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歷史論文范文欄目為您提供《3-6世紀中國和羅馬在政治、民族、文化上的差異》范文一篇,希望對您在論文寫作的時候有所幫助
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3-6世紀中國和羅馬在政治、民族、文化上的差異

添加時間:2019/10/15

  摘要:3-6世紀,中西都經歷了政治分裂、新起民族政權的挑戰和新宗教的沖擊,但在歷史現象層面的相似背后,蘊含著深刻的同中之異。中國歷史和文明歷經危機而得以連續發展,西方歷史和文明則在危機中斷裂,這個結局并非偶然,而是由雙方的政治、民族及文化等結構差異所決定的。政治結構上,中國延續了秦漢以來形成的統一的中央集權的郡縣制國家和大一統觀念,是有機的統一,比較牢固。在這個制度下,居民不分胡漢,都是編戶齊民,身份和法律地位相同,也都追求統一。羅馬延續了城邦體制及其理念,是松散的統一,并不牢固。其內部結構差異較大,居民身份多樣,政治組織形式和法律也不一,自治傳統深厚,蠻族也不追求統一。民族結構上,中國的胡漢關系歷史悠久,融合程度深,以地域和文化界定夷夏。胡漢身份相同,受同一個法律的管轄。胡人政權主動采納并推廣漢族制度,形成了共同的民族認同。羅馬與蠻族接觸較晚,融合程度有限,更注重以法律身份區分不同的群體。蠻族并非羅馬公民,而是自治的羅馬軍事盟友,保持了自己的政治制度和法律等,形成了各自的族群認同。文化結構上,中國始終保持了儒家為主而又兼容多元信仰的特點。儒家受到玄學、道教乃至佛教等的沖擊,但其官方意識形態地位始終沒有動搖。道教、佛教更關注個人內心世界,彌補了儒家的不足。胡人采用漢族文化并繼承了這個模式,與漢族形成共同文化認同。西方由多神信仰轉向一神信仰。羅馬多神崇拜是政治的重要內容,注重集體的福祉。基督教填補了對個人內心世界關注不夠的空白,但作為一神教它又不能容忍多神崇拜。作為國家唯一的合法崇拜,基督教仍是擔負政治職能的組織。接受基督教的蠻族與拋棄傳統信仰的羅馬人一起形成以基督教為紐帶的新文化認同。

  關鍵詞:3-6世紀; 中國與西方羅馬世界; 歷史與文明; 比較;

  一、問題的提出

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3-6世紀中國和羅馬在政治、民族、文化上的差異

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  二、政治結構之異同

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  ZHONGGUODEZHENGZHIFENLIESHIZAITONGYIJUMIANWUFAWEICHIXIAQUDEQIANTIXIAXINGCHENGDE,SHIGEPAISHIJUNLIDIDECHANWU,SHIBEIDONGDEFENLIE。YIDANJUNHENGDAPO,ZEHUIZOUXIANGTONGYI。JIBIANZAIFENLIEZHONG,YEZAIMOUQIUTONGYI。CAOCAO、LIUBEI、SUNQUANSANDAQUANLIJITUANNEIBUDEZHENGHEYUTONGYIDIANDINGLEWEISHUWUDINGLIDEJICHU,WEIGUOJIHOULAIDAIWEIDEXIJINDAPOLEJUNSHI,MIEDIAOLESHUWU,SHIXIANLETONGYI。ZAIBEIFANGDEWUHUSHILIUGUONEIBU,MOUQIUTONGYIDEQUXIANGSHIHENMINGXIANDE,ZAIFUQINHEBEIWEIZHENGQUANNEILIBIANWEIXIANSHI。BEIFANGGEZHENGQUANYUNANFANGDEDONGJINXIANGHUDUOCIZHANZHENG,MUDEYESHITONGYI,JINGUANMEIYOUCHENGGONG。ZHEZHONGJUNSHIZHUANGTAIYANXUDAOBEICHAOHENANCHAO,ZUIHOUBEIBEIZHOUHESUIDAPO,TONGYIDEJUMIANZAIDUHUIFU。ZAIZHEGEGUOCHENGZHONG,WULUNHANZUZHENGQUANHUANSHIFEIHANZUZHENGQUAN,DADOUZHUDONGMOUQIUTONGYI,YITONGYIWEIJIREN。

  ZHEZHONGTEDIANZAILUOMADIGUOBINGBUHENMINGXIAN。LUOMADIGUODEFENLIEDANGRANYESHIKEGUANXINGSHIZAOCHENGDE,DANLUOMARENYINGDUIWEIJIDEFANGSHIXIANRANYUZHONGGUOBUTONG。TAMENCAIQUDESHIZHUDONGFENLIE,YEJIUSHIFENZHIDEFANGSHI,YOUQISHIZAIMIANDUIBIANJINGDEMANZUYALISHI。MAKE·AOLELIUJIWEIHOU,RENMINGWEILUSIWEIGONGZHIHUANGDI,TABENRENZHUYAODUIFUBEIBUBIANJINGDERIERMANREN,WEILUSIZEFUZEYUPATIYADEZHANZHENG。DAIKELIXIANSHANGTAIHOU,CAIQUSIDIGONGZHIDEZHENGCE,MEIGEHUANGDIFUZEYIGEDIQU,YESHIWEILEDUIFUBIANJINGDEMANZU。ZHEZHONGFENZHIDESILUCHENGWEIHOULAIDIGUOZHENGZHIDECHANGTAI。YIWEIHUANGDITONGZHIDEXIANXIANGDANGRANCUNZAI,RUJUNSHITANDINGYISHI。TASHIZAIDABAILEQITAGONGZHIDEHUANGDIHOUDULANDAQUANDE,DANTAYEANZHAOGONGZHIDESILU,BADIWEIFENGEILEERZIHEZHIZI。395NIAN,DIAODUOXIYISHIJIANGDIGUOFENGEILIANGGEERZI,BINGBADONGXIFENZHIBIANWEIDINGZE。CONGCI,LUOMADIGUODONGXIBUFENDEHUANGWEIJICHENGGEZIYUNZUO,GONGZHIDECHUANTONGYEYANXUZHU4。SUIRANZAIGONGZHIDETIXIZHONG,HUANGDIDEQUANWEIYOUDAXIAO,LILUNSHANGZONGYOUYIGEQUANWEI(auctoritas)SHIZUIGAODE,ZHENGGEDIGUOYEBEISHIWEIYIGEZHENGTI,DANZAISHIJIDEYUNZUOSHANGSHIFENKAIDE。HOUSHIDEJUNZHUZHONG,CHULECHASHIDINGNIYISHIWAI,BINGMEIYOUYITONGYIJIANGTUWEIJIRENDE。JIANLIZAIXIBUDIGUOLINGTUZHISHANGDEGEMANZUZHENGQUANSIHUYEMEIYOUTONGYIDEYIYUAN。MANZULINGXIUDUOMANZUYUMENGYOUDESHENFEN,DUOXIANGDONGBUDEHUANGDICHENGCHEN。TAMENGENGQIANGDIAOZIJIZUOWEIZUQUNDEWANGDESHENFEN,BINGMEIYOUCHENGDIDEXIANGFA,YEWUHUIFUXIBUDIGUODEYIYUAN(CHALIMANSHIGELIWAI,DANNEIYAODAO8SHIJILE,ERQIEHENKUAIJIUFENLIELE)。

  ZHONGXIZHENGZHIFANGMIANDECHAYIYUGEZIDEZHENGZHIJIEGOUYOUGUAN。BIAOMIANKANLAI,ZHONGGUOHELUOMADOUCENGSHITONGYIDEDIGUO,DANERZHEDETONGYIZHITONGZHONGYOUZHUSHENKEDECHAYI。ZHONGGUODETONGYIXINGCHENGLEYIGEYOUJIZHENGTI,SHIYOUZHONGDUODE“TONGYI”GOUCHENGDE“YI”,WULUNFENLIEHUANSHITONGYISHIQI,ZHEXIE“YI”BENZHISHANGSHIYIYANGDE。ZHEGECHUANTONGXINGCHENGYUQIN,CHUBUFAZHANYUHAN,ZAIWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIDEDAOLEQIANGHUA。LUOMADETONGYIZEBIJIAOSONGSAN,MEIYOUBAGEQUYUZHENGHECHENGYIGEYOUJIZHENGTI,GOUCHENGQI“YI”DESHIZADUODE“YIYI”。LUOMAYANXULEXILACHUANTONGDEZIZHIZHENGZHIMOSHIHELINIAN,SUIJINGDIGUOERMEIYOUGENBENGAIBIAN。ZHEKEYICONGZHENGZHITIZHI、JUMINSHENFENJIFALVDENGFANGMIANJIAYISHUOMING。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHONGGUODETONGYIZAIQINDAIJIUWANCHENGLE。ZHOUDAISHIXINGFENFENGZHENGZHI,ZHUHOUGUOSANBUGEDI,YIZHOUWANGWEIGONGZHU,GEZHUQIZHENG。CHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQI,SUIZHUZHOUWANGSHIDESHUAILUO,ZHUHOUSHILISHANGSHENG,BINGXIANGHUZHENGBA,CHENGWEISHISHISHANGDEDULIZHENGQUAN,YUANBENJIUFEICHANGSONGSANDEGONGZHUJUMIANYIJINGWUFAWEICHI。QINGUOZUIHOUDABAILESUOYOUZHENGQUAN,WANCHENGLEZHONGGUODETONGYI。QINTONGYISUIRANSHITONGGUOQIANGLISHOUDUANSHIXIANDE,DANQUESHIZHONGGUOLISHIFAZHANDEBIRANJIEGUO。CHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQIDEZHONGGUOSUIRANYESHIZHANLUANFENLIEZHUANGTAI,DANZHONGGUOTONGYIDEJICHUYIJINGJUBEI,GEZHUHOUGUODEZHIDUHEWENHUABINGWUBENZHICHABIE,ZAIZHENGBADEGUOCHENGZHONGDOUDAZHUZUNWANGDEQIHAO。ZHUZIBAIJIADEZHENGZHILILUNSUIYOUBUTONG,DANZHENGTISHANGSHIZAIJUNZHUZHIZHIXIAJINXINGSIKAO,GENGGUANZHUJUNZHURUHETONGZHI。GEGUOWENZISUIRANYOUQUBIE,DANZHUYAOCHAYIZAISHUXIEFANGSHI。QINSHIHUANGTONGYIZHONGGUO,BIANFENGJIANWEIJUNXIAN,SHIXINGZHONGYANGJIQUANDETIZHI,BUDANSHIXIANLEZHENGZHISHANGDEYITIHUA,ERQIEWANCHENGLEWENZIHEDULIANGHENGDENGDEYITIHUA,ZHENZHENGXIAOCHULEYUANLAIGEZHUHOUGUONEIBUDECHAYI,SHIZHONGGUOCHENGWEIYIGEYOUJIZHENGTI,BAYUANLAISONGSANDEGONGZHUJUMIANBIANWEIZHENZHENGDETONGYI。ZAICIHOUDEZHENGZHISHIJIANZHONG,JUNXIANZHICHEDIZHANSHENGFENFENGZHI,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOZHENGZHITIZHIDEJICHU。HANCHUCENGJINGXIQUQINWANGDEJIAOXUN,SHIXINGFENFENG,JUNGUOBINGXING,DANYINFALE“QIGUOZHILUAN”。TONGYANGDEQINGKUANGCHUXIANZAIXIJIN,JINWUDICAINALIUSONGDEJIANYI,DASIFENFENGTONGXINGWANG,FUYUXINGZHENGJIJUNSHIQUANLI,ZHISHIDIFANGZHUHOUWANGSHILIGUODA,NIANGCHENG“BAWANGZHILUAN”,ZHIJIEDAOZHILEXIJINDEMIEWANG。FENFENGDEBIDUANJIULIANSHILEZHEYANGDEHUZUJUNZHUYEKANDEHENQINGCHU(SHILEPINGLISHIQIJIANYILIUBANGFENGLIUGUOHOU)。CIHOU,FENFENGZHISUIRANZAIZHONGGUOGUDAISHIZHONGCUNZAI,FENGJIANYUJUNXIANDEZHENGLUNYESHIYOUFASHENG,DANYIYUZHOUDAIDEFENFENGDABUXIANGTONG,SHOUFENGFANWANGZHISHILU,BUCANYUFENGGUOJUNXIANZHILI,YIFEIZHENGZHIZHIDUDEZHUGAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   QINSHIHUANGCHUANGLIDEZHONGYANGJIQUANDEJUNZHUZHIDUJINGHANDAIDEFAZHAN,DAOWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,YIJINGCHEDIWENDINGXIALAI,ZHONGGUOJINGNEIDEZHENGQUANWULUNHUHAN,DOUBUYUEERTONGDIJIAYICAIYONG。ZHEZHONGMOSHISUIYOUSHIKONGDECHAYI,RUHURENZHENGQUANZHONGDECHUANTONGBUZUSHILIJIAODA,DONGJINSHIQISHIZUZHUANQUAN,DANZHEBINGFEIZHIDEBUTONG,ERZHISHILIANGDEDUOGUA。HUZUZHENGQUANZHONGDEBUZUSHILISUIRANDA,YESHIZAIHUANGDIDEQUANWEIXIAYUNZUODE,RUXIONGNUDEDANYUZHI、XIANBEIDESIBUDARENZHIDUDENG。SUIZHUHUANGQUANDEQIANGHUA,ZHEXIEYINSUZHUJIANXIAOSHI。DONGJINDESHIJIADAZUSUIRANGAIGUOWANGQUAN,CHUXIAN“WANGYUMA,GONGTIANXIA”DEJUMIAN,SHIZUSHENZHINENGJUEDINGHUANGDIDEFEILI(RUJIANWENDIQINGHUANWENFEILISHI)。DANRUTIANYUQINGXIANSHENGSUOSHUO,ZHEZHISHIHUANGQUANDEBIANTAI,RENGRANMEIYOUTUOLIHUANGQUANZHENGZHIZHIBENZHI5。ZAIJUNZHUTIZHIXIA,ZHONGYANGYIHUANGDIWEIZHONGXIN,FUZHIYIYITAOPANGDADEGUANLIAOJIGOU(YIQINCHAODESANGONGJIUQINGZHIWEIJICHUFAZHANQILAI),SHIXIANQUANLIDEJIZHONG。YUCITONGSHI,ZHONGYANGTONGGUOJUNXIANZHIQUEBAODUIDIFANGDEKONGZHI,TONGSHIZHANGWOZHUZHONGYAOGUANLIDERENMIANQUAN。JUNXIANBINGWUDULIDEFAQUANDIWEI,ZHISHIGUANLIDEHUANJIE。ZAIZHEZHONGTIZHIXIA,CONGZHONGYANGDAODIFANG,XINGCHENGYITAOCHUIZHIDETIZHI,LILUNSHANGZHONGYANGDEQUANLISHENRUJICENG。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHONGGUOJUMINNEIBUDEFALVSHENFENBIJIAODANYI。ZHOUDAIANZHAOJUZHUDIJIANGJUMINHUAFENWEIGUORENHEYEREN,YUCIXIANGDUIDESHINULI。CIWAI,ZAIFENFENGZHIXIA,YOUANZHAOXUEYUANYINQINDENGJIANGJUMINHUAFENWEIGUIZUHESHUREN,GUIZUYOUANZHAOJUEWEIFENWEIWUDENG,FENBIEXIANGYOUBUTONGDEZHENGZHIJIJINGJIDENGTEQUAN。QINGUOZIQINXIANGONGSHIQI,KAISHIDAPOGUOYEZHIDU,XIAOCHULEJUMINNEIBUSHENFENDECHAYI,JIANGSUOYOUDEJUMINTONGYIBIANHU,CHENGWEIGUOJIADE“QIMIN”。DAOSHANGYANGBIANFASHIQI,JINYIBUTUIGUANGXIANZHI,BINGYONGYIJUNGONGWEIJICHUDEERSHIDENGJUEZHIQUDAIZHOUDAIDEWUDENGJUEZHI,DAPOSHIQINGSHILUZHIDU。ZAI“BIANHUQIMIN”ZHIDUXIA,CHUHUANGDIWAI,SUOYOURENDESHENFENDOUXIANGTONG,YAODUIGUOJIAJINYIWU,SUOBUTONGDESHIJUEWEI。DUIDADUOSHURENERYAN,JUEWEISHIJUNGONGDEJIANGSHANG,ERFEITIANRANDEQUANLI。ZHEGETEDIANZAIWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIYEMEIYOUBIANHUA。

秒速赛车6码计划   TONGYIDEFALVYESHIZHONGGUOZHENGZHIJIEGOUDEYIGEZHONGYAOTEDIAN。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,GEZHENGQUANZHENGTISHANGYANXULEQINHANYILAIDEFALVTIZHI。QINLVYUANYUWEIWENHOULIKUI,“SHANGJUNSHOUZHIYIXIANGQIN”。HANCHENGQINZHI,YIXIAOHEBIANDINGDEJIUZHANGLVWEIZHU。CAOWEICHUYONGQINHANJIULV,HOU“SHANYUEJIUKE,BANGCAIHANLV,DINGWEIWEIFA”。“GAIHANJIULVBUXINGYUWEIZHEJIECHUZHI,GENGYIGUYIZHIWEIWUXING。”XIJINDETAISHILVYOUJIACHONGDENGYIHANJIUZHANGWEIJICHUDINGFALV20PIAN,SHOUCILVLINGFENKAI,YOULVLINGHEJI60JUAN,GUSHI30JUAN(《JINSHU·XINGFAZHI》)6。DONGJINPIANANJIANGZUO,YANYONGTAISHILV,YOUZHANGFEI、DUYUZHUSHI,SONGQIYINZHI。《LIANGLV》DEDIBENSHIQIWUDISHIDEZHANGDUJIULVZHUHEBENDEJIZHU。CHENZHI《LV》30JUAN,《LINGLV》40JUAN,CHULEQIANGDIAOQINGYIJINGUZHIKEWAI,DADOU“YIYONGLIANGFA”(《SUISHU·XINGFAZHI》)。BEIFANGDEWUHUZHENGQUANZAIFALVSHANGYIDUOYANYONGHANJINTIXI,NANYANMURONGCHAO“LINGBOSHIYISHANGCANKAOJIUSHI,YI《LVXING》JIHAN、WEI、JINLVLING,XIAOXIZENGSUN,YICHENGYANLV。WUXINGZHISHUSANQIAN,ERZUIMODAYUBUXIAO”。BEIWEIZUICHUBINGMEIYOUCHENGWENFALV,ZHIDAOTUOBADAOSHIQICAIYOUCUIHAODINGLVLING,DAOXIAOWENDISHIQIDINGXIA《BEIWEILV》。CIHOUBEIQIKANDINGWEI《LINZHIGE》,BINGCHENGWEI《QILV》DELANBEN,DADIYANYONGWEIJINGUSHI。BEIZHOUZHI《DALV》,SUIDUOYINZHI。

  SUIRANXUESHUJIEDUIBEIWEIFALVYUANYUHANJINDENGYOUZHENGLUN,WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,BAOKUONANBEIGEZHENGQUANZAIFALVSHANGSUIYOUZENGJIAN,DANBINGMEIYOUZHIDEQUBIE。XUEZHEMENDEFENQIDUOJIZHONGZAIFAHEXINGDEFENLEI、TIAOWENDUOGUAHUOCAOZUOGUICHENGDENG,CONGZHEXIEJIAODULAIKAN,MEIGEZHENGQUANDEFALVDANGRANBUYIYANG,TONGYIGEZHENGQUANDEBUTONGSHIQIYEYOUCHAYI。BUGUO,RUGUOCONGFALVDELINIANJIJIBENKUANGJIALAIKAN,ZHEXIEFENQIDEYIYIQISHIBUDA。YIFANGMIAN,CONGLINIANSHANGLAIKAN,WEIJINNANBEICHAODEFALVZHENGTISHANGYANXUQINHAN,ERQINHANDEZEYUANYU《SHANGSHU·SHUNDIAN》。DAOZHANGUOSHIQI,SUIZHUFAJIADECHUXIAN,YANXINGJUNFACHENGWEIZHONGYAONEIRONG。GEDAIFALVDEJIBENFANCHOUYEMEIYOUCHAOCHU《SHANGSHU》,ZHISHICEZHONGDIANYOUBIANHUA。HANDAIQUQINYANKE,BINGQIANGHUALERUJIALUNLIDEFALISECAI,YOUSUOWEIDE“《CHUNQIU》JUEYU”。WEIJINYIHOUSUIYOUDIAOZHENG,DANBENZHISHANGSHIYIYANGDE。BEIFANGGEZHENGQUANYEJIBENYANYONGZHETAOZHIDU,JINGUANGEZUBUTONGCHENGDUDIBAOCUNLEYUANYOUDEXISU,DANZAILINIANSHANGSHIYIZHIDE,BINGMEIYOUYINDIYUHEMINZUERYI。ZHUFAGEYOUCEZHONG,HUOCHONGRUHUOZHONGFA,YINCHAOYINRENERYI。DAZHISHUOLAI,LIANGHANCHONGRU,CAOWEIZHONGFA,JINZHONGXIAOBINGYINLIRUFA,SHIYOUWUFUZHIZUI,BINGDUIHOULAIBEIFANGDEFALVYINGXIANGJUDA。JIUTONGYIGECHAODAIDEBUTONGSHIQILAIKAN,ZEYUDANGSHIHUANJINGMIQIEXIANGGUAN。DAZHISHUOLAI,KAIGUOJUNZHUDUOJIUQIANCHAOZHIBI,KUANYANXIANGJI、ZHANGCHIXIANGYI,LUANSHIHUOMOSHIZHIJUNZEDUOFAFEIXINGLUAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GECHAODEFALVYIXINGSHIHEMINSHIWEIZHU,ZHONGDIANZAIXINGHEFA,MEIYOUGUANYU“QIMIN”DEQUANLIGUIDING。SUOBUTONGDESHIFENLEIJITIAOMUDEDUOSHAOHECHUZHIDEFANGSHI,SHILIANGERFEIZHIDEQUBIE。

  ZHIDUSHANGDETONGYISHIYUGUANNIANDEBIANHUAXIANGFUXIANGCHENGDE。ZHONGGUOHENZAOJIUCHUXIANLESIHAIYIJIADESIXIANG,JIANGGUOHEJIA、ZHONGHEXIAOJIHEZAIYIQI,XINGCHENGLEJIAOWEIWENDINGDETONGYIGUANNIAN7。《SHIJING》LIJIUYOU“PUTIANZHIXIA,MOFEIWANGTU;LVTUZHIBIN,MOFEIWANGCHEN”(《XIAOYA·BEIFENG》)DESHUOFA,KONGZIDEDIZIZIXIAZESHUO:“SIHAIZHINEI,JIEXIONGDIYE”(《LUNYU·YANYUAN》)。ZHEXIEDOUWEITONGYIDIANDINGLELILUNJICHU。DAOHANDAI,SUIZHURUJIACHENGWEIGUANFANGYISHIXINGTAIYIJI“DAYITONG”GUANNIANDEQIANGHUA,TONGYIDEGUANNIANGENGSHISHENRURENXIN,CHENGWEIGONGSHI。QIZUIZHUYAODEBIAOZHIJIUSHIZHENGTONG,ERZHENGTONGYESHISUOYOUZHENGQUANNULIZHUIQIUDEMUBIAO。ZHEZHONGTEDIANJIBIANSHIZAIWEIJINNANBEICHAOZHEGEFENLIEDONGDANGDESHIDAI,YEBIAOXIANDEFEICHANGMINGXIAN。WULUNHUHAN,DOUYIZHENGTONGZIJU,DOUZHUIQIUTONGYI。ZAIZHEGEYIYISHANG,ZHONGGUODEFENLIEYESHIZHONGYUNHANZHUTONGYIDEYINSU。

秒速赛车6码计划   YUZHONGGUOXIANGBI,LUOMATONGYIDECHENGDUJIAODI,DIGUONEIBUCHAYIDA,ZHENGZHIJIEGOUJIAOWEISONGSAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   DIYI,LUOMASUIRANZHENGFULEDIZHONGHAIZHOUWEIDEGUANGDADIQU,JIANLILEZHONGDUODEZHIMINDI,DUIBEIZHENGFUDIQUJINXINGTONGZHI,DANBINGMEIYOUZAIDIGUOJINGNEIQIANGZHITUIXINGLUOMADEZHIDU。ZHIYAOCHENGRENDIGUODEQUANWEI,LVXINGNASHUIJIJUNSHIYIWU,BEIZHENGFUDIQUKEYIBAOLIUZIJIDEZHIDU、FALV、XINYANGHEYUYAN,SHIXINGYIDINGCHENGDUDEZIZHI,YUANLAIDETONGZHIJITUANYEKEYIJIXUZHANGQUAN,LUOMARENBINGBUGUODUOGANYU。LUOMADIGUOJINGNEIGEDIDELISHICHUANTONGBUYI,ZHENGZHITIZHICHAYIDA,JUNZHUZHI、MINZHUZHI、GONGHEZHIJUNYOU,YOUXIEPIANYUANDIQUSHENZHIHUANCHUZAIBULUOQIUCHANGDELINGDAOZHIXIA。BUJINRUCI,LUOMADIGUODONGBUDEXILAWENHUAQUANHEXIBUDELADINGWENHUAQUANDECHAYIYEHENDA,GEDIYEMEIYOUTONGYIDELIFAJINIAN。RIERMANRENJINRULUOMADIGUO,DUOSHUYANXULEGEZICHUANTONGDEZHENGZHIHEFALVMOSHI。

