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土木工程施工出現裂縫的主因與解決方案

添加時間:2019/10/15

  摘要:眾所周知,裂縫是現階段土木工程施工最難攻克的問題之一,它極易受到外界環境的影響。因此,裂縫是現階段施工隊伍急需解決的問題。本文首先分析了產生裂縫的原因并提出了解決方案,希望能為我國土木工程建設事業的穩步前進作出貢獻。

  關鍵詞:土木工程; 裂縫問題; 處理方法研究;

  1、出現裂紋的重要原因

  1.1、WENDUBIANHUA

秒速赛车6码计划   HUNNINGTUZUOWEITUMUGONGCHENGDEZHONGYAOJIANZHUCAILIAO,HUIYINWEIWAIBUWENDUDEBIANHUAERREZHANGLENGSUO。YINCI,ZAITUMUGONGCHENGDEJIANZHUSHEJISHANGJIUYAOKAOLVDAOSHIGONGXIANCHANGDETIANQIWENTI,FOUZETIANQIFANCHANGDAOZHIWENCHAGUODAJIUHUISHIDEHUNNINGTUBIANXING,ERHUNNINGTUDEBIANXINGLIDUCHAOGUOQIZISHENKANGYANENGLIJIUHUICHANSHENGLIEFENG。RUOCHULIBUHAOHUNNINGTUDELIEFENGWENTISHENZHIHUIYINGXIANGZHENGGETUMUGONGCHENGDEJIANSHE。

土木工程施工出現裂縫的主因與解決方案

秒速赛车6码计划   1.2、DIJICHENJIANGBIANXING

  XIANRUJINSUOYOUDETUMUGONGCHENGDOUXUYAOJIANSHEDIJIJINXINGDIANJI,ERYIXIASANFANGMIANJIYIZAOCHENGDIJICHENJIANGBIANXING。YIGESHIBENSHENBIANSHIRONGYICHUXIANDIKEYUNDONG,DIZHITIAOJIANBUSHIHEDIJIDEJIANZHUDEJIANZHUGONGDI。YIGESHIMEIYOUJINXINGYUSHUIDIXIASHUISHENTOUSHIYANGONGZUO,LINGWAIYIGEJIUSHIHUNNINGTUDEKANGYANENGLIBUDABIAO。JIANSHEDIJISHICHUXIANYISHANGSANZHONGQINGKUANGDOUYOUKENENGCHUXIANCHENJIANGXIANXIANG,SUIHOUDAOZHIHUNNINGTUCHANSHENGLIEFENGDEXIANXIANGCHUXIAN。

  1.3、SHIGONGGONGRENSHIJICAOZUOBUDABIAO

  TUMUGONGCHENGDUIYUHUNNINGTUBILIYAOQIUJIQIYANGE。SHOUXIAN,SHIGONGRENYUANYINGGAIANZHAOBIAOZHUNJINXINGHUNNINGTUDEPEIBI,CHONGFENJIAOBANYIBAOZHENGHUNNINGTUDEZHILIANGDABIAO。QICI,SHIGONGRENYUANYAOKONGZHIHAOHUNNINGTUJIAOZHUDEDEGONGCHENGSUDU,HELIANPAIGANGJINDEPAILIEQINGKUANG。ZUIHOU,BIXUANPAIZHUANZHIRENYUANMIQIEGUANZHUGONGCHENGHOUQIDEYANGHUGONGZUO。FOUZERUGUOSHIGONGGONGRENSHIJICAOZUOBUDABIAOJIUHUISHIHUNNINGTUCHANSHENGLIEFENG,WEIXIESHIGONGANQUAN。

