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低碳城市發展模式和路徑選擇

添加時間:2019/10/15

  摘要:秒速赛车6码计划為應對全球氣候變化,城市實行低碳發展模式是經濟和社會發展的必然選擇。低碳城市建設應結合城市碳循環特點,將碳匯納入衡量體系,保持碳源小于碳匯,這意味著要在城市碳循環分析基礎上,進行科學合理的城市發展規劃,優化城市空間布局,調整城市產業結構,打造智慧型城市。

  關鍵詞:秒速赛车6码计划碳循環; 碳通量; 低碳城市; 發展模式;

  一、引言

  CHENGSHISHISHENGCHAN、SHENGHUOHEXIAOFEIDEJUJITI,YINCICHENGSHIYEJIUCHENGWEILENENGYUANXIAOHAODEJIZHONGDI。JUTONGJI,DACHENGSHIXIAOHAODENENGYUANZHANQUANQIUDE75%,WENSHIQITIPAIFANGLIANGZHANSHIJIEDE80%。ZHONGGUO46%DERENKOUJUZHUZAICHENGSHI,DANQUEXIAOHAOZHU85%DENENGYUAN,PAIFANGZHUJIHUXIANGTONGBILIDECO2。YINCI,ZAIXINXINGCHENGZHENHUABEIJINGXIA,YICO2DENGWENSHIQITIJIANPAIWEIMUBIAODE“DITANCHENGSHI”、“CHENGSHIDITANFAZHANMOSHI”YOUZHUTESHUDEYIYI。

低碳城市發展模式和路徑選擇

  2008NIANCHU,SHIJIEZIRANJIJINHUI(World Wide Fund for Nature)YUGUOJIAJIANSHEBULIANHETUICHUYIZHONGGUOSHANGHAIHEBAODINGLIANGSHIWEI“DITANCHENGSHI”SHIDIANYIHOU,“DITANCHENGSHI”XUNSU“CUANHONG”。DITANCHENGSHISHIJISHANGSHIYI“DINENGHAO”、“DIWURAN”HE“DIPAIFANG”DEDITANJINGJIWEIFAZHANLINIANDECHENGSHIYUNYINGMOSHIHUOXINJINGJIFAZHANMOSHI。CONGZHEGEYIYISHANGJIANG,DITANCHENGSHIDEJIANSHEYUSHENGTAIWENMINGDEZHANLVEMUBIAOSHIWANQUANYIZHIDE。

  RUHECUJINCHENGSHIDITANZHUANXING,YISHIXIANDITANCHENGSHIDEMUBIAO?DADUOXUEZHETICHUYINGSHIXIANJINGJIHENENGYUANJIEGOU、CHENGSHIJIANZHU、CHENGSHIJIAOTONG、JUMINXIAOFEIFANGSHIDITANHUA。DANSHIDANCHUNKAOLVZHEXIEDEJIANSHESILUJIANGDAOZHIDITANCHENGSHIDELEITONGFAZHAN。YINCI,ZAIJINXINGDITANCHENGSHITANSUOSHI,YAOJIEHECHENGSHITANXUNHUANGUOCHENGTEDIAN,JIANLIKEXUEHELIDEDITANFAZHANGUIHUA,TANSUOYUCHENGSHIZIYUANBINGFU、GONGNENGDINGWEIXIANGPIPEIDEZONGHEJIEJUEFANGAN,ZHEYANGDEDITANCHENGSHICAIJUYOUSHIXIAOXINGHEKECHIXUXING。

  二、低碳城市的內涵

  GUANYUDITANCHENGSHIDEDINGYISHUOFABUYI。SHIJIEZIRANJIJINHUIDEDINGYI:DITANCHENGSHISHIZHIZAIJINGJIGAOSUFAZHANDEQIANTIXIA,BAOCHINENGYUANXIAOHAOHECO2PAIFANGCHUYUJIAODISHUIPINGDECHENGSHI;QIHOUZUZHI(Climate Group)GEIDITANCHENGSHIXIADEDINGYISHI:ZAICHENGSHINEITUIXINGDITANJINGJI,SHIXIANCHENGSHIDEDITANPAIFANG,SHENZHISHILINGTANPAIFANG。SHANGSHULIANGGEDINGYIJIAOWEILONGTONG,ZHIQIANGDIAOLECHENGSHIDITANFAZHANDEMUBIAO,MEIYOUSHUOMINGCHENGSHIDITANMUBIAODESHIXIANFANGSHI。HUANYOUDUOGEXUEZHEDUIDITANCHENGSHIZUOCHULEDINGYI:DITANCHENGSHIJINGJIFAZHANDEHEXINDONGLISHIDITANCHANYE、CHENGSHIJUMINDEDITANSHENGHUOFANGSHIHESHENGHUOLINIAN,YIJIZHENGFUYIDITANSHEHUIWEIMUBIAOGUIHUADECHENGSHIJIANSHELANTU。HENXIANRAN,CIDINGYIQIANGDIAOLECHENGSHIDITANMUBIAODESHIXIANFANGSHI,DANSHIHULVELECHENGSHIDITANFAZHANDEMUBIAO。

