秒速赛车6码计划

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管理學研究中的“矛盾”內涵與管理范式

添加時間:2019/10/11

  摘要:為厘清“矛盾視角”在管理學領域的研究現狀及未來發展方向, 結合我國傳統文化與當代意識中的矛盾辯證理念, 以及當前西方管理學有關矛盾視角的主流文獻, 對該領域的相關研究進行系統性綜述。研究表明:矛盾視角相關概念 (雙元、混合、辯證、困境、矛盾) 的內涵既有自身的獨特性, 又存在一定的關聯性;管理矛盾的主要范式可以被劃分為3種, 即防御矛盾、統合矛盾和轉化矛盾, 且每種范式都有一定的實證化操作方法與之相對應;矛盾視角作為一種“元范式”, 適用于中國轉型經濟的情境化研究、組織管理、組織行為與領導力以及組織創新和變革等研究領域。

  關鍵詞:秒速赛车6码计划管理學; 矛盾視角; 概念辨析; 管理范式;

  1、研究背景

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAIRIYIFUZA、GAODUDONGTAIDEHUANJINGXIA, SUIZHUGUANLISHIJIANZHONGDEMAODUNXIANXIANGJIWENTIDERIYITUCHU, “MAODUNSHIJIAO”CHENGWEIQUANQIUGUANLIXUELINGYUZHONGBEISHOUGUANZHUDEFAZHANFANGXIANG。ZI20SHIJI80NIANDAI, XIFANGGUANLIXUEZHEKAISHIDUIMAODUNDENEIHANYULILUNFANSHIJINXINGXITONGFENXI[1,2], JINNIANLAI, SUIZHUXIFANGDINGJIGUANLIXUEQIKANLUXUFABIAOLEYIXIEXITONGHUASHULI、YINGYONGMAODUNSHIJIAODELILUNHESHIZHENGLUNWEN, SHITACHENGWEIZAIGUANLIXUEJIBENYANJIUFANSHISHANGDUIZUIJIASHIJIANGUAN、QUANBIANGOUXINGGUANDEYICIZHONGDAFAZHANYUCHAOYUE[3,4,5,6]。

管理學研究中的“矛盾”內涵與管理范式

  DANSHIJISHANG, SUOWEIDANGQIANBEIXIFANGGUANLIXUEFENGWEIQIANYANDEMAODUNSHIJIAO, QIAQIASHIDONGFANGSIBIANZHIHUIZHONGYIZHONGDIANXINGXINGDEYISHIFANGFALUN。“MAODUN”SHIJIAOBUJINYUWOGUOCHUANTONGZHIHUIZHONGDE“YINYANG”SIXIANGXIANGQIHE[7], ERQIEYUWOGUOJINXIANDAIYILAIMAKESIWEIWUBIANZHENGFA、MAODUNFENXIDENGSIWEIFANGFAXIANGZHAOYING。RUXINZHONGGUOGUANLILILUNKAICHUANGZHELIZHANXIANG[8], CENGYU20SHIJI60NIANDAIJIUKAISHITANSUOYINGYONGMAKESIZHEXUEZHONGDEMAODUNGUANDIANYIJIMAOZEDONG《MAODUNLUN》ZHONGDEMAODUNFENXIFA, LAIFENXIQIYESHENGMINGLIHEQIYECHENGCHANGDEWENTI, JINERKAICHUANGHEFAZHANLE“MAODUNGUANLIXUE”ZHEYIXITONGXINGDEGUANLIFENXITIXI。

  RANERZHIZHIDANGQIAN, DONGXIFANGGUANLIXUEYANJIUZHIJIANDELILUNDUIHUARENGRANCUNZAIZHUBUPINGHENG、BUCHONGFENDEDIANXINGWENTI。YIFANGMIAN, WOGUODEYANJIUYUXIFANGZHULIUDEGUANLILILUNJISHIZHENGFANGFATIXIDEQUANMIANJIEGUI, CUJINLEWOGUOGUANLIXUEYANJIUZAIFANSHIKEXUEHUA、FABIAOGUOJIHUADENGFANGMIANDEKUAISUFAZHAN[9];DANTONGSHIYESHIDEWOGUODEGUANLIXUEYANJIURIQUTUOLIZHONGGUODEQINGJINGBENWEIHESHIJIANBENTI, YOUQIZAILILUNYUJINGHEYANJIUWENTISHANG, JIHUYIMAODINGXIFANGWENXIANWEIZHUNSHENG, WEICHONGFENZHAGENYUZHONGGUOQINGJINGHEZHONGGUOGAIGEZHUANXINGZHONGSUOJILEIHETIGONGDEFENGHOUSHIJIANTURANG, QUESHIYUGOUJIANHECHUANGXINJUYOUZHONGGUOQIPAIDEGUANLILILUN[10]。LINGYIFANGMIAN, RUYISHANG“MAODUNGUANLIXUE”DENGLEISIDEJIYUWOGUOCHUANTONGSIBIANHUODANGDAIYISHIDELILUNYUJING, SUIRANZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJUYOUYUJINGSHANGDETESEXING、SHIJIANSHANGDEXIANDAXINGHEJILISHANGDECHUANTOULI, DANYOUWANGWANGYUXIFANGZHULIUDEGUANLIXUEGAINIANFANCHOUQUEFAZHAOYINGHELIANXI, HUOQIYANYIXINGDEJILIGUANDIANYEYINQUEFAYANGEDESHIZHENGFANGFALUNJIANYAN, ERNANYIYUXIFANGGUANLIXUEJIANLIQITONGTOUDELILUNDUIHUA。

  DANGQIANMAODUNSHIJIAOZAIXIFANGZHULIUGUANLIXUEZHONGDEXINGQI, WEIYANJIUZHEMENTIGONGLEYIGEZHONGYAODEQIJI, ZAIYUWOGUOMAODUNSIBIANCHUANTONGHE“MAODUNGUANLIXUE”DENGDEZHAOYINGZHONG, YIQIGONGTONGWEIGUANLIXUEYANJIUFANSHIXIANGZHU“MAODUNSHIJIAO”DEFAZHANZUOCHUGONGXIAN。ZHENGRUPUTNAMDENG[5]SUOZHICHUDE, MAODUNSHIJIAOKEYICHENGWEIGUANLIXUELINGYUDEYIZHONGYUANLILUNFANSHI, CONGTIQUHEJIEDINGYANJIUWENTIDESHIJIAOJISHIZHENGHUADEFANGFALUNCENGMIAN, DOUKEYIWEIGUANLIXUEYANJIUDAILAIFANSHIXINGDESHENGJI。

  BENYANJIUZHIZAIJIANGWOGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAJIDANGDAIYISHIZHONGDEMAODUNBIANZHENGLINIAN, YUDANGQIANXIFANGGUANLIXUEYOUGUANMAODUNSHIJIAODEZHULIUWENXIANXIANGJIEHE, SHOUXIANJIUMAODUNSHIJIAODEXIANGGUANGAINIANNEIHANJINXINGLIQINGHEBIANXI;QICI, JIUMAODUNGUANLIZHUYAOFANSHI (BAOKUOFANGYUMAODUN、TONGHEMAODUNHEZHUANHUAMAODUN) JIQISUOBAOHANCELVEDELILUNNEIHANJINXINGXITONGSHULI;ZAIZE, PIPEIZHUYAODEMAODUNGUANLIFANSHIYUCELVE, JIURUHEJINXINGMAODUNSHIZHENGYANJIUCAOZUODEFANGFALUNJINXINGCHUBUTANTAO, CONGERWEIMAODUNSHIJIAOZAIGUANLIXUELINGYUDESHENHUAYINGYONGTIGONGXITONGXINGDELILUNFANCHOUYUYANJIUFANGFAJICHU。