  2、避免裂縫產生的處理方法

  2.1、BAOZHENGYUANCAILIAOZHILIANGDABIAO

秒速赛车6码计划   HUNNINGTUZAITUMUGONGCHENGFANGMIANDEZHONGYAOXINGWUYONGZHIYI,SUOYIXIANGYAOTUMUGONGCHENGBUCHANSHENGLIEFENGZUIGENBENDECHULIFANGFAJIUSHIZAIYUANTOUSHANGBAOZHENGHUNNINGTUDEZHILIANGDABIAO。YINCI,JIANZHUQIYEZAIGOUMAIJIANZHUCAILIAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGGAIBACAILIAOZHILIANGFANGZAIDIYIWEI,YAOZUODAONINGQUEWULAN,QIEJIBUKECAOCAOLESHI。DANGRANBAOZHENGLEHUNNINGTUDEZHILIANGHOUYEYAOJINGXUANBAOKUOGANGJIN,SHASHIZAINEIDEFUZHUCAILIAO,YIBAOZHENGSUOYOUJIANZHUCAILIAODEZHILIANGDABIAO,JIANSHAOLIEFENGDECHANSHENGYUCHUXIAN。

  2.2、MIQIEGUANZHUWENDUBIANHUA

秒速赛车6码计划   WEILEFANGZHIWENDUDEJIJUBIANHUADAOZHIHUNNINGTUCAILIAOCHUXIANDELIEFENGXIANXIANG,KEYIZAIJINXINGHUNNINGTUJIAOZHUSHIDAJIANZHEDANGBAN,YIBIMIANTAIYANGDEZHIJIEZHAOSHAIHUOYUSHUIDECHONGSHUA。TONGSHI,SHUIZAIHUNNINGTUJIAOZHUSHIYEQIZHUBUXIAODEZUOYONG,KEYILENGQUEJIAOBANJI,HUANKEYISHIHUNNINGTUJIANGWEN。HUNNINGTUJIAOZHUWANCHENGHOUYEBUNENGDIAOYIQINGXIN,YAOSHIKEGUANZHUHOUXUDEHUNNINGTUSHISHIWENDUBIANHUA。BIRUZAIGAOWENTIANQIXIA,KEYIXUANZEYONGZHEYANGBANJINXINGZHEGAI,BIMIANHUNNINGTUZHIJIEJIECHUGAOWENKONGQI。ANZHUANGZAIGONGDIFUJINDESASHUIPENTOUYESHIJIANGWENLENGQUEDEHAOGONGJU。ZAIWANCHENGGONGCHENGHOURENGYAOMIQIEGUANZHUHUNNINGTUDEBIANHUA,ZHIYOUSHIKEGUANZHUWENDUBIANHUA,JISHIGENJUJUTIQINGKUANGDIAOZHENGFANGAN,CAINENGCONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUEYOUWENDUBIANHUADAOZHIDELIEFENGWENTI。

秒速赛车6码计划   2.3、ANZHAOBIAOZHUNBILIJINXINGHUNNINGTUDEPEIZHIGONGZUO

  HUNNINGTUDEPEIZHIYOUZHUZHUANYEDEXINGYEBIAOZHUN,BUTONGDESHEJIYAOQIUDUIHUNNINGTUZHIDIYAOQIUYEYOUSUOCHABIE。RUGUOXUYAOJIAQIANGHUNNINGTUDEGANSUOXINGJIUYAOZAIJIAOBANSHIJIARUHANNILIANGJIAOGAOGULIAO。RUGUOXUYAOJIANGDIQIGANSUOXING,ZEKEYISHIDANGJIANSHAOJIARUSHUIJIANG。RUGUOZAISHIGONGSHISHIYONGGAOXIAOJIANSHUIJI,JIUKEYITIGAOHUNNINGTUDEKESUXING。ZAIJINXINGHUNNINGTUDEPEIZHIGONGZUOSHI,DANFANYOUYIDIANSHIWU,JIUHUISHIZUIZHONGJIEGUOYUYUQIDAXIANGJINGTING。YINCI,SHIGONGRENYUANYAOSHUXIZHANGWOHUNNINGTUPEIZHIGONGZUOLIUCHENGYUYAOQIU,HEGEGUIFANDEJINXINGHUNNINGTUDEPEIZHIGONGZUO,BAOZHANGHUNNINGTUCAILIAOZHILIANG,BIMIANLIEFENGXIANXIANGDECHUXIAN。

