秒速赛车6码计划

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國內媒體對東京審判的不同關注

添加時間:2019/10/15

  摘要:日本宣布無條件投降后不久,盟國便開始組建遠東國際軍事法庭對日本戰犯進行審判,史稱“東京審判”。從逮捕日本戰犯到法庭常規審理,中國的報紙和雜志等媒體對東京審判進行了不同程度的關注。在將近三年的漫長審理過程中,尤其是最終判決書宣讀完畢后,中國媒體表達了對審理過程及結果的態度,認為此次審判雖然將一批甲級戰犯判處極刑,但沒有追究天皇的戰爭責任是最大的敗筆。本文試圖從民國媒體的報道中來探討民國時期有關東京審判的輿論傾向。

  關鍵詞:民國; 媒體; 東京審判; 日本戰犯;

  1945NIAN8YUE15RI,RIBENZHENGSHIXUANBUWUTIAOJIANTOUJIANG。XIAOXICHUANDAOZHONGGUO,JUGUOHUANTENG,RENMENFENFENBENZOUXIANGGAO。CONGJIUYIBASHIBIANDAORIBENTOUJIANG,ZHONGGUOJINGLILE14NIANJIANKUZHUOJUEDEKANGRIZHANZHENG,FUCHULESISHANGJUNMIN3500WAN,ZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHI1000YIMEIYUAN,JIANJIEJINGJISUNSHIDA5000YIMEIYUANDEDAIJIA。ZHANZHENGFUYIJIESHU,SHENPANFADONGQINLVEZHANZHENGDERIBENZHANFANBIANBEITISHANGLEYISHIRICHENG。GENJU《KAILUOXUANYAN》《BOCITANGONGGAO》《RIBENTOUJIANGSHU》JIMOSIKESANGUOWAICHANGHUIYIDEJUEYIDENGYIXILIEGUOJIWENJIAN,ZHURIMENGJUNZUIGAOTONGSHUAIBUJUEDINGSHELIJUNSHIFATING,YIFASHENPANRIBENZHANFAN。1946NIAN1YUE19RI,ZHURIMENGJUNZUIGAOTONGSHUAIMAIKEASEGONGBULE《SHEZHIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGDETEBIETONGGAO》,GAI《TONGGAO》DEFABUBIAOZHIZHU“DONGJINGSHENPANQIANQIZHUNBEIGONGZUODEJIESHUHEYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGDEZHENGSHICHENGLI。”[1]SUIHOU,MENGJUNZUIGAOTONGSHUAIBUGONGBULEYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGDEXIANZHANG,JIERRENMINGLEFATINGDEGEGUOFAGUAN,ZHENGSHIZHUSHOUQISUHESHENPANRIBENZHANZHENGZUIFANDEGONGZUO。ZHECISHENPAN“BUSHIYICIPUTONGDESHENPAN,YINWEIWOMENZHENGZAICIJINXINGYICHANGWENMINGSHEHUIJIANDINGBUYIDIFANGZHIZHENGGESHIJIEBEICUIHUIDEZHANDOU,CICISHENPANSHITADEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN”。[2]

  YUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGYU1946NIAN4YUE29RIJIESHOUGUOJIJIANCHAJUTIJIAODEGUANYURIBENJIAJIZHANFANQISUSHU,5YUE3RIZHENGSHIKAITINGSHENLI,1948NIAN11YUE12RIPANJUESHUXUANDUWANBI。ZAIZHEMANCHANGDEJINSANNIANSHIJIANLI,YUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGKAITING818CI,JINYINGWENTINGSHENJILUJIUDUODA4.8WANYUYE,FATINGCHUANHUANLE12GEGUOJIADE419MINGZHENGRENCHUTINGZUOZHENG,GONGYOU779RENXIANGFATINGTIJIAOSHUMIANZHENGCI,YOUGUANZHENGJUZILIAODA8000JIAN,QIZHONGJINJIANFANGTIJIAODEZHENGJUZILIAOJIDA21WANYUYE,BIANHUFANGTIJIAODEZHENGJUZILIAOYIJIN2.7WANYE。DUIYUZHECICHUANGLISHIJILUDEGUOJISHENPAN,DANGSHIZHONGGUOGUONEIGEIYULEYIDINGDEGUANZHU,GELEIBAOZHIQIKANDENGMEITIJUNJINXINGLEBUTONGCHENGDUDEGENZONGBAODAO,BIAODALEDUIYUZHECIGUOJISHENPANDETAIDU。

國內媒體對東京審判的不同關注

  一、審判之社會政治意義大于法律意義

秒速赛车6码计划   SHENPANRIBENZHANFAN,DUIYUBEIQINLVEGUOYOUQISHIZHONGGUOERYANYIYIFEIFAN。DONGJINGSHENPANJIANGRIBENDUIZHONGGUODEQINLVESHIJIANQUEDINGWEI1928NIANDELIUTIAOHUSHIJIAN,CHANGDA17NIAN。QUANMIANQINHUAZHANZHENGBAOFAHOU,RIJUNLVCIWEIFAN《RINEIWAGONGYUE》DENGZHANZHENGFAGUIHERENDAOZHUYIGUIZE,ZAIZHONGGUOSHISHIXIJUNZHAN、DUQIZHAN,JINXINGCANWURENDAODEDATUSHA,YOUQIYINANJINGDATUSHAZUIWEIDIANXING。DONGJINGSHENPANPANJUESHUQUEREN:“ZAIRIJUNZHANLINGNANJINGHOUZUICHULIUGEXINGQINEI,NANJINGJIQIFUJINBEITUSHADEPINGMINHEFULU,ZONGSHUDA200000YISHANG。……ZHEGESHUZIHUANMEIYOUJIANGBEIRIJUNSUOSHAOQILEDESHITI,TOURUCHANGJIANG,HUOYIQITAFANGFACHUFENDERENMENJISUANZAINEI。”[3]TONGSHI,RIJUNHUANDAGUIMOYOUZUZHIDISHISHI“WEIANFU”ZHIDU,QIANGZHENGDUOGUOFUNVCHONGDANGRIJUN“WEIANFU”。“WEIANFU”ZHIDUZAIRIJUNSUOZHANLINGDEZHONGGUO22GESHENGQUQUANMIANTUIXING,SHENZHIZAIQIANXIANZHENDIDOUSHEYOULINSHIWEIANSUO。JINZHONGGUOJIUYOURENSHUGAODA20WANDENVXINGLUNWEIRIJUNDEXINGNULI。RUGUOFADONGZHANZHENGDERIBENZHANFANDEBUDAOYINGYOUDECHENGFA,GUOJIHEPINGYUZHENGYIJIANGDANGRANWUCUN,ZHONGHUAMINZUDEMINZUQINGGANYEDINGJIANGNANYIPINGFU。“DONGJINGGUOJIFATINGSUODINGDEMUBIAO,BINGBUZHIXIANYUYANJUNCHENGFASHANDONGQINLVEZHANZHENGDEZUIFANERYI,DAJIAGENGQIWANGZHEZHONGSHENPANHUIDUIQUANSHIJIERENSHIXIANSHICHURIBENDIGUOZHUYIQINLVEDEBENZHI,BINGXIANSHICHUCHUANBOZHEZHONGQINLVEDENEIXIESHILIDEBENZHI,ZHEYANGZIDUIYUYIMINZHUJINGSHENZAIJIAOYURIBENRENMINYISHIJIUHUIYOUSUOGONGXIAN;ZHEZHONGSHENPANYINGGAICHENGWEIDUIYUJINHOUYIQIEJIANWANGSHIJIEBAQUANZHEDEYIGEJINGGAO。”[4]YINCI,RIBENZHANFANSHENPANDEZHENGZHIYIYIXIANDEYOUWEITUCHU。