秒速赛车6码计划   DIER,ZHONGYANGYUDIFANGDEGUANXIBIJIAOFUZA。LUOMADIGUOZHONGYANGZHENGQUANDEZHONGXINSHIHUANGDI,ZHANGWOZHUXINGZHENG、JUNSHI、CAIZHENGHESIFADAQUAN,BINGYOUYITAOFUWUYUTADEGUANLIAOJIGOU,DANGUIMOYOUXIAN。GONGMINDAHUISUIRANCUNZAI,DANQUANLIDOUZHUANGUIYUANLAOYUAN,HUANGDIKONGZHILEYUANLAOYUAN。SUIZHUYUANSHOUZHIXIANGJUNZHUZHIGUODUJIHOUQIHUANGDIBUDUANQIANGHUAQUANLI,YUANLAOYUANWANQUANCHENGWEIBAISHE,ZAIQIANDOUJUNSHITANDINGBAOHOU,GENGSHILUNWEIDIFANGJIGOU,ZHIDAO7SHIJICHUCHEDIXIAOSHI。JINGUANRUCI,GONGHESHIQIDETIZHIZAIXINGSHISHANGHUANBAOLIUZHU,ZHIZHENGGUAN、BAOMINGUAN、JIANCHAGUANDENGYIZHICUNZAI,YEBAOCHIZHUMEINIANXUANJUDEGUANLI。YUANLAOYUANZHANGWOZHUBUFENXINGSHENG,KEYIZIJIRENMINGZONGDU。DIGUOZHONGYANGYUDIFANGYEMEIYOUXINGCHENGYIGESHANGXIACHUIZHIDEYOUJIQUANLIWANGLUO。XINGSHENGDEGUANLIAOJIGOUHENXIAO,ZONGDUZHIJIEGUANXIADEDIFANGYOUXIAN,ZAIXINGSHENGDEDIPANSHANG,HUANCUNZAIZHUZHONGDUODECHENGSHIGONGTONGTI(HUOGONGMINGONGTONGTIcivitas)8,ZHESHILUOMAWENMINGDEZHONGYAOTEDIAN。LUOMADECHENGSHIZHONGLEIDUOYANG,JIYOULUOMAHELADINGZHIMINDI,YEYOUZHONGDUODEZIZHICHENGSHI(municipia),HUANYOUWAIBANGREN(peregrini)CHENGSHI,QIZHONGWAIBANGRENCHENGSHIANZHAODIWEIGAODIYOUFENWEITONGMENGCHENGSHI(foederatae)、XIANGSHOUMIANSHUIYOUDAIDEZIYOUCHENGSHI(liberae)HEWUYOUDAIDENASHUICHENGSHI(stipendariae)。MEIGECHENGSHIYULUOMADEGUANXIBUTONG,QIFALVDIWEIHEQUANLIYIGEBUXIANGTONG,SHIMINDEQUANLIYEBUTONG。YOUDECHENGSHIYOUZHUJUN,YOUDEZEMEIYOU。ZHEXIECHENGSHIGENJULUOMADESHOUQUANZIWOGUANLI,DUOYANXUYUANYOUTIZHIHEXISU。ZHIYAOANZHAOGUIDINGCHENGDANXIANGYINGJUNSHIYIWU,JIAONAFUSHUI,ZONGDUJIBENBUGUOWENZHEXIEDIQUDESHIWU。

  DISAN,DIGUONEIBUDEJUMINSHENFENCHAYIJUDA。LUOMADIGUOJINGNEIDEJUMINFENWEIZIYOUMIN(liberi)HENULI(servi)LIANGLEI,QIZHONGZIYOUMINYOUFENWEITIANSHENGZIYOUMIN(ingenuus)HEHUOSHIZIYOUMIN(libertini)。TIANSHENGZIYOUMINSHILUOMAGONGMIN,CHULECAICHANDENGJIDEQUBIEWAI,HUANYOUQUANLIDECHABIE。LUOMAGONGMINYOUYOUQUANQUANHEFEIQUANQUANZHIFEN。QUANQUANGONGMINBUDANYOUCAICHANQUAN(YONGYOUCAICHAN、DINGLIQIYUEDENG)、HEFAHUNYINQUAN、QIANXIQUANDENG,ERQIEYOUXUANJUQUANQIEKEYIDANRENGONGZHI;FEIQUANQUANGONGMINZEMEIYOUXUANJUQUANHEBEIXUANJUQUAN。HUOSHIZIYOUMINBAOKUOLUOMAGONGMIN、LADINGRENHEJINGLUOMARENTONGYITOUJIANGDEDIREN(dediticii)。NULIJINGGUOHEFADESHIFANGSHOUXU,KEYICHENGWEIFEIQUANQUANLUOMAGONGMIN;LADINGRENZHIYONGYOUCAICHANQUANHEQIANXIQUAN;ZHANBAITOUJIANGHUOSHIDERENZEMEIYOUQUANLIDINGLIRENHEXINGSHIDEYIZHU,BUNENGCHENGWEILUOMAGONGMIN,YEBUNENGJUZHUZAILUOMAJIZHOUWEI9。ZAILUOMAGONGMINHENULIZHIWAI,BAOKUOXINGSHENGJUMINZAINEIDEDOUSUANZUOWAIBANGREN(peregrini),TAMENSHOUWANMINFADEYUESHU,ZHIYOUFUBINGYIJIAONAFUSHUIDEYIWU,MEIYOURENHEQUANLI。212NIAN,HUANGDIKALAKALAXUANBUGEIYUJINGNEISUOYOUZIYOUMIN(BUBAOKUOZHANBAITOUJIANGDEDIREN、NULI)LUOMAGONGMINZIGE10。DANZHEGECUOSHIBINGMEIYOUXIANGCHUANTONGRENWEIDENEIYANGCHEDIQUXIAOLEDIGUOJINGNEIJUMINDESHENFENCHAYI,YINWEICHENGWEILUOMARENBINGBUYIWEIZHUFANGQIYUANLAIDESHENFEN,XINDELUOMAGONGMINTONGSHIYOULIANGZHONGSHENFEN,JISHIYUANLAIGONGTONGTIDECHENGYUAN,YOUSHILUOMAGONGMIN11。

  DISI,CONGFALVJIAODULAISHUO,DUOZHONGFALVBINGCUNSHIDIGUODETEZHENG。LUOMALISHISHANG,DUIBUTONGDEQUNTISHIXINGBUTONGDEFALV,GONGMINYOUGONGMINFA,GONGMINZHIWAIDEQUNTIZEYOUWANMINFA。SUIZHUGONGMINQUNTIDEKUODA,GONGMINFASHIYONGDEFANWEIZIRANYEZAIKUODA,YOUQISHIZAIXINGSHENG。BUGUO,ZHEBINGBUSHIYIQUXIAODIFANGYUANYOUFALVWEIQIANTIDE,DIFANGFALVRENGCUNZAIBINGFAHUIZUOYONG,YINWEIFEILUOMARENZAICHENGWEILUOMAGONGMINHOU,BINGMEIYOUFANGQIYUANLAIDESHENFEN,ZAIYUDAOJIUFENSHI,KEYIXUANZECAIYONGNAZHONGFALV。JIDUJIAODEYESUHESHITUBAOLUOJIUSHIHENHAODELIZI12。YOUXUEZHEZHICHU:“LUOMAFAZAIXINGSHENGDEFAZHANSHIBUSHITONGGUOXITONGSHUCHUDEXINGSHI,BUSHIYONGYIZHONGFALVMOSHIQUDAIQITADEMOSHI。”13212NIANDEGONGMINQUANPUJIHOU,LUOMADEFALVZAIDIGUOGENGJIAPUJI,FEILUOMAGONGMINJIANDEJIUFENYEYOUYONGLUOMADEFALVCAIJUEDE,YOUXIEFALVYEQUESHILUOMAHUALE,RUFALVDECHENGSHIHEHETONGFANGSHIDENG,JINGUANNEIRONGSHANGHUANBAOLIUZHUYUANLAIDETIXI。JIBIANRUCI,LUOMADEFALVYUDIFANGFALVBINGXINGDETEDIANHUANSHIBAOLIUXIALAI,YOUQISHIZAICHUANTONGDEXILAWENHUAQUYU。LUOMADUIXINGSHENGBINGMEIYOUTONGYIDEFALVGUIDING,ZHIDUIZONGDUYOUTONGYIDELIFAJIANDU,YIFANGQILANYONGZHIQUANHEFUBAI。XINGSHENGYOUZIJIDEFALV,YIBANYOUZONGDUZHIDING,JINGYUANLAOYUANPIZHUN,DANBINGFEIMEIGEXINGSHENGDOUYOUZIJIDEFALV,FALVYEBUSHIXINGSHENGTIZHIDEBIYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。ZONGDUDESIFAQUANSHOUXINGSHENGNEIGEGONGTONGTIFALVDEZHIYUE,GEGONGTONGTISHIYONGDEFALVBUTONG,NEIBUJIUFENDUONEIBUJIEJUE。XINGSHENGZHIJIANDECHAYIJIAODA,ERQIESHOUZONGDUDEGETIYINGXIANGDA,DAODISHIYONGLUOMAFAHUANSHIDIFANGDEFALV,ZHUYAOQUJUEYUZONGDU,DIGUOBINGMEIYOUQIANGZHI,ZHUDONGQUANRENGZHANGWOZAIDIFANGSHOUZHONG14。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMADIGUOZHENGZHIJIEGOUDESONGSANXINGSHIYUQIZHENGZHILINIANHUOZHEXUEXIANGYIZHIDE。LUOMASHICONGYIGECHENGBANGFAZHANQILAIDE,BAOLIULENONGHOUDECHENGBANGCHUANTONG。XILALUOMADECHENGBANGRENKOUGUIMOYOUXIAN,DIYUYEDUOYIHEXINCHENGSHIJIZHOUWEIFUSHUDIWEIXIAN。ZAIYALISHIDUODEDENGKANLAI,RENKOUHEDIYUGUIMODEXIANZHISHIBAOZHENGCHENGBANGJIANKANGSHENGCUNDEQIANTI。WEICI,YAOCONGFALVSHANGQUFENGONGMINYUFEIGONGMIN,YANGEXIANZHIGONGMINZIGE,BAOZHENGZIYUANZHANYOUDEJUNHENG,YIDANRENKOUGUIMOGUODA,JIUYAOFENLIU。MEIGECHENGBANGDOUSHIYIGEDULIDEGUOJIA,YIGONGMINGONGTONGTIWEIHEXIN,ANZIJIDEFALVJINXINGZHILI。WEILEKONGZHIGUIMO,CHENGBANGYIZHIMINFANGSHIDUIGONGMINJINXINGFENLIU。XINJIANDEZHIMINDISUIRANYUMUBANGGUANXIMIQIE,DANHEMUBANGYIYANGSHIDULIDE15。LUOMAGONGMINSHOUFUMINGDAOLADINGDIQUZHIMIN,JIUBAITUOLEFUQUANDEKONGZHI,CHENGWEIZHIMINDICHENGBANGDEGONGMIN。ZAIXILADELISHISHANG,SUIRANCHENGBANGZHIJIANJINGCHANGYOUZHANZHENG,YECUNZAIGUODADEQUYULIANMENG,DANCHENGBANGBEIMIEDIAODEQINGKUANGBINGBUDUO。SIBADAZAIBOLUOBENNISAZHANZHENGZHONGSUIRANDABAILEYADIAN,DANYADIANDEDULIBINGWEIDIUSHI。YADIANYITILUOTONGMENGWEIYITUOCHENGWEIXILADEBAZHU,SHIJIAMENGGEBANGLUNWEIFUYONG,JINGUANRUCI,MENGBANGHUANBAOCHIZHUDULI,NEIBUSHIWUDEZHUDAOQUANBINGMEIYOUBIANHUA。JIBIANDAOHOULAIDEYALISHANDADIGUOSHIQI,ZHEZHONGTEDIANYEMEIYOUGENBENGAIBIAN。LUOMARENYANXULEZHEZHONGCHUANTONG。TAJIANLIDEZHIMINDIDOUANZHAOZIJIDEFALVZIZHI,BEIZHENGFUDIQUZAICHENGRENLUOMAZHUQUANDEQIANTIXIA,YEKEYIANZHAOYUANXIANDETIZHISHIXINGDIFANGZIZHI。LUOMARENGULIBEIZHENGFUDIQUCAIYONGLUOMADETIZHI,DANBINGBUQIANGZHI。JIBIANDAOLEDIGUOHOUQIJUNZHUZHIJIANLI,HUANGDIDEQUANLIBUDUANQIANGHUA,ZHEZHONGLINIANRENGRANBAOCHIZHU。JIULIANYONGRUDIGUODERIERMANRENYESHIYIZUQUNWEIDANWEI,SHIXINGZIZHI,ZHIYAOTAMENCHENGRENHUANGDIDEQUANWEI,BINGZAIXUYAOSHIWEIDIGUOTIGONGJUNSHIYUANZHU。KEYISHUO,LUOMASUIRANJIANLILEPANGDADEDIGUO,YESHIXIANLEYOUGONGHEXIANGDIZHIDEZHUANBIAN,JIANLILEXINGSHENGTIZHI,DANZAILINIANSHANGBINGMEIYOUGAIBIAN,RENGRANYANXILECHENGBANGZHENGZHIDESILU16。XILALUOMASUIRANYOUHENDUOZHEXUELIUPAI,YEYOUBUSHAOZHENGZHILILUN,DANBINGMEIYOUBEIGUANFANGZUOWEIYISHIXINGTAIDE。ZHEYIDIANSHIYUZHONGGUODABUTONGDE。

  KEYISHUO,ZHONGXIZAIZHEGESHIQIZHENGZHIMINGYUNDEBUTONGSHIYUGEZIDEZHENGZHICHUANTONGJIJIEGOUYOUGUANXIDE。

  三、民族結構之異同

  3-6SHIJI,ZHONGGUOHEXIFANGYEDOUJINGLILEMINZUYIDONGDEDACHAO,DANSHUANGFANGDEQIANXIZHITONGZHONGHUANSHIYOUSUOYIDE。

  ZHONGGUODEQIANXISHISHUANGXIANGDE,YISHIWUHUYOUBIANJIANGJINRUZHONGYUAN,YISHIHANZUYOUZHONGYUANXIANGBIANJIANGKUOSAN。HURENXIANGZHONGYUANDIQUDEQIANXIHENZAOJIUKAISHILE,YOUQISHIXIONGNU。DONGHANSHIQI,NANXIONGNUNEIFUHANZHENGQUAN,BEIANZHIZAIHETAODIQU。HANMO,CAOCAOJIANGGUISHUNDEXIONGNUFENWEIWUBU,ANZHIZAIPINGYANGJUN。YUCITONGSHI,DALIANGHURENZIFAYONGRUGUANZHONG,YUHANZUZAJU。ZAIHURENJINRUNEIDIDETONGSHI,HANZUYEZAIXIANGWAIQIANXI。BAWANGZHILUANSHIQI,GUANZHONGDEHANZUSHIRENWEITAOBIZHANLUAN,XIQIANLIANGZHOU。LIANGZHOUCISHIZHANGGUIZAIGUZANGXIBEISHEWUXINGJUN,YOUZAIXIPINGZHIJINXINGJUN,ANZHIQINYONGDIQUDELIUMIN(《JINSHU·DILIZHI》)。ZHANGGUICIJUBUDANDIANDINGLEQIANLIANGZHENGQUANDEJICHU,YESHIDELIANGZHOUCHENGWEIWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIDELINGYIGEZHONGYAOZHENGZHIHEWENHUAZHONGXIN。YUCITONGSHI,YIXIERENZECONGHANZHONGSUIBARENLITEJITUANXIANGBASHUDIQUQIANXI。YONGJIAZHILUANHOU,ZHONGYUANDIQUDEYIMINGUIMOZENGDA。DIYITIAOXIANLUSHINANQIAN,YUEGUOHUAIHEDAOCHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOULIUYU,YEJIUSHIYIBANSUOSHUODEYIGUANNANDU。ZHECIDAGUIMODEQIANXIBUDANDAILAILEZHENGZHIZHONGXINDEZHUANYI,DIANDINGLENANBEIDUIZHIDEJICHU,ERQIEDAILAIJINGJIZHONGXINDENANYIHEWENHUADENANKUO。DIERTIAOXIANLUSHIXIANGLIAODONGDIQU,TOUBENDANGSHIPANJUYOUZHOUDEWANGJUN、PINGZHOUCISHICUISE、LIAOXIDEXIANBEIDUANBUHEMURONGBUDENG。MURONGHUIZHUANSHEJIYANGJUN、CHENGZHOUJUN、YINGQIUJUN、TANGGUOJUN,FENBIEANZHIJIZHOU、YUZHOU、QINGZHOU、BINGZHOUDENGDILIUMIN。CIWAI,HUANYOUCONGZHONGYUANDAOBEIFANGDEBINGZHOUJINANFANGDEJINGXIANGDIQU。ZHEXIEZIFADEYIMINJIASHANGYINZHANZHENGDENGDAGUIMODE、PINFANDEZHENGFUQIANGZHIYIMIN17,BUDANCUJINLEMINZURONGHE,ERQIEKUODALEZHONGGUODEWENHUABIANJIANG。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMADIGUODEYIMINYOUSUOBUTONG。LUOMAZAIXIANGWAIKUOZHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BAYIMINZUOWEIJIAQIANGTONGZHIDEYIGEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,XIANHOUZAIYIDALIBANDAOJIDIGUODEQITADIFANGJIANLILESHUBAIGEZHIMINDI。LUOMARENDEZHIMINDIZUICHUSHIZAIBEIZHENGFUDIQUSHELIDEFANGWEIXINGJUNSHIYAOSAI,YOUZHENGFUXUANPAILUOMAGONGMINHUOLADINGRENJIANLI,RENSHUYIBANWEI300REN。DAODIGUOSHIQI,ZHIMINDEZHULIBIANWEITUIWUJUNREN,ZHIMINDIYECHENGWEIJUNSHIHENONGYEJIEHEDEJUDIAN。DIGUOZHONGHOUQI,SUIZHUKUOZHANGDETINGZHI,LUOMADEZHIMINYEZHUJIANTINGZHI。CIHOU,SUIRANZHIMINDIRENGYOUSUOZENGJIA,DANBINGFEIZHIJIEYIMIN,ERSHITONGGUOYUANYOUCHENGSHISHENGGEERCHENGDE。CIWAI,DUIYUBEIZHENGFUDIQU,CHULEZHANFUWAI,LUOMAHENSHAOCAIQUJIANGJUMINJITIQIANXIDECUOSHI(YOUTAIRENCHUWAI,TAMENZAIFANKANGSHIBAIHOUBEIQUSANDAOGEDI),DIGUOJINGNEIGEGEZUQUNJIANDEDAGUIMOLIUDONGYEHENSHAO。ZAIMANZUJINRUDIGUOZHIQIAN,GUANFANGYIMINHUODONGZAOJIUTINGZHILE。4SHIJIMO,DANGMANZUZAIXIONGNUDEYALIXIAXIANGDIGUOJINGNEIQIANXISHI,BINGMEIYOUCHUXIANLUOMARENXIANGWAIQIANXIDEXIANXIANG。BUJINRUCI,LUOMAZHENGFUHUANCAIQULESHOUSUOZHENGCE,FANGQILEBIANJINGDEFANGSHOU,YOUQISHILAIYINHEYANXIAN,BULIEDIANDIQUGANCUIQUANBUFANGQI。JINRUDIGUODEMANZUZECAIQULEZUQUNFENZHIDECUOSHI,ZHEZHONGTAISHIZHIJIEZAOCHENGLUOMAWENHUABIANJIANGDEWEISUO,YEBULIYUZUQUNDERONGHE。

  CONGMINZUQIANXIDEJIEGUOLAIKAN,ZHONGXIDECHAJUDANGRANJUDA。ZHONGGUOJINGNEIDEWUHUJIBENSHIQULEDULIDEZUQUNSHENFEN,RONGRUDAOYIHANZUWEIZHUTIDEZHONGHUAMINZUZHONG。XIFANGZEXINGCHENGDUOZUQUNBINGLIDEJUMIAN,LIANYUANLAIDE“LUOMAREN”ZHEGEGAINIANYEWAJIELE18,BEIQUYUGAINIANQUDAI,RUYIDALIREN、XIBANYAREN、GAOLURENDENG。ZAIJINRUDIGUODEMANZUZHONG,BUFENZUQUNZAIZHENGQUANJIESHUHOUYEXIAOSHILE,BUFENZERENGRANLIUCUNXIALAI。WEISHENMEHUICHUXIANZHEZHONGXIANXIANG?BIZHERENWEI,CHULEZHENGQUANDEBAOZHANGYINSUWAI,HUANYUMANZUQIANXIDEPINLVJIQIYULUOMAGUANXIDECHENGDUYOUGUAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   DAZHISHUOLAI,QIANXIPINFANHUOSHOULUOMAYINGXIANGSHENDEZUQUNDADOUXIAOSHILE,FANZHIZEDUOYANXULEXIALAI。QIANZHEYOUXIONGNUREN、ALANREN、WANGDAERREN、GETEREN、BOGENDIREN、SUWEIHUIREN、LUNBADERENDENG,QIZHONGRIERMANRENZHONGYIDONGXIJUDUO,HOUZHEZEZHUYAOSHIYIFALANKERENWEIDAIBIAODEXIRIERMANREN。WULUNJINRULUOMADIGUODEXIONGNURENYUYOUZHONGGUOXIQIANDEBEIXIONGNUYOUMEIYOUZHIJIEGUANXI,TAMENCONG4SHIJIJIUYIZHIZAIXIANGXIQIANXI,ERQIESHIZHONGMEIYOUXINGCHENGWENGUDEJICHU。SUIRANLAISHIXIONGXIONG,DANYEYIZHANJIKUI,HENKUAIJIUXIAOSHILE。GETEREN、WANGDAERREN、SUWEIHUIRENDENGZAI2SHIJIZHONGQIYIJINGQIANXIDAODUONAOHEZHONGXIAYOUDIQU,ZAIDIGUOBIANJINGDIQUSHENGHUO,YUDIGUOYOUSHANGMAODENGWANGLAI。4SHIJIHOUBANQI,TAMENZAIXIONGNUDEYALIXIABEIPOZAICIZHANZHUANQIANXI,GETERENCONGDIGUOFUDIDAOLEGAOLU、XIBANYA,WANGDAERREN、SUWEIHUIRENDENGZEDUGUOLAIYINHE,DAOLEGAOLUHEYIBILIYABANDAO,WANGDAERRENHEALANRENJIXUXIANGNANDAOLEBEIFEI。LUNBADERENYESHIXIANYIJUPANNUONIYA,RANHOUZAIDAOYIDALI。PINFANDEQIANXIHEZHANZHENGWUYIDUIRENKOUDEZENGCHANGBULI。YUDANGDIRENQUNXIANGBI,MANZURENKOUSUOZHANBILIHENSHAO,JUGUJIZAI2%DAO10%ZUOYOU19。WANGDAERRENDAOFEIZHOU,RENKOUZHIYOU8WAN。ZHEXIEZHENGQUANJIANLIZHICHU,WANGWANGCAIQUYUDANGDIRENFENZHIDEZHENGCE,JINZHIZUQUNJIANDETONGHUN。CIWAI,ZHEXIEZUQUNYULUOMAJIECHUJIAOZAO,CHANGQIZAIDIGUOJUNDUIZHONGFUYI,LUOMAHUACHENGDUJIAOSHEN,TIZHISHANGYEJIBENYANYONGLUOMAJIUZHI。ZHEXIEZUQUNZHENGTISHANGQUEFAZIJIDESHUMIANYUYAN,SUIRANWUERFEILACENGJINGCHUANGZHILEGETEWENZI,DANBINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGDEDAOTUIXING。6SHIJIZHONGQIKAISHI,GETEYUZOUXIANGSHUAILUO,DAO8SHIJIMO,JIBENXIAOSHI。LUNBADERENJINRUYIDALIHOU,CAIYONGDANGDIDELADINGFANGYAN,YONGLADINGWENBIANZUANFADIAN,QIYUYANDAO8SHIJIYEJIBENXIAOSHI。WANGDAERRENZAIBEICHASHIDINGNIYISHIXIALINGQUSANDAOGEDIHOU,YUYANYEBUFUCUNZAI。SUIZHUZHENGQUANDEJIESHU,ZHEXIEZUQUNYEJIUXIAOSHILE,WEIYUANLAIDEZUQUNSUOTONGHUA,QIZHONGXIGETERENRONGRULEXIBANYA,DONGGETERENJILUNBADERENRONGRUYIDALI,WANGDAERRENZEXIAOSHIZAIBEIFEI。XIRIERMANRENDEQINGKUANGYOUJIAODADEBUTONG。TAMENYULUOMARENJIECHUDESHIJIANJIAOWAN,ZHIDAO3SHIJICAIDAOLEDIGUODELAIYINHEXIAYOUDIQU。358NIAN,HAIBIN(SALIKE)FALANKERENYITONGMENGZHEDESHENFENDINGJUZAIDIGUOJINGNEI,ERFALANKERENZHENZHENGZHANLUTOUJIAOYAODAO5SHIJIMO。KEYISHUO,TAMENDELUOMAHUACHENGDUBINGBUSHEN。CIWAI,XIRIERMANRENBINGMEIYOUXIANGQITAZHIXINEIYANGPINFANQIANXI。TAMENYILAIYINHEHEWEISIHEWEIDABENYING,ZHUBUXIANGNAN,XIANTONGYILEFALANKENIYA,ZAIXIANGGAOLUYIDALIDENGDIGUOFUDIKUOZHANG。ZHEZHONGBUBUWEIYINGDEKUOZHANGMOSHIBIMIANLEDAGUIMODEZUQUNYIDONG,SHIFALANKERENYOUWENGUDEHOUFANG,WEIQIZHENGQUANDECHANGQICUNZAITIGONGLERENLIHEWULIZHICHI。ZHEZHONGXIANXIANGZAIGETE、WANGDAERDENGZHENGQUANNEILISHIMEIYOUDE。YOUYUMEIYOUDAGUIMODEQIANXI,FALANKERENCHUANTONGDEZHENGZHIHESHEHUIZHIDUXIANGDUIWANZHENGDIBAOLIUXIALAI,YUYANYEMEIYOUZHONGDUAN,YOUQISHIZAILUOMAHUAJIAOSHAODEDONGFALANKE(AOSITELIYA)JIZHOUWEIDIQU。XIFALANKE(NIUSITELIYA)YOUQISHINANBUGAOLUDEQINGKUANGZEBUYIYANG。SUIRANZHEGEDIQUCHANGQISHIFALANKERENDEZHENGZHIZHONGXINSUOZAIDI,DANZHEGEDIQUSHILUOMADIGUOZHONGYAODEZHONGXINZHIYI,RENKOUYIGAOLU-LUOMARENWEIZHU,SHUODESHIHUNHELEKAIERTEYUHELADINGYUDEFANGYAN。FALANKERENDEZHENGQUANZHONGXINSUIRANYIDAOLEGAOLU,DANQIANJUDEZHISHIWANGSHIGONGTINGHEYIXIEJUNREN,GAOLUDIQUJUMINDEZHUTIHUANSHIYUANLAIDEGAOLU-LUOMAREN,ZHUYAOYUYANHUANSHILADINGFANGYAN20。HOULAIXINGCHENGDEFAYURENGSHULADINGYUXITONG,RIERMANYUDEYINGXIANGHENXIAO,DUOZAIPINDUFANGMIAN。ZAIZHEGEDIQU,FALANKERENZUIZHONGRONGRULEGAOLURENZHONG。DUIBIZHONGGUODEQINGKUANG,KEYIFAXIAN,PINFANDEYIDONGHEYUHANZUGUANXISHENHOUZHENGSHIZHEGESHIQIBEIFANGGEZUDETEDIAN,ERBEIWEIDEHOUQIJIQIYINEIMENG、SHANXIWEIJIDIWENBUNANYI,YEYINGGAISHIQINENGZUIZHONGTONGYIBEIFANGDEZHONGYAOYINSU21。CONGZHEGEJIAODULAISHUO,ZHONGXIMINZUYIDONGJIEGUOZHIYIZHONGYOUYUNHANZHUYIXIETONGDESECAI。