秒速赛车6码计划   JIYUYISHANGKAOLV,WOMENRENWEI:DITANCHENGSHISHIZAIZHENGFU、QIYE、GERENHEZUZHIJIGOUDENGSIFANGMIANDENULIXIA,GENJUCHENGSHIDEZIYUANBINGFUHEGONGNENGYAOQIU,YIKAOZHENGFUDEZHENGCEYINDAOHEZHIDUYUESHU,SHIXIANDITANDESHENGCHANFANGSHIHESHENGHUOFANGSHI,SHIXIANTANYUANXIAOYUTANHUIDEMUBIAO。ZHEGEDINGYIJIESHI:DITANCHENGSHIDEMUBIAOSHIBAOCHITANYUAN(Carbon Source)XIAOYUTANHUI(Carbon Sink),XIANGDUIYUTANDELINGPAIFANGMUBIAO,ZHEGEMUBIAOGENGJUKEWANCHENGXING。CINEIHANYEJIESHILEDITANCHENGSHIDESHIXIANFANGSHI,JIYINGJIANGTANHUINARUHENGLIANGTIXI,RUGUOGAICHENGSHIDE“TANDEJICUNTI”KEYICHENGZAIYIYOUDETANYUAN,JIUXIANGDANGYUMEIYOUTANPAIFANG。ZHETIXIANLECHENGSHITANXUNHUANDEJIBENYUANLI,TONGGUOCHENGSHIZHIBEIHETURANGDENGTANHUIZUOYONG,BUCHANSHENGTANDEYICHU,SHIXIANTANYUANXIAOYUTANHUI。

  三、城市碳循環核算

  CHENGSHITANXUNHUANJUYOU“ZIRAN—JINGJI”ERYUANJIEGOUTEZHENG。CHENGSHISHENGTAIJINGJIXITONGDETANXUNHUANGUOCHENGBAOKUOCHENGSHINENGYUANXIAOHAO、CHENGSHIKUOJIAN、CHENGSHITURANGZHIBEIFUGAIDENGCHANSHENGDETANTONGLIANGBIANHUA。TONGSHI,ZAIZIRANHERENWEIDEZUOYONGXIA,QITANKUDETANCHULIANGZAIYIDINGSHIJIANNEIHUIFASHENGZHUSHURUHESHUCHUDETANTONGLIANGBIANHUA。LEJIECHENGSHITANXUNHUANGUOCHENGWEIDITANCHENGSHIFAZHANTIGONGSHUJUZHICHIHEMUBIAOQIERUDIAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   (YI)CHENGSHIDETANTONGLIANG

秒速赛车6码计划   CHENGSHIDETANXUNHUANHESUANSHOUXIANSHICONGCHENGSHITANKU、CHENGSHISHURUTONGLIANGHECHENGSHISHUCHUTONGLIANGDENGJIGEFANGMIANLAIZHENGTIKAOLVCHENGSHIDETANTONGLIANGDEBIANHUA。YINCI,YIFANGMIANWOMENYAODALIANGSHOUJINENGYUANDEXIAOHAO、JIAOTONGSHIYONG、ZHIBEIHETURANGDENGFANGMIANDESHUJU,LINGYIGEFANGMIANYEXUYAOJINXINGDUIYINGXIANGCHENGSHITANXUNHUANDESHEHUIJINGJIHESHENGWUWULIYINSUJINXINGKUAXUEKEYANJIU。