  2、管理學研究中的“矛盾”內涵

  ZUZHIDEYUNXINGGUOCHENGBENSHENJIUBAOHANZHANGLI、JINGZHENGYIJIMAODUN[11,12], YOUQIYAOXIANGZAIBUDUANBIANHUADEHUANJINGZHONGSHENGCUNYUFAZHAN, ZUZHIBIXUNENGGOUCHENGGONGGUANLIGEZHONGLEIXINGDEMAODUN。LIRU, ZUZHIXUYAOMIANDUIFENHUAYUJICHENGDEMAODUN, YIFANGMIANTONGGUOFENHUASHIZUZHIJUYOUBUTONGDENENGLILAIYUAN, LINGYIFANGMIANBIXUNENGGOUDUIZHEXIENENGLIJINXINGJICHENG;ZUZHIGUIMOXUYAOZUGOUDAYIYONGYOUGENGDADESHICHANGJINGZHENGLI, DANTONGSHIYEXUYAOZUGOUXIAOYISHIXIANKUAISUFANYING;ZUZHIXUYAOSHIYOUJIAZHIDEZHISHIZAIZHENGGEZUZHIDEGEGEBUFENJIANYOUXIAOCHUANBO, DANTONGSHIYEYAOFANGZHIHEXINZHISHILIUXIANGJINGZHENGDUISHOU。CIWAI, ZUZHIDELINGDAOZHEYEMIANLINZHUGEZHONGXIANGHUMAODUNDELINGDAOWENTI。LIRU, LINGDAOZHEXIWANGNENGDUIYUANGONGYISHITONGREN, DANXIASHUQUEQIWANGZHUGUANNENGGENJUZIJIDEBUTONGQINGKUANGDUIZIJIJINXINGQUBIEDUIDAI;LINGDAOZHEXIWANGNENGYANGEKONGZHIGONGZUOGUOCHENG, DANXIASHUQUEXIWANGNENGYOUGENGDUODEGONGZUOZIZHUQUAN[4]。ZUZHIZHONGMIMANDEGEZHONGMAODUNGEIZUZHIDAILAILEWUSHUDETIAOZHAN, YINCI, SHIFOUNENGYOUXIAOYINGDUIZUZHIZHONGXINGXINGSESEDEMAODUN, BUJINSHIZUZHINENGFOUGAOXIAOYUNZHUANDEGUANJIAN, YESHIHENGLIANGLINGDAOZHEGUANLISHUIPINGDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。

  2.1、WOGUOCHUANTONGMAODUNGUANYUMAODUNGUANLIXUE

秒速赛车6码计划   MAODUNDEBIANZHENGHUASIXIANGYIZHISHIZHONGGUOWENHUANEIZAIDEDIANXINGSIBIANFANGSHIZHIYI, ZHEZHONGSIWEIFANGSHIZAIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUA、MAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEYIJIBENTUGUANLIXUELINGYUJIEYOUSUOTIXIAN。

秒速赛车6码计划   (1) ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGDEMAODUNGUAN

  “MAODUN”ZAIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGYOUJIUYUANDELISHI, DAIBIAOXINGDESHIZHONGGUODEYINYANGZHEXUE。YINYANGZHEXUERENWEI, SHIJIESHIZHENGTIDE、DONGTAIDE、BIANZHENGDE, SUOYOUXIANXIANGDOUSHIYOULIANGZHONGDUILIDEYUZHOUNENGLIANG (YIN、YANG) XIANGJIEHEERXINGCHENGDE。YINDAIBIAOROUXINGDENENGLIANG, YANGDAIBIAOGANGXINGNENGLIANG, LIANGZHONGLILIANGDEDONGTAIBIANHUAXINGCHENGLESHIJIANDEWANSHIWANWU。JINGUANMAODUNSHUANGFANGXIANGHUDUILI, BICIFOUDING, DANTAMENSHIJISHANGXIANGHUYICUN、XIANGHUBUCHONG, BINGQIEGONGTONGZUCHENGYIGEHEXIEDEZHENGTI。

秒速赛车6码计划   (2) MAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEZHONGDEMAODUNGUAN

秒速赛车6码计划   MAKESIZHUYIYIJINGBEISHIJIANZHENGMINGSHIKEXUEDESHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUN。ZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGHESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESHIJIANZHONG, ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENCHENGGONGSHIXIANLEMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA, BINGDUIQIGUANYUMAODUNWENTIDELUNSHUJINXINGLESHENHUAHEFAZHAN, QIZHONGZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDESHIMAOZEDONGDE《MAODUNLUN》。ZHONGGUOHUAMAKESIZHUYIDEMAODUNGUANRENWEI, MAODUNJIUSHIDUILITONGYI, SHIPUBIANCUNZAIDE, DANSHIJUTIMAODUNYOUYOUQITESHUXING;SHIWUBAOHANDEMAODUNSHIBUPINGHENGDE, JUZHIPEIDIWEI、QIJUEDINGZUOYONGDESHIZHUYAOMAODUN, JUCONGSHUDIWEI、BUQIJUEDINGZUOYONGDESHICIYAOMAODUN;TONGYIMAODUNNEIBUYOUYULILIANGBUTONGYOUFENWEIZHUYAOFANGMIANHECIYAOFANGMIAN;MAODUNSHUANGFANGJUYOUTONGYIXINGHEDOUZHENGXING, BINGZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIAKEYIXIANGHUZHUANHUA。

  (3) BENTU“MAODUNGUANLIXUE”

秒速赛车6码计划   LIZHANXIANG[8]ZHICHU, MAODUNGUANLILILUNSHIQIYEKECHIXUCHENGCHANGDELILUNJICHU, BINGTICHULE“MAODUNGUANLIXUE”, JISHIXIANQIYEDEKECHIXUCHENGCHANGXUYAOZHENGQUECHULIQIYEDEJIBENMAODUNHEZHUYAOMAODUN。QIYEDEJIBENMAODUNSHIZHIZAIQIYECHENGCHANGQUANGUOCHENGZHONGDOUCUNZAIDEMAODUN, BAOKUOLIANGFANGMIAN:①RENMENBUDUANFENGFUHEBIANHUADEWUZHIWENHUAXUQIUTONGQIYESHIYINGYUMANZUZHEZHONGXUQIUDENENGLIDEYOUXIANXINGZHIJIANDEMAODUN;②QIYEYUANGONGLIYIZHUIQIUTONGQIYESHIYINGYUMANZUZHEZHONGZHUIQIUNENGLIDEYOUXIANXINGZHIJIANDEMAODUN。QIYEDEZHUYAOMAODUNSHIZHIBUTONGQIYEHUOTONGYIQIYEZAIBUTONGDESHIJIAN、DIDIAN、TIAOJIANXIASUOMIANLINDETUCHUMAODUN。QIYESHIJINGJIXINGHESHEHUIXINGDEDUILITONGYI, GUANLIDEBENZHIJIUSHIZHENGQUECHULIQIYENEIWAIBUMAODUN。MAODUNGUANLIXUERENWEI, SHIXIANQIYEZHENGTIXIAONENGYOUHUAHEKECHIXUCHENGCHANG, JIUXUYAOYUNYONGDUILITONGYIGUILVHEMAODUNFENXIFANGFA, PINGHENGQIYEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEGEZHONGZHONGDAGUANXI, YIJIYANJIUCHUANGXIN、QIYEXINGXIANG、ZHISHIYAOSU、QIYEJIADENGZAIQIYEKECHIXUCHENGCHANGZHONGDEZHANLVEZHICHENGDIWEIHEZUOYONG[8]。

