秒速赛车6码计划

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老年公寓建筑環境、室內空間及功能設計

添加時間:2019/10/08

  摘要:秒速赛车6码计划在我國發展初期,不夠重視人口老齡化問題,未針對老齡化問題明確投資方向及制定可行性政策,加之設計人員未能充分了解老年人的生活狀況,缺乏設計老年公寓的經驗,導致現有老年公寓普遍不能滿足老年人的實際需求,不能為老年人提供舒適的生活環境。傳統的設計不僅不能充分服務于老年人,而且使得老年人無法獲得個性化的服務,降低了老年人的生活質量。基于此,文章主要闡釋了老年公寓的相關設計問題。

  關鍵詞:老年公寓; 設計; 建筑;

  1、我國老年公寓的概況

  LAONIANGONGYUGUMINGSIYIZHIDESHIZHUANMENZHENDUILAONIANRENSHEJIDEZONGHEXINGJIANZHUWU,QIBAOHANYITIHUASHENTIBAOJIAN、YIWUZHILIAO、YULEXIUXIAN、WENHUAJIAOYANG、QINGJIEWEISHENG、YINSHIQIJUDENGGELEIFUWU。20SHIJIQIBASHINIANDAI,WOGUOCHENGSHIKAISHIJIANSHELAONIANGONGYU。RANERZONGLANGEDACHENGSHIXIANYOULAONIANGONGYUBUNANFAXIANQIPUBIANCUNZAIWEIXINGCHENGWANBEIDEJICHUSHESHI、FUWUZHILIANGCHADENGWENTI。ZHILIANGCHADAOZHILAONIANRENWUFAHUODETIEXINDEZHAOGU,JIERDAOZHIJIBINGPINFA。LAONIANGONGYUDEFUWURENYUAN、LAONIANRENPINPINCHUXIANJIUFEN。ZHENDUIZHEYIXIANZHUANG,GUOJIAYINGGAIJINKUAICHUTAIXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,TUOSHANXIEDIAOSHUANGFANGDEQUANLIYUYIWU,WEILAONIANRENTIGONGSHUSHIDEJUZHUHUANJING。

老年公寓建筑環境、室內空間及功能設計

  2、老年公寓建筑環境設計

秒速赛车6码计划   2.1、SHINEILVHUASHEJI

  QIHEXIEDIAORENYUJIANZHU、HUANJINGDENGYAOSUDEGUANXI,SHEJILAONIANGONGYU。JIEHELAONIANGONGYUDETEDIAN,QISHINEIZHUANGSHICHENSHEWUPINYINGYIZHIWUWEIZHU。ZHESHIYINWEIZHIWUJUYOUTIANRANDEQINHELI,GENGYOULIYUYINGZAOHEXIE、WENXINDESHENGHUOKONGJIAN,BANGZHULAONIANRENXIAOCHUGUDUGAN,TONGSHILVSEZHIWUHUANJIANJUXISHOUFEIQI、JINGHUAKONGQIDENGZUOYONG,GENGYOULIYUCUJINLAONIANRENSHENXINJIANKANG。CIWAI,SHEJIRENYUANHUANKEJIEHEDIFANGTESE、CHUANTONGWENHUASHEJICHUMINGLIANG、KUANCHANGDELAONIANRENGONGGONGHUODONGKONGJIAN,YINGZAOYIGECHONGMANHUOLIYUSHENGJIDEYULEKONGJIAN,RANGLAONIANRENDEYIBAOCHIYUYUEDEXINQING,XIANGSHOUKUAILEDERENSHENG。