  ZHONGGUOHANRENYUHURENDEGUANXISHIZHONGBIJIAOMIQIE,HURENHENZAOJIUBEITONGYINARUHANRENZHENGFUDEGUANLITIZHIZHONG,TAMENYEQUANMIANCAIYONGHANZUDETIZHI,HUHANJIANQUYIZHI。

  SHAOSHUMINZUYUZHONGYUANDEGUANXILISHIJIUYUAN,YESHIZHONGGUOGUDAILISHIDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。WEIJINSHIQIDEWUHU,QIZUXIANHENZAOJIUYUHANZUJIECHU,SANDAISHIQIJIAOWANGJIUHENPINFAN。《SHIJING》YOU“ZIBIDI、QIANG,MOGANBULAIWANG”(《SHANGSONG·YINWU》)、“YUNYUXIANG”、“BOFAXIRONG”(《XIAOYA·NANZHONG》)DENGSHIJU。ANZHAOSIMAQIANDESHUOFA,XIONGNUDELISHIGENGJIUYUAN。“XIONGNU,QIXIANZUXIAHOUSHIZHIMIAOYIYE,YUECHUNWEI。TANGYUYISHANGYOUSHANRONG、XIANYUN、HUNZHOU,JUYUBEIMAN,SUICHUMUERZHUANYI。”(《SHIJI·XIONGNULIECHUAN》)XIANBEIDEZUXIANCHENGDONGHU,JIERENZEYIBANRENWEISHIZAHU。CHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQI,XIONGNUSHILIKUOZHANG,“GUANDAIZHANGUOQI,ERSANGUOBIANYUXIONGNU”(《SHIJI·XIONGNULIECHUAN》)。TAMENGENGSHIDAGUIMOCANYUGEGUODEZHENGZHIDOUZHENG,CHENGWEIYIZHIZHONGYAOLILIANG。

秒速赛车6码计划   DAZHISHUOLAI,WEIJINNANBEICHAOZHIQIANJIQIJIANDEDABUFENSHIJIANLI,DUIZHONGYUANWEIXIEZUIDADESHIXIONGNU,HANMOXIANBEIZHUJIANJUEQI,BEIWEICHUROURANSHENGJIYISHI,NANBEICHAOMOQIDINGLING(TUJUE)SHISHENG。WEIJINSHIQI,SUIZHUDI、QIANGDENGSHILIDEJUEQI,BIANCHENGQUNXIONGJINGZHUDEJUMIAN,SHILIQIANGDA,SHENZHIMIEDIAOLEXIJINZHENGQUAN,CHANGQIZHANJULEBEIFANGDIQU。TAMENYUHANRENZHENGQUANDEGUANXIBINGBUWANQUANGUDING,HUOZHANHUOHEHUOGUISHUN,DOUQUJUEYUSHUANGFANGDESHILIDUIBI。LISHISHANG,ZHONGYUANZHENGQUANSHILIQIANGDAERHURENSHILIRUOSHI,ZEDUOCAIQUZHANZHENGFANGSHIDAJIQUGAN;YIDANTAMENDESHENGCUNHUANJINGEHUAHUOSHILIQIANGDA,ZEWANGWANGNEIQIN。SHUANGFANGSHILIJUNHENGSHI,ZEDUOJIANGHE。QINSHIHUANGTONGYIHOU,CENGJINGPAIMENGTIANLVDAJUNBEIJIXIONGNU,BINGZHUCHANGCHENGFANGYURUQIN。HANCHU,XIONGNUSHILIQIANGDA,BAIDENGSHANZHIWEIHOU,HANGAOZULIUBANGCAIYONGLOUJINGDEJIANYISHISHIHEQINZHENGCE,TONGGUANSHI,HUANHEYUXIONGNUDEGUANXI,WEIJIEJUEMINZUMAODUNTIGONGLEYIGEXINFANGAN。WUDISHIQI,SUIZHUXIHANSHILIDEQIANGDA,KAISHIWULIGONGDAXIONGNU,ZANSHIJIEJUELEBIANHUAN。BUGUO,SUIZHUSHUANGFANGSHILIQIANGRUOYIWEI,XIONGNUDEWENTIZAIDUFUQI。DONGHANCHUNIAN,XIONGNUSHILIFENLIE,NANXIONGNUGUISHUN,BEIXIONGNUZAIZHANBAIHOUXIZOU。CONGXIHANMONIANKAISHI,CHULEHEQINWAI,HUANCAIYONGNEIQIANANZHIZHENGCE。“QIANHANMO,XIONGNUDALUAN,WUDANYUZHENGLI,ERHUHANXIEDANYUSHIQIGUO,XIELVBULUO,RUCHENYUHAN。HANJIAQIYI,GEBINGZHOUBINGJIEYIANZHI。YUSHIXIONGNUWUQIANYULUORUJUSHUOFANGZHUJUN,YUHANRENZACHU。”(《JINSHU·SIYILIECHUAN》)GUANGWUDISHIQI,GUISHUNDENANXIONGNUBEIANZHIZAIHETAODIQU,QIANGRENBEIANZHIZAIGUANZHONG,YOUFENGWUHUAN“QUSHUAIWEIHOUWANGJUNCHANGZHE81REN,JIEJUSAINEI,BUYUYUANBIANZHUJUN,LINGZHAOLAIZHONGREN,GEIQIYISHI,SUIWEIHANZHENHOU,ZHUJIXIONGNU、XIANBEI”(《HOUHANSHU·WUHUANXIANBEILIECHUAN》)。HANMO,CAOCAOBAXIONGNUFENWEIWUBU,JIANGTAMENNARUDAOZIJIDESHILIZHIZHONG,TONGSHIDABAILEWUHUAN、DI、QIANG(ZHENGSHINIANJIAN)DENG,JIANGTOUJIANGDERENANZHIDAONEIDI。JINWUDISHIQI,YOUXIANHOUJICIJIENAGUIJIANGDEXIONGNU,“SHIJUHEXIGUYIYANGCHENGXIA。HOUFUYUJINRENZAJU,YOUSHIPINGYANG、XIHE、TAIYUAN、XINXING、SHANGDANG、LEPINGZHUJUNMIBUYOUYAN”(《JINSHU·SIYILIECHUAN》)。BAWANGZHILUANQIJIAN,BADILITEHEXIONGNUZUOBUSHUAILIUYUANCHENJILVXIANFANAN,KAISHILEHUHANFENZHENGDEXINSHIDAI。

秒速赛车6码计划   QIANJUNEIDIDEHUREN,DOUBEINARUDAOZHENGFUDEGUANLI,SHIWEICHENMIN。HURENJITINEIQIAN,SUIRANYUHANZUZAJU,DANYIBANDOUBEIANPAIZAIRENYANXISHAOHUOWURENGENGZHONGDEDIQU,ANZHAOCHUANTONGXIGUANJITIJUJU,QIDAOFANGWEIHEHUANCHONGDEZUOYONG。《JINSHU·SIYILIECHUAN》JIZAI,GONGYUANQIAN52NIAN,HUHANXIEDANYULV“XIONGNUWUQIANYULUORUJUSHUOFANGZHUJUN,YUHANRENZACHU……QIBULUOSUISUOJUJUNXIAN”,“BEIDIYIBULUOWEILEI,QIRUJUSAIZHE……FANSHIJIUZHONG,JIEYOUBULUO,BUXIANGZACUO。”TAMENYOUDANYUHUOBUSHUAIDENGTONGZHI,YEYOUZIJIDEZHENGZHIZUZHIHEGUANHAO。“NANDANYUJIJUXIHE,YILIEZHIZHUBUWANG,ZHUWEIHANSHU。”(《HOUHANSHU·NANXIONGNULIECHUAN》)BUGUO,TAMENBINGFEIWANQUANZIZHI,HUANTONGSHIJIESHOUZHONGYANGZHENGFUDEGUANLI。YIFANGMIAN,HURENSHOULINGSHIZHENGFUDEGUANLI,TAMENDUOSHOUFENGWANGHOU,BINGXIANGSHOUXIANGYINGDAIYU,JUEWEIKEYISHIXI。TAMENDAIBIAOZHENGFUGUANLIHUREN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHENGFUHUANSHEYOUZHUANMENDEJIGOU,ZHENGTISHANGDUITAMENGUANLI、JIANDU。HANCHAOXIONGNUZHONGLANGJIANGFUZENANXIONGNUSHIWU,YOUQIANWUHUANYUSHANGGU、YUYANG、YOUBEIPING、LIAODONG、LIAOXIWUJUN,SHEHUWUHUANXIAOWEIGUANXIA,TONGSHIJIEZHIXIANBEIDENG。XIHANHUANSHEHUQIANGXIAOWEI。DONGHANGUANGWUDISHIQI,JIESHOUBANBIAODEJIANYI“FUZHIXIAOWEIYUSHANGGUNINGCHENG,KAIYINGFU,BINGLINGXIANBEI,SHANGSIZHIZI,SUISHIHUSHIYAN”(《HOUHANSHU·WUHUANXIANBEILIECHUAN》)。CAOCAOZAILIXIONGNUBUSHUAIDETONGSHI,HUAN“XUANHANRENWEISIMAYIJIANDUZHI。WEIMO,FUGAISHUAIWEIDOUWEI”(《JINSHU·SIYILIECHUAN》)。HURENSHOULINGDEGUANXIAQUANZHIXIANYUZIJIDEZUQUN,QITASHIWUYOUZHENGFUGUANLI。ZHENGFUJIERUQINEIBUZHENGZHI,SHENZHIJUEDINGDANYUHUOXIANWANGDENGFEILI,KEYIQUEBAODUITAMENDEKONGZHIHEJIANDU。XIAOWEIYUBUSHUAIZUICHUSHIFENKAIDE,XIJINSHIQI,SUIZHUSIMASHIZHENGQUANDENEILUANHEFENLIE,HURENSHILIDAZENG,HURENSHOULINGRULIUYUANWANGWANGSHENJIANERZHI。ZAIZHEZHONGERYUANGUANLITIZHIXIA,HURENTONGSHISHOUDAOBENZUSHOULING(DANYU、BUSHUAI、QIUCHANGDENG)HEHANRENZHENGFUXIAOWEIDENGDEGUANXIA,YUHANZUBAIXINGYIYANGSHIGUOJIADEBIANHUQIMIN,ZHISHIJINGJISHANGYOUYIXIEYOUHUI。“QIBULUOSUISUOJUJUNXIAN,SHIZAIMUZHI,YUBIANHUDATONG,ERBUSHUGONGFU。”(《JINSHU·SIYILIECHUAN》)

  HURENNEIQINHUONEIQIANYEYINFALEHANRENZHENGQUANNEIBUDEZHENGCETAOLUN。YOUYUHURENCHUZAIBIANSAI,“RUOZEWEIFU,QIANGZEQINPAN”,WULUNWULIZHENGFUHUANSHIBEIDONGFANGYUDOUBUNENGCHEDIJIEJUE,SHIZHONGSHIGELIANGNANWENTI22。HEQINZHENGCEZAIHANCHAONEIBUYEYOUZHENGYI,QIESHIDUANSHIFU。NEIQIANANZHIZHENGCEDAOZHIDALIANGDEHURENSHENRUNEIDI,YUHANRENZAJU,DAOWEIJINSHIQI,“GUANZHONGZHIRENBAIYUWANKOU,LVQISHAODUO,RONGDIJUBAN”(《JINSHU·JIANGTONGCHUAN》)。ZAIHENDUORENKANLAI,HUHANZAJUBUDANPOHUAILESHEHUIDEANDING,WEIJIZHENGQUAN,ERQIEWEIFANLEYIXIAYOUBIEDECHUANTONG,ZAOCHENGHUNLUAN。ZAIZHEZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,CHAOTINGNEIBUYIXIESHIRENTICHUXIRONGDECELVE,ZHUZHANGBAZAIGUANZHONGDENGNEIDIJUZHUDEHURENQIANHUIBIANJIANG。XIJINPINGWUZHIHOU,SHIYUSHIGUOQINJIANYI“YIJIPINGWUZHIWEI,MOUCHENMENGJIANGZHILVE,CHUBEIDI、XIHE、ANDING,FUSHANGJUN,SHIFENGYI,YUPINGYANGYIBEIZHUXIANMUQUSIZUI,XISANHE、SANWEIJIANSHISIWANJIAYICHONGZHI。YIBULUANHUA,JIANXIPINGYANG、HONGNONG、WEIJUN、JINGZHAO、SHANGDANGZAHU,JUNSIYICHURUZHIFANG,MINGXIANWANGHUANGFUZHIZHI,WANSHIZHICHANGCEYE”(《JINSHU·SIYILIECHUAN》)。HUIDIYUANKANGNIANJIAN,XIONGNURENHAOSANJIDIRENQIWANNIANXIANHOUZAIQINYONGDIQUQIBINGFANPAN。QIWANNIANZHILUANPINGDINGHOU,JIANGTONGXIELE《XIRONGLUN》,ZAICIHUYUXIRONG。“DANGJINZHIYI,YIJIBINGWEIFANGSHENG,ZHONGSHIWEIBA,XIFENGYI、BEIDI、XINPING、ANDINGJIENEIZHUQIANG,ZHUXIANLING、HANBING、XIZHIZHIDI;XIFUFENG、SHIPING、JINGZHAOZHIDI,CHUHUANLONGYOU,ZHUYINPING、WUDOUZHIJIE。LINQIDAOLUZHILIANG,LINGZUZIZHI,GEFUBENZHONG,FANQIJIUTU,SHISHUGUO、FUYIJIUANJIZHI。”(《JINSHU·JIANGTONGCHUAN》)JIANGTONGDEZHUZHANGBINGMEIYOUBEICAINA,YEBUKENENGBEICAINA。YIFANGMIAN,RUYIXIERENZHICHUDE,ZAIDANGSHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,GEIHURENLIANGZIYIBIANTAMENFANHUIGUDISHIBUXIANSHIDE,ZHIHUIDAILAIGENGDUOWENTI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,WEIJINSHIQI,HURENYIJINGCHENGWEIZHONGYAODEZHENGZHISHILI,SHENDUJIERULEHANZUZHENGQUANDEZHENGZHIDOUZHENG。CAOCAOYONGXIONGNUZHUANGDALEZIJIDESHILI,HUANCAINAYONGZHOUCISHIZHANGJIDEJIANYI,JIANGJUZHUZAIWUDOUDE5WANDUOHUDIRENQIANDAOTIANSHUI、FUFENG,YIFANGLIUBEI。JINWUDISHI,RENMINGLIUYUANWEIBEIBUDOUWEI。BAWANGZHILUANSHIQI,HURENJIANGLINGCHENGWEIGEFANGLALONGDEDUIXIANG。LIUYUANXIANHOUDEDAOYANGJUNHECHENGDOUWANGSIMAYINGZHONGREN。LIAODONGDIQUDEXIANBEIMURONGSHIZEZHICHISIMAYUEYUNANDUDESIMARUI,BINGYULIUSHIZHENGQUANDUILI23。LITEZEYIFUYUYIZHOUCISHIZHAOXIN。HURENJIANGLINGCHENGWEIGEPAIZHENGDUODEDUIXIANG,XIRONGYESHIBUXIANSHIDE。ZHEXIESHILISUIRANJIEZHUHURENQUSHENGYISHI,DANTONGSHIZHUCHANGLETAMENDESHILI,ZUIZHONGSHIQIFANKEWEIZHU,MIEDIAOLEXIJINZHENGQUAN。ZUIWEIZHONGYAODESHI,DANGSHIDEHUHANZAJUYIJINGHENJIU,HURENHANHUACHENGDUJIAOSHEN,YEBUKENENGZAIQIANHUIGUDI。

  WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,SUIRANHUHANMAODUNJIANRUI,XIANGHUJIANDEZHANZHENGHESHALUYEFEICHANGCANLIE,HUIFUHUAYIZHIXUDEHUSHENGYEBUJUEYUER,DANSHI,ZHEZHISHIJIUZHENGZHIQUANLICENGMIANERYAN。CONGLINGYIGEJIAODULAISHUO,ZHEYOUSHIHUHANGUANXIZUIMIQIEDEGUANJIANSHIQI。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEGELISHIDEJUBIANSHIQI,HUHANJIEXIANZHUJIANXIAOSHI,SHUANGFANGZAIZHIDUHEWENHUADENGFANGMIANJIANQUYIZHI,YOUYIHURENZHENGQUANCAIYONGHANZUZHIDUWEITUCHU。

秒速赛车6码计划   DIYI,SHILIUGUOJIBEICHAOZHENGQUANDOUCAIYONGZHONGYANGJIQUANDEJUNZHUZHIDU。ZHEXIEZHENGQUANDECHUANGSHIRENYIBANKAOJUNGONGQIJIA,RANHOUWEILIEJIANGJUN、GONGHOU,ZAICHENGWANGZILI,ZUIHOUJIWEICHENGDI。TONGSHICAIYONGYIRUJIASIXIANGWEIZHUDAODEWULIZHIDU,BAOKUOBAIGUAN、DIHAO、MIAOHAO、ZHENGSHUO、JISIDENGTIZHI。SUIRANZAIJUTINEIRONGSHANGYOUCHAYI,DANZAILINIANSHANGSHIYIYANGDE,DOUYANXILEHANZUDECHUANTONG。ZHENGZHIZHIDUDUOYANXUWEIJINTIZHI,GUANLIAOJIGOUBUDUANXIANGCAOSHENGZHIFAZHAN,YISHANGSHUSHENGWEIHEXINDESANSHENGZHIQUANLIGEJUCHUBUXINGCHENG,BUCAOTIXICHUJUGUIMO。GUANLITIZHIYIJIUPINZHONGZHENGZHIHEFENG(SI)JUEZHIWEIHEXIN,QIZHONGSHIZHAO、FUQIN、BEIWEIZUIWEITUCHU,HOUZHAO、FUQIN、YAOQINSHENZHIYOUSIJUEBAIXING。SHILECENG“QINGDINGWUPIN……FUXUDINGJIUPIN……DIANDINGSHIZU”。SHIHUSHIXIALING“LIBUXUANJU,KEYIJINSHIJIUBANXUANZHI,YONGWEIKUIFA”。SHENYIJIANJIWEIZHICHU,“MINGYANFENGWEIYOUCHANGSHI,XUQIANWEILANGZHONGLINGYI。YUGUANZAHAO,DUOTONGYUJINCHAO”。TUOBAGUIHUANGSHIYUANNIAN(396),“SHIJIANCAOSHENG,BEIZHIBAIGUAN,FENGBAIWUDENG。”TIANXINGYUANNIAN(398),“ZHAOLIBULANGDENGYUANDIANGUANZHI,LIJUEPIN”。TIANSIYUANNIAN(404),YOU“JIANWUDENGZHIJUE,SHIFENWEISI,YUEWANG、GONG、HOU、ZI,CHUBO、NANERHAO”;ZAIBAGUO“LIDASHI、XIAOSHI,LINGBIANQIZONGDANG,PINJURENCAI。ZIBAGUOYIWAI,JUNGEZILISHI,ZHIFENRUBAGUO,BIJINZHIZHONGZHENGYE。”(《WEISHU·GUANSHIZHI》)SUIRANZHEXIEGUANLIZUICHUDUOYOUXIANBEIRENDENGDANREN,QIEBUYIZHOUHANJIUMING,DANJIBENKUANGJIAHEXUANRENFANGSHIRENGBINGCHENGWEIJIN。DIFANGSHANGJIXUYANYONGJUNXIANZHI,ZHONGYANGDUIDIFANGDEKONGZHIJINYIBUJIAQIANG,ZHOUZHISHANGSHEZHIDOUDU,QUEBAODUIJUNDUIDEKONGZHI。BEIWEIXIAOWENDISHIQIYOUYONGSANCHANGZHIQUDAIZONGZHUDUHUZHI,QIANGHUADUIJICENGDEKONGZHI。

  DIER,HUHANBAIXINGDEFALVSHENFENXIANGTONG,DOUSHIGUOJIADEBIANHUQIMIN。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,MINZUMAODUNJIANRUI,YAPOYEBIJIAOYANZHONG。ZAIHURENJIANLIDULIZHENGQUANZHIQIAN,HANZUZHANZHIPEIDIWEI,SHIHANZUNHUBEI,HANRENYAPOHUREN;HURENZHENGQUANJIANLIHOU,HURENZHANJUZHIPEIDIWEI,KAISHIHUZUNHANBEI,HURENYAPOHANREN,SHENZHICHENGHANRENWEIER、NU、GOU。HURENDUOZICHENG“GUOREN”,YIHURENWEIZUN,SHENZHIJINZHI“HU”DENGCHENGHU,RUSHIZHAO。BUJINRUCI,ZHEXIEZHENGQUANHUANDUOCAIYONG“HUHANFENZHI”,QUBIEDUIDAIHANZUHEHUZU。LIUYUANJIANLIZHENGQUANHOU,SHEDADANYUJIDANYUTAIGUANLIXIONGNUDENGHUREN,YONGDESHIXIONGNUJIUYOUDETIZHI;YONGSILI、NEISHIDENGGUANLIHANREN,YINGGAISHIYIXIJINDETIZHIWEIJIBEN。SHENYIJIANLIDAIGUOHOU,BAGUIFUDE“WUWAN”FENWEINANBEIERBU,SHEBUDARENFENMINERZHI,TUOBAGUIFUGUOHOU,JIXUYANYONGZHEGEZHIDU,HUANSHEBABUDAFU,“YUHUANGCHENGSIFANGSIWEIMIANZHIYIREN,YINIBAZUO,WEIZHIBAGUO”(《WEISHU·GUANSHIZHI》)。BIAOMIANSHANGKANLAI,FENZHIZHIDUQUBIEHUHAN,SIHUYOUGAODICHABIE,SHIJISHANGBINGFEIRUCI。HUHANFENZHIGENGDUOZHUYANYUFENGONGHEGUANLIDEJIAODU,HURENJIUZHIDUOBAOCHIZHUJUNSHIZUZHIDETESE,QUEBAOHURENDEJUNSHILILIANGHEZHANDOULI,YOUQISHIZAIBIANJIANGDIQU,RUNEIDIYIJIUDEYEYOUWUNONGDE,ERHANRENZEZHUYAOCONGSHINONGYESHENGCHAN。HURENYOUHURENGUANLI,HANRENYOUHANRENGUANLI,SUIRANSHILIANGTAORENMA,DANBENZHISHANGHUANSHITONGYIZHONGZHIDUXIADELIANGZHONGBUTONGYUNZUOJIZHI。GUCHUANDAOXIONGZHICHU:“DANYUDEZHINENGYEJIUYOUSUOJIEXIAN,ERCHAOYUEZHEYIJIEXIANDEZHENGSHIGAOSONGYUSHANGDEHUANGDIQUANLI。SUOYISHUO,DANYUYIZHIBINGBUSHIFEIHANZURENMINDEZIYOUDEBIAOZHI,TAJINJINZHISHIDAIBIAOZHUYOUHUANGQUANSUOWEIRENDEBUFENTONGZHIQUAN。”24ZHEZHONGSILUSHIJIYUHANJINSHIQIDEZHONGYANGZHENGFUDUINEIFUHURENDEGUANLISHIYIYANGDE。SUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYI,DANYUZHIZHUJIANSHUAILUO,DAOFUJIANSHISHENZHIQUXIAOLEFENZHI。XIAOWENDIGAIGEYIHOU,BEIWEIQUFENZUQUNDEGUANLIJIZHIYEZHUJIANBEIDANHUA。