秒速赛车6码计划   YOUCIKEJIAN, YISHANGWOGUODANGDAIDEMAODUNGUANLIXUEJIGENZHIYUDONGFANGWENHUAZHONGDEMAODUNSIBIANCHUANTONG, YOUYINGYONGMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUE、MAOZEDONGSIXIANGZHONGDEMAODUNBIANZHENGFA, LAITANSUOQIYESHIXIANDONGTAIPINGHENGFAZHANSUOXUCHULIHAODEZHONGYAOGUANXI。DANCUNZAIYIXIAWENTI:①ZHEXIEFENXIZHUYAOYIMAODUN“DUILITONGYI”ZHEGEZHEXUEHEXINNEIHANWEIZHUXIAN, ZAILILUNYUJINGDEGAIKUOXINGSHANGHENQIANG;“DUILITONGYI”“XIANGFUXIANGCHENG”“JIYAO-YOUYAO”DENGYUJINGGAIKUOXINGQIANG, DANQUEJIAOWEILONGTONGERQIEDUIMAODUNJUTINEIHAN、SHUXINGDENGGAINIANFANCHOUQUEFASHENRUGOUJIAN。②ZAIFENXIFANGFASHANGZHUYAOJIYUMAODUNJIBENYUANLIJINXINGYANYIXINGDEBIANZHENGFENXI, YIYIGUANZHIDEBIANZHENGLUOJICHUANTOULIHENQIANG, RANER, QUEWEINENGJIURUHEDUIJIEHEZHUANHUAWEIKECAOZUODESHIZHENGYANJIUTUIDAOCHUJUTIDEFANGFAFANSHI。ZHEXIEYOUWOGUOGUANLIXUEZHENGTIFAZHANJIEDUANERCHANSHENGDELISHIXINGJUXIAN, ZUAILEMAODUNGUANLIXUEZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIDEYANJIUDUIHUAYUSHENHUAFAZHAN。YANJIUZHEMENJIDAIJIUXIANDAIXIFANGZHULIUGUANLIXUEWENXIANZHONGYONGXIANDEXIANGGUANMAODUNGAINIANJINXINGSHULI, YIGENGXIN、CHONGSHIHEJUTIHUAXINJIEDUANDEMAODUNGUANLIXUE。

  2.2、XIANDAIGUANLIWENXIANZHONGDE“MAODUN”GAINIANJIBIANXI

  XIFANGZHULIUGUANLIXUEWENXIANDANGQIANYUELAIYUEGUANZHU“MAODUN”WENTI, YIDUANSHIJIANYILAIYONGXIANCHULEDUOZHONGXIANGHULIANXIDANYOUXIANGHUQUBIEDEGAINIAN, RUSHUANGYUAN、HUNHE、BIANZHENG、KUNJING、MAODUN。ZAIQIANRENYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG, BIZHEDUIZHEXIERONGYIHUNXIAODE“MAODUN”XIANGGUANGAINIANJINXINGJIANYAOCHANSHU, RANHOUDUIQIXIANGHUGUANXIJINXINGBIANXI。SHUANGYUANSHIZHICUNZAIYUYIGETONGYIZHENGTIZHONGDEDUILIMIAN, QINEIBUBIANJIECHUANGZAOQUBIEBINGTUCHUDUILI, WAIBUBIANJIETONGGUOGOUJIANTONGYIDEZHENGTILAIGULIXIETONGZUOYONG[3]。HUNHEYICIZAIGUANLIXUELINGYUTONGCHANGHUICHUXIANZAIHUNHEZUZHIDEXIANGGUANYANJIUZHONG。HUNHEZUZHIYIBANBEIDINGYIWEIBAOHANBUTONGZHIDULUOJIYAOSUDEZUZHI[13], YINCI, HUNHEKEYIKANZUOSHIBUTONGZHIDULUOJIZAIZUZHINEIBUBINGCUNDEYIZHONGZHUANGTAI。BIANZHENGYIWEIZHUTONGGUOJIANGDUILIDESHUANGFANG (JIBENTIJIQIDUILIMIAN) JINXINGZHENGHELAIXIAOCHUDUILI, DANSUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYIYOUHUICHUXIANBAOHANSHUANGFANGHEXINTEZHENGDEXINDEDUILI[3]。KUNJINGYIWEIZHUXIANGHUDUILIDELIANGZHONGXUANZEDOUGEZICUNZAIMINGXIANDEYOUSHIHELIESHI, XUYAODUIERZHEDELIBIJINXINGQUANHENG[14]。MAODUNSHIZHIXIANGHUDUILIQIEXIANGHUGUANLIANDEYIZUYAOSU, ZHEXIEYAOSUDANDUCUNZAIDOUHELI, DANSHITONGSHICHUXIANQUEXIANDEBUHECHANGLI[12]。

  QIANRENZAIYANJIU“MAODUN”XIANGGUANGAINIANSHI, TONGCHANGHUIJIANGTAMENBINGLIEZAIYIQI, ZUOWEIPINGXINGDEGAINIANLAITANJIUQIQUBIEYULIANXI[5]。DANSHI, TONGGUODUIXIANYOUWENXIANDESHULIKEYIFAXIAN, ZHEXIEGAINIANZHIJIANBINGBUSHIDANCHUNDEBINGLIEGUANXI, ERSHIYOUYIDINGDENEIZAILUOJIXING。BENYANJIUYIYIYIJIANGOULILUNWEISHIJIAO, DUI“MAODUN”XIANGGUANGAINIANDENEIZAIGUANLIANJINXINGLESHENRUTANJIU。YIYIJIANGOUZHIDESHIGETIDUIYUXINQIDE、CHUHUYILIAODEHUOLINGRENKUNHUODESHIJIANXUNQIULIJIEDEGUOCHENG。XUEZHEMENDUIYIYIJIANGOUGEICHULEDUOZHONGBUTONGDEDINGYI, DANSHIQIGONGTONGDIANZHUYAOBAOKUOYIXIA4DIAN:①DONGTAIXING。YIYIJIANGOUBINGBUSHIJINGZHIDE, ERSHIYIGEBUDUANBIANHUADE、DONGTAIDEGUOCHENG。②XIANSUOXING。YIYIJIANGOUQISHIYUQIWANGZHIWAIDEXIANSUODECHUXIAN。③SHEHUIXING。YIYIJIANGOUTONGCHANGZAIRENJIHUDONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANDEYIXIUZHENG。④FANZUOYONGXING。RENMENTONGGUODUISHIJIANDEYIYIJIANGOULAIDUISHIJIANZUOCHUFANYING。DANGZUZHICHENGYUANMIANLINMOHUXINGHEBUQUEDINGXINGSHI, TAMENTONGGUOCONGHUANJINGZHONGTIQUBINGJIESHIXIANGGUANSHIJIANXIANSUOLAIBANGZHUZIJICHENGQINGZHENGZAIFASHENGDESHIQING, WEIWUXUDEHUANJINGFUYUYIDINGDEZHIXU, BINGYOUCITONGGUOZIJIDEXINGDONGLAIZUOYONGYUHUANJING[15]。

  TONGGUODUIGUANLIXUEHEZUZHIXINGWEIXUELINGYUXIANGGUANWENXIANDESHULIKEZHI, SHUANGYUANHEHUNHEZAIDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIASHIZUOWEIZUZHICUNZAIDELIANGZHONGZHUANGTAICHUXIANDE (CHENGZHIWEIQINGJINGCUNZAI) , ERBIANZHENG、KUNJINGYUMAODUNSHIDUILIANGZHONG (HUODUOZHONG) CUNZAIZHUANGTAIDEKANDAISHIJIAO (CHENGZHIWEIQINGJINGRENZHI) 。ZAISHIWUCONGDANYIZHUANGTAIXIANGSHUANGYUANYUHUNHEZHUANGTAIZHUANBIANDEGUOCHENGZHONG, HUIBANSUIZHUGEZHONGMOHUXINGHEBUQUEDINGXING, DAILAIHUANJINGZHONGGETIDEJIAOLVYUBUAN, JINERHUICUSHITAMENCONGZHONGXUNQIUXIANSUO, BINGDUIHUANJINGDEBIANHUAJINXINGYIYIJIANGOU。JIUCUNZAIZHUANGTAIERYAN, SHUANGYUANCEZHONGYULIANGZHONGLILIANGXIANGHUZUOYONG;ERHUNHEKENENGSHILIANGZHONGLILIANG, YEKENENGSHIDUOZHONGLILIANGDEBINGCUN, ZHEXIELILIANGZHIJIANBINGBUYIDINGHUICHANSHENGXIANGHUZUOYONG。JIU3ZHONGRENSHIFANGSHIERYAN, KUNJINGQIANGDIAOAYUBDECHAYIXING, YINWEIYOUCHAYI, SUOYIXUYAOQUSHE;BIANZHENGQIANGDIAOAYUBDEXIANGSIXING, YINWEIYOUXIANGSI, SUOYINENGGOUZHENGHE;MAODUNQIANGDIAOAYUBDESHENTOUXING, YINWEINENGSHENTOU, SUOYIKEYIXIANGHUZHUANHUA。