秒速赛车6码计划   DUIYUYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGSHENPANRIBENZHANFAN,DANGSHIGUONEIDEYULUNZHUYAOJIYUCHENGJIEFADONGZHANZHENGDESHOUFANBINGJIAOYURIBENRENMINDEJIAODU。YUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGZHONGFANGFAGUANMEIRUAOYOUYIJUHUALIUCHUANSHENGUANG,TASHUO:“WOBUSHIFUCHOUZHUYIZHE,WOWUYIYUBARIBENJUNGUOZHUYIQIANXIAWOMENDEXUEZHAIXIEZAIRIBENRENMINDEZHANGSHANG。DANSHI,WOXIANGXIN,WANGJIGUOQUDEKUNANKENENGZHAOZHIWEILAIDEZAIHUO。YINCI,DUIYUFADONGZHANZHENGDESHOUYAOZHANFANBIXUDEDAOYANCHENG。”YANCHENGFADONGZHANZHENGDERIBENSHOUYAOZHANFANZIBUBIDUOSHUO,DANGENGDUODEZESHITONGGUOSHENPANLAIJIAOYUGUANGDADERIBENRENMIN,JINGSHIHOUREN。YINCI,“SHENPANZHANFANZHIZHUYAOMUDE,BINGBUZAIBAOFU,ERZAISHIHOURENYOUSUOCHENGJIE。”[5]“ZHANFANSHENPANDEYIYI,ZHENGZHIZHONGYUFALV。HUANYANZHI,ZHANFANDEBIXUJIAYISHENPANJICHUXING,YUQISHUOSHIYOUYUFALVDELIYOU,WUNINGSHUOZUIZHONGYAODEHUANZAIZHENGZHIDELIYOU。”[6]

  GUOMINZHENGFUGUANFANGMEITI《ZHONGYANGRIBAO》,DUIDONGJINGSHENPANYOUZHUXILIEDEGENZONGBAODAO,FANYINGCHUGUOMINZHENGFUDUIRIBENZHANFANSHENPANDEGUANZHU。1945NIAN10YUE22RI,《ZHONGYANGRIBAO》FABIAO《CHUZHIRIBENYUANDINGYUANDONG》SHELUN,BIAODALEDUIRISHENPANDEJIBENTAIDU。SHELUNRENWEIDUIRIBENYING“CAIQUYIZHONGHELISHIDANGDECHUZHI,YIMOUGENJUEQINLVEDEHUOZHONG,BAOZHENGYONGJIUDEHEPING……”BINGCONGYUANDONGANDINGDEDAJUCHUFA,TICHULEZHONGGUOZHENGFUDUICHUZHIRIBENDESANDIANXIWANG:

秒速赛车6码计划   DIYI、GUANZHIRIBENBIXUYANGEERCHEDI,DANXUYUXIAOJIZHONGHANYOUJIJIDIZUOYONG。GAICICIXIANDONGSHIJIEDAZHAN,SHIRENLEIYUERSHIYUNIANZHIJIANLIANGSHOUZHANZHENGCANHUODE:ZAIDONGFANGSHIRIBEN,ZAIXIFANGSHINACUI。YINCI,RIBENYINGYUNACUITONGKE,FANGKEQUEBAOYUANDONGDEANDING,FANGZHIQINLVESIHUIDEFURAN。DANWOMENZAIXIAOJIGONGZUOZHONGBIHANYOUJIJIDIZUOYONG,BIXUSHIRIBENMINZUZAISHENQIECHENGCHUANGZHONGFASHENGJUEWU,RIBENMINYIZAIJIJIGULIZHONGDEDAOXINSHENG。JIANGZHUXISUOZHUZHANGDERANGRIBENMINYILAIJUEDINGTIANHUANGDEMINGYUN,SHIYIZHONGCEYAN,YIZHONGYOULIDEGULIYUQIFA。ZHIYOURIBENMINZHUZIYOUDEMINYINENGGOUYOUSUOBIAOXIAN,CAISHIRIBENQINLVEZHUYIZHENZHENGXIAOCHUDEMINGZHENG。

秒速赛车6码计划   DIER、YUANDONGZIXUNDEJIGOU,BIXUJIZAOCHENGLI,QIESHICUOSHANG。SHIXIANGZIXUNWEIYUANHUI,YUANDINGYUBENYUEERSHISANRIKAIMU,XIANYINCANJIAGUODAIBIAOLVTUDEKUNNANDENGYUANYIN,JIANGYANQIZHIBENYUESANSHIRIJUXING,WOMENXIWANGCIHUINENGGOUBUZAIYANQI,BINGXIWANGYOUGUANGEGUOJIEQIYIZHICANJIA,GONGTONGTAOLUN,YIQIESHIGUIHUASHISHIRIBENTOUJIANGTIAOKUANDEZHENGCE,JIQIJUTIBUZOU,BINGJINERPUFANJIAOHUANGUANYUANDINGYUANDONGYIBANWENTIDEYIJIAN,ZAIANDINGYUANDONGDEDAQIANTIXIA,HELIJIEJUECHUZHIRIBEN,JIYOUCHUZHIRIBENERYINQIDEYIQIEWENTI。