  (ER)CHENGSHITANTONGLIANGDEHESUAN

秒速赛车6码计划   DUICHENGSHIZIRANJINGJIDAXITONGZHANKAITANTONGLIANGHESUANDEJUTINEIRONGBAOKUO:CHENGSHIGONGYE、JUMIN、JIAOTONGNENGYUANXIAOHAODETANPAIFANG;JISUANCHENGSHIZHIBEI、TURANGFUGAICHANSHENGDETANTONGLIANG;GUSUANCHENGSHIKUOJIANHETUDILIYONGFANGSHIZHUANHUANDAILAIDEZHIJIEHEJIANJIEDETANPAIFANGHETANCHULIANGDEBIANHUA。JUTIHESUANDEGUOCHENG,SHOUXIANKEYILIYONGYAOGANJISHU(RS)SHOUDUANBINGJIEHECHENGSHIDEDIMIANDIAOCHA,HUODECHENGSHIGEZHONGTUDILIYONG、HELIUJIFUGAIZHIBEI、SHENGCHANHESHEQUDEZHUANGTAICANSHU,SUIHOUKEYILIYONGDILIXINXIXITONG(GIS)JIEHESHENGTAIMOXINGLAIFENXIHECHULICHENGSHITANTONGLIANGDEKONGJIANFENBUJIDONGTAIBIANHUASHUJU,ZUIHOUYIDITU、TUXING、SHUJUBIAOGEDENGXINGSHIZHANSHIFENXIDEJIEGUO。

  四、低碳城市發展模式

  CHENGSHIDEDITANFAZHANMOSHI,BUJINJINSHITINGLIUZAICHENGSHIZHISHUZAOLINLVHUACENGMIAN,GENGYINGGAISHICONGDITANCHENGSHIFAZHANGUIHUARUSHOU。ZAICHENGSHITANXUNHUANHESUANDEJICHUSHANG,JIANGDIZHONGDIANLINGYUTANPAIFANG、ZHENGFUTUIXINGDITANGUANLIFANGSHIDENGFANGMIANKAIQITANYUANKONGZHIMOSHIHETANHUIJIANGTANMOSHI。

  (YI)DITANCHENGSHIFAZHANGUIHUA

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAICHENGSHITANHESUANDEJICHUSHANG,KEXUEDIFENXICHENGSHIDANGQIANHEGUOQUGEQUYUDETANYUAN/HUISHUJU,YUCECHENGSHIGEQUYUTANYUAN/HUIWEILAIFAZHANQINGJING,YICIZHIDINGHELIDEDITANCHENGSHIFAZHANGUIHUA。

  1. QUEDINGCHENGSHIBUTONGQUYUDETANPAIFANGQIANGDU。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAICHENGSHITANHESUANDEJICHUSHANG,JIANGCHENGSHIHUAFENWEITANPAIFANGZHONGDIANQU、TANPAIFANGPINGHENGQU、TANHUIQU。ZHENDUISANLEIGONGNENGQULAIZHUOQINGQUEDINGJINGJIDEKAIFAQIANGDUHEHUANJINGBAOHUYUXIAN,ZHIDINGQIESHIKEXINGDEQUYUFAZHANGUIHUA,YISHIXIANTANYUANHETANHUIPINGHENG。

  2. QUEDINGCHENGSHIBUTONGQUYU、XINGYEDETANJIANPAISHULIANG。

秒速赛车6码计划   TONGGUOJISUANDECHUCHENGSHICO2DENGWENSHIQITIDENGDEPAIFANGZONGLIANGHOU,GENJUJIANPAIDEMUBIAOHEJIANPAIDEYAOQIU,JIANGZHEXIEZHIBIAOHELIDEFENJIEDAOGEGEQUYU、BUMENHEQIYE,YAOQIUYANGEANZHAOTANJIANPAIDEJIHUALAIZUZHISHENGCHAN,TONGGUOKONGZHIWENSHIQITIPAIFANGDEZONGLIANG。