  SUIRANMAODUNYUKUNJINGYIJIBIANZHENGCUNZAIQUBIE, DANYOUYOUYIDINGDEJIAOCHAYUZHONGHE:①MAODUNYUKUNJINGHEBIANZHENGDOUBAOHANZHUZHANGLI, DOUYIWEIZHULIANGZHONGYAOSUZHIJIANDEXIANGHUZUOYONG;②KUNJINGHEBIANZHENGZHUANGTAIZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIAHUIBIAOXIANCHU“MAODUN”DETEZHENG。SUIRANKUNJINGYIWEIZHUZAIGEYOULIBIDELIANGZHONGXUANZEZHIJIANZUOCHUQUSHE, DANSHIRUGUOJIANGERZHEFANGRUGENGDADESHIJIANKUANGJIALAISHENSHI, DANGQIANDUIAHUOBDEXUANZEDOUSHIZANSHIXINGDE, AHEBZHIJIANDEZHANGLIHUISUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYIZHONGXINXIANXIANCHULAIBINGCHIXUCUNZAI[3], YEJIUSHISHUO, ERZHEBINGBUJINJINSHIDUILIDE, HUANJUYOUYIDINGDEGUANLIANXING, ZHEJIUJUBEILE“MAODUN”DETEZHENG。BIRU, SHOUQUANHEKONGZHIERZHEGEYOULIBI, DUIERZHEDEQUSHEHUIMIANLINKUNJING, RUGUOGUANLIZHEYUESHIQIANGDIAOSHOUQUANDEZUOYONG, NEIMESUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYIJIUYUEXUYAOTONGGUOKONGZHILAIQUEBAOYOUXIAOZHIXINGLI[3]。ZAIBIANZHENGGUANXIZHONG, DUIBENTIYUQIDUILIMIANDEZHENGHEGENGDUOCEZHONGYUERZHEDEXIANGSIXING, ERJINGCHANGHUSHISHUANGFANGZHIJIANFEICHANGYOUJIAZHIDECHAYIXING, YINCI, ZHEZHONGZHENGHEZHIHOUDEPINGHENGZHUANGTAIHENKENENGSHIBUCHANGJIUDE。ZHENGHEZHIHOUDEXINZHUANGTAICBAOHANLEAHEBDEHEXINTEZHENG。SUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYI, LIANGZHONGTEZHENGZHONGYIFANGHUIZHUJIANZAIXINDEZHENGHEZHUANGTAICZHONGZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI, YEJIUSHICHUIYUDAOXINDEDUILIMIAND, QIZHONG, CHEDFENBIEBAOHANLEAHUOBDEHEXINTEZHENG[3], ZHEYEJUBEILEMAODUNJIXIANGHUDUILIYOUXIANGHUGUANLIANDETEZHENG。JIYUYISHANGLUNSHUKEZHI, KUNJINGHEBIANZHENGZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIAKEYIZHUANHUAWEIMAODUN。

  GENJUYIYIJIANGOULILUN, GETIBUJINHUIDUIHUANJINGXIANSUOZUOCHUJIESHI, ERQIEHUANHUIGENJUZIJIDUIXIANSUODELIJIECAIQUXINGDONG。BENYANJIUZAIDUIQIANRENYANJIUXITONGZONGJIEDEJICHUSHANG, TICHULE3ZHONGYINGDUIMAODUNDEFANGSHI, JIFANGYUMAODUN、TONGHEMAODUNHEZHUANHUAMAODUN。YEJIUSHISHUO, GETIZAIMIANDUISHUANGYUANHUOZHEHUNHEZHUANGTAIDAILAIDEMOHUXINGHEBUQUEDINGXINGSHI, HUITONGGUOSOUJIHUANJINGXIANSUODUIQIJINXINGJIESHI, KENENGHUIJIANGQIKANZUOKUNJINGHUOZHEBIANZHENGHUOZHEMAODUN, JINERHUICAIQUBUTONGDEYINGDUIFANGSHI。SANZHEDEQUBIEKEYIYONGGUANLIYANJIUZHONGJINGCHANGCHUXIANDETANSUOYULIYONGDEGUANXILAIJULISHUOMING。ZUICHU, XUEZHEMENJIANGERZHEDEGUANXIKANZUOSHIYIZHONGKUNJING, XUNQIUZAISHIJIANHUOKONGJIANSHANGDUIERZHEZUOCHUQUSHE[16];HOULAI, YOUXUEZHEJIANGERZHEDEGUANXIKANZUOSHIBIANZHENG, XUNQIUERZHEZHIJIANDEZHENGHE, JISHITUZHAOCHUXINXIANGFA、JINENGHEZHANLVEYUJIUGUANNIAN、JINENGHEZHANLVESUOCHANSHENGDEXIETONGXIAOYING;JINXIENIANLI, XUEZHEMENCONGMAODUNDESHIJIAO, DUIERZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXIJINXINGLEZHONGXINSHENSHI, QIANGDIAOZUZHIDECHENGGONGXUYAOTONGSHIYILAITANSUOHELIYONGLIANGZHONGHUODONG, JINGUANZHELIANGZHONGFANGSHIZAIDUANQINEIXIANGHUJINGZHENGZUZHIZIYUAN, DANSHIZAICHANGQINEIERZHESHIXIANGHUCUJIN, XIANGHUSHENTOUDE[3]。

  GAIKUOERYAN, MAODUNDENEIHANXIANGDUIYUQITALEISIGAINIANERYAN, GENGJIAQIANGDIAODUILIHUOZHANGLISHUANGFANGZHIJIANHUGOU、TONGHE、ZHUANHUADENGHUDONGXINGTEZHENG, TAKEYIGENGJUBAORONGXINGDIHANGAIQITALEISIGAINIANDEZHUYAONEIHAN。CONGJIANGMAODUNGUANZUOWEIYIZHONGGUANLIXUE“YUANLILUN”DECENGMIANLAIKAN[5], BINGJIEHEJIANHUALILUNYUJINGDEJIAODU, BENYANJIUZEYI“MAODUN”ZUOWEIZONGTIXINGDEGAINIANFANCHOU, DUIQISUOBAOHANDEGUANLIFANSHIJIJUTICELVEJINXINGGENGSHENRUDELILUNSHULIYUFENXI。

  3、矛盾管理的主要范式

  WEILENENGGOUSHIRENMENDUIMAODUNGUANLIFANGSHIYOUQUANMIANLEJIE, BENYANJIUDUIXIANYOUWENXIANZHONGZHUYAODEMAODUNGUANLIFANSHIJICELVEJINXINGXITONGSHULI。TONGGUODUIXIANYOUWENXIANDEHUIGU, MAODUNGUANLIDEFANSHIKEHUAFENWEI3LEI:FANGYUMAODUN、TONGHEMAODUNHEZHUANHUAMAODUN。XIAMIANDUIZHE3LEIZHUYAOFANSHIJIQISUOBAOHANDECELVEFANGSHIJINXINGXITONGCHANSHU。