秒速赛车6码计划   DISAN、YOUGUANYUANDONGWENTIDEGEGUO,YOUQISHIGEZHUYAOMENGGUO,DUIYUCHUZHIRIBENYUANDINGYUANDONGDEYIQIEWENTI,YAOYOUSHIYIDEFENGONGYUJIBENDEHEZUO。WOMENZHIDAORIBENDEQINLVEDUSU,JINGGUOLELISHIXINGDECHANGQICHUANBO,SHOUHUOYUZHONGDUDEQUYU,JUEBUXIANYURIBENBENTU,GUANGFANDESHUO,RIBENJUNFACONGQIANSUOCHANG“DADONGYAGONGRONGQUAN”DEFANWEI,JIUSHIRIBENSANBOQINLVEDUSUDELIXIANGFANWEI。ZAOSHOURIBENQINLVEDUHUODEQUYU,JIJIGUANGFAN,YINCIWOMENXIAODUYUZHONGJIANDEGONGZUO,YEBUNENGYICHUZHIRIBENBENTUMANZU,ERXUYAOZAIZHEGUANGFANQUYUZHONG,CONGSHIYUFENGONGYUHEZUO。ZUORIMEIGUOGUOWUYUANYUANDONGSICHANGFANXUANDESHIFABIAOYUANDONGZHENGCEDEYANJIANG,GUANGFANLUNJIDUIRIDUIHANYIYUANJIDUIDONGNANYAZUIJINSHITAIDEGEZHONGZHENGCE,YOUQIZHIYIYUXIEZHUWOGUO,BIFAZHANWEITONGYIQIANGDAHEZUOYUMINZHUDEGUOJIA,BINGRENWOGUOWEIMEISUZAIYUANDONGSUOWEIQIAOLIANG。MEIGUODANGJUDUIWOXIEZHUDECHENGYI,GUKEPEIWEI;TONGSHIWOGUORUNENGDUIYUANDONGMENGGUODEHEZUO,YOUSUOJINLI,JIEYICUJINYUANDONGZHENGGEDEANDING,YIJINQIBENSHENYINGJINDEZEREN,YOUFUHEYUWOMENDECHUZHONGYUYUANWANG。ZHIYOUZAIHEZUODEYUANZEZHIXIA,LAIFENGONGCHUZHIRIBENYUANDINGYUANDONG,CAINENGSHIXIANLIANHEGUOGONGTONGDELIYIYUMUDE。

  ZONGZHI,RIBENDECHUZHI,JIYOUGUANYUYUANDONGZHENGGEDAJUDEANDING,YUANDONGDEANDING,GENGYOUGUANYUSHIJIEZHENGGEDAJUDEANQUAN。XIANZAICHUZHIRIBENDEGONGZUOZAIMAIKEASEYUANSHUAIDEZHUCHIZHIXIA,YIJINGYOULEXIANGDANGDECHENGXIAO;ERYUANDONGZIXUNWEIYUANHUIKAIHUIZAIER,GENGJIANGJINYIBUDEQIUYIBANYUANDONGWENTIDEHELIJIEJUE。WOMENXIWANGYOUCICUJINGEZHUYAOMENGGUOJIANGENGMIQIEDEHEZUO,ZAILIANHEGUOGONGTONGDEMUBIAOYULIYIDEDAQIANTIXIA,CHEDICHUZHIRIBEN,BINGJIEJUEYOUGUANYUANDONGANDINGDEYIQIEWENTI。[7]

  QITABAOZHIHEQIKANYEFENFENBIAODADUIDONGJINGSHENPANDEKANFA。YOUQISHIZAIFATINGSHENLIYOUGUANNANJINGDATUSHAANSHI,MEITIDUIYUZHEYIZHENJINGSHIJIEDECANANGEIYULEJIDADEGUANZHUDU。GELEIZHENGRENCHUTINGZUOZHENG,KONGBIANSHUANGFANGCHUNQIANGSHEJIAN,ZAIBAOKANSHANGJUNNENGKANJIANXIANGXIBAODAO。《SHENBAO》CENGBAODAO:“YUANDONGGUOJIFATINGJINRIJIXUKAITING,XUCHUANYINBOSHICHUTINGZUOZHENG,XUSHURIJUNZAINANJINGBAOXING。LVEWEI,YIJIUSANQINIANNANJINGLUNXIANHOU,RIKOUCHENGQIBAOXING,PINGMINBEISHAZHEDAERSHIWANRENYISHANG。SINANZHEZHIFUNVJISHOUSHANGZHIRENBUJIQISHU,FANGWUBEIZIYIPOHUAIHUOFENSHAO,LUJIANZHONGGUOPINGMIN,JIJIASHALU,FANZAIJUNYINIANLINGZHIRENJUNBEIDAIZOU,ZAOJITUANQIANGSHAHUOFENSHAO。”[8]ZHEZHISHIZHUDUOBAODAOZHONGDEYITIAO。DANSHI,CONGZHEYIBAODAODEXIANGXICHENGDUJIKEKUIJIANRENMENKEWANGLEJIEDONGJINGSHENPANDEGUOCHENG。DUIYURIBENJIAJIZHANFANDEQINHUAZUIZE,GELEIBAOKANJINXINGLEDALIANGDEGENZONGBAODAO,TIXIANCHUGUORENDUIYANCHENGQINHUASHOUFANDEQIDAI。JIULIANDACHUANZHOUMINGZAIFATINGSHANGPAIDADONGTIAOYINGJIDEGUANGTOU,《ZHONGYANGZHOUKAN》XIANGXIXIEDAO:“ZHEYITIANZUIDADECHOUTAI,SHISANSHISANSHIQIFEN,DACHUANZHOUMINGTURANDADONGTIAODEGUANGTOULIANGCI,BEIMPLACHUTINGWAI。”[9]《DADIZHOUBAO》DUICIJINXINGLEXIANGXIDEJIEDU。WENZHANGRENWEIDACHUANZHOUMINGZUOWEIRIBENFAXISIZHUYIDELILUNBIZU,BARIBENSHIBAIDEZERENGUAIZAIDONGTIAOYINGJIDESHENSHANGSHIBUHESHIDE,“YUQITONGOUDONGTIAO,BURUTONGOUZIJI,FANWEISHIDANG。”[10]