  (ER)DITANCHENGSHIFAZHANMOSHI

秒速赛车6码计划   XIANYOUGUANYUDITANCHENGSHIFAZHANMOSHIDEYANJIUZHUYAOJUXIANYUXIANZHIGAOTANCHANYEFAZHAN、GAIBIANNENGYUANJIEGOU、FAZHANDITANJIAOTONGHEDITANJIANZHU、ZHENGFUTUIXINGDITANGUANLIFANGSHIDENGJIGEFANGMIAN。ERZAICHENGSHITANXUNHUANFENXIDEJICHUSHANG,KEYIMINGXIBUTONGMOSHIDEJIBENQUDONGYINZI(RUDILITIAOJIAN、SHEHUIJINGJIYINSUDENG)DEZUOYONG,GENJUCHENGSHIWENSHIQITIPAIFANGDEQINGDANHEFENE,DANGQIANHEGUOQUCHENGSHIGEQUYUDETANYUAN/HUIDENGTANXUNHUANGUILV,YOUZHENDUIXINGDIZAITANPAIFANGZHONGDIANSHIXINGTANYUANKONGZHIMOSHIHETANHUIJIANGTANMOSHI。

  1. TANYUANKONGZHIMOSHI。

  TANPAIFANGZHONGDIANQUYIBANWEIYUCHENGSHIZHONGXINQU,JIAOTONGHEJIANZHUYOUSHIQIZHONGDEZHONGDIANLINGYU。YINCIZHENDUIZHELEIQUYUKECAIQURUXIACUOSHI:CAIYONGDITANPAIFANGQIANGDUDEJIAOTONGXITONG,BIRUCAIYONGGUDINGGUIDAODARONGLIANGXINNENGYUANDEGONGGONGJIAOTONGTIXI,KEYIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIANSHAOJIAOTONGLINGYUDETANPAIFANG;TONGSHI,JINLIANGCAIYONGQINGJIENENGYUANHEXINNENGYUAN;TIGAONENGYUANSHIYONGXIAOLVHEJIANSHAOTANPAIFANG;CAIYONGLVSEJIANZHUJISHU,JIANGDIJIANZHUWUDENENGYUANXIAOHAOHETANPAIFANGDENG。

  2. TANHUIJIANGTANMOSHI。

  TANHUIJIANGTANMOSHIZHUYAOZHENDUIZENGJIACHENGSHILVDIMIANJI,TIGAOTANHUINENGLI。CHENGSHIDEREDAOXIAOYINGKEYITONGGUOSHUMUHELVDIKONGJIANDEZENGJIALAITIGAOTANXISHOU。JUCESUAN,RUGUOYIGECHENGSHIQUANBUWUDINGMIANJISHIXINGLVHUA,CHENGSHISHANGKONGDECO2JIANGJIANSHAO80%ZUOYOU;GAISHANYINGYANGDAPEIHENONGYEGUIHUACUOSHILAITIGONGRENMENSUOXUYAODESHIWU,BUJINYOULIYUGERENDESHENTIJIANKANGHUANKEYIZENGJIATURANGTANHUIHEJIANSHAOTANPAIFANG;ZAIGONGYESHENGCHANFANGMIAN,TONGGUOBUTIEYOULIYUTANBUZHUODEJISHUKAIFAHELIYONG,JIANGSHIWEILAICHENGSHITANHUIJIANGTANMOSHIYIGEZHONGYAOLINGYU。

  五、低碳城市發展路徑選擇

秒速赛车6码计划   JIYUTANXUNHUANDEDITANCHENGSHIFAZHANMOSHIZHIZAIJINXINGTANXUNHUANGUANLI,CHONGFENLIYONGCHENGSHIZIYUANBINGFUHUOCHUANGXINCHENGSHITANHUIGONGNENG,KONGZHIHUOJIANSHAOCHENGSHITANDEPAIFANG,YISHIXIANCHENGSHIJINGJISHEHUIYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,GUWOMENKEYICONGYOUHUACHENGSHIKONGJIANBUJU、DIAOZHENGCHANYEBUJUHEDAZAOZHIHUIXINGCHENGSHIRUSHOU。