  3.1、FANGYUMAODUN

秒速赛车6码计划   DUIMAODUNDEFANGYUFANYINGSHIZHIGETIFOURENMAODUNDECUNZAI, JINXINGHUIBIHUOZHEQUANBIANYIYISHANGDEQUSHE[17]。DABUFENRENDOUXIGUANYUANZHAOZIJISHUXIHEZHANGKONGDEFANGSHISHENGHUO、GONGZUO, DANWANGWANGBUDUANCHUXIANXINQINGKUANG、XINWENTI, GEIRENMENDAILAIMAODUNYUCHONGTU。ANZHAOFULUOYIDEXINLIXUEDEGUANDIAN, MAODUNZHONGYUNHANDEZHANGLIHUIWEIXIERENMENDE“ZIWO”, SHIQICHANSHENGJIAOLV, YINCIDUIMAODUNDEFANGYUJIUCHENGLESHUNLICHENGZHANGDESHIQING[12]。MEIGERENDOUZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGYUNYONGFANGYUJIZHI, DUIMAODUNDEFANGYUJIHUCHENGLERENMENMEITIANSHENGHUODEYIBUFEN[17]。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZUZHIYEHUIXIANGGERENYIYANGCAIQUFANGYUCUOSHILAIBAOHUZIJI, YIJIANGDINEIBUHEWAIBUHUANJINGYALISUODAILAIDEJIAOLV。TONGGUOHUIGUXIANYOUWENXIAN, KEJIANGFANGYUMAODUNDEFANGSHIGAIKUOWEI6ZHONG:①ZUIPUBIANDEYIZHONGFANGYUMAODUNDEJIZHISHIFOURENMAODUN, JIBUCHENGRENCUNZAIWENTIHUOZHERENWEICHUXIANDEWENTIGENBENJIUBUYANZHONG;②TOUSHE, SHIZHIDUIMAODUNJINXINGZHUANYI, TOUSHEDAOQITARENHUOZHEZUZHISHENSHANG, JIHUIZHAODAOYIGETIZUIYANG, YIRANGZIJIQINGBAI;③YIZHI, SHIZHIPINGBIBUYUKUAIDEJINGLITIYAN, QIZHONG, CHETUISHIYIZHONGJIDUANDEYIZHIFANGSHI, TAZHIDESHICONGSHENTISHANGHUOZHEXINLISHANGLIKAIMAODUNCHANGSUO;④HUIGUI, ZHIDESHICAIYONGHAIZIQIDEHUOZHEGUOQUCENGJINGWEIZIJIDAILAIANQUANGANDEXINGWEI, BIRUZHENDUIMAODUNWENTIYUQITAQUNTIHUOZHEMEITIJINXINGWUXIUZHIDEZHENGLUN[17];⑤FANYINGGOUZAO, ZHIDESHIZHANSHISHOUWEIXIEDEGANJUEHUOZHEXINGDONGDEDUILIMIAN, BIRUHEAIKEQINDEHEZUOXINGWEIKENENGHUIYANGAIYOUDIYIDE、QIUSHENGXINQIEDECHONGDONG;⑥TIAOXUAN, ZHIDESHIXUANZEMAODUNYIDUAN, RUOHUASHENZHIHULVELINGYIDUAN, JIURUTONGLINGYIDUANBUCUNZAIYIYANG。ZHEZHONGYINGDUIMAODUNDEFANGSHIYUQUANBIANGUANLEISI, JIZAITEDINGTIAOJIANXIAZHIGUANZHUMAODUNDEYIDUAN[3], TONGGUOQUSHEDEFANGSHILAIHUIBIMAODUN。CHUANTONGDEQUANBIANGUANJIQISHIZHENGFANSHI, JIUSHIZAIJIAZAILEQINGJING、TIAOJIANBIANLIANGDEMOXINGZHONG, DUIJUYOUDUILIXINGDELIANGYUANZHUXUANXIANGJINXINGQUSHEXUANZE, SUOYIQUANBIANQUSHEBENZHISHANGYESHI“FANGYUMAODUN”GUANGYIFANCHOUZHONGDEGOUCHENG。

  SUIRANFANGYUSHIRENMENMIANDUIMAODUNSHISHOUXIANKENENGHUIXIANGDAODEFANGSHI, DANZONGTIERYAN, ZHEZHONGFANGYUFANYINGHUIZUAIRENMEN (HUOZHEXITONG) QUTIYANKUNJINGHUOZHEWEIXIE, TONGSHIYEHUIZUAIRENMENQUJIUZHENGKUNJINGHUOZHEWEIXIEDEQIYIN。FANGYUDEMUDEZAIYUJIANGDIMAODUNZHANGLIDAILAIDEJUSANGHEBUSHIGAN。TONGGUOYIZHIMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEGUANLIANLAIBAOCHIYIZHONGXUJIADEYOUXUZHUANGTAI, KENENGHUIZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIJIANGDIJIAOLV, DANSHIZUIZHONGHUIDAILAIWEIBEICHUZHONGDEXIANGFANDEJIEGUO, YEHUIJIAJUMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEQIANZAIDEZHANGLI[12], BIRU, YUANGONGDEFANGYUJIZHIJINGCHANGHUIZAOCHENGYUANGONGDEJUANDAI、PIANZHIYIJIZUZHIHUOLIDESANGSHI[5]。MAODUNSHIJIAODEZHONGYAOFAZHANYEZHENGSHIWEIDAPOFANGYULUOJIHUOCHUANTONGQUANBIANYIYISHANGDEQUSHELUOJI, TIGONGLEJIANGMAODUNDUILIMIANJINXINGTONGHE、ZHUANHUADEGENGDUOFANSHI。

秒速赛车6码计划   3.2、TONGHEMAODUN

  MAODUNZHONGYUNHANDEZHANGLIHUIRANGRENMENCHANSHENGJINZHANG、JIAOLVDEQINGXU, YINCI, RENMENZAIMIANDUIMAODUNSHIDEDIYIFANYING, HENKENENGSHIYAOHUIBIMAODUNHUOZHEXIAOCHUMAODUN。DANSHI, ZHEXIEXIAOJIDEFANGYUZUOFAHUOJIEMIANSHIDIANSHANGDEQUANBIANQUSHE, WANGWANGBINGBUNENGSHIMAODUNWENTIDEDAOGENBENJIEJUE;ERGENGXUCHENGRENMAODUNDECUNZAI, BINGCAIQUJIJIXINGCELVEXUNQIUMAODUNDE“DUILITONGYI”。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAIZAOQIDELEIXINGXUEZHONG, POOLEDENG[11]ZAIDUIMAODUNSHUANGFANG (A/B) DEGUANXIJINXINGSHULIDEJICHUSHANG, TICHULEYINGDUIMAODUNDE4ZHONGFANGSHI:①QUFENMAODUNDESHUANGFANG, CHENGRENBINGXINSHANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGZHIJIANDECHAYI, JIDUILI (HOULAIDEXUEZHETONGCHANGCHENGZHIWEIJIESHOU) ;②JIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGFENBIEFANGZAIBUTONGDECENGMIANHUOZHEBUTONGDEKONGJIANQUYU, JIKONGJIANFENLI;③JIANGMAODUNDESHUANGFANGZHIYUBUTONGDESHIJIANDIAN, JISHIJIANFENLI;④XUNZHAOXINDESHIJIAOLAIXIAOCHUMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEDUILI, JIZONGHE。SUIRANZAILILUNSHANGKEYIDUIZHE4ZHONGFANGSHIJINXINGQUFEN, DANSHIZAISHIJIZHONG, ZHE4ZHONGFANGSHIKEYIJIEHESHIYONG, ERQIEDIYIZHONGFANGSHI (DUILI/JIESHOU) HUIWEIQITA3ZHONGFANGSHITIGONGJICHU。TONGGUOJIESHOUMAODUN, BINGXUEXIYUMAODUNGONGCHU, HUICUSHIRENMENQUJIJITANSUOMAODUNZHONGSUOYUNHANDEYIYI, HUANYANZHI, ZAIJIESHOUMAODUNSHUANGFANGCUNZAIDEQIANTIXIA, RENMENCAINENGQUYANJIUMAODUN, BINGXUNZHAOFANGFAJIEJUEMAODUN[11]。HOULAIDEYANJIUZHONGYETICHULEYUMAODUNGONGCHUDEYIXIECELVE, RUL?SCHER DENG[15]FAXIAN, ZHONGCENGGUANLIZHETONGGUOCAIQUMAODUNHUAZHIXUNDEFANGSHI, NENGGENGWEIYOUXIAODIYUWENDINGHEBIANGEZHIJIANDEZHANGLIGONGCHU, ZHEYANGZUONENGRANGTAMENFAXIANYIGE“QIESHIKEXINGDEQUEDINGXING”, YICILAITUIDONGZIJIBUDUANQIANJIN, ERBUSHIZAIMIANDUIMAODUNDEZHANGLISHIXIANRUQIZHONG, JINTUILIANGNAN。