  1948NIAN12YUE23RI,JIAJIZHANFANDONGTIAOYINGJI、TUFEIYUANXIANER、GUANGTIANHONGYI、BANYUANZHENGSILANG、MUCUNBINGTAILANG、SONGJINGSHIGEN、WUTENGZHANGZAICHAOYAJIANYUNEIBEICHUJIAOXING。GUOMINZHENGFUDUISHANGSHURIBENZHANFANCHUYIJIAOXINGBIAOSHIZHICHI。DIERTIAN,《ZHONGYANGRIBAO》XIANGXIBAODAOLEQIMINGJIAJIZHANFANDEXINGXINGGUOCHENG,BAODAOCHENG:“MEILUJUNJUNYIYUMAIKEASEYAOQINGZHIZHONGGUODAIBIAOTUANTUANCHANGSHANGZHENJIMENGGUOWEIYUANHUIQITARENYUANJIANSHIZHIXIA,YUWUYEHOUQIFENBANXUANBUTUFEIYUANYEYIBIMING,QIHOUSANFENZHONGDONGTIAOYINGJIYIXUANGAOBIMING,WUTENGZHANGJISONGJINGSHIGENCHUYUTONGSHICHUJIAOXINGZHIDIYIZUSIRENZHONG。JIUYIBASHIBIANSHIRENGUANDONGJUNCANMOUCHANGZHIBANYUANZHENGSILANG,QIANSHOUXIANGGUANGTIANHONGYIJIMUCUNBINGTAILANG,JUNZAIDIERZU。”[11]

秒速赛车6码计划   RIBENJIAJIZHANFANDEDAOLEYINGYOUDECHENGFA。ANZHAOZHURIMENGJUNZUIGAOTONGSHUAIBUDESHEXIANG,ZHECISHENPANDEJIAJIZHANFANJINJINSHIDIYIPI,HOUMIANHUANHUIYOUDIERPI、DISANPIDENG。DANSHI,YOUYUGUOJIXINGSHIDEXUNSUBIANHUA,MEISULIANGJIGEJUZHUJIANXINGCHENG。MEIGUOBUYUANJIANGRIBENJIXUDAYAXIAQU,ERSHIZHUJIANYOULEFUZHIDEQINGXIANG。JINZHECIRIBENZHANFANDESHENPANGONGZUOJIUYIZAITUOYAN,ZHISHISHENPANJINXINGLEJINSANNIANDESHIJIAN。DUIYUQITABEIDAIBUDERIBENZHANFAN,MENGZONGJINGLUXUSHIFANGLE。ZHECIRIBENJIAJIZHANFANDESHENPANJIESHUYIWEIZHUYIHOUBUZAIYOURIBENJIAJIZHANFANDESHENPANLE。DUICI,MEIRUAOGANKAIDAO:“YUQUEYICHAJUE,JIANYUGUOQUERNIANLAISHIJIEQINGSHIZHIJIJUBIANHUA,DONGJINGZHISHENPANYISHIQUEQIZHENGZHISHANGZHIDABUYIYI。DANYUSHENWANGQIBUZHISHIQUQIZAIFALVJILISHISHANGZHIYIYI。”[12]

  SUIRANCHANGSHIJIANDESHENLIGUOCHENGSHIDEDONGJINGSHENPANDEXIAOGUOYOUSUOJIANRUO,DANWULUNRUHE,DONGJINGSHENPANDEYIYISHIBURONGMOSHADE,YOUQISHISHEHUIZHENGZHISHANGDEYIYI。“CICIZHANFANZHISHENPAN,BUJINWEIFALVYINGYONGZHIWENTI,ERQIESHIRENLEIYUQIUSHEHUIHEPINGSHENGHUOZHIBIRANYAOQIU。”[13]DUIYUZHONGGUOERYANYOUQIRUCI。ZHESHIJINBAINIANLAIZHONGGUODIYICIZHANZAIDIGUODELINGTUSHANGDUIQINHUAZHANFANJINXINGSHENPAN。BINGQIEZAIZUIZHONGDEPANJUEZHONG,QINHUASHOUFANDEDAOLEYINGYOUDECHENGFA,DADAOLECHENGFAZHANZHENGSHOUFAN、JIAOYUSHIJIERENMINDEXIAOGUO。

  二、天皇未被審判

秒速赛车6码计划   YUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGKAITINGSHISHENLILE28MINGRIBENJIAJIZHANFAN,ZUIZHONGXUANPANDEYOU25MING[14]。DUIYURIBENJIAJIZHANFANSHENFENDEQUEREN,GUOJIJIANCHAJUZHUSHIXIALEHENDADEGONGFU。MEIRUAORENWEI,JIAJIZHANFANYINGGAIFUHELIANGGETEZHENG:“YISHITAMENDEDIWEIHENGAO,QUANLIHENDA,SHUYUGUOJIALINGDAORENDEFANCHOU;ERSHITAMENDOUFANYOUNIULUNBAOHEDONGJINGXIANZHANGZHONGSUOGUIDINGDE‘JIAXIANG’ZUIXING——POHUAIHEPINGDEZUIXING,YIJICEHUA、ZHUNBEI、FADONGHUOSHISHIQINLVEZHANZHENGDEZUIXING,ERZHEZHONGZUIXINGSHIFATINGSUORENWEIDE‘ZUIDADEGUOJIZUIXING’,SHI‘BAOKUOQUANBUHUOHAIDEZONGHE’DEZUIXING。”[15]YINCI,SHOUPI28MINGJIAJIZHANFANBUSHISHENCHUGAOWEI,JIUSHIFANXIALE“JIAXIANG”ZUIXING。MEIRUAOZAIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGDIYICIZHENGSHIKAITINGSHIKANJIANZHE28MINGJIAJIZHANFANSHI,ZAIRIJIZHONGJIZAI:“ZHEXIERENDOUSHIQINHUALAOSHOU,DUHAILEZHONGGUOJISHINIAN,WOSHUBAIWANQIANWANTONGBAOCENGSIYUTAMENDESHOUZHONG,SUOYIWODEFENHENBIANSHITONGBAODEFENHEN。WOJINTIANNENGGAOJUSHENPANTAISHANGLAICHENGFAZHEXIEYUANXIONGJUDUI,DOUSHIWOQIANBAIWANTONGBAODEXUEROUHUANLAIDE,WOYINGGAIJINGTI!WOYINGGAIZHENGZHONG!”[15]MEIRUAOSHIZHEMEXIANGDE,YESHIZHEMEZUODE。QINHUADESHOUFANSONGJINGSHIGEN、BANYUANZHENGSILANGDENGBEIPANCHUJIXINGYUTADENULISHIFENBUKAIDE。