  CONGFALVSHENFENSHANGLAISHUO,HANRENBAIXINGYUHURENBAIXINGSHIYIYANGDE,JUNSHUBIANHUQIMIN。ZUOWEIGUOJIADECHENMIN,TAMENSHOUZHIYUXIANGTONGDEFALV,TONGYANGYAOWEIGUOJIAJINYIWU,NASHUIFUYI。HURENZHENGQUANHUANYANYONGLEWEIJINDEFALVTIXI,ZAIPANFASHANGYIYOUGUIZUPINGMIN、YOUJUEWUJUEDECHABIE,DANZAILIANGXINGSHANGSIHUBINGWUHUHANCHABIE。CIWAI,HURENTONGZHIZHEWEILEJIAQIANGTONGZHI,DUOCAIQUDAGUIMOQIANXIRENKOUDEFANGSHIXUERUOBEIZHENGFUDIQUDESHILI。ZAIZHEGEGUOCHENGZHONG,TAMENCHUANTONGDEJUJUFANGSHIYEZHUJIANPOHUAI,YOUQISHIYIJUNEIDIDEFEIHANZUQUNTI。FUJIANZHENGFUDAIGUOHOU,JIUBATUOBABULUOSANYUHANZHANGGUDI,ZAIMIEWANGLEQIANYANHOU,ZEBASIWANYUHUXIANBEIRENQIANDAOCHANGAN。TUOBAGUICHENGWEIHOU,ZHUDONGCAIQUCUOSHI,XUERUONEIBUJINGZHENGDUISHOUDESHILI。TA“SANZHUBULUO,SHITONGWEIBIANMIN”(《WEISHU·GUANSHIZHI》),HUANWAJIELEBANGZIJIDAJIANGSHANDEJIUJIUHENEDESHILI,“QIHOULISANZHUBU,FENTUDINGJU,BUTINGQIANXI,QIJUNCHANGDARENJIETONGBIANHU”(《WEISHU·WAIQISHANG·HENECHUAN》)25。DAOBEIWEIHOUQI,BEIBULIUZHENDIQUDEXIANBEIRENSHENZHILUNWEISHEHUIDEXIACENG,DAOLEJIEGANERQIDEJINGDI。ZAIZHUANZHIJUNZHUZHIXIA,JIBIANSHITONGZHIMINZUDECHENGYUAN,SHISHISHANGYEZHISHIQIMIN。SUOBUTONGDESHI,HANRENDUOCONGSHINONGYESHENGCHAN,JIAONAFUSHUI,YOUMUHURENGONGXIANMAPI,BIANJIANGDIQUDEHURENZEDUOWEIZHIYEJUNREN。BEIQIGAOHUANDUIXIANBEIRENSHUO:“HANMINSHIRUNU,FUWEIRUGENG,FUWEIRUZHI,SHURUSUBO,LINGRUWENBAO,RUHEWEILINGZHI?”DUIHANRENZESHUO:“XIANBEISHIRUZUOKE,DERUYIHUSU、YIPIJUAN,WEIRUJIZEI,LINGRUANNING,RUHEWEIJIZHI?”26

  DISAN,WUHUSHILIUGUOZHENGQUANZOUDESHIHUHANLIANHEDEHAOQIANGSHIJIAZHENGZHILUXIAN。SHIZUZHENGZHIZAIDONGHANYIJINGXINGCHENG,YICHAJUZHIJIAYIWEICHI。CAOWEIJIUPINZHONGZHENGZHIBUDANMEIYOUXIAOCHUSHIJIADAZUZHENGZHI,DAOXIJINSHIFANERJINYIBUFAZHANWEIMENFASHIZUZHENGZHI,CHENGWEILIANGJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIZHENGZHIDETESE。MENFASHIZUBACHILEGUOJIAZHENGQUAN,SHITONGZHIJITUANDEHEXIN。BAWANGZHILUANHOU,BEIFANGRENGYOUBUSHAOSHIZULIUXIALAI,ZHUDONGHUOBEIDONGJIARUXINZHENGQUAN,WEITAMENDEJIANLI、WENDINGHEFAZHANFAHUILEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。DANGRAN,YEYOUJUJUEDE,RUGAOZHANJUJUEYUMURONGHUIHEZUO。GEGUOJUNZHUBUDANBUPAICHIHANZUSHIREN,FANERFEICHANGYIZHONGTAMEN,QIZHENGQUANYEDOUSHIZAIHANZUMOUSHIDEBANGZHUXIAJIANLIDE,RUZHANGBIN、WANGMENG、CUIYI、WEICAO、YANFENG、CUIHONGDENG。KEYISHUO,WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIBEIFANGGEZHENGQUANSHIZHONGDOUSHIHUHANLIANHEDEJIEJING,MEIYOUHANZUSHIRENCANYU,ZAIGUANGDAHANZUDIQUDETONGZHISHIWUFAWEICHIDE。HURENZHENGQUANJIANLIHOU,JIXUWEIHUSHIZUHAOQIANGDELIYIHETEQUAN。SHIZHAOBUDANYOUDAISHIZUHUAGUAN,JINZHIWURUTAMEN,HUANSHELIJUNZIYING,BAOHUTAMENDELIYI,FUJIAN“FUWEIJINSHIJI,SHIYIYOUCHANG”,DIFANGHAOQIANGDEWUBAOYEJIXUCUNZAIHEFAZHAN,ZONGZHUDUHUZHIYECHANGQIDEDAOBEIWEIZHENGFUCHENGREN27。GAOHUANXIALING“BUDEQIHANER”(《BEIQISHU·DIJI·SHENWUSHANG》)。SHIZUJIXUTONGGUOJIUPINZHONGZHENGZHIBACHIQUANLI,WEICHIMENFA。DUITAMENERYAN,CHULEXIAOZHONGDEJUNZHUYOUHANRENBIANWEIHURENWAI,QITABINGWUSHIZHIBIANHUA。DAOXIAOWENDISHI,FENPINZHI,DINGZUXING,GENGSHICONGZHIDUSHANGWEISHIZUDEFAZHANTIGONGLEZHICHI。DANGRAN,ZHEBINGFEISHUOHUHANTONGZHIJIEJINEIBUMEIYOUMAODUNHECHONGTU,HURENDUIYUBUHEZUOHUOFANKANGDEHANZUSHIZUDANGRANHUISHIYONGWULI,YEHUICHENJIDAJIQIANGSHISHIZU,RUJIECUIHAO“GUOSHIZHIYU”JIANCHUQINGHECUISHI、FANYANGLUSHI、TAIYUANGUOSHI、HEDONGLIUSHISHILI。DANGRAN,ZHEYOUMINZUMAODUNDEYINSU,DANZHONGJIUHUANSHITONGZHIJIEJINEIBUDELIYICHONGTU,BUYIGUOFENJIEDU。

  DANGRAN,ZHEXIEZHENGQUANQUANMIANCAIYONGWEIJINZHIDU,YEBINGFEIJIANDANJIXIEDIZHAOBAN,ERSHIJICHENGZHONGYOUFAZHAN,ZAIBUSHAOFANGMIANDOUYOUSUOCHUANGXIN,RUJUNTIANZHI、ZUDIAOZHI、SANCHANGZHI、FUBINGZHI、FANGSHIZHIDENG,WEISUITANGDEZHIDUJITONGYIDIANDINGLEJICHU。ZHEXIEYEDOUSHI20SHIJIYILAIZHONGRISHIXUEJIEYANJIUDEZHONGDIANWENTI。

秒速赛车6码计划   YOUJIUDEGUANXI,XIANGTONGDEZHIDU,GONGTONGDESHENFEN,SHIDEHUHANZHIJIANZAIZHUDUOFANGMIANQUTONG,JIASHANGHUHANZHIJIANBINGMEIYOUJINZHITONGHUNDEGUIDING,ZIRANHUICUJINMINZUDERONGHE。

  LUOMADIGUOYUMANZUZHIJIANDEGUANXIYIPOFUZA。ZONGTIERYAN,MANZUYULUOMARENDEJIECHUBIJIAOWAN,ZHISHIZAIGONGYUANQIAN2SHIJICAIKAISHI,ZHENZHENGJIECHUZESHIZAIGONGYUANQIAN1SHIJILUOMAXIANGGAOLUJIBEIBUDIQUKUOZHANGSHIQI。CONGDIGUOCHUQIKAISHI,LUOMAYEBAYIXIEZHANBAIHUOQINGQIURUNEIDERIERMANRENANZHIZAIBIANJINGSHENZHIGAOLUHEYIDALIBENTU,ZUCHENGMANZUBIANTUN(laeti)。TAMENSHIJITIJUZHUDEJUNSHIXINGZIZHINONGYEZUZHI,JIESHOUZHUANMENJUNSHICHANGGUANDEGUANLI(praefectus laetorum)。LUOMAGEIYUTAMENTUDI,ZUOWEIBAOCHOU,TAMENSHOUWEIBIANJIANG,BINGWEILUOMATIGONGBINGYUAN,CANJIALUOMADEFUZHUJUNDUI。DIGUOHOUQI,ZHELEIZUZHIZAIXIBUBIJIAODUO。2SHIJIXIABANQIKAISHI,JUZHUZAILAIYINHE、DUONAOHEBIANJINGXIANDUIANDERIERMANRENDUIDIGUOXINGCHENGXINDECHONGJI,BUSHIJINRUDIGUOJINGNEI。DAOLE3SHIJI,LUOMAZHENGZHIWEIJI,LUOMAJUNDUIZHONGDEMANZURENSHUBUDUANZENGJIA,SHENZHICHUXIANLEJUNDUIMANZUHUADEJUMIAN,YIXIEMANZUJIANGLINGZEZAIDIGUOMOQIKONGZHILELUOMADEJUNDUINAIZHIZHENGZHI。ZHEYEBEISHIWEIDIGUOMIEWANGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。JINNIANLAI,YIXIEXUEZHEZHICHU,YAOQUFENDUIDAIBUTONGSHIQIJINRUDIGUODEMANZUQUNTIJIYINGXIANG,BUNENGYIGAIERLUN。WEIKEMU(Chris Wickham)JIUZHICHU,MANZURENJIARULUOMAJUNDUIFUYIFENLIANGZHONGQINGKUANG,YIZHONGSHIWANQUANNARULUOMADEZHENGGUIJUNDUITIXIZHONG,TAMENXIAOZHONGYUDIGUO,ZISHIWEILUOMADEZUCHENGBUFEN,RUAODUOYAKEDENG。LINGYIZHONGQINGKUANGSHIZUOWEIMENGYOU(feoderati)BANGZHULUOMAZUOZHAN,DUOBAOLIUZUQUNDEMINGCHENG,XIAOZHONGDESHIMANZUGUOWANGHUOSHOULING,RUDONGGETEDEGUOWANGTIAODUOLIKE。TAMENBAOCHIDULIDEJUNTUAN,GENJUTIAOYUEWEIBAOCHOUERZHAN。ERZHEDEMUBIAOBINGBUYIYANG。ZHENZHENGDUIHOULAILISHICHANSHENGZHONGYAOYINGXIANGDESHILUOMADEMENGYOUMEN28。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMARENYUMANZUSHIMENGYOU。MENGYOUYICIYUANYUfoedus,YIWEITIAOYUE,CIGENWEIfides(XINYU)HUOfetiales(PIZHUNZHANHEDEJISI)。JIEMENGSHILUOMADUIWAIKUOZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANGYONGDEYIZHONGFANGSHI,GENJUDUISHOUDEJUTIQINGKUANGJUEDINGJIEMENGDEXINGZHI:YOUZHUDONGTOUJIANGJIEMENGDE,YOUSHIJUNLIDIJIEMENGDE,YEYOUZHANBAIJIEMENGDE。CHUANTONGSHANG,LUOMAYIBANGEIYUZHUDONGTOUJIANGDEDUISHOUMENGYOUDEDIWEI,BINGYOUXIANGYINGDEYISHI。YIBANRENWEI,JIEMENGYISHIXIANSHIXIANGLUOMARENTOUJIANG(deditio),RANHOULUOMARENHUIFUTOUJIANGZHEJIYOUDESHEHUIDIWEIHEQUANLI(restitutio),ZUIHOUZAIDINGLIMENGYUE。LUOMAJIEMENGDELISHISUIRANYOUJIU,DANGUANYUJIEMENGDECAILIAODOUSHIDIGUOHOUQIDE,PULUOKEBIWUSIDENGJIZAIJIAODUO。BUGUO,XUEZHEMENRENWEI,SUIRANTONGYANGSHIMENGYOU,6SHIJIDEQINGKUANGKENENGYU4SHIJIDECHAJUHENDA,PULUOKEBIWUSIDENGSUOSHUODEWEIBIWANQUANKEXIN,JUTIDEFANGSHIKENENGYINSHUANGFANGSHILIDEQIANGRUOERYOUSUOBUTONG。BIRU,ANZHAOLUOMADECHUANTONG,ZHANBAIWUTIAOJIANTOUJIANGDERENJIBENMEISHENMEQUANYI。DIGUOHOUQIDEMANZUMENGYOUZHONGBUSHAOCHUYUQIANGSHIDIWEI,YEBUCUNZAIWUTIAOJIANTOUJIANGDEQINGKUANG。TOUJIANGYISHISHIBUSHIZHENDE,YECUNZAIYIWEN。XISERENWEI,LUOMAZUOZHEBIXIADEJIEMENGMOSHIHENKENENGSHIKEYIZHIZAOCHULAIDE,MUDEZAIYUWEIHUDIGUODECHANGSHENGXINGXIANGBINGJIAYIXUANCHUAN,YIBAOZHENGLUOMARENDEYOUYUEGANBINGHUODETAMENDEZHICHI。JIBIANSHIZAILUOMAZHANBAIHUOZHEBUZHANYOUSHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,YEYAOANZHAOZHEZHONGSHENGLIDEMOSHICAOZUO,BINGXIANGGONGZHONGXUANCHUAN,YOUQISHIZAISONGWENZHONG。YIFANGMIAN,TAMENBABIANJINGDEGEZUMIAOHUIDEXIONGEKEPA,YIBIANDONGYUANLILIANG,WEIJUNSHIHEZHENGZHIHUODONGXUNZHAOHEFAXING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZETONGGUODIJIEMENGYUE,YINGZAOHEPINGDEJUMIAN,LALONGKONGZHIMANZU,WEIZIJISUOYONG29。

  DIGUOHOUQI,JIEMENGJIHUCHENGWEICHULILUOMAYUBIANJINGMANZUGUANXIDECHANGCE,WULUNSHUANGFANGJIAOZHANDEJIEGUORUHE。ZUIZAOCAIQUZHEGECUOSHIDESHIJUNSHITANDINGDADI,TAZAI332NIANDABAILEGETEREN,RANHOUYUQISHOULINGALIYALIKE(Ariaric)JIEMENG。358NIAN,PANJIAOZHEZHULIANZAIBEIGAOLUDELAIYINHEDIQUYUFALANKERENJIEMENG。376NIAN,HUANGDIWALUNSIJIESHOUGETERENDEQINGQIU,JIANGTAMENZUOWEIMENGYOUANZHIZAIDIGUOJINGNEIDEDUONAOHENANAN。5SHIJIYIHOU,SUIZHUMANZUDAGUIMODUGUOLAIYINHE,ZHEXIEZUQUNZHONGDEXUDUORENXIANHOUYIMENGYOUDESHENFENZAIDIGUOJINGNEIDINGJUXIALAI。YUYUANXIANYOUSUOBUTONGDESHI,ZHEXIEXINMENGYOUDOUSHISHENRUDIGUOFUDI,BINGMEIYOUZAIBIANJIANGDINGJU。SUIRANMENGYUEGUIDINGBUNENGSUIYIHUIYUE,DANSHIJISHANG,ZHEXIETONGMENGWANGWANGBINGBUWENDING,DUOSUILIYIDEBUTONGERBIANHUA,XUYAOJINGCHANGJIAYIQUEREN。418NIAN,GETERENZAIXIBANYADINGJUXIALAI,SHUANGFANGJIUZAIDUDINGLIMENGYUE。LUOMAYUMANZUJIEMENG,ZUICHUZHUYAOMUDESHIWEILEBIANJINGDEFANGWEI,YIFANGMIANLIYONGMANZUBAOWEIBIANJING,LINGYIFANGMIANZEZUOWEIMOUZHONGHUANCHONGLILIANG,DUIKANGQITAMANZU。SUIZHUMANZUJINRUFUDI,BAOBIANDEZUOYONGJIANSHAO,TAMENZHUJIANBEILUOMAZUOWEIWEICHITONGZHI、KONGZHIGEZUDEGONGJU。LUOMARENCENGJINGLIANHEZHONGDUOMANZUMENGYOUDABAILEXIONGNURENATILADEJUNDUI,YUXIGETEJIEMENGZESHIDUIHOUZHEKANGJIGAOLUDIQUDEWANGDAERREN、SUWEIHUIREN、ALANRENDENGDEHUIBAO。

  ANZHAOLUOMADEMENGYUE,LUOMAZUOWEIZHANSHENGFANGXIANGYOUDUIMENGYOUDETONGZHIQUAN,MENGYOUGUISHUNLUOMA,ZHISHAOMINGYISHANGBAOCHIDUILUOMADEFUCONG,ZAIXUYAOSHIWEILUOMATIGONGJUNSHIBANGZHU,CHUBINGDAZHANG。ZUOWEIHUIBAO,LUOMAZEANYUEDINGGEIYUMANZUMENGYOUSHIWUHUOJINQIAN(annona)。ZUICHUSHITIGONGSHIWUHEJINQIAN,HOULAIZEGEIYUTUDI。YIBANRENWEI,MANZUMENGYOUHUODESUOZAIDIQUTUDIDE2/3,LUOMARENZHANYOUSHENGYUDE1/3。ZHEGEGUANDIANSHIYOUDEGUOSHIXUEJIAGAOPU(Theodre Gaupp)ZAI1844NIANZUIZAOTICHUDE,ZHUYAOGENJUSHIXIGETEHEBOGENDIFADIANZHONGJITIAOTUDIFENPEIDEGUIDING,JIEHELELUOMAKEJUFA(hospitalitas)(XIANGGUANFALINGXIANGJIAN《DIAODUOXIFADIAN》7.8-7.9)DEJINGSHEN。LUOMAYAOQIUFANGZHUBIXUJIANGFANGWUDE1/3NACHULAI,GONGBAOKUOJUNRENZAINEIDEZHIXINGGONGWUDELVRENJUZHU。BUGUO,XUESHUJIEZAIZHEGEWENTISHANGYOUFENQI。FAGUOXUEZHEGULANGSHI(Numa Denis Fustelde Coulanges,YOUYIKULANGRE)TICHUKENENGBUSHISHIJIZHANYOUTUDI,ERSHI1/3TUDISHANGDESHOUCHENG。YEYOUXUEZHETICHUTUDIFENPEIZHIXIANYURIERMANRENZHONGDESHANGCENGGUIZU。1980NIAN,MEIJIXUEZHEGEFATE(Walter Goffart)TICHU,RUGUOMANZUZHANYOU2/3DETUDI,ZHESHIBIDUIYUANYOUDETUDIZHANYOUZHUANGKUANGZAOCHENGCHONGJI,CONGERYINFALUOMARENYUMANZUZHIJIANDEMAODUN。DANMANZUJINRUDIGUO,SHIJISHANGBINGMEIYOUYINQILUOMARENDEFANDUI,SHILIAOZHONGYEMEIYOUFAXIANSHUANGFANGYOUYINTUDIZHANYOUYINFADEMAODUN。CIWAI,KEJUFAZHISHEJIZHUFANGDEFENPEI,BINGMEIYOUSHEJITUDI,ERQIEJINZHISUIBIANQINZHANFANGZHUDECAIWU。CONGDONGGETEDENGQINGKUANGLAIKAN,SUOWEIDETUDIFENPEIBINGFEIGEIYUMANZUTUDI,ERSHIXIANGYINGTUDIDESHUISHOUQUANYI。SUOYI,MANZURENBINGBUSHIJIZHANYOUHEJINGYINGTUDI,ZHISHIDAITIZHENGFUZHIJIECONGDIZHUNEILIZHENGSHOUXIANGYINGSHUIEDE1/3。ZHEYANGJIBUDALUANYUANYOUDETUDIZHANYOUGEJU,YEJIANQINGLEZHENGFUSHOUSHUIDEMAFAN。FAGUOXUEZHEDULIYAJINYIBUFAZHANLETADELILUN,TICHUCHENGSHIZAIZHEGETIXIZHONGZHANJUZHONGYAODIWEI。TARENWEI,CHUANTONGSHANG,CHENGSHI1/3DESHUISHOUGEIZHONGYANGZHENGFU,1/3GEIJUNDUI,1/3ZIYONG。MANZUDINGJUHOU,CHENGSHIJIANGYUANBENGEIYUZHENGFUHEJUNDUIDE2/3ZHUANJIAOGEIMANZU。YINGJIXUEZHELIBOSHUCI(Wolf Liebeschütz)ZERENWEI,GEFATEHEDULIYADESHUOFASHICUOWUDE,YINWEICHENGSHIBINGBUXIANGSHOUDIGUODECAISHUISHOURU,TADE1/3YESHIZIJIDESHIZHENGSHOURU,YULUOMARENDE1/3MEIYOURENHEGUANXI。KAXIAODUOLUOSISHUXINJILIMIANDECAILIAOHENMINGQUEJIUSHIZHITUDI,BUSHISHUISHOU。YINGGUOXUEZHEHAOSAIER(Guy Halsall)ZERENWEI,GEFATEZHIDESHILUOMAGEIYUMANZUDEBAOCHOUFANGSHI,BINGBUPAICHUMANZUJIANGSHUISHOUQUANYIZHUANBIANCHENGZHIJIEZHANYOUTUDIDEKENENG。MANZUZHANYOUTUDISHISHISHI,DANWEIBIYUTUDIFENPEIZHIDUYOUBIRANGUANXI。KEJUFASHEJIDEDADUOSHIZANSHIDEQINGKUANG,GEFATEDELILUNQIANTIXIANRANSHICHANGJIUDINGJU。QILILUNDEXUESHUJIAZHISUIRANHENGAO,DANGUOYUJIXIEHUA、MOSHIHUA,YUFUZADEXIANSHIBUFU。YEYOUXUEZHERENWEI,MANZUDEDINGJUBUSHIANZHAOKEJUFAHEMENGYOU,ERSHIANZHAOTUIWUJUNRENDEZHENGCEGEIYUTUDI,GEIYUMIANSHUIYOUDAI。SUIRANXUEZHEMENGUANDIANFENQIJIAODA,DANDADOURENWEI,BINGBUCUNZAIYIGEYICHENGBUBIANDETONGYIMOSHI,ERSHIYOUSHIKONGDECHAYI;FADIANDENGCAILIAOSUOZAIXINXIWEIBIYUKEGUANLISHIWANQUANYIZHI;SUIZHUZHEXIETUOJIADAIKOUDEZHIYEMANZUJUNRENDINGJUXIALAIBINGZHUJIANDULI,TAMENZHONGDEDADUOSHUDOUZHUANXIANGNONGYE,ZHIJIEZHANYOUTUDIYINGGAISHIDAQUSHI。MANZUGUIZUYUYUANYOUDEGUIZUYIQI,ZHUJIANCHENGWEIDIFANGDELINGZHU30。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMAYUMANZUJIECHENGDESHIDANCHUNJUNSHITONGMENG。LILUNSHANG,CONGLUOMAYIFANGLAISHUO,ZHIYAOMANZUMENGYOUZAIXUYAOSHITIGONGJUNSHIBANGZHU,JIUSUANLVYUE,QIYUDESHIQINGZEYOUZIJIZUOZHU。CONGMANZUYIFANGLAISHUO,ZHIYAOLUOMARENANZHAOYUEDINGTIGONGQIANWU,MENGYUEJIUYOUXIAO,YEMEIYOUSHENMEQITAYAOQIU。MANZUYULUOMAGEQUSUOXU,HUBUGANSHE,SHUANGFANGDEGUANXIBUSHOUDIYUBIANHUADEYINGXIANG,JIBIANMANZUZHENGTIDINGJUZAIDIGUOJINGNEI,YESHIRUCI。ZAIZHEZHONGGUANNIANDEZHIDAOXIA,MANZUYULUOMARENSUIRANJUZHUZAITONGYIGEDIYUNEI,DANDUOJITIJUJU,SHUANGFANGSHIZHONGSHILIANGGEDULIDEQUNTI,MEIYOUXINGCHENGZHENZHENGDERONGHE。MINGYISHANGMANZUSHOULINGSHIHUANGDIDECHENMIN,SHIJISHIDULIDEGUOWANG。MANZUYEZHIXIAOZHONGYUZIJIDEGUOWANG,SHIZHUZAIDIGUONEIDEWAIBANGREN,BINGMEIYOUJITIHUODEGONGMINDEZIGE。ZHEKEYICONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANJIAYISHUOMING:

秒速赛车6码计划   DIYI,MANZUBAOCHILECHUANTONGDEZHENGZHITIZHI。DIGUOJINGNEIDERIERMANWANGGUODANGRANXISHOUSHENZHIYANYONGLELUOMADEYIXIETIZHI,RUXINGZHENG、CAIZHENGHESHUISHOUDENG,YEXISHOULUOMARENCANYUTONGZHI,DANBAOCHILEZIJIDEZHENGZHICHUANTONG。TAMENPUBIANCAIYONGWANGQUANZHI,GUOWANGJIANJUJUNSHI、SIFAHEZONGJIAODAQUAN。RIERMANRENDEGUOWANGSUIRANYEYOUXUETONGDETIAOJIAN,DUOXIANYUYIDINGDEJIAZU,DANPUBIANCAIYONGXUANJUZHI,YOUGUIZUHUOGONGMINDAHUIBIAOJUECHANSHENG。XIGETEDEGUOWANGZUICHUSHIYOUGONGMINDAHUITUIXUANDE,HOULAIYOUGUIZUHEJIAOHUIGUANYUANGONGTONGXUANJU;LUNBADERENDEGUOWANGZESHIYOUGONGJUEXUANJUDE。FALANKERENYEFEICHANGQIANGDIAOXUANJUGUOWANGDECHUANTONG,WULUNDOUERDEGELEIGELIHUANSHI《FULIDEJIABIANNIANSHI》DEZUOZHEDOUSHIRUCI,HOUZHEHUANZHUISUDAOQIXIANZUFULANGXIAO(Francio),YINWEITAJIUSHITONGGUOXUANJUCHANSHENGDE。RIERMANDEZHENGQUANYEDUOCAIYONGFENZHIDESILU,ZHEYIDIANTUCHUTIXIANZAIFALANKEWANGGUO,TADELINGTUZAIZHUWANGZIZHONGFENGEJICHENGZHILI。GUOWANGSUIRANSHIMINGYISHANGDEZUIGAOQUANWEI,DANDIFANGDEZIZHUXINGHENDA,DIFANGGONGJUEHUODAGUIZUJIBENZIZHI31。JIULIANBEIJIANBINGHUOZHENGFUDEDIQUYEWEICHIYUANLAIDETIZHI,RUBEIXIGETEJIANBINGDESUWEIHUI,YIJIBEIFALANKERENZHENGFUDEGEDIQU。LUNBADERENZAIYIDALIYECAIQUDIFANGGONGJUEZIZHIDEFANGSHI。ZHEZHONGZUZHIXINGSHIYULUOMAPOWEIXIANGSI。