秒速赛车6码计划   (YI)YOUHUACHENGSHIKONGJIANBUJU

  GUONEIWAIDEYANJIUHEJUTIDESHIJIANBIAOMING:RUGUOCHENGSHIZAIJIANSHEDEGUOCHENGZHONGKONGJIANBUJUBUHELI,JIANGDAOZHITANPAIFANGDEZENGJIA。YINCI,HELIDEBUJUCHENGSHIDEFAZHANLANTU、YOUHUACHENGSHIDEDAOLUJIAOTONGHEDIAOZHENGCHENGSHIDEYONGDIJIANSHE。YOUHUACHENGSHINEIBUJIEGOUHEHELIKONGZHIYONGDIGUIMO,SHIDITANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDEHEXINJICHU。QIZHONG,HELIKONGZHIYONGDIGUIMOGUOWAIDUOCAIQUSHENGTAIZHUDAODEJINCOUXINGFAZHANMOSHI;ERYOUHUACHENGSHINEIBUJIEGOUSHIJIANGXIANGSIHUOZHEXIANGGUANDEYONGDIJINXINGJIJUHUOZHEHELIDECHULIXIANZHIYONGDIJINXINGLVHUALAISHIXIANKONGJIANDEJIANGTAN。QIZHONGYOUHUACHENGSHIKONGJIANBUJUSHICONGYUANTOUJIANGDINENGYUANXIAOHAO,JIANSHAOWENSHIQITIPAIFANGDEZHONGYAOTUJING。RUZENGJIAJIANSHESHENGTAIJINGGUAN,JIANSHAOYINGDIGUANGCHANG,JINXINGCHENGSHIWUDINGLVHUADEGAIZAO,KEYITISHENGCHENGSHIDELVDIDANWEIMIANJILVHUAGONGNENGHETANHUIXIAOLV。

秒速赛车6码计划   (ER)DIAOZHENGCHENGSHICHANYEBUJU

  ZAICHENGSHIGUIHUAGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGGENJUCHENGSHIBUTONGQUYUHEXINGYETANTONGLIANGQINGKUANG,JINXINGYUCHENGSHIGONGNENGDINGWEIXIANGSHIYINGDECHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA,RUDIYICHANYEYINGGAIXIANGJULICHENGSHIBIJIAOJINDEJIAOQUDIQUQIANYI,ZHONGXINCHENGQUFAZHANDISANCHANYE,CHENGSHIJIAOQUJIEHEBUYIQINGGONGYEWEIZHU;WEIXINGCHENGZHOUWEIJIANSHENONGYEQUHEGAOXINJISHUQU,XINGCHENGNONGYEXIANDAIHUASHIFANJIDIHECHANYEMOFANJIDI,JIANSHEYIZHONGZHIHEYANGZHIWEIZHUDECHANYEKONGJIANBUJU;QICIGENJUQICIYINGGENJUJIANPAIMUBIAOYAOQIU,TIGAOGAOTANCHANYEDEGUIHUAZHUNRUTIAOJIAN。JIEHECHENGSHISHIJI,YANGEGUANKONGQIYEDEJINRU,GULIFAZHANNENGYUANXIAOHAODI,FEIQIWUPAIFANGSHAODEGONGYE、GAOXINJISHUHEDISANCHANYEBUMEN,KONGZHINENGHAOCHANYEWAIYANKUOZHANG,JINZHIFAZHANGAOPAIFANGDECHANYE,QIANGZHIXINGDITUICHUNENGYUANSHIYONGLVJIAODI、GAOLANGFEI、GAOPAIFANGDENGDUICHENGSHISHENGTAIHUANJINGYINGXIANGYANZHONG、YUQISHOUYIDIDECHANYE。

  (SAN)DAZAODITANZHIHUIXINGCHENGSHI

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAIHULIANWANGSHIDAI,ZHIHUICHENGSHISHIYIDASHUJUHEYUNJISUANWEITEZHENGDEDITANCHENGSHI。YINCI,JIANGHULIANWANGHEWULIANWANGZUOWEICHENGSHIFAZHANDESHOUDUAN,DAZAODITANZHIHUICHENGSHIDEFAZHAN,SHIJIANGDICHENGSHITANPAIFANGDEYITIAOYOUXIAOTUJING。RUTONGGUODASHUJUHEYUNJISUAN,WEICHENGSHITIGONGYOUXIAODEBIANMINFUWU。BIANMINSHIJIANGCHENGSHIDERENYUAN、ZIYUAN、JIAOTONG、DIANLIDENGSHENGCHANSHENGHUOYAOSUHELIDEFENPEI,ZUIDAXIANDUDIJIANSHAOXIANZHIZIYUANDELANGFEI;ZUIHOU,DAZAODITANZHIHUISHEQU,JIJIYUNYONGXIANDAIKEJI,SHIXIANXINXIDEGONGXIANG,ZIYUANDEERCILIYONG,SHIXIANSHEQUDEGUANLIZHINENGHUAHEDITANHUA。

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