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建筑施工安全的影響因素與控制策略

添加時間:2019/10/08

  摘要:改革開放以后我國的經濟不斷地發展, 國家經濟有了長足的進步, 國民經濟也是飛速發展。所以人們的生活水平普遍提高, 在很多時候人們會更加注重生活的質量, 近些年隨著我國現代化進程的不斷推進, 很多的人對于建筑的要求也是十分高, 這就對我國的建筑行業有著更高的要求, 同時建筑行業也面臨著更多的挑戰與競爭, 建筑行業的競爭也是十分激烈, 所以也需要在工程建筑方面除了建筑速度以外也需要特別關注建筑施工的質量問題, 還有專業的施工人員在修建的時候需要更加注意安全的控制問題。一個完整的建筑工程是有著非常復雜的環節, 所以其中所涉及的細節也是非常的多, 因此在現實的建筑施工之中需要特別注意細節安全的操控, 因此在施工的過程之中就會有很多的安全隱患, 所以在現實中的施工之中需要非常的注意安全問題。

  關鍵詞:建筑工程; 施工; 安全; 控制管理;

秒速赛车6码计划   JIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGXINGYEHUIMIANLINHENDUODEANQUANYINHUAN,SUOYIZAISHIJISHIGONGDESHIHOUJIUYAOTEBIEZHUYIZHEYANGDEWENTI,SHIGONGANQUANDEBAOZHANGBUJINGUANXIZHUZHENGGEJIANZHUSHIGONGGONGCHENGDESHUNLIWANCHENG,BINGQIEHUANYUHOUQIRENMENSHIYONGJIANZHUDEANQUANXIXIXIANGGUAN,SUOYIZAIQIANQIDESHIHOUYIDINGYAOZHUYIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGDEYOUGUANWENTI。SUOYIDANGQIANDEJIANZHUANQUANKONGZHIYIJISHIGONGDEZHILIANGDEBAKONGSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODERENWU,XUYAOMEIYIGEJIANZHUQIYEDOUJINXINGYANMIDEBAKONG,BUJINSHIDUIYUZIJIDEGONGCHENGXIANGMUFUZEGENGSHIDUIGONGZUORENYUANDESHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANFUZE,DANGQIANWOGUODUIYUSHIGONGANQUANWENTIYIJINGZHUJIANDEZHONGSHI,DANSHIHUANSHICUNZAIZHUHENDUODEWENTIHUANSHIXUYAOWOMENMIQIEDEKONGZHI。

建筑施工安全的影響因素與控制策略

  1、建筑工程施工安全控制的重要意義

秒速赛车6码计划   DANGQIANWOGUODEJIANZHUXINGYEYIJINGSHIWOGUODEJICHUXINGYE,SHIGUOMINXINGDEZHIZHUCHANYE,SUOYIJIANZHUXINGYEDEANQUANFAZHANSHISHOUDAOLEQUANSHEHUIDEMIQIEGUANZHU,YINWEIYOUZHURUCIZHONGYAODEWEIZHI,SUOYIJIANZHUSHIGONGDEANQUANGENGSHIBEISHOUGUANZHU,JIANZHUSHIGONGXINGYEDEANQUANKONGZHIWENTIGENGSHIXUYAOZHUANYEDEGONGZUORENYUANQUBAKONG。DANGQIANWOGUOJIANZHUXINGYEDEHUANJIEZHONGDUO,YINCIHUANSHIYOUHENDUODEANQUANYINHUAN,SUOYIJINXIENIANBANSUIZHUJIANZHUXINGYEDEBUDUANFAZHAN,WOGUODEJIANZHUANQUANSHIGUYESHIJINGCHANGFASHENG,SUOYIHUANSHIYOUZHUHENDUODEANQUANWENTI。ZAIDONGJI、XIAJIDENGJIDUANTIANQITIAOJIANXIA,SHIGONGRENYUANZAILUTIANZUOYE,YINCIZAIGEZHONGZIRANHUANJINGHUOYIWAIYINSUXIA,RENGHUICUNZAIXUDUOANQUANWENTI。ZHESHIWOGUOMUQIANPUBIANCUNZAIDEANQUANWENTI。JUDIAOCHA,MUQIANJIANZHUWUCUNZAIHENDUOANQUANWENTI。YINCI,ZHIDEGUOJIAGEBUMENZHONGSHI。DUIJIANSHEXIANGMUDESHIGONGANQUANRENGYOUXIANGGUANDEFALVFAGUI,DANHUANMEIYOUWANSHANDEJIANGUANZHIDU。SUIRANYIJINGCHUTAILEXIANGGUANZHENGCE,DANYOUYUGEGONGSI、GEQIYEDOUBUNENGSHIYINGSHIJIGONGZUO,RENGRANCUNZAIXUDUOWENTI。SHIGONGZHONGDEANQUANWENTIBUJINYINGXIANGDAOZHENGGEGONGCHENGDESHUNLIFAZHAN,ERQIEHUANCUNZAIXUDUORENSHEN、CAICHANWENTI。YINCI,WOGUOJIANZHUANQUANHUANJINGDEXINGSHIRENGRANBULEGUAN,XUYAOJINYIBUNULI。