  TONGGUOHUIGUQIANRENDEWENXIANKEZHI, DUIMAODUNSHUANGFANGJINXINGTONGHEDEYIGEHENZHONGYAODEQIANTISHICHENGRENMAODUNSHUANGFANGDECUNZAI。ZAIZHEGEQIANTIXIA, RENMENZAIJIEJUEMAODUNSHI, KENENGHUIXUANZEZAITEDINGDETIAOJIANXIAGUANZHUMAODUNDEYIDUAN, HUOZHEDUIMAODUNDELIANGDUANTONGSHIJINXINGGUANZHU。WEILEYUDIYIZHONGYINGDUIMAODUNDEFANGSHI (FANGYUMAODUN) JINXINGQUFEN, KEJIANGZHEXIECHENGRENMAODUNSHUANGFANGDECUNZAI、JIJIJIEJUEMAODUNDEZUOFACHENGWEI“TONGHEMAODUN”。ZAIZONGJIEQIANRENYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG, BENYANJIUJIANGTONGHEMAODUNDEFANGSHIFENWEI4LEI:SHIJIANTONGHE、JIEGOUTONGHE、LINGYUTONGHEHESHENGWEITONGHE。

  (1) SHIJIANTONGHE

  SHIJIANTONGHESHIZHIJIANGMAODUNZHONGSUOBAOHANDEXIANGHUJINGZHENGDESHUANGFANGFENPEIDAOBUTONGDESHIJIANDUANJINXINGCHULI[11], JIZAIZONGXIANGZHOUQISHANGCIXIAOBICHANGDIDONGTAIFENBUMAODUNSHUANGFANG, SHIXIANZHOUQIXINGBODONGZHONGDEMAODUNPINGHENG。MAODUNDESHUANGFANGYOUYUCHUZAIQIANHOUBUTONGDESHIJIANDIAN, YINCITAMENZHIJIANKENENGHUICHANSHENGYINGXIANG。ZHIQIANDEXUEZHEJIANGZHEZHONGYINGXIANGFENWEI3LEI:①MAODUNDEYIFANGKENENGHUIYINGXIANGLINGYIFANGYUNXINGDETIAOJIAN;②MAODUNDEYIFANGKENENGHUIWEILINGYIFANGDECUNZAICHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN;③MAODUNDESHUANGFANGKENENGHUIZAICHANGSHIJIANNEIXIANGHUYINGXIANG。DUIYUZHEZHONGTONGGUOCONGSHIJIANSHANGFENLIMAODUNSUOBAOHANDEYAOSULAICHULIMAODUNDEFANGSHI, GUODUSHIQIXUANZEDUIYUYOUXIAOGUANLIXIANGHUDUILIDEXUQIUSHIFEICHANGGUANJIANDE[11]。BIRU, TUSHMANDENG[16]GUANYU“TANSUO-LIYONG”ZHANGLIDEKAICHUANGXINGYANJIU, YIJIQITADEYIXIEGUANYUTANSUO-LIYONGZHANGLICHULIDEYANJIU, DOUTICHANGZANSHIBAGUANZHUDIANJIZHONGZAIMAODUNDEYIDUAN (TANSUOHUOLIYONG) , YIDUANSHIJIANZHIHOUZAIJIZHONGYULINGYIDUAN。ZHEQUJUEYUMUQIANQIYEDUIYUXIAOLV (HUOJIANJINCHUANGXIN) YUBIANGE (HUOGENBENXINGCHUANGXIN) DEZHONGSHICHENGDU。GAIKUOERYAN, SHIJIANTONGHEDEFANGFALUNQISHIYEHUYINGLEMAKESIMAODUNFENXIZHONGDELISHIJIEDUANXINGFENXI, JIZAITEDINGLISHIJIEDUAN, BAWOZHUYAOMAODUNJIQIZHUYAOFANGMIANZHEYIYUANZE;ZAIBUTONGDESHIXUJIEDUAN, YIBUTONGDEYOUXIANJILAIJIANRONGHUOZHUANHUAMAODUNSHUANGFANG。

  ZAISHIZHENGYANJIUFANGMIAN, KEYITONGGUOZONGXIANGYANJIUHUOYINRUSHIJIANCHAYIXINGBIANLIANGZUODIAOJIEBIANLIANGDEFANGSHI, LAIDUIMAODUNSHUANGFANGZAIBUTONGSHIXUJIEDUANSHANGDEYOUXIANXUANZEYUZHONGDIANZUOYONGJINXINGKAOCHA, BINGZAIXIANGDUICHANGZHOUQIDEMOXINGZHONG, FAXIANMAODUNSHUANGFANGGUILVXINGDEXIAOZHANGBODONGHEWANGFUZHENBAI[18], CONGERZAIZONGXIANGSHIDUANDEDONGTAIFENBUZHONG, SHIXIANMAODUNDUILIMIANDETONGHEPINGHENG。CIWAI, JUYOUZONGXIANGGENZONGXINGDEANLIYANJIUFANGFA, YEYOULIYUSHENDUWAJUEMAODUNDUILIMIANZAIYIDINGZHOUQISHANGDEJIANRONGJIZHI。

  (2) JIEGOUTONGHE

  JIEGOUTONGHE (HUOKONGJIANTONGHE) SHIZHIJIANGXIANGHUJINGZHENGDANTONGSHICUNZAIDEMAODUNSHUANGFANG, FENPEIDAOBUTONGDEZUZHICENGCI、ZUZHIKONGJIANHUOZUZHIDANYUANJIEGOUZHONGJINXINGCHULI[11]。YUSHIJIANTONGHECELVEZHONGMAODUNSHUANGFANGYIQIANYIHOUDEFENBUBIAOXIANXINGSHIBUTONG, JIEGOUTONGHECELVESHIZAITONGYISHIJIANJIEMIANSHANG, JIANGMAODUNDESHUANGFANGANZHIDAOBUTONGDEJIEGOUDANYUANZHONG。TUSHMANDENG[19]ZAIQIDUISHUANGYUANZUZHIDEYANJIUZHONGZHICHU, YIXIEGUOJIDAGONGSI (RUHUIPU) TONGGUOKONGJIANFENLI, YOUXIAOSHIXIANLEDUIJIANJINSHICHUANGXINHEJIJINSHICHUANGXINDEYOUXIAOZHENGHE, JIZAICHENGSHUDEXIFENSHICHANGZHONGCAIYONGJIANJINSHICHUANGXIN, ZAIXINXINGXIFENSHICHANGZHONGCAIYONGJIJINSHICHUANGXIN。SUIRANZHEZHONGYIKONGJIANJIEGOUDANYUANQUFENDEMAODUNGUANLIFANGSHINENGGOUYOUZHUYUJIANGDIMAODUNSHUANGFANGDECHONGTUBINGBIMIANDUOXING, DANYEKENENGZAOCHENGMAODUNLIANGDUANQUANLIDEBUPINGHENG, JIYIDUANHUIZHUJIANJUYUZHIPEIDIWEI[6]。ZAIJIEGOUTONGHEDEFANGSHIXIA, SUIRANMAODUNSHUANGFANGYOUBUTONGDEDANYUANCHENGZAI, KANSIXIANGHUDULIQUEYEXUJIANLINEIZAIDELIANXIXING。POOLEDENG[11]HENZAOJIUZHICHU, YOUXIAOYUNYONGJIEGOUTONGHECELVEDEGUANJIANZHIYI, ZAIYUSHIXIANMAODUNSHUANGFANGDANYUANDEYOUXIAOHUDONG, JIBAOCHIMAODUNDANYUANZHIJIANDEXIETONGXINGERFEICHEDIBICIDULI, ZHEYESHITONGGUOJIEGOUTONGHELAISHIXIANMAODUNDUILIMIANXIANGPINGHENGDEGENBENMUDE。