  DIER,ZAIRIERMANWANGGUONEI,BUTONGZUQUNDEFALVBUYIYANG。RIERMANWANGGUODEFALVSHISHURENFAERFEISHUDIFA,SHIANZHAOSUOSHUDEZUQUNHUAFENDE,RIERMANRENYOURIERMANRENDEFALV,LUOMARENZESHOULUOMAFADEYUESHU。MANZUJINRULUOMADIGUOHOU,ZAILUOMAFALVDEYINGXIANGXIA,FENFENCHUANGZHICHENGWENFADIAN。MANZUDEFALVDADOUSHIYOULUOMARENHUOSHUXILUOMAFALVDELVSHIBIANZUANDE,ZAIBUSHAOFANGMIANSHOUDAOLUOMAFADEYINGXIANG,YOUQISHIZAISHUYUHECHENGSHIFANGMIAN。FALVYECENGJINGBEISHIWEIXINGSHENGNAIZHIMANZULUOMAHUADEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。DANSHI,MANZUDEFADIANDUOSHIYUANLAIXIGUANFADECHENGWENHUA,BAOLIULEZIJIDEFALVCHUANTONG,RUFAJIN、JICHENG、JUEDOUDENG,MEIYOUGONGGONGSHENGHUO、MAOYIDENGNEIRONG。ZUIWEIZHONGYAODESHI,RIERMANRENFABINGMEIYOUXIANGLUOMAFANEIYANGDUIGONGMINDEQUANLIHEYIWUJINXINGJIEDING,YEMEIYOUGUANYUGONGFADEXIANGGUANNEIRONG,SUOXIQUDEZHUYAOZAIMINSHILINGYU,ERQIEDUOTONGZUIBUTONGFA,RIERMANRENHELUOMARENYOUCHABIE。YONGDONGGETEGUOWANGTIAODUOLIKEDEHUASHUO,JIUSHI“ZHENGYIZHIYOUYIGE,DANDOUYIJUGEZIDEFALV,SHENPANPANJUEYEDUOZHONGDUOYANG”32。XIGETERENZUIZAOZHIDINGLEZIJIDEFADIAN。471NIAN,GUOWANGYOULIKEBANBUFADIAN(Codex Euricianus),GAIFABUDANQUFENLEGETERENHELUOMAREN,HUANQUFENLEJIEJIJIECENG。TACHULIXIGETERENDENEIBUSHIWU,YIJIGETERENYULUOMARENZHIJIANDEJIUFEN。ALALIKEERSHITONGZHIQIJIANBANBUDE《ALALIKEFADIANHUIYAO》(Breviarium Alaricianum,BAOKUODIAODUOXIFADIANDENG,506NIANBANBU)ZESHILUOMAFADEHUIBIAN,ZHUANMENYONGYUGUONEIDEXIBANYA-LUOMARENHEGAOLU-LUOMAREN。ZHEZHONGZHUANGKUANGYIZHICHIXUDAO6SHIJIMOLIUWEIJIERDEZAIWEIQIJIAN(Liuvigild,568-586),CAIBANBUFALV(Codex Revisus),YONGDIYUQUDAIZUQUN,FEICHULELUOMARENYUXIGETERENZHIJIANDEJIEXIAN。DONGGETERENZHENGFUYIDALIHOU,YEANZUQUNHUADINGFALV。GETERENDENEIBUFALVSHIWUYOUGETERENGUANLIGUANLI,LUOMARENDENEIBUANJIANZEYOULUOMAGUANLISHENLI,GETERENYULUOMARENZHIJIANDEJIUFENDENGZEYOUGETERENHELUOMARENGUANLIGONGTONGSHENLI33。6SHIJICHU,BOGENDIGUOWANGGONGDEBADUOXIALINGBIANZUANLEGONGBOGENDIRENZHUANYONGDE《BOGENDIFADIAN》(Lex Burgundionum,YICHENGGONGDEBADUOFADIAN),TONGSHIWEIJINGNEIDELUOMARENBIANZUANLE《BOGENDIDELUOMARENFADIAN》(Lex Romana Burgundionum)34。JIBIANZAIHOULAIBINGRULEFALANKEWANGGUO,BOGENDIDEFALVRENGRANCUNZAI。FALANKEZUIZAODEFADIANSHIYOUKELUOWEIZAI507—511NIANJIANGONGBUDE《SALIKEFADIAN》,ZHUYAOSHIHAIBINFALANKERENDEFALV。7SHIJI30NIANDAI,DAGEBOTEYISHISHIQIYOUBIANZUANLE《LIPUAERFADIAN》,ZHUANMENSHIYONGYUHEBINFALANKEREN。FALANKERENZAIXIANGWAIKUOZHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BINGMEIYOUQUXIAOBEIZHENGFUDIQUYUANYOUDEFALV,ERSHIRANGMEIGEZUQUNJIXUYANYONGZIJIDEFALV,SHIWABENRENYONGDESHIALEMANNIFADIAN,LUOMARENZEYONGLUOMADEFALV,BUSHOUDIYUYINSUDEYINGXIANG。ZHEZHONGJUMIANYIZHIYANXUDAOHOULAIDEJIALUOLINDIGUOSHIDAI。CHALIMANCENGXIALINGWEIBEIZHENGFUDIQUBIANZUANGEZIDEFADIAN。9SHIJICHU,LIANGZHUJIAOAGEBADE(Agobard)ZAI《FANDUIGONGDEBADUODEFALV》YIWENZHONGBAOYUANDAO,WUGERENTONGXINGHUOTONGZUO,DANMEIGERENDEFALVGEBUXIANGTONG。643NIAN,LUNBADEGUOWANGLUOTALI(Rothari)BANBUFADIAN(Edictum Rothari),HUIJILEYUANXIANDEXIGUANFA,YONGYULUNBADEREN,LUOMARENZEYONGLUOMAFA。WAIGUORENRUGUODEBUDAOWANGGUODEXUKE,JIUYAOJIESHOULUNBADEFADEGUIFAN。ZHEZHONGFALVSHANGDEQUFENSHENZHITIXIANZAIJUNDUIZHONG,ZHENGJIANZHIZAILUOMAJUNDUIZHONGFUYIDEMANZUJUNDUI,YEZHISHOUZIJIFALVDEYUESHU。

秒速赛车6码计划   DISAN,MANZUYULUOMARENZHIJIANDETONGHUNYEMIANLINZHUHENDADEZHANGAI。XUESHUJIEDUIYULUOMARENSHIFOUKEYIYUMANZUTONGHUNZHEGEWENTI,FENQIHENDA,CHIBUTONGGUANDIANZHEDOUYOUYIXIEZHENGJU。RENWEIJINZHITONGHUNDEXUEZHEZHUYAOYIJUSHIHUANGDIWALUNTINIANYISHIZAIYUE370-373NIANJIANBANBUDEYIXIANGFALING,“SUOYOUXINGSHENGREN(provincialium),WULUNDENGJISHENFENRUHE,JUNBUDEQUMANZUFUNV(barbara)WEIQI,XINGSHENGFUNVYEBUDEJIAGEIRENHEWAIBANGNANREN(gentilium)”,WEIZHECHUYISIXING35。GAIFALINGBEISHOURUBANBUYU438NIANDE《DIAODUOXIFADIAN》,YOUZAI6SHIJI《ALALIKEFADIANHUIYAO》ZHONGZAICISHOURU,DANGUANJIANMINGCHENGYOUSUOGAIBIAN,JIANG“XINGSHENGREN”BIANWEI“LUOMAREN”,JIANG“WAIBANGREN”BIANWEI“MANZU”。CIWAI,RIERMANRENDEFALVJINZHINEIBUZIYOUMIN、HUOSHIZIYOUMINHENULISANGEDENGJIZHIJIANXIANGHUTONGHUN36。XIGETEZAI6SHIJIMOQUXIAOLUOMARENYUGETERENJIEXIANZHIQIAN,SHIMINGLINGJINZHITONGHUNDE。FANDUIJINZHITONGHUNSHUODEXUEZHEZEZHICHU,RIERMANRENSHANGCENGYULUOMARENTONGHUNDELIZIBUSHAO,GEMANZUZHENGQUANWANGSHIJIANYEXIANGHUDIJIEHUNYINLIANMENG,ZHEZAIDANGSHISHISIKONGJIANGUANDEXIANXIANG。RUGUOJINZHITONGHUN,ZEHENNANJIESHIZHEXIEXIANXIANG。WALUNTINIANYISHIDEFALINGHENKENENGZHISHITESHUQINGKUANGDECHANWU,ERFEITONGZE。RUYOURENRENWEISHIZHENDUIDANGSHIYUDIGUOWEIDIDEALEMANNIREN。YEYOURENRENWEI,WAIBANGNANRENLIJIEWEISHIBINGGUOYUXIAAI,SHIJISHIMANZUDEDAIMINGCI。ZHEXIERENJIBAOKUOZAIYIHETUIYIDESHIBING,YEBAOKUOJUNGUAN。ERJUNGUANYIBANTONGSHIHUODEGONGMINQUAN,YINCIZAIFALVSHANGBUCUNZAIYULUOMAGONGMINJIEHUNDEZHANGAI。DUIZHEXIESHUANGZHONGSHENFENDEMANZULAISHUO,TAMENYULUOMARENJIEHUNYINGGAISHIBUBEIJUJUEDE。HUANYOURENZERENWEI,WAIBANGNANRENZHISHIBINGDELIJIEMEIYOUWENTI,ZHISUOYIJINZHI,BUSHICHUYUXUEYUANHEZUQUNDEKAOLV,ERSHICONGZHENGZHIHEJUNSHIJIAODUDEKAOLV。YIFANGMIANFANGZHIYINHUNYINDAILAIDESHENFENBIANHUASHIDALIANGDEDIFANGYUANLAOLIUSHI,LINGYIFANGMIANZESHIFANGZHIMANZUJIEHUNHOUBUZAIJUNDUIFUYI,YIMIANBINGLISHOUSUN37。ZONGZHI,MANZUYULUOMARENTONGHUNMEIYOUWENTI。

秒速赛车6码计划   BIZHERENWEI,YOUYUDUIGUANJIANCAILIAODELIJIEYOUFENQI,HENNANXIAMINGQUEDEJIELUN。RUGUOKAOLVDAOLUOMARENGUANYUHUNYINDEFALVGUIDING,BUJINZHIDEKENENGXINGDAXIE。KAOLVDAORIERMANRENJINZHINEIBUBUTONGJIECENGTONGHUNJIXIGETECENGJINGDEGUIDING,JINZHIYESHIYOUKENENGDE。WULUNJINZHIYUFOU,LUOMARENYUMANZUDEHUNYINSHIMIANLINZHUDUOZHANGAIDE。LUOMARENFEICHANGZHONGSHIHUNYIN,LUOMAFAZHONGYEYOUDALIANGYUHUNYINYOUGUANDEGUIDING。CONGLILUNSHANGLAISHUO,LUOMARENDUIHUNYINZHIYOUHEFAYUFEIFADEQUBIE,SIHUMEIYOUXUEYUANHUOZUQUNDEKAOLV。DANGRAN,ZAIJIDUJIAOCHENGWEIGUOJIAYISHIXINGTAIHOU,XINYANGYINSUYEYINGXIANGDAOHUNYINHEFAXING,RU388NIANDEYIXIANGFALINGJIUJINZHIJIDUTUYUYOUTAIJIAOTUJIEHUN。HUNYINHEFAYUFOUQUJUEYUHUNYINSHUANGFANGDEFALVSHENFEN,ZHIYOUGONGMINCAINENGDIJIEHEFAHUNYIN(ius connubium),BINGXIANGYOUJIANHUQUANHEJIACHANGQUANDENGXIANGGUANQUANLI。LUOMADUIGONGMINDEHUNYINYOUYANGEXIANZHI,《SHIERTONGBIAOFA》CENGJINZHIYUANLAOGUIZUYUPINGMINZHIJIANDETONGHUN,GONGYUANQIAN445NIANDEFALV(lex canubleia)FUYUPINGMINHEFAHUNYINQUAN。WUERBIANSHUO:“LUOMANANXINGGONGMINYULUOMANVXINGGONGMINJIEHUNHEFA;DANYULADINGRENJIWAIBANGRENDEHUNYIN,ZHIYOUHUODEXUKEDE,CAIHEFA。YUNULIDEHUNYINBUHEFA。”38LUOMAGONGMINYULADINGRENHEWAIBANGRENZHIJIANDEHUNYIN,RUGUOFALVSHENFENBUXIANGTONG,ZEZAIQUANYIHEZINVDESHENFENSHANGSHOUDAOHENDADEYINGXIANG。FALVBUJINZHIYULADINGREN、WAIBANGRENJIEHUN,YEYOUXIANGXIGUIDING。HEFADEHUNYINQUANLISHOUDAOBAOHU,FEIFADEHUNYINZEYIWEIZHUSANGSHISHENFENHUOZHEQUANLI,YINGXIANGDAOHUNSHENGHAIZIDESHENFENJINANZIZUIZHONGYAODEFUQUAN(patria potestas)。LUOMAGONGMINYUWAIBANGFUNVSHENGDEHAIZISHUWAIBANGREN,WAIBANGNANZIYULUOMAGONGMINFUNVSUOSHENGDEHAIZIYESHIWAIBANGREN。ZHEXIEGUIZEDUISHENGHUOZAIMANZUWANGGUODELUOMARENSHISHIZHONGYOUXIAODE,YIDANHUNYINFEIFAJIUYIWEIZHUSHENFENHEQUANLIDEYANZHONGSUNHAI。DANGRAN,YIDANMANZUTONGSHIHUODELELUOMADEGONGMINQUAN,CHENGLELUOMAGONGMIN,FALVSHANGDEZHANGAIJIUBUCUNZAILE。MANZUYULUOMARENDEHENDUOHUNYINKENENGJIUSHUYUZHEZHONGQINGKUANG。FALVSHANGDEZHANGAIWUYIBULIYUMANZUYULUOMARENZHIJIANDERONGHE。

  CHULEZUQUNGUANXIHEJIEGOUCENGMIANDECHAYIWAI,ZHONGGUOYUXIFANGZAIGUANNIANCENGMIANYEYOUSUOBUTONG。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHUDAOZHONGGUOGUDAIMINZUGUANXIDESHIYIXIAGUANNIAN,QIANGDIAOLIYI,ZHUZHONGDIYUGUANXI。YIXIAGUANQIANGDIAOYIXIAZHIBIAN,YIFANGMIAN,TAQIANGDIAOYIXIAZHIFANG,YINERYOU“FEIWOZULEI,QIXINBIYI”(《ZUOCHUAN·CHENGGONGSINIAN》)、“YIBUMOUXIA,YIBULUANHUA”DESHUOFA(《ZUOCHUAN·DINGGONGSHINIAN》)。LINGYIFANGMIAN,TAYOUGENGZHUZHONGYIXIAZHIBIANHUOHUZHUAN,BALIYIHEWENHUAZUOWEIPANDINGDEZHUYAOZHIBIAO,QIANGDIAOJIAOHUADEZUOYONG。MENGZIDE“WUWENYONGXIABIANYIZHE,WEIWENBIANYUYIZHE”SUIRANZHIQIANGDIAODANXIANGDUZHIBIAN,DANBABIANZUOWEIDINGZE(《MENGZI·TENGWENGONGSHANG》)。YIXIAZHIBIANZHONGSUIRANBUWANQUANPAICHUXUETONGYINSU,DANZHUYAOQUBIEZAIYULIYIBUTONG。XINGYILIJIWEIYI,XINGXIALIZEWEIXIA,YIXIAKEYIHUZHUAN。SHUNHEZHOUWENWANGFENBIEWEIDONG、XIYIREN,DANJUNWEIHUAXIAZUDAIBIAO。ZHOUTAIWANGDEERZITAIBO、YUZHONGDAOJIANGNANHOU“WENSHENDUANFA”MANYIHUALE,DAOCHUNQIUSHIQI,QIHOUYIWUGUOJUNZHUYOUZUOWEIHUAXIAZHIBANGDEDAIBIAO。CHUGUOZUICHUSHUHUAXIA,QIANDAOJIANGHANDIQUHOU,BIANWEIMANYI,CHENGLE“FEIWOZULEI”,DANDAOCHUZHUANGWANGSHI,YOUCHENGLEHUAXIAWENHUADEDAIBIAORENWU。QIGUOBENSHIXIADEHOUYI,DANYINXINGYILI,DAOZHANGUOSHIQIJIUCHENGWEIDONGYILE39。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,MINZUMAODUNJIANRUI,YIXIAWENTIYEBIJIAOTUCHU,QIANGDIAOYIXIAZHIFANGDELUNDIAOYEFEICHANGHUOYUE,RUGUOQIN、JIANGTONGZHILEIDEXIRONGPAI。DANZHEPAIBINGMEIYOUCHENGGONG,YEBUZHANZHULIU,ZHULIUHUANSHIYIXIAZHIBIAN。WUHUYOUXIAERYI,ZAIZIYIERXIADEZIWODINGWEIJIUSHIHENHAODESHUOMING。TAMENDAOLEZHONGYUAN,YONGLEHANZUDELIZHI,JIUYIZHONGXIAZIJU,JIUCHENGQITAHURENWEIRONGDI,CHENGNANCHAOZHENGQUANWEI“DAOYI”。GUHUANDE《YIXIALUN》SUIRANSHICONGFOJIAODEJIAODUJIANGYIXIAZHIBIE,DANBIEDEBIAOZHUNHUANSHILIYI:“DUANWEIJINSHEN,ZHUHUAZHIRONG;JIANFAKUANGYI,QUNYIZHIFU。QINGJIQINGZHE,HOUDIANZHIGONG;HUDUNGOUJU,HUANGLIUZHISU。GUANBINGUOZANG,ZHONGXIAZHIZHI;HUOFENSHUICHEN,XIRONGZHISU。QUANXINGSHOULI,JISHANZHIJIAO;HUIMAOYIXING,JUEEZHIXUE……ZAINIAOERNIAOMING,ZAISHOUERSHOUHOU;JIAOHUAERHUAYAN,HUAYIERYIYUER”(《NANQISHU·GAOYICHUAN》)。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZHONGGUOMINZUGUANDELILUNYUANXINGSHIWUFUZHIDU,GENJUJULIHUAFENGUANXI,QUEDINGYIXIA。WUFUZHICHUZI《SHANGSHU·YUGONG》,FENWEIDIANFU、HOUFU、SUIFU、YAOFU、HUANGFU。GENJUZHEZHONGLINIAN,YIWANGJIWEIZHONGXIN,YI500LIWEIDADANWEI,JIANGJIANGTUJIANCIFENCHENGWUFU。GEFUDUIZHONGXINDEYIWUYICIDIJIAN,MEIFUZHINEIYEYOUCHABIE,DAOHUANGFUZHIDIZEMEIYOUYIWUYAOQIULE,BUZAISHIWEICHEN,JIUSHIMANYILE。ANZHAOGONGYANGXUEJIADEJIESHI,BUDANMEIYOUYIWUYAOQIU,ERQIEBUZAISHISHIJIAOHUA,TINGRENTAMENANZHAOZIJIDEZHIDULIYISHENGHUO。ANZHAOZHEZHONGGUANNIAN,XUEYUANMEIYOUGUANXI,GENJUJULISUODINGDEGUANXIZUIZHONGYAO。YIDANYUEGUOHUANGFU,JINRUYAOFU,NEIJIUYAONARUWANGHUA,BIANCHENGYOUYIDINGYIWUDECHEN,YEYOUYIWUJIESHOUJIAOHUA。WULUNYIXIAGUANHUANSHIXIRONGLUN,LUOJIQIANTIDOUSHIWUFUGUANNIAN。ZHEZHONGGUANNIANZAIZHENGSHIZHONGBIAOXIANDEYOUWEIMINGXIAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAILUOMADEMINZUGUANNIANZHONG,QIZHUDAOZUOYONGDESHIMANZUGUAN,ZHUZHONGDESHIFALVSHENFEN。MANZU(barbarian)YICIDEXILAWENBENWEIXIANGSHENGCIYINJIE,ZUICHUBEIXILARENYONGLAIZHIBUSHUOXILAHUADEREN,YOUQISHIBOSIRENDENG。DAOHOULAI,XINGWEIJUZHISHANGDEBUTONGYEBEINARUQIZHONG。ZAIXILARENKANLAI,ZHEXIEFEIXILARENBUDANYUYANHELIXINGDOUBUXING,PINXINGDAODEYEDIYIDENG。LUOMARENJIEYONGLEZHEGESHUOFA。XISAILUOZAI《LUNGONGHE》LICENGJINGTANDAO,ANZHAOXILARENDEBIAOZHUN,SUOYOUDERENYAOMESHIXILAREN,YAOMESHIYEMANREN。ZHEYANGDEHUA,LUOMULUSIJIUSHIGEYEMANREN。DANXISAILUOJIEZHUYOUSHUO,RUGUOCONGRENDEXINGWEIJUZHIERFEIYUYANLAIKAN,ZEXILARENYULUOMARENBANJINBALIANG,DOUKEWEIYEMAN。TARENWEI,YINGGAIYIPINXINGERFEIZHONGZUWEIBIAOZHUN40。MANZUYICIZAILUOMADEWENXIANZHONGJINGCHANGCHUXIAN,QIDUIXIANGSUOZHIZAIBUTONGSHIQIYEYOUSUOCHAYI。YIBANSHUOLAI,LUOMARENBACHUZIJIHEXILAZHIWAIDEZUQUNCHENGWEIMANZU,YOUQISHINEIXIEZAIBIANJIANGDIQUDEZUQUN,DAODIGUOSHIQIYOUQIRUCI。RANMANZUYICIDUOJIANYUWENXUEZUOPIN,DIGUOZHONGQIZHIQIANDEFALVWENXIANZHONGHANJIAN,SIHUBUSHIYIGEZHENGSHIDEFALVSHUYU。DIGUOHOUQIDUOYUQITASHUYULIANYONG(JU《DIAODUOXIFADIAN》JIANSUO),DANGENGXIANGSHIWEILEZHANSHIWENHUAGAODIDEYIZHONGXIUCI,SHIYEMANLUOHOUDEDAIMINGCI。YIXIDUOERZHICHU,MANZURENCHENGWEILUOMARENHOU,GEILUOMADAILAILECAIFU,YEDAILAILEYUYANDEDUXIEJIXISUSHANGDECUOWU,BAIHUAILELADINGWENDECHUNZHENG,SHIYIZHONGYEMANXINGJING(barbarismus)。TASUIRANZHICHULEGAICIYUANYUMANZU,DANXIANRANGENGCEZHONGXINGWEIJUZHIERFEIXUETONG41。

秒速赛车6码计划   SHIJISHANG,LUOMABINGBUTEBIEZHONGSHIMANZUZHEGECHENGHU,ERSHIZHUZHONGRENDEFALVSHENFEN,BINGANZHAOSHENFENHUAFENBUTONGDEQUNTI。LUOMARENZAIZHIDINGFALVSHI,SHOUXIANBARENQUNHUAFENCHENGBUTONGDEMINZU(gens),XUETONGHEYUYANSUIRANSHIQUBIEDEZHIBIAO,DANZHUYAOCHABIEZAIFALV,MEIGEGONGTONGTIDOUYOUZIJIDEFALV,ZAILUOMAZESHILUOMADEGONGMINFA。ANZHAOZHEZHONGQUFEN,GONGTONGTIFALVGUANXIAZHIWAIDEQUNTIJIUSUANMANZU。LUOMARENZAIXIANGWAIKUOZHANGSHI,DUOCHENGBEIZHENGFUDIQUDERENWEIMANZU,YIDANBEIZHENGFUZHEBIANCHENGCHENMINNAIZHIGONGMIN,YEJIUBUZAISHIMANZULE(RUGAOLUDIQUDEKAIERTEREN)。CONGLUOMADELISHILAIKAN,ZHEGETEDIANSHIFEICHANGMINGXIANDE,LUOMADEBIANJINGXIANDADIJIUSHILUOMAYUMANZUSHIJIEDEFENYE。JINGUANRUCI,DILIBINGFEIJUEDINGYINSU,YINWEIBIANJIANGSHIZHENGFUZHANZHENGZIRANXINGCHENGDE,ZHENZHENGDEJUEDINGYINSUSHIGERENDEFALVSHENFEN。JIBIANSHIBEIZUOWEIWUPINDUIDAIDENULI,ZHIYAOHEFAHUOSHI,YEKEYICHENGWEIGONGMIN。ZHEYIDIANYUXILABUTONG,XILAJINZHISHIFANGNULI。CONGLUOMADEJIAODULAISHUO,WULUNRENZAINALI,YIDANCHENGWEIGONGMIN,JIUTUOLILEYEMANRENDESHENFEN,CHENGWEIWENMINGSHIJIEDEYIYUAN。DAODIGUOHOUQI,ZHEGETEDIANGENGJIAMINGXIAN。MATISENTICHU,LUOMADEGONGMINQUANPUJIHOU,YUANLAIDEWAIBANGRENDADOUCHENGWEIGONGMIN。CONGBIANJINGJINRUDEXINWAIBANGRENSUIYESHENGHUOJUZHUZAIDIGUO,SHENZHINARUDAOLUOMAFALVDEGUANXIAZHONG,DANYINWEIMEIYOUGONGMINQUAN,SUOYIBEITONGCHENGWEIMANZU42。ZHEZHONGFALVSHENFENJUEDINGMANZUHUANSHILUOMARENDEGUANNIAN,YUZHONGGUODIYUGUANXIJUEDINGYIXIADEGUANNIANSHIBUTONGDE。ZHEHUOXUKEYISHUOMINGWEIHEZAIXIANGSIDECHUJINGXIA,YIXIAWENTICHENGWEIZHONGGUOZHENGLUNDEZHONGDIAN,ERLUOMARENCHULESHISHIJIZAIWAI,HENSHAOXIANGZHONGGUONEIYANGTANLUNMANZUHUATI,SHENZHIBUBATASHIWEIWENTI。