  2、影響建筑施工安全的重要原因

  2.1、YUANCAILIAODEZHILIANGBUNENGDADAOYAOQIU

  DANGQIANDEJIANZHUGONGCHENGXUYAODEHUANSHIGANGJINSHUINIHUNNINGTUZHILEIDECAILIAO,ZHEXIECAILIAODEZHIDIYINWEIBUTONGDEPINPAIPINZHIYESHIYOUZHUGENBENDEBUTONG。HAODEJIANZHUSHIGONGGONGCHENGJIUSHIZAIJIANZHUGONGCHENGZHIQIANJIUXUANQUFUHEGUOJIAANQUANBIAOZHUNDESHIGONGYUANCAILIAO,RANHOUJINXINGFANFUDEJIANCELAIQUEBAOCAILIAODEANQUAN,DANSHIYINWEIYIGEGONGCHENGSHEJIDEHUANJIEFEICHANGDUOBINGQIEHENDUODEJIANZHUCAILIAO,NANMIANZAIHENDUOSHIHOUHUANSHIHUICHUXIANLOUDONGHEPILOU,RANHOUJIUYINWEIZHEYANGDEPILOUJIUHUIZAIJIANZHUSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANLEANQUANWENTI。ERQIEYOUDERENWEILEYANQIANDELIYIYONGLENEIXIEBUFUHEGUOJIAYAOQIUDEJIANZHUCAILIAOHUOZHESHIYOUHAIDEJIANZHUCAILIAODOUSHIHUIYINGXIANGJIANZHUGUOCHENGZHONGDEANQUANJINZHAN。SUOYIJIANZHUYUANCAILIAODESHIYONGHUANSHIXUYAOTEBIEZHUYI,ZHEYESHIYINGXIANGJIANZHUGONGCHENGDEZHONGYAOYINSUZHIYI。