  MUQIAN, CONGJIEGOUTONGHEJIAODUZHANKAIDESHIZHENGYANJIUXIANGDUIFENGFU, DUIMAODUNDUILISHUANGFANGBINGXINGDEERYUANPINGHENGXING (HUOFEIPINGHENGXING) JINXINGCELIANG, SHIZHONGYAODESHIZHENGCAOZUOYAODIANZHIYI。DANGQIANDUIYUCELIANGMAODUNERYUANBIANLIANGDEJIEGOUXINGPINGHENGSHUIPINGBINGWEIXINGCHENGTONGYIDECAOZUOFANGFA, JIYUXIANGGUANSHIZHENGYANJIUKEYIDECHU5ZHONGDIANXINGDECELIANGFANGSHI:①TONGGUOLIANGGEBIANLIANGCHAYIDEJUEDUIZHILAICEDUMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEBUPINGHENGCHENGDU, JIEGUOYUEJIEJINYULING, BIAOMINGMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEPINGHENGDUYUEGAO, ZHEZHONGFANGSHIJIAOWEIZHIJIE, DANSHIBINGBUNENGFANYINGMAODUNSHUANGFANGGAODICHAYI。②TONGGUOXIANGDUIPINGHENGZHIBIAOTANSUOMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEXIANGDUIPINGHENGCHENGDUERBUSHIJUEDUIXIANGDENG。③TONGGUOQIUHEDEFANGSHI, JIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGDESHUZHIJIAZONGLAIDAIBIAOZHENGTIMAODUNTONGHENENGLISHUIPING, DANSHIZHEZHONGFANGSHIZHINENGCELIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEZHENGTIDEFENSHUIPING, BINGBUNENGTIXIANERZHEDEBUPINGHENGCHENGDU。④CEZHONGTANTAOMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEHUBUGUANXI, TONGGUOMAODUNSHUANGFANGQUZHIDECHENGJILAIHENGLIANGERZHEDEJIAOHUJUNHENGCHENGDU, ZHEZHONGFANGSHIZHINENGTIXIANERZHEDEXIETONGZUOYONG, YEBUNENGTIXIANQINEIZAIDEBUPINGHENGCHENGDU。⑤JINJINIANYOUXUEZHEKAISHICHANGSHILIYONGDUOXIANGSHIHUIGUIHEXIANGYINGMIANFENXIFA, LAICEDULIANGLEIPEIDUIZHUTIHUOLIANGGEWEIDUDEPIPEICHENGDU, BINGYIQIPIPEICHENGDUBENSHENZUOWEIBIANLIANGYINRUFENXIMOXING。JINGUANZHEZHONGFANGSHIDAOMUQIANWEIZHIYEZHISHIYIZHONGTANSUO, QIYOUXIAOXINGHUANYOUDAIJIANYAN, DANYEKENENGJIANGLAIZAIMAODUNSHUANGFANGBIANLIANGDESHIZHENGCAOZUOSHANGQUDEYINGYONG。

秒速赛车6码计划   (3) LINGYUTONGHE

  SHIJIANTONGHEHEJIEGOUTONGHEFENBIEJIANGSHUDESHI, JIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGZHIYUBUTONGDESHIJIANDUANHEBUTONGDEJIEGOUDANYUANJINXINGPINGHENGCHULI。CHUCIZHIWAI, ZUZHIZAIYINGDUIMAODUNSHI, HUANKENENGHUIJIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGFENBIECHENGZAIYUBUTONGWEIDUDEZHUANMENLINGYULAIJINXINGJIANRONGPINGHENG。XIANGDUIYUYISHANGZAIJIEGOUXINGDANYUANWEIDUSHANGDEBINGXINGJIANRONG, LINGYUTONGHEDEFANGSHIRANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGKEYICHENGZAIYUBUTONGWEIDUSHANGDETEDINGLINGYU, JINERGENGCHONGFENDITUOZHANLEJIANRONGMAODUNDEKENENGXINGKONGJIAN。RUJINNIANLAISUIZHUHUAWEIZAIQUANQIULINGYUDELINGXIANFAZHAN, ZAISHICHANGYUKEHUFANGMIAN, SHIZHONGYAOQIUBAOCHIMINRUIXIANGYINGKEHUXUQIUDEXINGDONGLI, ZUZHIBAOCHIGAODULINGHUOXINGYIKUAISUSHIYINGSHICHANGHUANJING、KUOZHANGFAZHAN;ERTONGSHIZAIYANFAFANGMIAN, KAISHIQIANGDIAOCHANGQITOURUJUYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDEHEXINJISHUHEJICHUXINGYANJIU, QIANGDIAOCHANGQIZUOLENGBANDENG、XIANGSHENCHUZHAGEN。

  ZAIZUZHIGUANLILINGYU, JINGUANLINGDAOLIYURENLIZIYUANGUANLISHIJIANDOUDUIGETI、TUANDUIYUZUZHIJIEGUOCHANSHENGLEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG, DANYIZHIYILAILIANGDALINGYUBINGXINGFAZHAN, XIANYOUJIAOJI。ZHOU[20]ZHICHU, LINGDAOLIYURENLIZIYUANSHIJIANLIANGGELINGYUDEYANJIUJIDAIJINXINGYOURONGHEDECHUANGXIN, BINGJIYUZHONGGUOQIYEYUYUANGONGYANGBENCHUBUFAXIAN:DANGZUZHICAIYONGGENGJIARENXINGHUADECHENGNUOXINGRENLIZIYUANXITONG, BUMENZHIJIELINGDAOJUBEIGENGJUJIACHANGXINGDELINGDAOFENGGESHI, DUIZHONGGUOYUANGONGDECHUANGXINXINGWEIYOUGENGJIJIDEJIAOHUZUOYONG;ERKONGZHIXINGDERENLIZIYUANXITONGYULINGDAODESHOUQUANXINGLINGDAOXINGWEI, GENGJIAXIANGDEYIZHANGDIDUIYUANGONGCHUANGXINYOUJIJIDEJIAOHUYINGXIANG, JITONGGUORENLIZIYUANXITONGYULINGDAOLILIANGGEWEIDU, QUCHENGZAIWEIQUANKONGZHIYUCHENGNUOJIFALIANGZHONGMAODUNDEDAOXIANG, FANERGENGYOULIYUZHONGGUOZUZHIDEYUANGONGCHUANGXIN, CILEIYANJIUMOXINGTIXIANLEYIZHONGDIANXINGDELINGYUTONGHEFANSHI。CIWAI, GOUJIANZAIBUTONGWEIDUSHANGBAOHANMAODUNSHUXINGDEGOUNIANFANCHOU, YESHITIXIANLINGYUTONGHEDEYIZHONGFANGSHI。LIRU, “QINZUZHIFEILUNLIXINGWEI”ZHEYIGOUNIANJUJIAOYUYUANGONGWEILEZUZHILIYIERSHISHIDEBUDAODEXINGWEI, JIANGZUZHILIYIWEIDUSHANGDEWEIHUXINGYITUYUDAODEWEIDUSHANGDEPOHUAIXINGXINGWEIJINXINGLETONGHE。

  (4) SHENGWEITONGHE

  SHENGWEITONGHEZHUYAOZHITONGGUOXUNQIUHUOCHUANGXINYIZHONGZHONGJIANLUXIANDECHULIFANGFALAITONGSHIRONGHEMAODUNSHUANGFANG[21]。TAZAIJIBENYILISHANGYUWOGUOCHUANTONGDEZHONGYONGZHIDAOYOULEITONGXING, DANSHENGWEITONGHEYINGBAOHAN3GEXIANZHUTEZHENG:①SHIMAODUNSHUANGFANG (YUNEIZAIDUOWEIDUSHANG) DESHENDURONGHEZHUANGTAI, ERFEIMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEJIANDANHUADIEJIA、JUNHENGXINGPEIBIZHUANGTAI;②YIBANDOUPIPEIYUTEDINGDEQINGJING;③QIZHUANGTAIBENSHENCHENGWEIYIZHONGXINDEDULIXINGTAI, BINGTONGCHANGBEISHENGWEIHUADIGOUJIANCHENGWEIYIZHONGXINDEGAINIANYULILUNFANCHOU。

秒速赛车6码计划   RUZAIHONGGUANJINGJITIZHIGAIGEDELILUNYUJINGLI, 1992NIANDENGXIAOPINGNANXUNJIANGHUAJIZHONGGONGSHISIDAZHENGSHITICHU, JIANGJIANLI“SHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI”ZHEYIGAINIANFANCHOUZUOWEIGAIGEMUBIAO, TUPOLESHICHANGJINGJIHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANGHUDUILIDECHUANTONGGUANNIAN, JIANGSHEHUIZHUYIJIBENZHIDUYUSHICHANGJINGJIJINXINGSHENGWEIZHENGHE, CHENGWEIJIEHEZHONGGUOQINGJINGFENGFUHEFAZHANMAKESIZHUYIDEZHONGYAOLILUNYUSHIJIANCHUANGXIN。ZHENGRUXIJINPINGMINGQUEZHICHUDE:“ZAISHEHUIZHUYITIAOJIANXIAFAZHANSHICHANGJINGJI, SHIWOMENDANGDEYIGEWEIDACHUANGJU。WOGUOJINGJIFAZHANHUODEJUDACHENGGONGDEYIGEGUANJIANYINSU, JIUSHIWOMENJIFAHUILESHICHANGJINGJIDECHANGCHU, YOUFAHUILESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEYOUYUEXING。”