秒速赛车6码计划   2.2、SHINEIREHUANJINGSHEJI

  SUIZHUNIANLINGDEZENGCHANG,LAONIANRENDESHENTIMIANYILIMEIKUANGYUXIA,QIEYUELAIYUEMINGANYUZHOUBIANHUANJINGDEBIANHUA。LAONIANRENDUISHINEIHUANJING,YOUQISHISHINEIKONGQIZHILIANG、WENSHIDUDENGGEFANGMIANJUNTICHUJIAOGAOYAOQIU。SHEJIRENYUANYINGGAICHONGFENKAOLVLAONIANRENDETESHUQINGKUANG,HELISHEJILAONIANGONGYU,QUEBAOQISHINEIREHUANJINGFUHELAONIANRENDEYAOQIU。SUISHUOSHINEIKONGJIANDAXIAO、KONGJIANGONGNENGGONGTONGJUEDINGSHINEIREHUANJINGSHEJI,LAONIANRENDUISHINEIREHUANJINGDEYAOQIUGENGGAO,BAOKUORIZHAO、WENDU、TONGFENGDENGGEFANGMIAN。BIRUXUYAOJIEHEGEDIQU、JIQUFENBIECAIQUBUTONGDEFANGFASHEJIKONGZHISHINEIWENDU,WUBISHIQIANGMIANNENGCHONGFENFAHUIBAOWENREFANGHUDENGGONGNENG,BAOZHENGSHINEIWENDUNENGMANZULAONIANRENDESHENGHUOXUYAO。LAONIANRENDUISHINEIHUANJINGDEYAOQIUHUANBAOKUOSHIYIDERIZHAOTIAOJIAN。SHIDANGDEYANGGUANGNENGTISHENGSHINEIWENDU,QUZOUYANHAN,TONGSHIJUYOUSHAJUNXIAODU、CUJINGAIXISHOUDENGZUOYONG,ZHEXIEJUNYOUZHUYUCUJINLAONIANRENJIANKANG。CONGZHEYIFANGMIANLAISHUO,SHEJISHIYINGGAICHONGFENKAOLVJIANZHUDECHAOXIANG,RANGWENHEDEYANGGUANGNENGJINRUSHINEIKONGJIAN,FUYUSHINEISHIDANGDEMINGLIANGDU。

  3、老年公寓戶內空間設計

  3.1、KETINGYUWOSHIDESHEJI

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAIZHENGGELAONIANGONGYUZHONG,LAONIANRENSHENGHUOSHIJIAN、SHIYONGPINLVZUIGAODECHANGSUOYOULIANGGE。QIFENBIESHIWOSHIYUKETING。ZAISHEJISHIYINGGAICHONGFENKAOLVKONGJIANDEGONGNENG、MIANJIDENGYAOQIU,TONGSHIHUANBIXUMANZULAONIANRENDEXINGWEIYAOQIU、SHENGHUOXIGUANDENGGEFANGMIANDEYAOQIU。LAONIANGONGYUSHIQUBIEYUPUTONGZHUZHAISHEJIDE。BIRUKETINGSHEJIYINGYIZHIGUANJIANJIE、XINGTIJIANDANWEIZHU,TONGSHIJINLIANGSHIYONGMINGDU、CAIDUJIAOGAODEHUNHESEDIAO,YINGZAODESHINEIJIDIAOGENGFUHELAONIANRENDESHENGHUOXIGUAN。JIEHELAONIANRENDETEDIAN,JIANYIQIANGTI、SHESHIYINUANSEDIAO、BAISEWEIZHU,TONGSHIHUANYINGGAICHONGFENPIPEISHINEIGUANGYINGBIANHUATEDIAN,WEILAONIANRENYINGZAOLIANGHAODESHINEISHIJUETIYAN。ZAISHEJIWOSHIFANGMIAN,ZEYINGGAICHONGFENKAOLVLAONIANRENDUISHUIMIANZHILIANGDEYAOQIU。CIWAI,ZHENDUIBUFENLAONIANRENXUYAOXIEZHUHULI,ZEZAISHEJIFANGMIANHUANYINGGAIYULIUKONGJIANFANGBIANHULIRENYUANZOUDONGHUOZHELUNYIYUNXING。