秒速赛车6码计划   YOUYUMINZUJIEGOUDECHAYI,ZHONGXIDEMINZURENTONGJIEGUOYEJIUBUYIYANG。ZHONGGUOXINGCHENGLEHANZUZHUTIDERENTONG,HURENYEJIANGZIJIDEXUEYUANHEPUXINARUDAOSANHUANGWUDI,ANZHAOHANZUDECHUANTONGPUXIELISHI。XIFANGDEMANZUZEBAOCHILEZUQUNDEDULIXING,JIANLILEZIJIDEMINZURENTONG。QIGONGTONGTEDIANDAZHIYOULIANGGE:YIFANGMIAN,MANZUFENFENGOUJIANZIJIDELISHI,YIWANGSHIYINGXIONGWEIZHONGXIN,XINGCHENGZIJIDELISHIPUXI,QIANGDIAOGEZIDETEXINGHELISHIZHUTIXING,TUXIANDIYUDETEDIAN。YUEDANNISITONGSHIXIELELUOMARENHEGETERENDELISHI,BINGYIZIJISHIGETERENDEYIYUANERZIHAO;DOUERDEGELEIGELIZEZHUYAOGUANZHUGAOLUDIQU,YIXIDUOERDELISHICONGZANMEIXIBANYAHEGETERENRUSHOU,CAIYONGDESHIXIBANYABENDIDEJINIANFA。LINGYIFANGMIAN,DUOJIANGMINZUPUXIZHUISUDAOJIDUJIAO。ZHESHIQIYEYOUZHUISUDAOTELUOYIDE,RUFALANKEREN。YIXIDUOERZAITAOLUNMINZUSHI,JIUSHICONGCHUANGSHIJIKAISHI,LIANYUYANYESHICONGDANYIDEXIBOLAIYUBIANLUANERLAIDE,ERSUOYOUDEMINZUDOULAIZINUOYADEZISUN,QIZHONG15GEYUANYUYAFU,31HUO32GELAIYUANYUHAN,27GELAIZISHAN。ZAIZHEXIEMINZUZHONG,MANZUDADOULAIZIYAFUDEZISUN,TAMENZHANJULECONGTAOLUSISHANYIBEIDEXIAOYAZHONGBUDIQUDAOBULIEDIANHAIDIQUDESUOYOUOULUOBADIQU。GAOLURENSHIGEMIEDEZISUN,SIJITAIRENHEGETERENSHIMAGEDEZISUN,ZUIZAOCHENGGAITEREN(getae);SELEISIRENSHITILADEZISUN43。CHULEPUXIZHUISUWAI,YEDADOUCAIYONGLEJIDUJIAODEJINIANFA,ZHEZAIMANZUSISHILIMIANSHIHENMINGXIANDE。

  四、文化結構之異同

  JIUWENHUALINGYUERYAN,ZHONGGUOYUXIFANGDEYITONGYESHIMINGXIANDE44。TONGYANGDOUMIANLINZHUXINZONGJIAODECHONGJI,DANJIEGUOQUEDAXIANGJINGTING。FOJIAOZAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANJIMEIYOUDAOZHIRUJIASIXIANGHEDAOJIAODEXIAOSHI,YEMEIYOUGAIBIANZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDEXINYANGGEJU。ZAIZHEGEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUHANYEXINGCHENGYIRUJIASIXIANGWEIHEXIN、JIANRONGDAOJIAOHEFOJIAODEWENHUARENTONG。JIDUJIAOZAIXIFANGDEFAZHANGAIBIANLEYUANYOUDEXINYANGGEJU,ZHISHIGUDIANWENHUAXIAOSHI。ZAIZHEGEGUOCHENGZHONG,LUOMARENHERUJUDIGUODEMANZUXIANGJIPAOQILEZIJIDECHUANTONG,BUYUEERTONGDIZHUANXIANGJIDUJIAO,XINGCHENGYIJIDUJIAOWEINIUDAIDEXINRENTONG,ZHEZHONGJUDADEFANCHAKEYICONGGEZIDEWENHUAJIEGOU,JIWENHUACHUANTONGHEWENHUAGUANNIANLIANGGEFANGMIANLAILIJIE。

秒速赛车6码计划   CONGWENHUACHUANTONGLAIKAN,ZHONGXIDECHAJUSHIMINGXIANDE。

  HURENSUIRANJUZHUZAIBIANCHUI,YUYANXISUDENGYUHANZUBUYIYANG,DANZAIYUHANZUTONGSHANG、HEQIN、TONGSHI、RUZHI、CHAOHEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIHANWENHUALEJIEJIAODUO,SHOUDAODEYINGXIANGJIAODA。HANWENDISHI,YANRENZHONGXINGSHUOPAODAOXIONGNUNEILI,“SHUOJIAODANYUZUOYOUSHUJI,YIJIKEQIRENZHONGCHUWU。”TAHUANYONGHANZUDELIYIJIAODAOXIONGNU,BINGYONGTALAIDUIFUHANSHI。ZHEGESHIQIDEXIONGNUZAOYI“HAOHANZENGXUSHIWU”(《 SHIJI·XIONGNULIECHUAN》),XIGUANSHANGYIJINGPOHANHUALE,YIZHIYUZHONGXINGSHUOYAOCAIQUCUOSHIJIAYIZUZHI。HUHANXIEDANYUGUIFUHANSHIHOU,JIUWANQUANANZHAOHANZUGONGHOUDELIYIXINGSHILE。NANDANYUNEIFUHOU,“JIANSIHANDI”。NEIFUHURENJIESHOUHANZUDEWENHUAJIAOYU,YUHANZUSHIRENJIAOWANG,DAOWEIJINSHIQI,BUSHAORENHANZUWENHUADEXIUYANGFEICHANGGAO,YOUYITAMENDEJUNZHUWEIDAIBIAO。TAMENZHIZHONGDEXIANBEIMURONGHANHUAZUISHEN,MURONGHUISHENSHOUZHANGHUAQIZHONG,YOUNENG“KANGSHIDAFUZHILI”,MURONGHUANG“SHANGJINGXUE,SHANTIANWEN”。XIONGNURENLIUYUAN“YOUHAOXUE,SHISHISHANGDANGCUIYOU,XI《MAOSHI》、《JINGSHIYI》、《MASHISHANGSHU》,YOUHAO《CHUNQIUZUOSHICHUAN》、《SUNWUBINGFA》,LVEJIESONGZHI,《SHI》、《HAN》、ZHUZI,WUBUZONGLAN。”LIUCONGZE“NIANSHISI,JIUTONGJINGSHI,JIANZONGBAIJIAZHIYAN,《SUNWUBINGFA》MIBUSONGZHI。GONGCAOLI,SHANSHUWEN,ZHUSHUHUAISHIBAIYUPIAN、FUSONGWUSHIYUPIAN。”ZAIJINHUAIDIWEIYUZHANGWANGSHI,LIUCONGCENGJINGYUTAHEWANGWUZIBISHIWENWU,HUANNENGQUSHENG。FUJIAN“BOXUEDUOCAIYI”,YAOXINGJINENG“JIANGLUNDAOYI,CUOZONGMINGLI”,YOUNENGFANYIFOJING,JUQUMENGXUN“BOSHEQUNSHI,POXIAOTIANWEN”。JIBIANSHIBUSHIZIDEJUNZHURUSHILEDENG,YESHUZHIZHONGGUOLISHI,“CHANGLINGRUSHENGDUSHISHUERTINGZHI,MEIYIQIYILUNGUDIWANGSHANE,CHAOXIANRUSHITINGZHEMOBUGUIMEIYAN。”TUFARUTANNENG“LUNLIUGUOCONGHENGZHIGUI,SANJIAZHANZHENGZHILVE,YUANYANTIANMINGFEIXING,JINCHENRENSHICHENGBAI”,LINGYAOXINGDESHANGSHULANGWEIZONGTANFUBUYI。

秒速赛车6码计划   HURENJUNZHUBUDANZISHENHANWENHUAXIUYANGGAO,ZAIJIANLIZHENGQUANHOU,DOUZIJUECAIYONGHANWENHUA,JIJITUIDONGHANWENHUADEFAZHAN。ZHEGEGUOCHENGZAIBEIWEIXIAOWENDIGAIGESHIDADAODINGFENG,BUDANZHIDU、WENHUAGAILE,LIANYUYANXINGSHIYEDOUHANHUALE。BEIZHOUGENGSHIGENJU《ZHOULI》LAISHEJIZHIDU。ZHEZHUYAOTIXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

秒速赛车6码计划   YISHIYANYONGWEIJINYILAIDELVLI、LIZHI、LEZHI、XINGFADENG,TONGSHIGECHUCHUANTONGDEYIXIEXISU。HURENDEYOUXIEXISURU“FUSI,QIQIHOUMU;XIONGDISI,JIEQUQIQIQIZHI”(《SHIJI·XIONGNULIECHUAN》),YUHANZUDEXIAOTILUNLICHONGTU。SHILEJINZHIBAOSAO、ZAISANGHUNQU,TUOBASHIJIANLIZHENGQUANHOU,YEFEICHULEZHEXIEXISU。HELIANBOBOJINGUANGAIDIAOLELIUXING,DANQUE“DAXINGZONGFAZHIZHI”。LIUCONGYAOQUTAIBAOLIUYINDENVERWEIQI,DANMIANLINTONGXINGBUHUNDEZHANGAI,HUANYAOZHAOTAIFULIUJINGDENGGEITAZHAOGETAIJIE,“TAIBAOZIYUNZHOULIUKANGGONGZHIHOU,YUSHENGSHIBENYUANJISHU,NAZHIWEIYUN”。YAOXINGZHONGXIAODAO,“XINGMUSHESHISI,XINGAIHUIGUOLI,BUQINSHUZHENG”。DANGRAN,HURENZAICAIYONGHANZULIYIDETONGSHI,HUANBAOLIULEXUDUOZIJIDECHUANTONG,JIANGTAMENRONGRUDAOTIXILIMIANLAI。RUSHILEYUNXUXIONGNURENBAOLIUHUOZANGDEXIGUAN。CIWAI,ZAIJISIJIYINLEFANGMIANCHUANTONGDEDONGXIZEGENGDUO。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,BEIFANGSUIRANZHANLUANPINRENG,GEZHONGZHIDUHUIHUAIYANZHONG,DANHURENZHENGQUANDUIHANZUJIUZHIDEBAOCUNFANDAOGENGWANZHENG,SHENZHILIANNANCHAODOUYAOJIEZHUYUTAMEN。FEISHUIZHIZHANHOU,“XIESHIDENGGUIJIANKANG,DEQINLEGONG,NENGXIJIUSHENG,YUSHIZONGMIAOSHIBEIJINSHIZHILE”45。529NIAN,LIANGWUDIDESHIZHONGCHENQINGZHIDAOLUOYANG,HUIQUHOUGANTAN:“ZIJINSONGYILAI,HAOLUOYANGWEIHUANGTU,CIZHONGWEICHANGJIANGYIBEIJINSHIYIDI。ZUOZHILUOYANG,SHIZHIYIGUANSHIZUBINGZAIZHONGYUAN,LIYIFUSHENG,RENWUYINFU,MUSUOBUSHI,KOUBUNENGCHUAN”。“QINGZHIYINCIYUYIFUSHIXIRUWEIFA”46。《NANQISHU·YUFUZHI》ZEJIZAILECHENIANZHIDUZAIBEIFANGDECHENGXIJIQINANCHUANDEQINGKUANG:“TAIXINGZHONG,TAIZILINXUE,WUGAOGAICHE,YUANDIZHAOCHENGANCHE。YUAN、MINGSHI,SHUCHEWEIJIUCHENG。YONGHEZHONG,SHIHUSIHOU,JIUGONGRENBENPANGUIGUO,SHAOZAOCHEYU。TAIYUANZHONG,FUJIANBAIHOU,YOUDEWEICHENIAN,YUSHISHUCHEZENGWEISHIERCHENG。YIXIZHONG,SONGWUPINGGUAN、LUO,DEYAOXINGWEICHENIAN。SONGDAMINGGAIXIUNIANLU,MIAOJINSHIHUA,SHIBEIWEIDI,FUSHECHONGTINGZHIZHI。YONGMINGZHONG,GENGZENGZAOSHI,SHENGYUQIANYI。”

秒速赛车6码计划   ERSHIJICHENGSIMAJINCHONGRUZHONGXIAODECHUANTONG,SHEXUELIGUAN,LONGRUZHONGXUE,BARUJIASIXIANGZUOWEIZHIGUOLIZHENGDEZHIDAOSIXIANG。ZHEFANGMIANTUCHUDEDAIBIAOZAOQISHIHANZHAO、SHIZHAO、QIANQINJIHOUQINJUNZHU,HOUQIZESHIBEIWEIXIAOWENDI。LIUYAO“LITAIXUEYUCHANGLEGONGDONG,XIAOXUEYUWEIYANGGONGXI,JIANBAIXINGNIANERSHIWUYIXIASHISANYISHANG,SHENZHIKEJIAOZHEQIANWUBAIREN,XUANCHAOXIANSURUMINGJINGDUXUEYIJIAOZHI。”SHILE“LITAIXUE,JIANMINGJINGSHANSHULIWEIWENXUEYUAN,XUANJIANGZUOZIDISANBAIRENJIAOZHI”,SHERUGUAN,“LEZENGZHIXUANWEN、XUANJIAO、CHONGRU、CHONGXUNSHIYUXIAOXUEYUXIANGGUOSIMEN。”TAYOU“SHEJINGXUEJIJIU、LVXUEJIJIU、SHIXUEJIJIU”,HUAN“QINLINDAXIAOXUE,KAOZHUSHENGJINGYI”,“SHILIXIU、XIAOSHIJINGZHIZHI,MINGJUNGUOLIXUEGUAN,MEIJUNZHIBOSHIJIJIUERREN,DIZIBAIWUSHIREN,SANKAOXIUCHENG,XIANSHENGTAIFU。YUSHIZHUOBAITAIXUESHENGWURENWEIZUOZHUZUOLANG,LUSHUSHISHI。”SHIHUXIALING“ZHUJUNGUOLIWUJINGBOSHI,HUANQIANGUOZIBOSHIYILUOYANGXIESHIJING,XIAOZHONGJINGYUMISHU。GUOZIJIJIUNIEXIONGZHU《GULIANGCHUNQIU》,LIEYUXUEGUAN。”FUJIAN“GUANGXIUXUEGUAN,ZHAOJUNGUOXUESHENGTONGYIJINGYISHANGCHONGZHI,GONGQINGYIXIAZISUNBINGQIANSHOUYE。……ZISHIMEIYUEYILINTAIXUE……JIN《LAO》、《ZHUANG》、TUCHENZHIXUE。ZHONGWAISIJIN、ERWEI、SIJUNCHANGSHANGJIANGSHI,JIELINGXIUXUE。KEHOUGONG,ZHIDIANXUE,LINEISI,YISHOUYUYETING,XUANYANRENJINVLIYOUCONGSHIZHESHUBOSHIYISHOUJING。”NANLIANGTUFALILUGU“YITIANXUANCHONG、ZHAODANWEIBOSHIJIJIU,YIJIAOZHOUZI”。BEIWEIZAIQUFUFENGCHONGSHENGHOU,DUOCIJISIKONGZI。ZHEGESHIQIRUXUEDEFAZHANQINGKUANGYEPONENGSHUOMINGZHEYIDIAN。YAOXINGSHIQI,“TIANSHUIJIANGKAN、DONGPINGCHUNYUQI、FENGYIGUOGAODENGJIEQIRUSHUODE,JINGMINGXINGXIU,GEMENTUSHUBAI,JIAOSHOUCHANGAN,ZHUSHENGZIYUANERZHIZHEWANSHUQIANREN。XINGMEIYUTINGZHENGZHIXIA,YINKANDENGYUDONGTANG,JIANGLUNDAOYI,CUOZONGMINGLI。……YUSHIXUEZHEXIANQUAN,RUFENGSHENGYAN”。“JINGZHAOWEIGAOMURUANJIZHIWEIREN,JUMUSANG,DANQINYINJIU”,ZAODAOYAOXINGDEGEISHIHUANGMENSHILANGGUCHENGSHENCHIJIANZHUIGAN,YAOSHATA“YICHONGFENGJIAO”。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,BEIFANGDEJINGXUEBAOLIULEGENGDUODECHUANTONGTESE,SHENGYUNANFANG。BUJINRUCI,XUANXUEZAIBEIFANGBUSHOUZHONGSHI,SHENZHISHOUDAOPIPANHEYAZHI。JINGXUEZAINANFANGSUIRANYESHIZHONGCUNZAI,DANMEIYOUXIANGXUANXUEHEFOXUENEIMESHENGXING。

秒速赛车6码计划   SANSHIJICHENGWEIJINBIANSHICHUANTONG,PUBIANZHONGSHILISHIDEZUOYONG,BAXIUSHIZUOWEIQUELIHEFAXINGDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。HURENJUNZHUDADOUYOUHENSHENDELISHIXIUYANG,SHENZHILISHIDEZHONGYAOXING,ZIJUERENTONGHANZUDELISHIHESHIXUECHUANTONG。HELIANBOBOZHUSHAJINGZHAOYINSHIWEIZUSIJIUSHIHAIPA“WUSIZHIHOU,RUBEINONGBI,DANGZHIWUHEDI!”TAMENLIGUOHOU,DOUBABIANXIEGUOSHIZUOWEIZHONGYAODEGONGZUO,YINCIWUHUSHILIUGUOJIBENDOUYOUGUOSHI,JUTONGJIYOU26ZHONG。SHILEHUANSHELILESHIXUEJIJIU47。DAOBEIWEISHIQI,CUIHONGZHUAN《SHILIUGUOCHUNQIU》YIBAIJUAN。BEICHAOYANXILEHANWEIDESHIGUANZHIDU,HUANKAICHUANGLESHEGUANXIUSHIDEXIANHE,WEIHOULAIDELISHIBIANZUANDIANDINGLEJICHU。TUOBAGUIJIANGUOHOU,JILINGDENGYUANBIANZUANGUOSHI《DAIJI》,HOULAITUOBADAOYOULINGCUIHAO、GAOYUNBIANZUANGUOSHI,HUANYINFALECUIHAODEGUOSHIAN48。BEIQIJIANLIZHIJI,GAOHUANJIULINGWEISHOUBIANZUANBEIWEILISHI。ZHEGESHIQIDESHIXUEZHISUOYIFANRONG,HENZHONGYAODEYUANYINJIUSHIWEILECHANMINGZHENGQUANDEHEFAXING。GEGUOZAIZIJIBIANZUANDELISHIZHONG,DOUYIZHENGTONGZIJU,SHEFANARUDAOSHANDAIGENGTIDEWUDETIXIZHONG。《WEISHU·DIJIDIYI·XUJI》LIMIANKAIZONGMINGYI,JIUSHIQUELIBEIWEIDEHEFAXING:“HUANGDIZHIHOU,YITUDEWANG”。HOULAIYOUCAINALIBIAODEJIANYI,GAIWEISHUIDEYICHENGJINZHIJINDE,QIANGDIAOZIJIYUJINDECHENGJIGUANXI。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMADEQINGKUANGYUZHONGGUOBUTONG。ZAIZHEGESHIQI,LUOMARENHEMANZUBINGMEIYOUXIANGZHONGGUODEHANRENHEHURENNEIYANGGONGTONGTUIDONGLUOMADECHUANTONGWENHUA。LUOMARENDUIZIJICHUANTONGWENHUADEXINGQUZHUJIANXIAOSHI,ZUIZHONGBATAPAOQILE;RUJUDEMANZUZISHENWENHUASHUIPINGPUBIANHENDI,SHIZHONGDUILUOMADECHUANTONGWENHUAXINGQUBUDA,SHENZHIDISHI。TAMENGONGTONGZHUANXIANGLEJIDUJIAOWENHUA。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMACHUANTONGWENHUADETEDIANSHIDUOSHENXINYANG,TIXIANZAIRICHANGSHENGHUODEXINYANGYISHIJIWENXUE、YISHUJISIXIANGDENGLINGYU。LUOMARENYIXILARENWEISHI,QUANMIANJIESHOUXILAWENHUA。SUIZHULUOMADEKUOZHANG,YOUBUDUANYOUXINDEWENHUANARU。LUOMASUIRANJIANLILEPANGDADEDIGUO,BAGEDIDESHENXIANGJIZHONGZAIWANSHENDIANLI,YEXINGCHENGLEYILUOMAWEIZHUDAODEWENHUAGEJU,DANSHIDUOYUYAN、DUOYUANWENHUABINGCUNDEJUMIANMEIYOUGAIBIAN。DIGUODONGBUDUOSHUOXILAYU,WENHUADIYUNSHENHOU,SIBIANCHUANTONGFADA。XIBUZEYILADINGWENWEIZHUDAO,YIWENXUEHEFALVJIANCHANG。XILARENZHONGSHIMEIYU,QIANGDIAOYINLEHETIYUDUIRENDEZUOYONG;LUOMARENZEGENGWUSHI,JIAOYUYIWENFAHEXIUCIWEIHEXIN,YIPEIYANGLVSHIHEZHENGZHIJIAWEIZHU,YECENGSHUCIQUZHUZHEXUEJIA。DIGUOCHUQI,LUOMAWENHUASHENGJIYISHI,QIZHIDU、FALV、YUYANNAIZHISHENGHUOXISUDENGYEZAIJINGNEIBUDUANTUIGUANG,SHENZHIBEIYIXIEJINXIANDAIXUEZHECHENGWEI“LUOMAHUA”。DANSHI,SUIZHUDIGUOWEIJIDEDAOLAIHEJIDUJIAODEBUDUANFAZHAN,DIGUOZAIWENHUALINGYUDEWEIJIYEZHUJIANFUXIAN。WENXUEYISHULINGYUDESHENGJINGBUZAI,CHUANTONGXINYANGDONGYAO,YUELAIYUEDUODERENPAOQICHUANTONG。3SHIJICHUZHUMINGDELADINGJIAOFUDEERTULIANGJIUCENGZHIWEN:YADIANYUYELUSALENGYOUSHENMEGUANXI 4SHIJIDESHENGBAXIERZEYOU《JIUZHENGQUESHIYONGXILAWENXUEGAOQINGNIANSHU》,GAOJIEQINGNIANSUIRANCHUANTONGWENXUEDUIRENDELINGHUNBUWUYICHU,DANYAOFANGZHIQIBAIHUAIREN。SHENGAOGUSIDINGYEMINGQUETICHU,XIUCIDENGBUNENGZUOWEIMUDE,ZHINENGSHIFUWUXINYANGDESHOUDUAN。ZAIZHEGEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHEXUELINGYUDEBIANHUAZUIMINGXIAN,FEIJIDUJIAOZHEXUESHOUDAOPIPANNAIZHIBEIQUDI。524NIAN,ZHUMINGZHEXUEJIABOAIXIUBEIDONGGETEGUOWANGTIAODUOLIKEYIMOUFANDEZUIMINGCHUSI。CIHOU,GUDIANZHEXUEXIEMU。529NIAN,CHASHIDINGNIYISHIXIALINGGUANBIYADIANXUEYUAN,CHUANTONGDEYIJIAOXUESHUZHONGXINJINYIBUSHUAILUO,JIDUJIAOXUESHUZHONGXINJUEQI。ZAIZHEYANGDEQUSHIXIA,GUDIANJIAOYUSHUAILUOBINGZHUJIANBEIFEIZHI,DAIZHIERQIDEZESHIJIDUJIAOWENHUAHEJIAOYU。CHUANTONGDEWENFAHEXIUCIXUEXIAOWEIJIAOHUIXUEXIAOHEXIUDAOYUANXUEXIAOSUOQUDAI,JIAOSHICHENGWEIJIAOSHI,JIAOXUENEIRONGYEZHUJIANYIZONGJIAOWEIZHU,YIPEIYANGZHIYEJIAOSHIWEIJIREN。SUOYOUYUSHENGJINGJIJIDUJIAOJIAOYIBUFUDEJIAOYUNEIRONGYIGAIBEIPAOQI,ZHIBAOLIUNEIXIEYOUYISHENGJINGYANJIUDEBUFEN。SUIRANGUDIANJIAOYUZAICHASHIDINGNIXIZHENGHOUYIDUYOUSUOHUIFU,DANDAO7—8SHIJI,GUDIANJIAOYUJIBENXIAOSHI。LUOMARENCHEDIZHUANXIANGLEJIDUJIAOWENHUA49。

秒速赛车6码计划   RUJUDIGUOJINGNEIDEMANZUSUIRANYEYOUJIESHOUGUDIANJIAOYUDE,DANZHENGTISHANGWENHUASHUIPINGPUBIANBIJIAODI,QIEDUOMEIYOUZIJIDEWENZI。GETERENZHIDAO4SHIJICAIYOUCHUANJIAOSHIWUERFEILAFANGZHAOLADINGWENCHUANGZHILEWENZI,DANCONGJINCUNDECANPIANLAIKAN,QISHIYONGFANWEIBUGUANG,YEMEIYOULIUCHUANXIALAI。MANZUJINRULUOMADIGUOHOU,YEFANGQILECHUANTONGDEXINYANG,FENFENGUIYIJIDUJIAO。HOUXILUOMADIGUOSHIDAIMANZUJUNZHUDADOUBUSHIZI,TAMENDUIGUDIANWENHUAPUBIANQUEFAXINGQU,SHENZHIPAICHIGUDIANJIAOYU。DONGGETEGUOWANGTIAODUOLIKESUANSHIZHEXIERENZHONGWENHUASHUIPINGZUIGAODE,RANGZIJIDEHAIZIJIESHOUGUDIANWENHUAJIAOYU。TADENVERYEFEICHANGZHUZHONGDUIERZIDEJIAOYU,DANSHIZAODAOLEGETEGUIZUDEFANDUI,BEIPOJIXUGETERENDECHUANTONG50。MANZUJUNZHUMENZHONGQINGDESHIRIERMANRENCHUANTONGDESHANGWUJUNSHIJIAOYU,TAMENDUIJIDUJIAOJIAOYUGENGGANXINGQU,BUYIYULIDIFUCHITUIGUANGJIDUJIAO。