  2.2、JIANZHUSHIGONGGONGZUORENYUANDEANQUANYISHIBUGOUQIANG

  JIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGZAIHENDUOSHIHOUSUIRANBUXUYAOHENGAODEWENHUASHUIPINGDANSHIZAISHIJIJINGYANZHEKUAIHUANSHIXUYAOBIJIAOFENGFUDE,SUOYIDUIYUJIANZHUSHIGONGDEGONGZUORENYUANHUANSHIYOUYIDINGYAOQIUDE。ZAIGONGZUODESHIHOUKENENGHENDUOSHIHOUHUIYOUYIWAIDEQINGKUANGFASHENG,ZHEGESHIHOUJIUKEYITONGGUOZHEXIEJINGYANFENGFUDEGONGZUORENYUANKEYIJISHIDEJIEJUEWENTI,RANHOUKEYIBIMIANGENGDUODEWEIXIANCHANSHENG,RANHOURUGUOZHENDECHUXIANWENTIYEKEYIYOULEJISHIDEZHIZHIYIHOUFANGZHIWENTIDEKUODA。BINGQIEYIGEJIANZHUDANWEIDESHIGONGRENYUANZAIJIANZHUSHIGONGDEGUOCHENGLIMIANXUYAOYOUHENGAODEANQUANYISHI,YAOSHIKEBAOCHIZHUHENGAODEANQUANYISHICAINENGBAOZHENGSHIGONGANQUANBIMIANFASHENGSHIGU,JIANZHUGONGCHENGYINGGAIXUYAOYIGERENLAIZHUANMENDEFUZESHIGONGANQUANWENTI,ZHEYANGDEHUAJIUHUIGENGJIAXIZHIRANHOUKEYIZHIDINGYITAOWANSHANDEANQUANXITONGGUANLITIZHI,JIUKEYIZUNXUNANQUANXITONGYIJITIZHI,SUOYIYIDINGYAOTIGAOSUOYOUGONGZUORENYUANSHENZHISHILINGDAORENYUANDEANQUANFUZEYISHI。

  2.3、SHIGONGSHEBEIBUHEGEYIJILIUCHENGBUQIADANG

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAIXIANCHANGSHIGONGDEHUANJIELIMIAN,CHULERENWEIHUANYOUZIRANHUANJINGYINSUYIWAI,XIANZAIHENDUOSHIHOUDOUSHISHIXINGJIQIZIDONGHUA,JIUSHIZAIHENDUOXIANCHANGZUOYEDEQINGKUANGCAIYONGLEJIQILAIDAITI,SUOYIJIANZHUSHIGONGDESHIHOUJIQISHEBEIDENGZHENGCHANGSHIYONGYESHISHIFENZHONGYAODE,FOUZEJIQISHEBEIJINGCHANGCHUXIANSHIGUYESHIJINGCHANGFASHENGDE,GONGDISHANGJIQIZHONGLEIFANDUO,SHEBEIDEANQUANJIANCHABUDAOWEI,SUOYIJIUHUIDAOZHIJIQIDESHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANPILOU,SUOYIJIQISHEBEIDEANQUANSHIYONGYESHIYIGEZHONGYAODEWENTI。LINGWAIYINWEIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHEJIDEHUANJIEFEICHANGFANZA,YINCINANMIANZAIMOUGEHUANJIECHUXIANLEYILOU,JIUYAOJIAQIANGANQUANYINHUANDEPAICHA,SUOYIZAIGONGZUOYIQIANYIDINGYAOJIANGZHEXIEGONGZUOWANQUANDOUANPAIHAO,BURANJIUHUIJINGCHANGXINGDECHUXIANSHIGUYINGXIANGSHIGONGJINDU。

  3、建筑工程施工中的安全控制管理措施

  3.1、TIGAOYOUGUANGONGZUORENYUANDEANQUANYISHI

秒速赛车6码计划   XIANGGUANDEGONGZUORENYUANYAOPINGJIEZIJIDEZHUANYEZHISHIYIJIJINENGTIGAOANQUANWENTIDEGUANZHU。ZHUYAODEGONGZUORENYUANJIUSHIXIANCHANGSHIGONGDEJISHUGONGRENHUANYOUGUANLIZHEHUANYOUQIYEDELINGDAOZHEZAITIGAOANQUANYISHIZHEFANGMIAN,MEIYIGEGONGZUORENYUANDOUXUYAOFUCHUZIJIDELILIANG,LINGDAORENYUANXUYAOZHIDINGXIANGGUANDETIZHIZHIDU,GUANLIRENYUANXUYAOBAKONGMEIYIGEHUANJIEDEDAOWEI,SHIGONGRENYUANYAOZUODAORENZHENJIANCHAMEIYIGEXIJIEGUIBIHENDUOHENDUOFENGXIAN,SHIDEGONGCHENGDEANQUANWENTIBUZAISHITOUTENGDEYINHUAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   3.2、JIAQIANGDUIYUANCAILIAODEZHILIANGDEKONGZHI

  YOUZHIDEYUANCAILIAOSHIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHUNLIWANCHENGDEZHONGYAOJICHU,ZHIYOUBAOZHENGLEKEGUANDEYUANCAILIAODEJICHUSHANGZHUGUANDERENWEIDENULICAIKEYIGENGYOUXIAO,SUOYISHOUXIANJIUXUYAOBAOZHANGYUANCAILIAOFUHEGUOJIAZHENGCHANGDEBIAOZHUN,SHIMEIYOUANQUANYINHUANDE,ZAICAIMAIYUANCAILIAODESHIHOUXUYAORENZHENBIDUI,YAORENZHENBIANBIE,ZAIGOUMAIYUANCAILIAODESHIHOUKEYIXUANZEDUOJIABIDUI,DUIYUCAILIAOXUYAORENZHENJIANCE,ZHEJIUDUIGOUMAIYUANCAILIAODEGONGZUONENGLITICHULEYAOQIU,ZAIGOUMAIYUANLIAODESHIHOUYIDINGYAOZUODAORENZHENFUZE

秒速赛车6码计划   3.3、JIANLIANQUANDEZERENGUANLITIZHI

  SHIGONGXIANCHANGZUIZHONGYAODEHUANJIESHIQUEBAOANQUAN,YINCIJIANLIYIGEHEGEDEANQUANGUANLITIXISHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,ZHEJIUYAOQIUXIANGGUANANQUANYUANJINXINGXIANCHANGDIAOCHA,SHEJIYIGEQIESHIKEXINGDEANQUANFANGAN,MEITIANYIGERENDOUYAOZUOHAOZIJIDEBENZHIGONGZUO,KEYISHANGFAFENMING,RANGRENMENZAIGONGZUODESHIHOUKEYIGENGJIADEYOUDOUZHI,DUIYUYOUANQUANFENGXIANDEYUANTOUXUYAOYANGEDEKONGZHIYIJIYUANLI。ZAIWANSHANDEANQUANXITONGLIMIAN,KEYIZHUMINGZAIXIANCHANGSHIGONGDESHIHOUNAXIESHIYOUANQUANYINHUANDEDONGXIJIUKEYIYUANLI。HUANYAODINGQIJINXINGANQUANJIAOYU,TIGAOMEIGERENDEANQUANYISHI,MEIGERENGESIQIZHI。WANSHANDEANQUANZHIDUSHISHUNLIJUNGONGDEZHONGYAOJICHUYIJIZHONGYAOBAOZHENG。

  4、結語

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,SHENGCHANANQUANGONGZUOSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,ERJIANZHUXINGYEZHONGDEANQUANWEIXIANYOUPUBIANBIJIAOGAO,SUOYIJIUGENGJIADEXUYAOZHUZHONGANQUANDEWENTI,WOMENXIANZAIYAOTEBIEZHUYIXIANSHIZHONGDEJIANZHUGONGCHENGDEANQUANSHIGONGKONGZHIGONGZUO,RENSHIDAOQIZHONGDEZHONGYAOXINGYIJIWOMENKEYIYISHIDAOMUQIANDEXINGYECHUJING。WOMENZAIZONGJIEYINFAANQUANSHIGUDEYINSUDETONGSHIYEXUYAOYANGEDEZUNZHAOYIDINGDECUOSHILAIBIMIANANQUANWENTI,JINKENENGDEJIANGDIJIANZHUSHIGONGZHONGDEANQUANWENTI,BAOZHANGSHIGONGDEZHILIANGYIJIANQUAN。

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秒速赛车6码计划   [5]王志泉.建筑防水施工質量管理能力評價研究[D].天津大學, 2017.