秒速赛车6码计划   3.2、CHUFANGYUWEISHENGJIANSHEJI

  ZAIZHENGGESHINEIKONGJIANZHONG,CHUFANGWUYISHIZUIJU“RENJIANYANHUO”DEQUYU,NANGUAIYOURENSHUO,CHUFANGRANGJIAGENGXIANGJIA。LAONIANGONGYUSUIRANYEYOUJIAOWEIFENGFUDECANYINGONGNENG。DANSHISHEJIZAISHEJICHUFANGKONGJIANSHI,FEICHANGYOUBIYAOLIYONGKETINGXINGCHENGYIFANGBIANLAONIANRENJINXINGJIAOLIU、PEIYANGAIHAOWEIZHUDEKAICHANGSHIDEKONGJIAN。TONGGUOCIZHONGKAICHANGXINGDESHEJI,FENGFULAONIANRENDESHENGHUO,RANGLAONIANRENJIANDEYIXIANGHUJIAOLIUCHUYI,TISHENGBICIGANQING。ZAISHEJISHI,HUANYINGGAICHONGFENKAOLVDAOCHUFANGZHONGHANYOUZHUDUODAIYOUWEIXIANXINGDECAOZUOQIJU,ERLAONIANRENDESHENGLIZHUANGTAI、FANYINGNENGLIKENENGJIAORUO,YINERYINGGAISHIDANGDIAOZHENG、GAISHANCHUFANGGONGNENG。JUTIKEJIEHERUXIACUOSHIJINXING:SHOUXIANSHIJINLIANGSUOXIAOCAOZUOJULI,ZAICHUFANGKONGJIANSHEJIFANGMIANJINLIANGYISANJIAOBUZHIDEFANGSHIWEIZHU,JINLIANGJIANSHAOLAONIANRENXINGDONGDEJULI;QICI,KEXUEDIAOZHENGJIAJUCHICUN,BIRUKESHIYONGGAODUJIAOXIAODECAOZUOTAI、JUTAIDENG,FANGBIANLAONIANRENTIQUWUPIN;ZUIHOU,HUANYAOBAOZHENGCHUFANGGEZHONGSHESHIDEANQUANXING,ZAISHEJICHUFANGDEZHENGGEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGGAICHONGFENZUOHAOFANGHUACUOSHI,SHIYONGFANGHUOCAILIAOZHIZUOCHUWUJU、CAOZUOTAI,JIANSHAOCAOZUOBUDANGDAOZHILAONIANRENFASHENGYIWAIDEQINGKUANG。WEISHENGJIANYESHISHEJIDEZHONGDIAN,ZHESHIYINWEIWEISHENGJIANDESHIYONGPINLVJIAOGAO,YINGGAIYIFANGBIANLAONIANRENSHIYONGWEIJIBENYUANZEJINXINGSHEJI[1]。

  4、老年公寓建筑功能設計

  4.1、YILIAOGONGNENGDESHEJI

  YOUYULAONIANGONGYUFUWUQUNTIDETESHUXING,YINCIBIXUJUBEIYILIAOGONGNENG。ZHESHIYINWEILAONIANQUNTIXIANGJIAOYUQITAQUNTIGENGRONGYIDEGEZHONGTUFAXINGJIBING,YOUQISHIZAIYULE、YUNDONGDENGHUODONGZHONG。JISHISHIJIUHUOZHEDIYISHIJIANJINXINGJIANDANDEZHILIAOSHIYOUXIAOYINGDUITUFAJIBING,JIANSHAOTUFAJIBINGDUILAONIANRENDEWEIHAIXING,TIGAOCHENGGONGJIUZHULVDEGUANJIAN。LINGWAI,WANSHANDEYILIAOSHEJI,YEYOUZHUYULAONIANRENHUODEANQUANGAN。SUIZHUNIANLINGDEZENGCHANG,LAONIANRENDEMIANYINENGLI、SHENTIDEJINENGHUIBIANDEYUELAIYUECHA,BIQITANIANLINGCENGCIDEQUNTIGENGYICHUXIANFASHAO、GANMAODENGBINGZHENG,SHENZHIHUANYOUKENENGTONGSHICHUXIANGELEIBINGFAZHENG。ZHEXIEYINSUGONGTONGDAOZHILAONIANRENGENGJIAYILAIYIYUAN。JIYUCI,SHEJIZHEZAISHEJILAONIANGONGYUSHI,YINGGAICHONGFENJIEHELAONIANGONGYUDEDENGJI、DAXIAODENGYINSUSHEJIYILIAOGONGNENG。BIRUXIAOXINGLAONIANGONGYU,JIANYIYIJIANDANDEYILIAOJIUZHUWEIZHU,PEIBEIJIUHU、ZHENSUODENGGONGNENG。DAXINGLAONIANGONGYUGUIMOJIAODA,FUWUDELAONIANQUNTIJIAODUO,YINGYIXIAOXINGYIYUANDENGYILIAOGONGNENGWEIZHU。FANGBIANLAONIANRENKEZAIGONGYUNEIWANCHENGTIJIAN、JIUZHENDENGHUODONG。JIEHEPINGMIANSHEJILAONIANGONGYUDEFANGSHI、SHEJIYAOQIU、ZONGTIGUIHUADENGYAOSU,ZONGHEKAOLVHELISHEJILAONIANGONGYUDEYILIAOGONGNENG。KEFENKAIHUOZHEJIZHONGYILIAOGONGNENG、FUZHUGONGNENG。RUXUANZEFENKAIDESHEJIFANGSHI,ZEJIANYIZAINEIBUSHEJIYIWUSHI。TONGSHIYIWUSHIBIXUJUYOUJIANDANZHILICASHANG、PENGZHUANG、GANMAO、FASHAODENGCHANGJIANBINGDEZUOYONG[2]。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.2、CANYINGONGNENGSHEJI