秒速赛车6码计划   SUIZHULUOMARENHEMANZUZHUANXIANGJIDUJIAO,CHUANTONGDEYIJIAOWENHUAZHUJIANBEIYAZHI,JIDUJIAOSHENXUEQUDAILECHUANTONGDEZHEXUE,WENXUEYISHUDENGYEYIJIDUJIAOWEIZHUTI。TONGYANGDEBIANHUAFASHENGZAISHIXUELINGYU。GUDIANSHIXUERIJIANWEISUO,4SHIJIDEMASAILINUSIHOU,LADINGSHIXUEJIUMEIYOUSHENMESHENGYINLE,6SHIJIDEPULUOKEBIWUSIZESHIXILASHIXUEDEZUIHOUDAIBIAO。JIAOHUISHIZHUJIANCHENGWEILISHIXIEZUODEZHULIU,JIAOSHIZHUJIANCHENGWEILISHIXIEZUODEZHUTI,GESONGJIDUJIAODESHENGTUCHUANDALIANGCHUXIAN,JIDUJIAODETIXIYENARUDAOCHUANTONGDEBIANNIANSHI,CHENGWEIJINIANDEBIAOZHUN。JIBIANCHUANTONGYIYISHANGDESHISUSHI,JIDUJIAODENEIRONGYEZHANYOUHENZHONGYAODEFENLIANG。JIULIANLISHIDEGUANNIANYEBIANCHENGJIDUJIAODE,LISHICHENGWEIZHANSHISHENYIDEZHUJIAO。CIWAI,MANZUZEZHUJIANCHENGWEILISHIDEZHUJIAO,SHIXUEQUYUHUATEZHENGMINGXIAN。

  ZHONGXIWENHUAGUANNIANYEYUGEZIXINYANGDETEDIANYOUZHUNEIZAIGUANLIAN。

  ZHONGGUOSHIYIRUJIASIXIANGWEIZHUDAODEDUOYUANHUAXINYANG,QITEDIANSHIJIANSHOUBINGXU,JIANRONGBINGBAO。CHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQIDE“BAIJIAZHENGMING”DIANDINGLEZHONGGUOHOUSHISIXIANGLINGYUDEJICHU,GEPAIZHUZHANGYOUSUOBUTONG,DANYEYOUGONGTONGZHICHU。SIMATANPINGLUNDAO:“YIDACHUAN:‘TIANXIAYIZHIERBAILV,TONGGUIERSHUTU。’FUYINYANG、RU、MO、MING、FA、DAODE,CIWUWEIZHIZHEYE,ZHISUOCONGYANZHIYILU,YOUSHENGBUSHENGER。”(《SHIJI·TAISHIGONGZIXU》)ZHESHIHENNENGTIXIANZHONGGUOCHUANTONGGUANNIANTEDIANDEGAOLUN。ZUOWEISHUTUTONGGUIDEZHENGZHILILUN,ZHEXIELIUPAISUIRANDOUYOUZIJIDEDUIWU,DANSHIZHONGTINGLIUZAIXUESHUCENGMIAN,BINGMEIYOUSHANGSHENGDAOYANGEYIYISHANGDEZONGJIAO。HANCHUYONGHUANGLAO,HANWUDI“BACHUBAIJIA、DUZUNRUSHU”,RUJIAZUIZHONGZAIJINGZHENGZHONGTUOYINGERCHU,CHENGWEIGUOJIADEYISHIXINGTAI。ZUOWEIZHIGUOLIZHENGDEGONGJU,RUJIADELINIANJUTIHUAWEIYITAOFANSUODELIFATIXI,QIZHONGJIYOUZHIDU,YEBAOHANGUANNIAN。RUJIAZHISUOYIBEIJUNWANGQINGLAI,SHIYINWEITAJIANGJUNCHENFUZIZHIDAO,ZHEZAIZHONGGUOBEIRENWEIKEYIZUIYOUXIAODIWEIHUTONGZHI。RUJIASUIRANBEIDINGWEIDUZUN,ZAIGUOJIACENGMIANYEXINGCHENGLEYUZHIXIANGFUDEYITAOLIYI,DANYEMEIYOUCHENGWEIZONGJIAO,MEIYOUDAYAQITASIXIANGHUOXINYANG。ZHUZIDEXUESHUORENGRANCUNZAI,HUANZAIFAZHAN,ZAIWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIHUANYINGLAILEDAFAZHAN。YUCITONGSHI,SHEHUICENGMIANDEGEZHONGDUOSHENCHONGBAIYEZAIBINGXINGFAZHAN。HURENZHENGQUANJIANLIHOU,QICHUANTONGDUOSHENXINYANGYEJIXUCUNZAI。DANGRAN,GUOJIAYEDAJIQUDIGEZHONGSUOWEIDE“YINSI”。

  DONGHANMONIAN,SUIZHUFOJIAOZAIZHONGGUODECHUANBOHEDAOJIAODEXINGQI,ZHONGGUODEXINYANGTIXIJINYIBUFENGFU。FOJIAOHEDAOJIAODEJIAOYIZIRANBUTONG,FODAORUZHIJIANYECUNZAIZHENGLUNSHENZHICHONGTU,DANZHENGTIERYAN,SANJIAZHIJIANBINGFEIJUEDUIDEPAICHIGUANXI。FOJIAOYIGETIDENIEPANCHENGFOWEIZHUIQIU,ZAIBENZHISHANGSHIWUSHENDE,DANTABINGBUPAICHIGEZHONGSHEN,LAIDAOZHONGGUOHOUSHENZHIYOUSHENHUALE。DAOJIAOZHUIQIUCHANGSHENGXIANHUA,TADESHENRUJIAJIBUMOSHENG,YEBUPAICHI。RUJIADEJISITIXIZESHIYIGEZHONGSHENWEIDUIXIANGDE。ZAICHENGRENDUOSHENZHEYIDIANSHANG,TAMENSHIMEIYOUFENQIDE。GEJIADEZHUIQIUSUIRANBUYIYANG,DAN“JUNSHAN”,SHISHUTUTONGGUI。GEJIAZHENGLUNDEJIAODIANBUSHIZHENLIYUMIUWUHUOZHESHANYUE,ERSHIXINGSHANZHIDAOYIJIYOUCICHANSHENGDEXIANHOUWENTI。ZHEKEYICONGWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQISANJIAZHIJIANJICIDADEBIANLUNJIAYISHUOMING。

秒速赛车6码计划   WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,YINGXIANGJIAODADEBIANLUNZAIBEIFANGZHUYAOYOULIANGCI,NANFANGZHUYAOYOUSICI。BEIFANGDIYICIZHENGLUNFASHENGZAIWEIXIAOMINGDIZHENGGUANGYUANNIAN(520),YOUQINGTONGGUANDAOSHIJIANGBINYURONGJUESISENGRENTANMOZUIDUILUNFOYULAOZIXIANHOU,JIANGBINLUOBAI,YI“HUOZHONG”HUOXING,“PEIXIMAYI”(《GUANGHONGMINGJI》JUANYI)51。DIERCISHIZAIBEIZHOUWUDIYUWENYONGZAIWEIQIJIAN。CONGTIANHESINIAN(569)KAISHI,“CHIZHAOYOUDEZHONGSENG、MINGRUDAOSHI、WENWUBAIGUANLIANGQIANYUREN,DIYUZHENGDIANLIANGSHUSANJIAO”(《GUANGHONGMINGJI》JUANBA)。ZHECHANGDAGUIMODEBIANLUNYIZHICHIXUDAOJIANDEERNIAN(573NIAN),ZUIHOU“YIRUJIAOWEIXIAN,DAOJIAOWEICI,FOJIAOWEIHOU”(《ZHOUSHU·WUDIJISHANG》)。QIZHONGSILIDAFUZHENLUANZHUANXIE《XIAODAOLUN》,DAOANFASHIXIELE《ERJIAOLUN》,DOUPIPANDAOJIAO。NANFANGDEBIANLUNZHUYAOYOU:DIYI,SHAMENZHIJINGWANGZHEWENTI。DONGJINYUBINGFUZHENGSHITICHUSHAMENYINGGAIZHIJINGWANGZHE,DANZAODAOHECHONGDEFANDUI。HUANXUANZHUANZHENGSHIQI,TAZAICITICHUZHIJINGWENTI,ZAODAOHUIYUANDENGFANDUI,ZUIHOUYIBUZHIJINGGAOZHONG。DIER,HEIBAILUN。SONGWENDISHI,YOUHEIYIZAIXIANGZHICHENGDEHUILINZHU《HEIBAILUN》(433),TICHURUDAOYUFOJUNSHANSHUO,YINFAHECHENGTIAN、YANYANZHI、HUIYUANDIZIZONGBINGDENGZHENGLUN。DISAN,YIXIALUN。NANQIDAOSHIGUHUANZHU《YIXIALUN》,YINFAJINGLINGWANGXIAOZILIANGZUZHIDAOFODABIANLUN。DISI,SHENMIELUN。QILIANGZHIJI,FANZHENTICHUSHENMIELUN,BINGZHU《SHENMIELUN》YISHU,FANDUIYINGUOBAOYING,ZHUZHANGXINGSHENWEIYI,XINGHUISHENMIE。XIAOZILIANGCENGJINGZUZHIRENMAYUZHIBIANLUN,DANBUNENGQU。TIANJIANCHUNIAN,LIANGWUDIYOUQINZIZUZHIRENMADUITAJINXINGDAPIPAN。DAZHISHUOLAI,ZHONGGUOSHIRENDUIRUDAOFODEGUANXIYOUYIXIAJIZHONGKANFA。DIYIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,RUFODAOSHIYIHUISHI,JIGUHUANSUOWEI“ZHOUKONGJIFO,FOJIZHOUKONG。FOZEDAOYE,DAOZEFOYE。NIHUANXIANHUA,GESHIYISHU。FOHAOZHENGZHEN,DAOCHENGZHENGYI。YIGUIWUSI,ZHENHUIWUSHENG。ZAIMINGZEFAN,ZAISHIZEHE”(《NANQISHU·GAOYICHUAN》)。DIERZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,FOFAXIANYUHUOGAOYURU、DAO,FOLIUDONGTU,ZHOU、KONG、LAOZIWEIFODIZI。DISANZHONGGUANDIANZERENWEI,RU、DAOXIANYUHUOGAOYUFOFA,LAOZIXIRUGUANHUAHUERFOSHENG。DISIZHONGGUANDIANZEQIANGDIAO,FO、DAO、RUNAISHUTUTONGGUI,GEYOUCEZHONG,ZHISHISUOSHEFANWEIBUTONG。YUANCANSHUO:“KONG、LAO、SHIJIA,QIRENHUOTONG,GUANFANGSHEJIAO,QIDAOBIYI。KONG、LAOZHISHIWEIBEN,SHISHICHUSHIWEIZONG。”(《NANQISHU·GAOYICHUAN》)XIEZHENZHI《ZHONGSHUYUGUDAOSHI》ZESHUO:“YUYISANCAIJUNTONG,RENLISHIYI,SUXUNXIAOSHU,FAJIAODATONG。”(《HONGMINGJI》JUANLIU)LIUXIE《MIEHUOLUN》RENWEI:“JINGDIANYOUQUAN,GUKONG、SHIJIAOSHUERDAOQI;JIETONGYOUMIAO,GUFANHANYUGEERHUATONG。DANGANYOUJINGCHEN,GUJIAOFENDAOSU;DIYOUDONGXI,GUGUOXIANNEIWAI。QIMILUNSHENHUA,TAOZHUQUNSHENG,WUYIYE。”(《HONGMINGJI》JUANBA)ZHANGRONG《MENLV》YUN:“DAOZHIYUFO,DOUJIWUER;JIRANBUDONG,ZHIBENZETONG。”(《HONGMINGJI》JUANLIU)WULUNZANTONGHUANSHIFANDUIFOJIAOZHE,DADOUBUFOURENFOJIAOZISHEN,ERSHICHENGRENQISHANDEYINSU,YEQIANGDIAOTONGDEYIMIAN。GUHUANRENWEI:“FOSHIPOEZHIFANG,DAOSHIXINGSHANZHISHU。”(《NANQISHU·GAOYICHUAN》)ZONGBING《MINGFOLUN》RENWEI:“SHIYIKONG、LAO、RULAI,SUISANXUNSHULU,ERXISHANGONGCHEYE。”(《HONGMINGJI》JUANER)ZHENGLUNDEZHONGDIANZAISHIXIANDETUJING、ZAIXIANHOU、ZAIBENMO。FODAOWEILEZHENGXIANHOUXIANGHUWEIZAOJINGDIAN,ZHEYOUSHUOMINGSHUANGFANGSHIXIANGHUCHENGRENDE,DAOJIAOHEXUANXUEZEWANGWANGSHIFOJIAOWEIZHIYIN。ZHENGTONGRUJIAZHISHIFENZIDEFEIFOZEWANGWANGSHILIZUYIXIA,QIANGDIAOQIJIELVYUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGLUNLIDEBUTONGERYI。

  ZAIZHEZHONGGUANNIANXIA,RUDAOFOYOUXIANGTONGZHICHU,KEYIJIANRONGERWUAI。ZHEGESHIQIDEZHISHIFENZIJISHIFENGFO,YEDOUSHICONGJIESHOURUJIAJIAOYUKAISHI,TONGSHIYANXILAOZHUANG,RANHOUZHUANXIANGFOJIAO。JIBIANZHUANXIANGFOJIAO,YEBINGFEIFEIQIRUDAO,ERSHITONGSHIBINGZHONG。ERMINGSENGDADEDOUJUYOUSHENHOUDERUJIAXIUYANG,JINENGTANXUANYOUNENGSHUOFO。ZHANGRONGQUSHISHI,“ZUOSHOUZHI《XIAOJING》、《LAOZI》,YOUSHOUZHIXIAOPIN《FAHUAJING》”(《NANQISHU·ZHANGRONGCHUAN》)。《MOUZILIHUOLUN》DEZUOZHEZISHUYIRUJIAZHUZIQIJIA,SHUDUBINGSHU、SHENXIANZHUSHU,HOU“RUIZHIYUFODAO,JIANYANLAOZIWUQIANWEN,HANXUANMIAOWEIJIUJIANG,WANWUJINGWEIQINHUANG”。YOUSHUO:“FOJINGSUOSHUO,SHANGXIAZHOUJI,HANXUEZHILEI,WUJIESHUFOYAN。SHIYIWUFUZUNERXUEZHI,HEWEIDANGSHEYAOSHUNZHOUKONGZHIDAO?JINYUBUXIANGSHANG,SUIBIBUXIANGFANG。”(《HONGMINGJI》JUANYI)SUIRANXUESHUJIEDUIGAIWENDEZUOZHEJIXIECHENGSHIJIANZHENGLUNHENDA,DANRONGSANJIAOERZIRUDELINIANYINGGAIHENZHUNQUEDIFANYINGLELISHIDEZHENSHIFENGMAO。DANGRAN,WAILAIFOJIAOYEZAIYUZHONGGUODEHUANJINGXIANGSHIYING。FOJIAOSUIRANZHUZHANGCHUSHI,BUZHIJINGWANGZHE,DANYEZAIJIJIYURUJIADELUNLIRONGHEDIAOSHI,JIANGQIUXIAODAOJISHIYILI。《ZHENGWULUN》YOUYUN:“FOYUZHOUKONG,DANGONGMINGZHONGXIAOSHUNXIN,CONGZHIZHEJI,BEIZHIZHEXIONG。”(《HONGMINGJI》JUANYI)FOJIAODEBUZHIJINGWANGZHEYEBUSHIJUEDUIDE。BEIWEICHUQIDEDAORENTONGFAGUOBATUOBAGUISHIWEI“DANGJINRULAI”,RENWEI“SHAMENYIYINGJINLI,SUICHANGZHIBAI”,QILIYOUZESHI“NENGHONGDAOZHERENZHUYE,WOFEIBAITIANZI,NAISHILIFOYE”(《WEISHU·SHILAOZHI》)。ZHEZHONGLINIANZAINANCHAOYESHICUNZAIDE。

秒速赛车6码计划   RUSHIDAOSUIRANYINJUNSHANERDEYIRONGHE,DANSHU“HEERBUTONG”,SANJIADEJIEXIANYESHIFENMINGDE。JIUZAISHEHUIZHONGDEDIWEIJIBANYANDEJIAOSELAIKAN,SANJIAYESHIGEYOUCEZHONGDE,QIECHENGHUBUZHISHI。RUJIASIXIANGSUIRANSHOUDAOCHONGJIHETIAOZHAN,DANZAIZHENGZHIZHONGDEZHUDAODIWEIBINGMEIYOUDONGYAO,RENGSHIZHIGUOQIJIADESHOUXUAN,YEMEIYOUFAZHANCHENGWEIZONGJIAO。FOJIAOHEDAOJIAODEXIANHOUZHIZHENGYEDUOSHIZAICHENGRENZHEGEQIANTIDEJICHUSHANGZHANKAIDE,TAMENGENGDUODESHIZAISHEHUIHEGERENXINLINGCENGMIANFAHUIZUOYONG,MIBULERUJIADEBUZU。ZHEZHONGRUZHUERFODAOFUDEGEJUZAIWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQISHIPUBIANXIANXIANG,BINGWUNANBEIHUOHUHANFENBIE。

秒速赛车6码计划   WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,RUJIASIXIANGMIANLINWEIJIHETIAOZHAN。ZUOWEIYIZHONGLILUNTIXI,RUJIAZHUIQIUNEISHENGWAIWANG,YIXIUQIZHIPINGWEIJIREN。LILUNSHANG,TAJIANGUNEIWAI,JIZHONGSHIGERENNEIZAIJUNZIPINGEDEYANGCHENG,YOUZHUZHONGGERENDUIQUNTIDEDAOYIHEZEREN。DACHENGZHEXIEMUBIAODEGUANJIANZAIYU“LI”。“FULI,TIANZHIJINGYE,DIZHIYIYE,MINZHIXINGYE。”(《ZUOCHUAN·ZHAOGONGERSHIWUNIAN》)《SHUOWEN》:“LI,LVYE。SUOYISHISHENZHIFUYE。”JUNZIYAO“FEILIWUSHI,FEILIWUTING,FEILIWUYAN,FEILIWUDONG”(《LUNYU·YANYUAN》),ZHIYOUZHEYANGCAINENGWEIREN。ZUOWEIYITAOGUIFANRENYURENZHIJIANGUANXIDELUNLITIXI,TAGENGZHUZHONGWAIZAIDEXINGWEI,ERDUIGERENDENEIXINSHIJIEGUANZHUBUGOU。ZHEGEBUZUZAISHIJIANZHONGZHUJIANXIANLU。HANDAIZIWUDIYIHOURUJIADUZUN,QIANGDIAOYIXIAOZHITIANXIA,DONGHANYOUSHEN。CHAJUZHIYIXIANGLVQINGYIWEIJICHU,HOUZHEDUIRENWUDEPINXINGJINXINGPINGDING,ZUOWEIJUXIAOLIANXIUCAIDEYIJU,QIBIAOZHUNJIUSHIRUJIADELIFATIXI。ZHEDAOZHISHIRENZHONGPINXING,YOUMINGWUSHI。DAOHANMO,ZHEZHONGTIZHIYIJINGBIDUANCONGSHENG,YIZHIYUCHUXIAN“JUXIUCAI,BUZHISHU。CHAXIAOLIAN,FUBIEJU。HANSUQINGBAIZHUORUNI,GAODILIANGJIANGQIERUJI”DEJUMIAN。CAOCAOYONG“WEICAISHIJU”YIKUANGQIBI,DANSIMAJINZHENGQUANZAICIZHONGXIAO,BINGMEIYOUCONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANJUMIAN。ZAIZHEZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,DUIRUJIASIXIANGZHIBIDEFANDONGKAISHICHUXIAN,DAZHIBIAOXIANZAILIANGGEFANGMIAN:YIFANGMIAN,YITUODAOJIASIXIANGDEXUANXUECHUXIAN,BINGZHUJIANSHENGXING,CHENGWEIJINCHAOJINANCHAODEZHULIU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,XINDEZONGJIAOCHUXIANBINGZHUJIANLIUXING。DAOJIAOZAIDONGHANMONIANXINGQI,TARONGHELEHUANGLAOXUESHUOJISHENXIANFANGSHUDENGSIXIANG,LVXIANZAIBASHUYIDAIFAZHANQILAI。FOJIAOZAIZHEGESHIQIYEZHUJIANWEIZHONGGUORENYOUQISHISHEHUISHANGCENGSUOGUANZHU,DAOWEIJINSHIQIKUOZHANDAOSHEHUIGEJIE,NANBEICHAOSHIQISHENZHIDAOLEFANLANDEDIBU。XUANXUE、DAOJIAOHEFOJIAOSUIRANGEYOUBUTONG,HUOXIAOYAOERWUWEI,HUOXIANHUAQIUWUSI,HUONIEPANQUWUSHENG,DANDOUBUYUEERTONGDIBAMUGUANGTOUXIANGNEIZAIDEJINGSHENSHIJIE,YIFUWEIRENDEXINLINGWEIYAOWU,XIANGRUJIASIXIANGFAQITIAOZHAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   RUJIASIXIANGSUIRANZAODAOTIAOZHAN,DANQIZHUDAODIWEIMEIYOUSANGSHI。YIFANGMIAN,RUJIASIXIANGYEZAIDIAOZHENGHEFAZHAN。TANGCHANGRUXIANSHENGZHICHU,XUANXUEBINGFEIKONGTAN,ERSHIYIZHONGZHENGZHILILUN,“NAISHIDUIDONGHANZHENGZHILILUNDEJICHENGYUPIPAN”52。XUANXUEYUANYUQINGTAN,QIHEXINDOUSHIPINGDINGPINXING。XUANXUEZHONGDE“CAIXINGLUN”SHIJIJIUSHIQINGYIZAIZHENGZHILINGYUBIANHUADETIXIAN。ZHEGESHIQIDEGEJIABIANLUNRENGRANZAIZHENGZHILILUNFANCHOU。MINGLIXUEZAHERUDAOMINGFA,RUJIAZHENGMING,FAJIAXUNMINGHESHI,MINGJIAZEJIANGJIUXINGMINGZHIBIAN,JINGCIERDAODAOJIAWUWEI。HEYANCHANGXUAN,ZAODAOZHONGMINGJIAODESIMASHIZHENGQUANFANDUI,RUANJI、JIKANGZHITUSHOUDAOCHIZE,DAOJIAZIRANYOUCIXINGQI,YUMINGJIAOKANGHENG。XUANXUEJIAFANMINGJIAO,DANBINGFEIWANQUANPAOQIMINGJIAO。TAMENGENGDUODESHIFANDUIMINGJIAODEMINGSHIFENLI、MINGSHIBUFU,MIESHILIFADEFANWENRUJIE。TAMENZHONGSHIBIMING,ZHUIQIUZHENSHIZIRAN,“YUEMINGJIAOERRENZIRAN……YUEMINGRENXIN”(《JINSHU·JIKANGCHUAN》),GENGJINRENDESHISEBENXING。DUIYURUJIADEXIAODAOYUCHENDAODENG,GENGSHIBUFANDUI,YEBUKENENGFANDUI,TAMENDADOUSHITIZHINEIREN。ZHEKEYICONGJUSANGDE“SIXIAO”HE“SHENGXIAO”DUIBIZHONGKANCHULAI:“HEJIAOSUIBEILI,SHENQIBUSUN;WANGRONGSUIBUBEILI,ERAIHUIGULI”53。RUANJIMUSIYURENYIQI,JUSANGYINJIU,PEIKAIDIAOSANGJIJUBUKU,DANTAXINGZHIXIAO,YUMULINJUE,“TUXUESHUSHENG,HUIJIGULI,DAIZHIMIEXING”(《JINSHU·RUANJICHUAN》)54。WULUNSHIZHENGTONGDEHEYAN、WANGBI,HUANSHIZAIYEPAIDEJIKANG、RUANJIDENG,DOUZAISHITUJIEJUELILUNYUXIANSHIDEMAODUN,WEIZIJIDEXINGWEIXUNQIUHEFAXING。RUHEYANJIANGMINGJIAOFUBENYUZIRAN,WANGBIZEJIANGMINGJIAOYUZIRANTONGYIQILAI,TICHUZIRANWEIBEN,MINGJIAOWEIMO,XIANGXIURENWEIMINGJIAOBENYUZIRAN,RUDAOWEIYI。JIULIAN“CHONGYOU”DEPEIWEI,YESHIZONGHERUDAO。SHIRENDUOXUANLISHUANGXIU,JISHIJIANGZIRANYUMINGJIAOHEWEIYITI。CONGZHEGEJIAODULAISHUO,XUANXUESHIQIANGHUAERFEIXUERUOLERUJIALUNLIDEJICHU,JUNZHUZHUANZHIDELIANGGEJISHI——XIAODAOHECHENDAOYERENGJIUWENGU。XUANXUEJIAMENZHISHIXIWANGZAIZHEGEKONGJIANLIDAJIANYIGEXIAOWU,ERBUSHILINGQILUZAOKAIPIXINDEKONGJIAN。