  2.4、SHIGONGRENYUANCAOZUOBIAOZHUNGUIFAN

秒速赛车6码计划   SHIGONGRENYUANBIAOZHUNGUIFANDESHIGONGCAOZUOYOULIYUGUIBISHIGONGZHONGYIWAICHUXIANLIEFENGXIANXIANG。YINCI,XIANGYAOSHISHIGONGRENYUANCAOZUOBIAOZHUNGUIFAN,SHOUXIANYAOPINQINGZHUANYEDESHIGONGGUANLIRENCAI,TONGCHOUPEIXUNGUANJIANSHIGONGRENYUAN,SHITAMENSHUXIGUIFANDECAOZUOBUZOUYULIUCHENG。QICI,YAODUIGUANJIANGANGWEISHANGDEZHUANYEJISHURENYUANJINXINGLILUNYUSHIJIANLIANGFANGMIANDEKAOHE,JIANCESHIGONGRENYUANDEJIYIYUJINENGSHIFOUDABIAOBINGZUOCHUJISHIDIAOZHENG。ZUIHOU,SHIGONGQIYEYAOYOUHUATUMUGONGCHENGSHIGONGDUIWUDEZHENGTIJIEGOU,TIGAOSUOYOUSHIGONGRENYUANDEZHUANYESUYANG,JINQUANLIBIMIANLIEFENGWENTIDECHUXIAN,JINERBAOZHANGTUMUGONGCHENGDESHIGONGZHILIANGYUJINDUSHUANGDABIAO,TUIDONGTUMUGONGCHENGDEJINBUYUFAZHAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   2.5、YANGEGUANKONGHUNNINGTUWAIJIAJIDETIANJIALIANG

  HUNNINGTUWAIJIAJIJUYOUJIAGEBIANYI,ZHONGLEIDUOYANG,DUOKUAIHAOSHENG,XIAOGUOXIANZHUDENGZHUDUOYOUDIAN。TONGSHI,HUNNINGTUWAIJIAJIZUOWEIHUNNINGTUDIAOPEIZHONGBIBUKESHAODEYONGLIAO,WEIHUNNINGTUTIGAOXINGNENGDEXIAOGUOYUSHUINIBUXIANGJINGTING,YONGLIANGQUEBUJISHUINIDE5%。YINCI,WAIJIAJIZHUJIANCHENGWEIWOGUOTUMUGONGCHENGHUNHEHUNNINGTUDEBIYAOYONGLIAO。WAIJIAJINENGYOUXIAOTIGAOHUNNINGTUDEKANGTANHUAXINGNENG,TANHUASHENDUYUHUNNINGTUDEKONGXILVCHENGXIANXINGXIANGGUAN。WAIJIAJIDUIHUNNINGTUDEKANGDONGXINGNENGYEYOUJIAODAYINGXIANG,RUGUOZAISHIGONGSHISHIYONGJIANSHUIJI,JIUKEYIMINGXIANGAISHANHUNNINGTUDEKANGDONGXING。RUGUOZHICHANRUZAOQIANGJI,HUNNINGTUDEKANGDONGXINGNENGJIANGBUNENGDEDAOMINGXIANTIGAO。

  3、結語

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,XIANJIEDUANWOGUOTUMUGONGCHENGDESHIGONGZHILIANGRENGCHUYUXIAYOU,HUANYOUXUDUOLIEFENGWENTIRENGDENGDAIBEIGONGKE。ZHIYOUJIEJUELEYIZHIKUNRAOZHUTUMUGONGCHENGSHIGONGDELIEFENGWENTI,CAINENGCUJINWOGUOTUMUGONGCHENGDEXUNSUFAZHANYUJINBU,CAINENGGENGHAODEWEIRENMINMOUXINGFU,WEIMINZUMOUFUXING。

  參考文獻
  [1]李博.土木工程施工中裂縫處理策略分析[J].黑龍江科技信息,2016, (19) :255.
  [2]田泰.土木工程施工中裂縫處理策略分析[J].黑龍江科技信息,2016, (21) :260.

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