秒速赛车6码计划   SHUXIRIBENGUOQINGDEZHONGGUOZHUYIDAOLEYIGEFEICHANGBUXUNCHANGDEXIANXIANG,JIRIBENTIANHUANGBINGWEICHUXIANZAIDONGJINGFATINGDESHENPANXISHANG。RIBENTOUJIANGBUJIU,JIUYOUTIANHUANGJIANGHUIJIESHOUFATINGSHENPANDECHUANWEN。《ZHONGYANGRIBAO》CENGBAODAOCHENG:“MAIKEASEYUANSHUAIZONGBUZHIZHANFANZUZHURENKABENDESHANGXIAOXIANGBAOJIECHENG:RIHUANGJIGEHUANGSHIFEIKEMIANSHOUSHENZHIZHANFANSHENPANZHE,TANGHUOCHONGFENZHENGJU,ZEZHANFANWEIYUANHUIYIJIANGJIAYISHENWEN,MENGGUODIAOCHARIHUANGSHI,FEIYIQIGERENXINGDONGWEIDUAN,ERXUYANJIURIBENZHENGFUZHIDANGAN,RIBENZHITOUJIANGTIAOJIANZHONG,BINGWUJINZHISHENWENTIANHUANGZHIYITIAO……”[17]KEJIAN,CISHIRIBENTIANHUANGBINGWEIPAICHUZAIZHANFANSHENPANZHILIE。

  SUIZHUXINGSHIDEBIANHUA,MEIGUOCHUYUZHENGZHIYINSUDEKAOLV,ZHUJIANJIANGTIANHUANGBAOHUQILAI,DUIYUYAOQIUSHENPANTIANHUANGDEHUSHENGYEZHIZHIBULI。DUICI,ZHONGGUOYULUNJIHUYIBIANDAODIBIAODALEDUIRIBENTIANHUANGMIANYUQISUDEBUMAN,“DONGJINGJUNSHIFATINGDIYIDACUOWU,BIANSHIDAIBUZHANFANSHI,LOULERIHUANG。”[18]

  SHOUXIAN,RIBENTIANHUANGBUBEIFATINGQISUWEIBEILE《BOCITANGONGGAO》。MEIGUOZHANLINGRIBENHOU,WEILEBIANYUTONGZHIERJIANGTIANHUANGBAOLIULEXIALAIBINGMIANYUQISU,LIYONGDEQIAQIASHITIANHUANGZAIRIBENGUONEIDEWEIXIN。DUICI,ZHURIMENGJUNZONGBUSUIRANJINXINGLEJIESHI,DANSHILIYOUGUOYUGUANMIANTANGHUANG,BUNENGLINGRENXINFU。YINWEI“RIBENSHANGZAITONGMENGGUOGUANZHIZHIXIA,YIQIEDOUYINGANZHAOBOCITANXUANYANXINGSHI,ZISHIZHENGLI,KESHIYURENYIBUSHOUSHENPANYISHI,ZAIBOCITANXUANYANZHONGZHAOBUCHUZHEZHONG‘ZHENGZHIDELIYOU’。”[6]DUIYUMENGZONGDEJIESHI,JINXUECHENGYIZHENJIANXUEDIZHICHU:“MENGZONGDESUOYIBUQUYANLIDECUOSHI,WUFEITONGGUOYURENDEBAOLIU,ERDUIRIBENBAOLIUFANDUISHILIZUOZUIYOULIDEFUZHU。”[6]QICI,RIBENTIANHUANGYURENYURIBENTIANHUANGZHIDUBUSHIYIHUISHI,YURENJIESHOUSHENPANYUTIANHUANGZHIDUBINGBUXIANGBEI。PANSHIXIANRENWEI:“RIHUANGSHIFOUSHIZHANFANDEWENTI,ZAIWOMENKANLAI,YURIBENSHIFOUYINGGAIBAOLIUTIANHUANGZHIDUWENTIGENBENSHILIANGJIANSHI,ZAIKAILUOHUIYIZHONGWOGUOCENGCHENGRENRIBENDEZHENGZHIZHIDUYINGGAIYOURIBENRENMINLAIJUEDING,ZHELIDEZHENGZHIZHIDUDANGRANBAOKUOTIANHUANGZHIDUZAINEIDE,WOMENRENWEIRIHUANGYINGGAISUANZHANFANYURIBENYINGFOUBAOLIUTIANHUANGZHIDUSHILIANGJIANSHI,ERRIBENRENZERENWEIZHESHIBUKEFENGEDEYIJIANSHI,YINWEIWOMENBARIHUANGKANZUOYIGEREN,ERRIBENRENMINQIJINWEIZHI,XINMUZHONGRENGNATIANHUANGDANGZUOBUKEQINFANDEXIANGZHENG。ZHEXIANGZHENGSHIJUEDUIBUHUIFANZUIDE。”[18]YEJIUSHISHUOQISUTIANHUANGJIUDENGYUFOUDINGTIANHUANGZHIDU,ZHEMINGXIANBUKEXIANGTIBINGLUN。ZUIHOU,BUQISUTIANHUANGSHIDUIRIBENRENMINDEDUHAI。MENGXIANZHANGRENWEI:“TIANHUANGWEIRIBENLUHAIJUNTONGSHUAI,XINGZHENGSHOUNAO,SHENDAOJIAOJIAOZHU,QIEYIYISHENERJIANDACAIFAYUDADIZHU。TAZHUCHIYUQIANJUNSHIHUIYI,BANBUXUANZHANZHAOSHU,BINGGULISHIBINGZUOZHAN。TIANHUANGSHIZAISHITIANZIDIYIHAODEZHANFAN。”[12]DANSHI,RIBENGUOMINDUITIANHUANGDAOLEYIDINGDEMIXINCHENGDU。“JIANGRIHUANGLIERUZHANFANERJIAYIJUDAISHENPAN,ZHENGSHIJIUZHENGRIBENRENMINQIYISIXIANGDEZUIHAOBANFA。”[18]TIANHUANGBUBEIQISU,BUJINGSHENPAN,NEIMETIANHUANGDEZHANZHENGZERENJIUWUFARANGRIBENGUOMINQINGCHUDILEJIE。RIBENRENMINRENGRANCHENMIYUDUITIANHUANGDECHONGBAIZHONG,ZHESHIFEICHANGWEIXIANDESHIQING。“ZAIZHANHOUZHEXIEZHIDAOZHERENGBUFUZEREN,ZHESHIDUIGUOMINDAODEDEGENGDADEDUHAI。JINRIRIBENSHEHUIDEZHIDAOZHEJIECENG,SHUOSHENMEGUOMINDAODEDETUIFEIDENGDENG,ERBAZUIZEGUIZHIYUGUOMINZIJI,ZHEWANQUANSHIBASHIQINGDEBENMODIANDAOLEDEHUA。”[24]DANSHI,ZUOWEI“TIANZIDIYIHAO”ZHANFANDERIBENTIANHUANGMEIYOUBEIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGQISU。DUIYUTIANHUANGTAOBIZHANZHENGZEREN,RIBENXUEZHEXICHUANJIALIUGANTANDAO:“RUGUOTIANHUANGSHIZHONGZERENDEHUA,ZEZIXINGTUIWEI,BINGQIEBULIHOUJIZHE,ZHEBUSHILISUODANGRANDEMA?”[24]ZHONGGUOYEYOUXUEZHEZHICHU:“RIBENDETIANHUANG,MINGMINGSHIRIBENRENMINDUWUZHUYIDEGENYUAN,ZHONGZUYOUXIULUNMIXINDEBIAOBEN,JUEBUNENGTINGQIZISHENGZIMIE。”[26]