  LINGYIFANGMIAN,DAOJIAOHEFOJIAOSUIRANBEISHEHUIGEJIECENGJIESHOU,BINGYUJUNZHUGUANXIMIQIE,DANSHISHIZHONGBEIFUYIFUZHUXINGDEJIAOSE:“ZISHENG,ZHUWANGHUAYUZHIDAOYE”。ZAIZHISHIJIECENGZHONGJIAN,FOJIAOSHIYIZHONGXINYANG,DANGENGSHIYIZHONGXIUSHENYANGXINGDEXUESHU。FOJIAOCHUANRUZHONGGUO,CONGYIKAISHIJIUYUWANGSHIGUANXIMIQIE,SHIKAOSHANGCENGLUXIANQIJIADE。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,FOJIAOGENGSHIDEDAOTONGZHIJIEJIDEFUCHI,XUDUOGAOSENGDADECHENGWEIHUANGDIDEZUOSHANGBIN,CHURUGONGWEI,CANYUJIYAO。HENDUOHUANGDIXINFENGFOJIAO,BEIWEIXIAOWENDICENGQINZICAODAOTIDU,NANCHAODELIANGWUDIXIAOYANGENGSHIDAOLECHIMIDEDIBU,BUDANQINZIZHUCHIJIANGJINGSHUOFA,ERQIESICICHUJIASHESHEN,DUIFOJIAODEFUCHIKEWEIBUYIYULI。BEIFANGSHIZHAODEFOTUCHENG、FUQINDEDAOAN、YAOQINDEJIUMOLUOSHENDENGYEDOUSHIZHUMINGDELIZI。JUNZHUMENDUIYUFOJIAO,CHULEFUHUOMIXINDESECAIWAI,HUANCONGXUEWENDEJIAODUJINXINGTANTAO,WANGWANGQINZIZHUCHIJIANGJINGSHUOFA,YAOXINGQINZIFANYIFOJING,HUANZHUANWENYUJIUMOLUOSHEN、YAOSONGDENGTAOLUNFOLI。ZHEXIEJUNZHUSUIRANCHIMIFOJIAO,YEJIEZHUFOJIAOQIANGHUATONGZHI,DANSHIZHONGMEIYOUYONGFOJIAOQUDAIQITAZONGJIAO,HENSHAOYONGFALVSHOUDUANDAYAFEIFOHUOFANFOZHE。NANCHAOJICIWEIRAOFOJIAODEZHENGLUNJIHUDOUYOUSHANGCENGDECANYU,ZHENGLUNYICHANGJILIE,DANYEDOUJINXIANYUXUESHUTAOLUNCENGMIAN,MEIYOUCHUXIANWULICHONGTUDEJUMIAN。LIANGWUDICENGQINZIZUZHILILIANGTAOFAFANZHENDE《SHENMIELUN》,GEITAKOUSHANG“BEIJINGYIQIYI,GUAILIYIZHITAN,MIESHENGNANYISHENGZE,GUAILINANYILIJIE”DEMAOZI(《HONGMINGJI》JUANJIU),YEDEDAOLELIUSHIDUOWEIDACHENDEBEISHU。FANZHENMEIYOUQUFU,TAYEMEIYOUSHIYONGWULI,ERSHIXIALINGTINGZHIZHENGLUN。DANGRAN,YEYOUWULICHONGTUDEQINGKUANG,ZHUYAOZAIBEIFANG。DIYICISHIBEIWEIDAOWUDIMIEFO(446—451),“ZHUYOUFOTUXINGXIANGJIHUJING,JINJIEJIPOFENSHAO,SHAMENWUSHAOCHANGXIKENGZHI”(《WEISHU·SHILAOZHI》)。DIERCIZESHIBEIZHOUWUDIJINFO(574—578),“CHUDUANFO、DAOERJIAO,JINGXIANGXIHUI,BASHAMEN、DAOSHI,BINGLINGHUANMIN。BINGJINZHUYINSI,LIDIANSUOBUZAIZHE,JINCHUZHI”(《ZHOUSHU·WUDIJISHANG》)。ZHELIANGCIJINDUANZIRANYOUZONGJIAOYINSUZAINEI,QIANZHEYUDAOSHIKOUQIANZHIJIQIDIZICUIHAODEGUHUOYOUGUAN,HOUZHEZESHIDAOSHIZHANGBINJICENGJINGDESENGRENWEIYUANSONGDEDIHUI,YEYOUZUNRUDEYINSU,SUOYIFODAOYIQIBEIJIN。BUGUO,ZHENGTISHUOLAI,HUANSHIYINWEIFOJIAOGUODUPENGZHANGJIFUBAIDAILAIDEZHENGZHIHEJINGJIDENGQIANZAIWEIXIE。QIELIANGCISHIJIANDOUBIJIAODUAN,BINGFEIZHULIU。ZUNRUHEFENGFODAOBINGBUMAODUN,YINWEITAMENFAHUIZUOYONGDELINGYUBUTONG。JIBIANBEIWEIBADAOJIAODINGWEIGUOJIAO,YETONGYANGYONGRUJIAZHIGUO。DUIJUNZHUERYAN,“MINGXINJIANXING,FOJIAOWEISHEN;XIUSHENZHIGUO,RUDAOWEIQIE”,“RUZHEKESHANG,YINENGWEICHISANGANGWUCHANGZHIDAOYE”(《YUANSHI·BENJI·RENZONGSAN》)。ZHEHUASUICHUZIJINQIANNIANHOUDEYUANRENZONGZHIKOU,DANZHEGEYUANZEZAIWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIJIUYIJINGGUANGFANFUZHUSHIJIANLE。

秒速赛车6码计划   LUOMARENTONGDEZHUANXINGSHIQIXINYANGYOUDUOSHENZHUANXIANGYISHENDEBIRAN。

  LUOMARENCHUANTONGSHANGSHIDUOSHENXINYANG。ZHEGETIXIYIJIATINGHECHENGSHI(BANG)WEIZHUYAODANWEI,XINGCHENGFUZADECHONGBAIJISITIXI,JIHUSHENTOUDAOGONGSISHENGHUODEFANGFANGMIANMIAN55。JIANEICHONGBAIYILASHEN(lare)WEIZHU,CHENGSHIZEYOUGONGTONGDESHEN,ZAILUOMAZESHICONGXILAAOLINPIYAYIZHIGUOLAIDEYIZHUBITEWEISHOUDESHENXI。LUOMARENRENWEITAMENDECHANGSHENGSHISHENBAOYOUDEJIEGUO,YINCIFEICHANGQIANJING。SUIZHULUOMADEKUOZHANG,LUOMACHENGDEXINYANGYEZHUJIANSANBUDAOGEDI,SHENGJIWEIDIGUOXINGDECHONGBAI。LUOMARENSUIRANDUIZIJIDESHENQINGLAIYOUJIA,DANBINGBUFOUDINGQITAZUQUNDEXINYANGHESHENZHI,YEMEIYOUYUYIXIAOMIE,ZAIKUOZHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONGYEJIANGTAMENNARUDAOZIJIDEXINYANGTIXIZHONG。LUOMAHUANGDIZAILUOMACHENGJIANLERONGNAGEMINZUSHENZHIDEWANSHENDIAN,YEZAIGEDIWEIZHEXIEYIZUDESHENJIANLISHENMIAO。BUJINRUCI,LUOMARENYEXINYANGYIZUDESHENZHI,RUAIJIDEYIXISI、BOSIDEMITELADENG。DIGUOSHIQI,HUANGDIYEBEIZUOWEISHENLAICHONGBAI。JIDUJIAOJIUSHIZAIZHEYANGDEHUANJINGZHONGZHUJIANFAZHANQILAIDE。

  YUGUDAISHIJIEDEDUOSHENXINYANGTIXIBUTONGDESHI,JIDUJIAOJIQILAIYIFASHENGDEMUTIYOUTAIJIAOSHIYISHENJIAO,ZHICHENGRENWEIYIDECHUANGZAOWANWUDEZHUZAISHENYEHEHUA,JIANGQITASUOYOUSHENZHISHIWEIOUXIANG,ERFANDUIOUXIANGCHONGBAIZESHIQIJIBENJIAOYI。ZHEJIUZAILILUNSHANGDAOZHITAYUQITAXINYANGHUOSIXIANGLIUPAIDECHONGTU,WUFAJIANRONG。XUNJIAOSHICHASHIDINGCENGZICHENXIANHOUJIANXINGGUOSIDUOGEPAI、XIAOYAOPAI、BIDAGELASIPAI、BOLATUPAIDENGDESIXIANG,ZUIZHONGRENWEIZHIYOUJIDUJIAOSHIZUIHAODEZHEXUE,YUSHIDUANJUELEYUZHEXIEPAIBIEDEGUANXI,YINWEITAMENDOUCHENGRENDUOSHEN。AOGUSIDINGZAIGUIYIJIDUJIAOHOU,ZECHEDIFOUDINGLECENGJINGXINYANGGUODEMONIJIAO。ZAISHIJIDEFAZHANZHONG,YEQUESHIFASHENGLECHONGTU。LUOMARENBINGBUFANDUIJIDUJIAO,DANYAOQIUSUOYOUDECHENMINJINGBAIHUANGDI,FOUZEJIUYAOSHOUDAOCHENGFA。ZAIJIDUTUKANLAI,ZHESHIBAIOUXIANGDEXINGWEI。BUJINRUCI,TAMENRENWEI,JIDUJIAOSHIWEIYIDEZHENLI,SHIZHENSHANMEIDEHUASHEN,QITADEXINYANGZESHIMIUWU,OUXIANGCHONGBAISHIXIEE,LIYINGXIAOMIE。ZAIJIDUJIAODESHIJIEGUANLI,ZHENLIHEMIUWUSHIBUXIANGRONGDE,JIDUJIAOZIRANBUNENGRONGRENQITAXINYANG,ZHEZAISHIJIANCENGMIANJIUBIAOXIANWEIFEICIJIBIDECHONGTU。JIDUJIAOHEFAHUAQIAN,ZHEZHONGCHONGTUJINJINBIAOXIANWEILILUNSHANGDELUNZHAN,GONGJIYOUTAIJIAOHEQITAYIJIAOXINYANG;JIDUJIAOCHENGWEITEQUANZONGJIAOYOUQISHIGUOJIAOHOU,LUNZHANJIUSHENGJIWEITADUIYIJIDEWULIYAZHI。DUIWAI,TAYAOXIAOMIEYIJIAO,DUINEI,ZEYAOXIAOMIEYIDUAN,YINWEITAMENDOUSHIMIUWU。BUDANYAOXIAOMIEYIJIAO,HUANYAOQINGCHUZHIGENYUYIJIAODEWENHUAJIQIGEZHONGYANSHENGPIN,YOUQISHINEIXIEYIDUOSHENWEIJICHUDEZHEXUELIUPAI。DIAODUOXIYISHISHANGTAIQIANHOU,ZHEGEQUSHIJINYIBUJIAKUAI:GEZHONGYIJIAOJIERIHEJISIHUODONGBEIQUXIAO,SHENMIAOBEIGUANBI,SHENXIANGBEIDAOHUI,SHENGLINVSHENJITANBEICONGYUANLAOYUANQINGCHU,WEISITASHENMIAOSHENGHUOXIMIE,SHENGNVBEIQIANSAN,GEZHONGJISIJITUANJIESAN,HUANGDIYEFANGQILEDAJISIDECHENGHAO,JIULIANAOLINPIKEYUNDONGHUIYETINGZHILE,YOUTAIJIAO、MONIJIAODENGBEIJINZHI。392NIAN,DIAODUOXIZHENGSHIBANBUFALING,JINZHICHULUOMAGONGJIAOWAIDESUOYOUGONGSICHONGBAI,WEIZHECHUSI56。CONGJIDUJIAONEIBULAIKAN,CHONGTUYEYICHANGJILIE。JIDUJIAOSHIYOUTAIJIAODEYIDUAN,ZICHUXIANYISHI,JIUBANSUIZHUBUTONGPAIXIDEWULIFENZHENG。CONG2SHIJIZHONGQIKAISHI,NEIBUJIUYINJIAOYIDENGWENTICHANSHENGFENQI,XINGCHENGJIAOHUISHISHANGSUOWEIZHENGTONGYUYIDUANDEDOUZHENG。GEFANGDOUYIZHENLIDEHANWEIZHEZIJU,ERJIANGDUILIMIANCHIWEIMIUWUDEHUASHEN。DOUZHENGDESHENGLIZHEBEICHENGWEIZHENGTONG,SHIBAIZHEZECHENGWEIYIDUAN,BEIZHUCHUJIAOHUI,SHENZHIBEIWULIXIAOMIE,ZUIZHONGZHIYOULUOMAGONGJIAOYIPAICHENGWEIWEIYIDEZHENGTONG。YIXIDUOERLUOLIEDEJIDUJIAODEDAXIAOYIDUANXIANHOUJIUYOUJIN70GE57。MANZUGUIYIJIDUJIAOHOU,YEJIARUDAODOUZHENGZHONG。CHUFALANKERENWAI,MANZUDOUXINFENGBEIDINGWEIYIDUANDEALIWUPAI,WULIDAJILUOMAGONGJIAOPAI,WANGDAERWANGGUOYOUSHEN。

  LUOMARENWEIHEPAOQICHUANTONGXINYANGJIESHOUJIDUJIAO,ZHESHIYIGEZHONGSHUOFENYUNERZHIJINMEIYOUDINGLUNDEWENTI。BIZHERENWEI,CONGLUOMACHUANTONGXINYANGHEJIDUJIAODETEDIANLAIKAN,ZHEZHONGHUADIWEIYOUDEZHUANBIANYOUSHIKEYILIJIEDE。

  LUOMARENFEICHANGZHONGSHIDUISHENDEXINYANG,BAZHENGQUEDEZONGJIAOXINYANGZUOWEILUOMAFANRONGCHANGSHENGDEBAOZHANG。ZAIGUDAILUOMA,XINYANGCHONGBAIBINGFEIDULIDEHUODONG,ERSHICHENGBANGZHENGZHIDEHEXINZUCHENGBUFEN。LUOMAYOUPANGDADEJISIDUIWU,TAMENTONGSHISHIZHENGFUDEGUANLI,YUANLAOJIECENGZEBACHIZHUJIDAZHONGYAODEJISIYUAN。DAODIGUOSHIQI,YUANSHOUTONGSHIJIANRENDAJISI。ZONGJIAOXINYANGHUANSHIZHONGSHIFALVDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,CONGNUMAGAIGEKAISHIJIUYOUZONGJIAOLIFA,ZAISHIERTONGBIAOFAZHONGYEZHANXIANGDANGBIZHONG。DAOGONGHEGUOMOQI,XISAILUOZAI《LUNFALV》(JUANER)ZHONGYERENGRANBINGCHENGZHEGECHUANTONG。LUOMADERILI(fasti)ZUICHUJIUSHIJISIHUODONGDEFUCHANPIN,BASUOYOUDERIZIFENCHENGSHENRI、FEISHENRI,CHUANTONGSHANGMEINIANYOU40GEZUOYOUDEGUDINGZONGJIAOJIERI,SHIJIANYOUBANRIDAOSHURIBUDENG。ZHEXIEHUODONGDOUYOUGUANFANGSHELIDEZHUANMENJIGOUZUZHIGONGMINCANJIA,SHUGONGMINZHENGZHIDEFANCHOU。LUOMARENDEXINYANGCEZHONGGONGGONGYISHIHEJITIDERICHANGCANYU,YIQIQIUJIATINGHECHENGBANGPINGANQIANGSHENGWEIZHU,DUIGERENJINGSHENSHIJIEDEGUANZHUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。ZHEGEBUZUQIAQIABEIJIDUJIAOMIBULE。JIDUJIAOYIGUANZHUGERENDEMINGYUNHEJIUSHUWEIZHONGXIN,TUPOLEZUQUNHESHENFENDEJIEXIAN,DUISUOYOURENKAIFANG。ZAIPINFUFENHUACHAJUJIADA、DAODERIJIANSHUAILUO、CHUANTONGXINYANGDONGYAODESHEHUIXIANSHIZHONG,JIDUJIAOWUYISHIGENGYOUXIYINLIDEXUANZE。TABUDUANFAZHANZHUANGDADESHISHIYEBIAOMING,TANENGGOUQUDAICHUANTONGXINYANGDEQUEYOUYIDINGDEBIRANXING。

秒速赛车6码计划   JIDUJIAOYIQIPUSHIXINGMANZULEDIGUONEIBUXINGXINGSESEGETIDEXINLINGXUQIU,DANBENZHISHANGTAYOUHENNANRONGRENQITAXINYANG。ZAIXIAOMIELESUOYOUJINGZHENGDUISHOUCHENGWEIGUOJIAOHOU,XINYANGLINGYUDEGONGGONGKONGJIANYUGERENKONGJIANDEFENBIEYOUBUFUCUNZAILE,TASHIJISHANGYOUTONGSHIDANFUQILECHUANTONGXINYANGZAIGUOJIACENGMIANDEGONGGONGZHINENG。SUIRANTAQIANGDIAOYUSHISUZHENGQUANDEQUBIE,DANHUANSHIBEINARUDAOQUANLITIXIZHONG,SHIZHENGZHIDEZUCHENGBUFEN。TAYUZHENGFUGUANXIDELICHENGKEYISHUOMINGZHEYIDIAN。JIDUJIAOZUICHUSHISHEHUIXIACENGDEZONGJIAO,YULUOMASHANGCENGBINGMEIYOUGUANXI,ZHIDAO4SHIJICHU,CAIKAISHIYUHUANGSHIFASHENGLIANXI。JUNSHITANDINGDADIZAIGEIYUJIDUJIAOHUITEQUANDETONGSHI,YEMINGQUEZHISHIJIAOHUICHENGDANZHENGFUDEZHIZE,YAOFUZEGONGYANGQIONGREN。TAHUANZHAOJINIXIYAGONGHUIYI,CANYUJUEDINGJIAOYI,CAIDINGCHENGFAALIWUPAIYIDUAN。CIHOU,HUANGDIGENGSHICANYUSHENZHIZHUDAOJIAOHUINEIBUZHENGTONGYUYIDUANDEDOUZHENG,JIERULUOMAZHUJIAOXUANLIDENGSHIWU。ZHEZHONGCHUANTONGZAIDONGBUBAOCHIDEYOUWEIMINGXIAN,JIAOHUISHIZHONGSHIBAIZHANTINGGUOJIAZHENGZHIDEZHONGYAOBUMEN,HUANGDIZESHIZHONGKONGZHIZHUJUNSHITANDINGBAODAZHUJIAODERENMIAN。MANZUWANGGUODEGUOWANGMENYEZHIJIECHASHOUZHUJIAODERENMIAN。YOUYUZONGJIAOXINYANGSHIZHENGZHIDEYIBUFEN,GUANHUGUOJIADEANWEI,YEJIUBUPAICHUSHIYONGWULI。JIAOHUIDEMINGYUNYEJIUYUHUANGDIGERENDEXINYANGQUXIANGXIUQIXIANGGUAN,LUOMAJIAOPAICHENGWEIWEIYIDEZHENGTONGBINGDEYIJINSHENGGUOJIAO,JIUSHIDIAODUOXIYISHIZHIJIEFUCHIDEJIEGUO。HUANGDIZUOWEIZUIGAOQUANWEI,DANGRANYOUQUANFABUFALING,YEKEYICAIQUGEZHONGSHOUDUANDAJIYIJIAOHEYIDUAN。DIGUOHOUQIZHONGDUODEXIANGGUANFALINGJIUSHIHENHAODEZHENGMING。DUILUOMADEHUANGDIERYAN,CONGCHUANTONGXINYANGZHUANDAOXINDEXINYANG,ZHISHIXINGSHISHANGDEBIANHUA,XINYANGSUODANFUDEBAOYOUGONGTONGTIDEZHINENGBINGMEIYOUBIANHUA。ZONGJIAOSUIRANBIANLE,DANDIGUODUIDAIZONGJIAODETAIDUHESILUBINGMEIBIAN。ZHEZHONGXIANXIANGSHITONGQIDEZHONGGUOSUOMEIYOUDE。

  五、結語

  3-6SHIJI,WULUNDUIZHONGGUOHUANSHIXIFANGLAISHUO,DOUSHIGUANJIANSHIQI。ZAIZHONGGUO,ZHESHIJICHUNQIUZHANGUOJIQINHANZHIHOULISHIFAZHANDEDISANGEZHOUQI,YOUTONGYIERZOUXIANGFENLIE。ZAILUOMA,ZESHIJIGONGHEGUOSHIDAIJIDIGUOCHUQIDINGSHENGHOUDELINGYIGEZHOUQI,YEBURULEDONGDANGYUFENLIE。SHUANGFANGDOUTONGYANGMIANLINZHUNEIWAIWEIJI,YUANYOUDEWENMINGYETONGYANGSHOUDAOCHONGJI。DANSHI,YOUYUZHONGXIZAIZHENGZHI、MINZUJIWENHUAJIEGOUDENGFANGMIANDENEIZAICHAYI,LISHIDEZUIZHONGJIEJUQUEDABUXIANGTONG。ZHONGGUODELISHIHEWENMINGJINGSHOUZHULEWEIJIDEKAOYAN,DEYIZAILIANXUZHONGFAZHAN。HURENHEFOJIAOGEIHANZUWENHUADAILECHONGJI,DANYESHOUCIJIANYANBINGJINYIBUSHIJIANLEQINHANYILAIXINGCHENGDETONGYIDEZHIDUHEGUANNIAN,JIUZHENGLERUJIAYUANYOUDEBIDUAN,CHUANGLILEXINDEJIZHI,XINGCHENGLEXINDEMINZUHEWENHUARENTONG。JINGCIJIEDUAN,ZHONGGUOWENMINGDEJICHUGENGJIAXIONGHOU,QUYUFANWEIJINYIBUKUODA,WENMINGDEHUOLIHEWENDINGXINGYEDADAZENGJIA,WEIXIAYIGEZHOUQIDESUITANGDAFAZHANDIANDINGLEJICHU。TANGDAIZHENGZHITONGYI,MINZUGAODURONGHE,WENHUAFANRONG,CHANGANZESHIGUOJIHUADEDOUSHI。MEIYOUZHEGEJICHU,TANGDAIDESHENGSHISHIBUKENENGDE。XIFANGQUEMEINENGDUGUOWEIJI,DIGUODETONGYIYONGYUANSHIQULE,XIBUDIGUOYEBENGKUILE,GUDIANWENHUAYEMEINENGBAOZHU,WENMINGDEHEXINZAITICHENGSHIJISHIMINSHENGHUOYEXIAOSHILE(ZHISHAOCHENJILEJIGESHIJI),XIFANGDELISHIHEWENMINGDEFAZHANDUANLIELE。MANZUYANXULEDIGUOSONGSANDETONGERBUZHIDECHUANTONG,JIDUJIAOZEGEILUOMACHUANTONGWENHUAHUIMIEXINGDAJI。JINGCIJIEDUAN,XIFANGLISHIHEWENMINGDEYUNXINGXITONGGENGHUANLE,KAIPILEYITIAOXINDEDAOLU。DANGRAN,ZHEGEJIELUNBINGBUSHIYAODUIZHONGXILISHIHEWENMINGZUOYOULIEDEPANDUAN。SHIJISHANG,SHUANGFANGJUNYOUCHANGDUAN,GEJUTESE,DOUSHIRENLEIWENMINGDECHENGGUO。BIJINGBIJIAODEMUDEZAIYUMINGYITONG、ZAIYUBUDUANSHENHUARENSHI,ERFEIDECHUJIANDANDEGAOXIADEJIELUN。

  YINGGAIMINGQUEDESHI,SHUOZHONGGUOWENMINGLIANXUFAZHAN、XIFANGWENMINGZHONGDUANYEBINGFEIFOUDINGZHONGXINEIBUZUQUNZHIJIANDEWENHUAHUJIANYIJIYIXIEJUTIJIZHIDECHENGJI。QIAQIAXIANGFAN,SHUANGFANGNEIBUDEWENHUAHUJIANDOUSHISHIZHONGCUNZAIDE。ZHONGGUOXUESHUJIEYOUHANHUAYUHUHUADEZHENGLUN,YEYOUGUANYUSUITANGJICHENGNANCHAOHUANSHIBEICHAODEZHENGLUN;XIFANGXUESHUJIEZEJIZHONGZAILUOMAHUAYURIERMANHUA(HUOMANZUHUA),YIJIDIGUOZHONGDUAN、LIANXUHUANSHIZHUANXINGDENGWENTI。JIUQIWUWENHUACENGMIANERYAN,ZHONGXIDETEDIANDAZHIXIANGTONG,SHISHUANGXIANGDEHUHUAYUHUJIAN。HANRENZAIYINSHIQIJUNAIZHIFENGSUDENGRICHANGSHENGHUOFANGMIANJIEJIANHURENBUSHAO,HURENTONGYANGYEJIEJIANHANREN。RUJUJINGNEIDEMANZUXIAOFANGLUOMARENDESHENGHUOFANGSHI,LIULIANYUJUYUAN、JINGJICHANGHEYUSHI,YICHUANTUOJIAWEIRONG。LUOMARENYEXIHUANMANZUDEPIYIDENGFUSHI(DIGUOHOUQISHENZHIYOUFALINGJIAYIJINZHI),YINSHIYEROUSHIHUA。JIANZHULINGYU,ZESHIHURENHEMANZUFENBIECAIYONGHANZUHELUOMACHUANTONG。ZAIZHIDUHEGUANNIANDENGFANGMIAN,ZHONGXIDECHAYIJIAODA,ZAIZHONGGUOZHENGTISHANGSHIHANHUA,ZAIXIFANGZEBINGFEIRUCI。MANZUZAISHEHUI、JINGJINAIZHIGUANLIAOTIZHIDENGFANGMIANLUOMAHUAMINGXIAN,SHENZHIPUBIANJICHENGLELUOMAJUYOUZHONGYAOXIANGZHENGYIYIDEKAIXUANYISHI(YESHILIANXUZHONGYOUBIANHUA)58,DANQUEBAOLIULECHUANTONGDEWANGQUANTIZHIHEFALV。WENHUAGUANNIANSHANGZEJIFEILUOMAHUA,YOUMEIYOUBAOLIUCHUANTONG,ERSHIJIDUJIAOHUALE。KEYISHUO,ZHONGGUOSUIRANHUHUAXIANXIANGTUCHU,DANZAIWENMINGZUIHEXINDEKUANGJIASHANGRENGRANBAOCHILEHANZUZHIDUDEZHUTI;MANZUTONGYANGZAILUOMAHUA,DANCHENGDUYOUXIAN,ZAIWENMINGZUIHEXINDEKUANGJIASHANGBINGMEIYOULUOMAHUA。YINCI,ZHEGESHIQIDEHUHUAHELUOMAHUABUZUYIGAIBIANSHUANGFANGWENMINGDEZHENGTIJINCHENG。ZAIZHEGEKUANGJIANEI,YANZHITUISUOWEIDENANBEICHAYIJIUSHUYU“DAIYOUZHONGHUAWENMINGTEZHENGDEQUYUWENHUACHAYI”59,SHITONGZHONGZHIYI。WULUNFEISHUIZHIZHANDEJIEGUOZENYANG,WULUNSUITANGJICHENGDESHINANCHAOHUANSHIBEICHAO,DOUBUHUIDAILAIZHONGGUOWENMINGZHIDEBIANHUA。TONGYANG,JIBIANLUOMADEJINGJISHEHUIZHIDUYOUSUOYANXU,QIWUWENHUADENGFANGMIANFASHENGLEZHUANXING,YEBUNENGZUZHIQIWENMINGDEDUANLIE。QISHI,WULUNLIANXUSHUOHUANSHIZHUANXINGSHUODOUCHENGRENGUDIANWENMINGHUANSHIZHONGJIELE,DAJIADEFENQIZAIYUZHONGDUANDEJUTISHIJIANJIYUANYIN。