  LAONIANRENDUILAONIANGONGYUDEYAOQIUHUANTIXIANZAICANYINGONGNENGFANGMIAN。SUIZHUNIANLINGDEZENGJIA,LAONIANRENDESHENTISHENGLIJINENG,JINGLIHUOLI、RICHANGXIAOHAODENGGEGEFANGMIANJUNCHUYUZHUJIANRUOHUADEZHUANGTAI,YINERGENGXUYAOHELIDAPEIYINSHI,HEHUMEIYIWEILAONIANREN。LAONIANGONGYUZHONGDECANYINGONGNENGCHULETIXIANZAIWEILAONIANDETIGONGYINSHIZHIWAI,QIGENGWEIZHONGYAODESHINENGJIEHEMEIYIWEILAONIANRENDESHIJIQINGKUANG,XIAOHUAXISHOUNENGLI,DIAOZHENGYINSHIDAPEI,SHEDINGGEXINGHUADESHIPU,YICUJINLAONIANRENDESHENTIJIANKANG,TIGAOQISHENTISUZHI。

秒速赛车6码计划   4.3、YULEXIUXIANGONGNENGSHEJI

  DUITUILEXIUDELAONIANRENERYAN,ZAIQIBURULAONIANZHUANGTAIHOU,SHENXINGEFANGMIANDOUFASHENGLEFANTIANFUDIDEBIANHUA。CONGQIANFANMANGDEGONGZUOBEIMEIYOURENHEGONGZUOYALIXIUXIANDESHENGHUOSUOQUDAI,ZHEGESHIHOUNANMIANCHUXIANMIMANG、KONGXU,SHENZHIBUZHISUOCUODEGANJUE。SHEJIZHEYINGGAICHONGFENKAOLVLAONIANRENDEZHEYITEDIAN,YOUMUDEXINGDEJINXINGSHEJI,SHEJIFUHELAONIANRENYAOQIU、XUYAODEXIUXIANYULESHESHI,HUANJIELAONIANRENYAYI、KONGXUDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI。TONGSHIHELIDEYULEXIUXIANGONGNENG,HUANYOUZHUYULAONIANRENJIANDEGOUTONGYUJIAOLIU,CUJINBICIDEQINGGAN,RANGLAONIANRENDEYIZIRANDERONGRULAONIANGONGYUDESHENGHUOZHIZHONG,WEIRIHOUXIANGSHOUMEIHAODESHENGHUODIANDINGJICHU[3,4]。

  5、結束語

  SHEJIRENYUANYINGGAILIZULAONIANRENZHEYIQUNTIDESHIJIQINGKUANG,CHONGFENLEJIEQISHENGHUOXUQIU、SHENGHUOTEZHENG,YOUZHENDUIXING、HELIDESHEJILAONIANGONGYU。RANGLAONIANGONGYUCHENGWEILAONIANRENZUIWENXINDEJIA,WEIQITIGONGYUYUE、FANGBIAN、ANQUANDEHUANJING,MANZULAONIANRENSHENGLI、XINLIDEYAOQIU,BANGZHULAONIANRENHUANJIEPAIYOUJIENAN,HUANJIEBULIANGDEQINGXU,WEILAONIANRENCHUANGSHEYIGEZUIYOULIYUSHENXINJIANKANGDESHENGHUOJUZHUHUANJING。

  參考文獻
  [1]吳瑕,李鵬濤.老年公寓公共空間適老化設計策略研究[J].建筑與文化,2019(5):141-142.
  [2]李慶悅,萬輝.老年公寓單人臥室家具設計研究[J].家具與室內裝飾,2019(5):26-29.
  [3]孫楊楊.老年公寓空間環境的適老化設計研究:基于馬斯洛需求層次理論[J].設計,2018(21):158-160.
秒速赛车6码计划   [4]王海瀾.老年公寓建筑設計分析及啟示[J].住宅與房地產,2018(22):76.