  SUIRANZHIYISHENGHEFANDUISHENGHENDUO,DANSHITIANHUANGDEQUETAOTUOLESHENPAN,ZHESHIZAISHIDONGJINGSHENPANZHONGDEZUIDABAIBI。

  三、審判結果未盡如民意

  YUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGXUANBULEDUI25MINGRIBENJIAJIZHANFANDEXINGFAYIHOU,GUONEIMEITIFENFENFABIAOKANFA。YOUDEMEITIRENWEI:“CICIPANJUEZAIDATISHANG,SHANGNENGCHAQIANGRENYI,LIRUDONGTIAO,GUANGTIAN,BANYUAN,TUFEIYUANSIRENDOUYIPOHUAIHEPINGCEDONGQINLVEZHANZHENGZUIMINGPANCHUSIXING,SONGJING,WUTENG,MUCUNSANMINGZEYICEDONGZHANZHENGBINGZHIHUIBAOXINGZUIMINGLUNSI,QITABEIGAOZEPANCHUTUXING,WUYIXINGMIAN,ZUWEICONGSHIQINLVEZHEZUOYIJINGGAO,POWEIYIBANYULUNSUOCHENGXU。”[27]《SHENBAO》YU1948NIAN11YUE13RI,JIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGXUANBUZUIZHONGPANJUEHOUDEDIERTIAN,KANDENGLETIWEI《MINGYUNPANJUE》DEBAODAO,JIANGYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGDUI25MINGBEIGAODEPANJUEJIEGUOXIANGXILIECHU。11YUE14RI,《SHENBAO》YOUFABIAOLETIWEI《RIBENZHANFANDEXUANPAN》SHELUN。GAISHELUNSHOUXIANDUIPANJUEJIEGUOBIAOSHIMANYI,RENWEI“ZHESHIYIJIANJUYOULISHIXINGDEDASHIJIAN,WOMENDUIYUZHESHIJIANDEXUANGAOTINGLAI,ZIRANGANDAOWANQUANDEMANYI。”[28]TONGSHI,SHELUNDUIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGBUZHUIJIURIBENTIANHUANGYURENDEZERENHEMAIKEASEYUANSHUAIZHUNBEIJIESHOUZHANFANDEJIANXINGSHENQINGGANDAOJINGEYUBUAN。SHELUNHUANDUIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGDEPANJUEFABIAOSANDIANGANXIANG:DIYI,SHELUNRENWEIBEIDINGWEIJIAJIZHANFANDEBEIGAO,DOUFANYOUPOHUAIHEPINGZUI,XIANGJIAONIULUNBAOSHENPANERYAN,DONGJINGDEPANJUELIANGXINGJIAOQING;DIER,SHELUNRENWEIRIBENTIANHUANGYURENSHIZHANZHENGDEHUOSHOU,BUQISUTIANHUANGYUREN,NANYIFUZHONG;DISAN,SHELUNRENWEIZHURIMENGJUNTONGSHUAIBUBUYINGLANYONGQUANLIWEIZHANFANJIANXING。ZHEPIANSHELUNBIAODALEZHONGGUOMINZHONGDUIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGPANJUEDEYIHAN。

  GUONEIYULUNDUIDONGJINGSHENPANJIEGUODEDANYOUBUSHIMEIYOUDAOLI。ZAIDONGJINGSHENPANGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUQISHIZAIDONGJINGSHENPANPANJUEJIESHUHOU,MENGZONGSHIFANGLEYIPIYOUYIPIRIBENZHANFAN,QIZHONGBAOKUOXUDUOZHONGYAODEQINHUAZHANFAN,DUICI“ZAOSHOUQINLVEDASHUSHINIANZHIJIUDEZHONGGUORENMINDENEIXINLI,BIANBUYOUDEFASHENGBUPINGZHIGAN,SHUOZHENQIEXIE,ZHEZHONGBUPINGZHIGANLIUZAINEIXINLI,BIANSHICHOUHENDEGENMIAO。”[18]TEBIESHIDUIFATINGPANJUESHUHENSHAOTIJITIANHUANGDEZHANZHENGZERENCHONGMANBUMAN。GUONEIMEITIRENWEI,DONGJINGSHENPANZHISUOYIHUICHUXIANZHEYANGDEJIEGUO,SHIYINWEIFATINGDEZHUDAOQUANWANQUANZHANGWOZAIMEIGUOSHOUZHONG。ERMEIGUOCHUYUGUOJIAZHANLVEDEKAOLV,YIMIANSHENPANRIBENZHANFAN,YIMIANYOUANDIFUCHIRIBEN。“DONGJINGCAIPAN,SUOYIWEIFANBOCITANXUANYANJINGSHEN,BUNENGSHENZHANGGONGLIYUZHENGYI,SHIYOUYUYIQIEDAQUANCAOYUMEIGUO,ERMEIGUOZHENGFUZAIDUZHANZIBENCAOZONGXIA,ZHENGXIANGJIANGRIBENJIANWEIYUANDONGFANGGONGFANGSUBAOLEI,SUIBUXIDUIXIRIZHANFAN,BAIBANKUANRONG,SHENZHIHUANXIANGYUYIRIMEISUZHANZHENGBAOFASHI,LIYONGBIDENGZUOWEIMEIGUOZHIZHONGSHIZHANYOU。”[5]

