥有機質含量的測定結果
表4 沼液原液與中藥渣沼液混合的復合有機肥有機質含量的測定結果

  2.5、ZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHONGYAOZHAZHAOYEHUNHEDEFUHEYOUJIFEIDECEDINGJIEGUOFENXI

  GENJUYOUJIFEILIAOBIAOZHUN(NY525-2012)ZHAOYEZHONGYANGFENDIYUYOUJIFEIBIAOZHUN,YIBANJINZUOWEISHUIRONGXINGFEILIAODEZAITI,DANSHIYUZHONGYAOZHAHUNHEHOUDEDAODEFUHEYOUJIFEI,CHENGFENSHANGJIBENDADAOYOUJIFEIDEBIAOZHUN,YINCIKEYILIYONGZHONGYAOZHAJIANGZHAOYEZHIZUOCHENGYINGYANGWUZHIHANLIANGDUOYANGDEFUHEYOUJIFEI。

  LINGWAIYIJUNONGYEXINGYEBIAOZHUN(NY/T798-2015)DUIBIZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHAOYEZHONGYAOZHAFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGJIANCEJIEGUO,GEXIANGZHIBIAODOUDIYUGUOJIABIAOZHUN,SHIKEYIANQUANYINGYONGYUNONGYESHENGCHANZHONGDE。QIEZAIZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHAOYEZHONGYAOZHAFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGBUHANYOUHAICHONGLUAN,ZHIHANYOUSHAOLIANGDADACHANGGANJUN,YINCIZHEZHONGZHIBEIYOUJIFEIDEFANGSHIYESHIANQUANKEKAODE。

  3、小結

  TONGGUOZHAOYEYUANYEYUZHAOYEZHONGYAOZHAFUHEYOUJIFEIDECHENGFENJIANCEFENXIBIAOMING,YONGZHONGYAOZHAYUZHAOYEHUNHEZHIBEIYOUJIFEILIAODEFANGSHISHIKEXINGDE,NENGGOUDADAOYOUJIFEILIAODEBIAOZHUN。ZHAOYEYUZHAOYEZHONGYAOZHAFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGZHONGJINSHUHANLIANGDIYUGUOJIABIAOZHUN,KEYIYONGYUNONGYESHENGCHAN。LINGWAIZHAOYEYUZHAOYEZHONGYAOZHAFUHEYOUJIFEIZHONGGOUCHONGLUAN、XUEXICHONGHEJISHENGCHONGLUANDOUWEILING,BIAOMINGKEYIANQUANWEISHENGDESHIYONGYUNONGYESHENGCHANHUODONGZHONG。DANZHEZHISHIYIZHONGLEIXINGYAOZHADEHUNHEFANGSHIDECHANGSHI,XUYAOZAIDIAOZHENGYAOZHAHUNHEDEFANGSHIYUFANGFA,XUANZEHESHIDEHUNHEYAOZHALEIXING,YIHUODEZUIJIADEXIAOGUOHEZUIGAODEXIAOYI。

  參考文獻
  [1]陳為,孟紅英,王永軍.沼渣、沼液的養分含量及安全性研究[J].安徽農業科學,2014,42(23):7960-7962.
秒速赛车6码计划   [2]黃世文,廖西元.沼肥用于水稻的現狀及展望[J].中國沼氣,2005,23(2):23-26.