  ZAILIANGXINGWENTISHANG,GUONEIYULUNYEYOUZIJIDEKANFA。25MINGRIBENJIAJIZHANFANZHONG7RENBEIPANCHUJIAOXING,16RENWUQITUXING,2RENYOUQITUXING,QUANBUBEIKEYIXINGFA。DUIYUDONGTIAOYINGJI、BANYUANZHENGSILANG、GUANGTIANHONGYI,SONGJINGSHIGENDENG7RENBEIPANCHUSIXING,DAJIADOURENWEITAMENSHIZUIYOUYINGDE。DANSHIQITAJIAJIZHANFAN,“ANQIGUOQUDEZUIXING,JUNYOUCHUSIDEBIYAO,ERCICIDONGJINGZHANFANFATING,PANCHUWUQITUXINGHUOYOUQITUXING,BULUNCONGRENHEJIAODULAISHUO,JUNSHIZHITAIKUANLE。”[27]ZAIRIBENDEZHANZHENGZUIXINGZHONG,RIBENQINHUASHIJIANZUICHANG,ZUOEZUIDUO,YINCIQINHUAZHANFANYEZUIDUO。CHULEYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGSHENPANDEJIAJIZHANFANWAI,QITAXUDUOYI、BINGJIZHANFANYEZAIZHONGGUOFANXIALETAOTIANDEZUINIE。RUYINDUHUINANJINGDERIJUNDILIUSHITUANCHANGGUSHOUFU,JINXINGSHARENBISAIDEJUNGUANYETIANYIHEXIANGJINGMINGMINDENG,DOUZAIZHONGGUOFATINGJIESHOUSHENPANBINGBEIPANCHUSIXING。DANZHEBIJINGSHIYIXIAOBUFENZHANFAN。HUANYOUXUDUOZHANFANSUIRANBEIMENGZONGDAIBULE,ZAIMEIGUODEBIHUXIAQUETAOTUOLESHENPAN,YOUXIESHENZHIZHONGXINHUODEGONGZHI,DANGSHANGGUOJIALINGDAOREN。ZHESHIDEGUONEIYULUNDUIDONGJINGSHENPANDELIANGXINGCHANSHENGLEYANZHONGDEBUMAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   CIWAI,YUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGSHENPANDERIBENJIAJIZHANFANSHIJUNSHI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUALINGYUDEZHUYAORENWU,JINGJILINGYUDEDACAIFAYIGEYEMEIYOUCHUXIANZAISHENPANXISHANG,TAMENTONGTIANHUANGYURENYIQITAOBILEFALVDESHENPAN。FADONGZHANZHENGSHIXUYAOQIANGDADEWUZHIJICHUDE,RIBENDEDUIWAIQINLVEZHANZHENGRUGUOMEIYOUGUONEIDEZHEXIEDACAIFAZUOHOUDUN,TIGONGZHANZHENGWUZI,SHIBUKENENGCHIXUSHIDUONIAN。“RIBENDAZIBENJIA,RUSANJING、SANLING、ZHUYOUDENGDUZHANZIBENZHISHOUNAOYIRANXIAOYAOFAWAI,BUJINSHEFABIMIANCHUFA,BINGTUBAOCHIQIZIBENYIJIZAI‘HEPINGJICHU’SHANGZUZHIQIQIYE。”[32]CAIFATAOBICHENGFA,BUNENGBUSHUOSHIDONGJINGSHENPANDELINGYIGEQUEHAN。

  DUIYUDONGJINGSHENPANBAOLUCHULAIDEWENTI,DAJIAFENFENTICHUZIJIDEJIANYI。QIZHONG,YIMENGXIANZHANGDEQIDIANZHUZHANGZUIJUDAIBIAOXING,ZHAILURUXIA:

秒速赛车6码计划   (1) YINGDUCUYUANDONGFATING,ZUNSHOUSHENSHENGDEGUOJIWENGAO,YUFAGUANZHUANGYANDEZEREN,XUNSUERGONGZHENGDECHUFAERSHIWUMINGJIAJIZHANFAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   (2) WEILEWEIHURENLEIZHENGYI,GEIYEMANYIZHIMINGDEDAJI,BINGFANGZHIRIBENJUNGUOZHUYIFUHUOJI,WOMENZHUZHANGDUIQITARIBENZHANFAN,YIXINDEJIGOU,XINDEZHIDUQUSHENPAN,JIEJIAYIYANLIDECHUFA。

  (3) GUANYUYIBINGJIYIWAIDECIYAOZHANFAN,YUANZESHANGGUKEBUYUSHENPAN,JINJINJIANGZHUIFANGYUGONGZHIZHIWAI,YISHIKUANDA。

秒速赛车6码计划   (4) DUIYUYUWOGUOGUANXIMIQIEZHIZHANFAN,RUYINGZUOZHENZHAODENG,YINGLIZHENGYINDUZHIWOGUOSHENPAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   (5) DUIYUQINHUAYAOFANGANGCUNNINGCI,TOUJIANGSANNIANHOUSHIXINGSHENPAN,YIXIANGUOCHI,JIJINGJUXUN,JIYINGRENZHENSHENPAN,BUNENGZAIYURENYIHUTOUSHEWEIZHIEYINXIANG。

  (6) GUOFANGBUCHUNANJINGWAIZAIGEDISHELIZHIZHANFANJUNSHIFATING,YIJIYOUGUOFANG、WAIJIAO、SIFA、XINGZHENGGEBULIANHEZUCHENGZHIZHANFANCHULIWEIHUI,KEYIXIANGJIJIESHU,WENNANJINGZHANFANFATINGZHANFANSHENLIGONGZUO,YIJIANGYUJIUYUEDIZHENGSHIJIESHU。CISIJIANGYURENYIBUZAISHENPANZHANFANZHIBULIANGYINXIANG。YINGJIZHANQIZHIDUIRIHEYUEDIJIEYIHOU。

秒速赛车6码计划   (7) GUANYUDUIRIHEHUI,YIYINMEIGUOGUYITUOYAN,BINGXIANZAOCHENGRIBENFUXINGDEJICHENGSHISHI,ERWUQIYANGEXIALAI。TANGDUIRIHEHUIHUANYAOJUXING,WOMENZHUZHANGZAIHEYUEZHONGBIXUYOUSHELIJIGOUJIXUSHENPANRIBENZHANFANDEGUIDING。YINWEIGENJUGUOJIFAGUANLI,RUGUOZAIHEYUEZHONGMEIYOUFANDUIGUIDING,ZEHEYUEYICHENGLIZHANFANBIANJIANGQUANBEISHEMIAN。ZHIYUYUANZAIJINXINGSHENPANDEZHANFAN,DANGRANGENGBUNENGYINWEIHEYUEDECHENGLIERJIAYISHEMIAN。[5]

  ZHEXIEZHUZHANGTICHULEDUIYUANDONGGUOJIJUNSHIFATINGJIGEJIRIBENZHANFANSHENPANZHONGCUNZAIWENTIDEHELIXINGJIANYI,TIXIANLEZHUIJIURIBENZHANFANZHANZHENGZERENDEJUEXIN。ZHESHIZHONGGUOMINZHONGDEZHENSHISIXIANGFANYING,TONGSHIYEBIAODALEDUIHEPINGDEKEWANG。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZONGTILAISHUO,GUONEIMEITIDUIDONGJINGSHENPANDEBUTONGFANGMIANGUANZHU,SHIWOGUOZAOSHOURIBENQINLVEZHISHEN,YAOQIUYANCHENGQINHUAZHANFANDEZHENSHIFANYING。DONGJINGSHENPANSUIYOUBUZUZHICHU,DANSHIZUOWEISHENPANCANYUGUOZHIYIDEZHONGGUO,ZAIFATINGDESHENLIGUOCHENGZHONGFAHUILEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,YULUNDUICIDADOUSHICHIKENDINGTAIDU。DANGRAN,DANGSHIDEMEITIYESHUOCHULEDUIDONGJINGSHENPANDEBUMANHEDANYOU,BINGTICHULEYIXIEHELIDEJIANYI。ZHEXIEDUIJINTIANYANJIUDONGJINGSHENPANRENGYOUHENDADEJIEJIANYIYI。BUGUANZENYANG,DONGJINGSHENPANCHENGCHULEYIPIFADONGZHANZHENGDEZHUYAOZHANFAN,QIDAOLEYIDINGDEJIAOYUZUOYONG,ZAIZHENGZHI、FALV、LISHIFANGMIANJUNCHANSHENGLEZHONGYAOYIYI。

  參考文獻
  [1]宋志勇:《東京審判與中國》, 《抗日戰爭研究》2001年第3期。
  [2] 《總檢察官基南的開庭詞》, 張憲文主編:《南京大屠殺史料集》第29冊, 楊夏鳴、張生編:《國際檢察局文書·美國報刊報道》, 鳳凰出版傳媒集團江蘇人民出版社2007年版, 第57頁。
  [3]張笑林節譯, 向隆萬、徐小冰等補校譯:《遠東國際軍事法庭判決書》, 上海交通大學出版社2015年8月版, 第512頁。
  [4] 《東京審判的目的何在?--<紅星報>專文》, 《新聞類編》1947年第1605期, 第4頁。
  [5] [30][33]孟憲章:《東京審判日本戰犯的悲喜劇》, 《輿論》1948年第1卷第2期, 第8、8、9-10頁。
  [6] [19][20]金學成:《遠東法庭為什么不審裕仁?》, 《新中華半月刊》1949年第12卷第2期, 第16、15、17頁。
  [7] 《處置日本與安定遠東》, 《中央日報》1945年10月22日, 第二版。
  [8] 《南京大屠殺案暴露日寇施獸行慘絕人寰平民死難者達二十萬眾》, 《申報》1946年7月27日, 第三版。
  [9] 鄭學稼:《東京戰犯法庭及其工作 (上) 》, 《中央周刊》1947年第9卷, 第16頁。
  [10] 江湖賣卜盲人:《大川周明在法庭上痛毆東條英機》, 《大地周報》1946年第5期, 第2頁。
  [11] 《東條土肥原等在監執行絞決我代表商震曾監視行刑》, 《中央日報》1948年12月24日, 第三版。
  [12] [22]孟憲章:《東京審判失卻任何意義》, 《世界知識》1948年第18卷第10期, 第11、12頁。
  [13] 袁祥基:《東京戰犯審判之回顧與檢討》, 《新中華》1948年第6卷第13期, 第9頁。
  [14] 松岡洋右和永野修身在法庭審理期間患病身死, 大川周明被確診為精神病免于起訴, 因此判決書中沒有此三人, 故為25人。
  [15][16]梅小璈、梅小侃編:《梅汝璈東京審判文稿》, 上海交通大學出版社2013年11月版, 第156、103頁。
  [17] 《日本戰犯將受審發動侵華分子亦在內審判日皇待調查證據后定奪》, 《中央日報》1945年10月22日, 第二版。
  [18] [21][23][29]潘世憲:《我看東京審判》, 《時事評論》1948年第1卷第11期, 第8、8、8、7頁。
  [24] [25][日]細川嘉六著, 李辛譯:《東京審判終結與天皇的責任》, 《亞洲世紀月刊》1948年第3卷第5期, 第31頁。
  [26] 梁父:《駁戰犯東條英機的狡辯》, 《太平洋雜志 (北平) 》1948年第2期, 第9頁。
  [27] [31]何任清:《評東京戰犯法庭對日本甲級戰犯的判決》, 《智慧》1948年第60期, 第7頁。
  [28] 《日本戰犯的宣判》, 《申報》1948年11月14日, 第三版。
秒速赛车6码计划   [32] 《遠東國際法庭公審日本戰犯》, 《上海十日》1946第2期, 第15頁。