秒速赛车6码计划   CONGGUANLIXUEYANJIUDEJIAODU, SHENGWEITONGHEDESHIZHENGCAOZUOZONGTIERYANZAIYUGOUJIANHEJIANYANMOUGEJUYOUMAODUNBAORONGXINGDEXINGOUNIAN, BAOHANZHU3ZHONGZHUYAOFANGSHI:①TONGGUOGOUNIANJICELIANGLIANGBIAOKAIFADEDIANXINGFANGFA, JIANGDUILIDEXIANGMURONGNAZHENGHE, XINGCHENGYIGEZHIJIETIXIANMAODUNXINGDEXINGOUNIAN。RUZHANGDENG[4]TICHU“MAODUNXINGLINGDAO”ZHEYIGOUNIANBINGKAIFACHUCELIANGLIANGBIAO, YIMIAOSHUKANSIXIANGHUDUILIDANYOUXIANGHUGUANLIANDELINGDAOXINGWEI, ZHEXIEXINGWEINENGGOUZAIDANGQIANHEWEILAIMANZULAIZIJIEGOUHEYUANGONGFANGMIANDEKANSIXIANGHUMAODUNDEXUQIU;MIRON-SPEKTORDENG[22]XINJINTICHULE“MAODUNSIWEI”ZHEYIGOUNIAN, YONGLAIKEHUAGETIYOUXIAOLIYONGMAODUNSUOBAOHANDEZHANGLIDECHENGDU, MAODUNSIWEICHENGDUGAODEGETINENGGENGHAODIPINGHENGGERENLIYIYUTARENLIYI、HEZUOYUJINGZHENGZHIJIANDEMAODUN;ZHOUYU[23]JIYUQIYEZHIDUSHIFENXI, TICHU“SHIYEHEHUOZHI”ZHEYIGOUNIAN, JIANGGONGSIZHIYUHEHUOZHIZHELIANGZHONGDIANXINGQIYEZHIDUJINXINGYOUSHIZHENGHE、LIESHIDUICHONG, YONGYIGAIKUODANGQIANGUONEIWAIBIAOGANQIYEZAIZHIDUCHUANGXINSHANGQIANYANDESHIJIANTEZHENG。②JIANGMAODUNDEWEIDUFENBIEZUOWEIJUZHENDEHENG、ZONGZHOU, TONGGUOJULEIFENXIDENGJINXINGLEIXINGXUESHANGDEHUAFEN, JIANGMAODUNWEIDUTONGHEZAI“SHUANGGAO”QUJIANDELEIXINGHUAGOUNIANLI。RUSUDENG[24]YICHENGNUODAOXIANGHEFUCONGDAOXIANGWEILIANGGEMAODUNWEIDU, JIYUZHONGGUOQIYEYANGBENFAXIAN, LIANGGEDAOXIANGDOUCHUYUGAOSHUIPINGZHUANGTAIXIADERENLIZIYUANHUNHEZHILISHIJIANDUIQIYEJIXIAOYOUGENGJIJIDEYINGXIANG。③TONGGUOJIEGOUFANGCHENGMOXINGFANGFA, JIANGMAODUNDEWEIDUHUOYINZISHOULIANHUADAOGENGGAOJIEDEGOUNIANLI。RUZHOUDENG[25,26]JIYUZHONGGUOQIYEYANGBEN, TONGGUOSANJIEJIEGOUMOXINGFAXIAN, XIANGHUMAODUNDECHENGNUOXING、KONGZHIXING、HEZUOXING、WAIBAOXING4ZHONGRENLIZIYUANMOSHI, NENGGOUYOUXIAOSHOULIANCHENGYIGEGAOJIEJUHEDERENLIZIYUANTIXI。ZHEZHICHILEBIZHEGUANYUZHUANXINGQINGJINGXIAZHONGGUOQIYERENLIZIYUANGUANLIMOSHIDE“ZAROUZHUYI”TEZHENG。

  3.3、ZHUANHUAMAODUN

秒速赛车6码计划   YUMAODUNFANGYUQUSHEDEFANGSHIXIANGBI, TONGHEMAODUNDEFANGFAYOUZHUYUZUZHIJIANLI“DUILITONGYI”DEJUNHENGXING。DANPUTNAM DENG[5]ZHICHU, TONGHEMAODUNDEFANGFAGENGDUOSHIFAHUIDUANQIXINGDEXIAOLI, QUEBUYIDINGSHIGUANLIZUZHIMAODUNDECHANGQIYOUXIAOCELVE。YINGDUIMAODUNWENTIDECHANGXIAOFANGSHIKENENGBUSHIJIEJUE、CHULIMAODUN, ERSHICONGMAODUNYUNHANDEZHANGLIZHONGCHIXUHUOQUDONGTAIXINGDENENGLI, JIANLIQIMAODUNSHUANGFANGHUDONGZHUANHUADEJIZHI。CONGMAKESIZHUYIMAODUNGUANDEJIAODULAIKAN, ①MAODUNZHUANHUAJUYOUPUBIANXING, JIRENHEMAODUNNEIBUDEDUILIMIANZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIADOUYAOZHUANHUA;②MAODUNZHUANHUAJUYOULIANDONGXING, JISHIWUNEIBUDEMAODUNZHUANHUAYUSHIWUZHENGTIDEMAODUNZHUANHUASHILIANDONGDE;③MAODUNZHUANHUAJUYOUDUOYANGXING, JIMAODUNZHUANHUAJUYOUGEZHONGBUTONGLEIXING (RUDIWEIDEZHUANHUA、XINGZHIDEZHUANHUA、ZUOYONGDEZHUANHUA) ;④MAODUNZHUANHUAJUYOUTIAOJIANXING, JIRUGUOMEIYOUTIAOJIANHUOBUJUBEICHONGFENDETIAOJIAN, RENHEMAODUNDENEIBUDUILIMIANYIJIMAODUNZHIJIANDOUSHIBUKENENGZHUANHUADE。JIEHEGUANLIXUEWENXIANJIQIYESHIJIAN, DECHUZHUANHUAMAODUNDECELVEZHUYAOBAOKUOFENWEIBAORONG、SANYUANYINRU、QINGJINGQIEHUAN、LUOXUANFANZHUANYUSHANGSHENG4ZHONGZHUYAOFANGSHI。

秒速赛车6码计划   (1) FENWEIBAORONG

秒速赛车6码计划   FENWEIBAORONGZHUYAOZHITONGGUODAZAOJUYOUQIANGBAORONGXINGDEZUZHIWENHUAFENWEI, YINDAOZUZHIYUYUANGONGJIJIZHUDONGDIYONGBAOMAODUN, CONGMAODUNGUANXIZHONGSHIZUZHIBAOCHIDONGTAINENGLI, ZAIZUZHIZHANGLIZHONGBAOCHIZUZHIDEHUOLIYUCHUANGZAOLI。TONGGUOJIANLIBAORONGMAODUNDEZUZHIWENHUA, KEYIZAIZUZHINEIBUXINGCHENGKAIFANGXINGFENWEI。ZHEYOULIYUCHONGFENLIYONGMAODUNBENSHENYUNHANDEZHANGLI, SHENRURENSHIZUZHIMIANLINDEWENTIYUTIAOZHAN, TUIDONGGELIYIXIANGGUANFANGYICIWEIQIJI, JIJIZHUDONGDICAIQUCUOSHIHUAJIEMAODUNYUMENGYAZHIZHONG。RUHUAWEISHIJIANDE“HUIDUGUANLI”SIXIANG, RENZHENGFEICENGZHICHU:“YIGELINGDAORENZHONGYAODESUZHISHIFANGXIANG、JIEZOU, TADESHUIPINGJIUSHIHESHIDEHUIDU, ERJIANDINGBUYIDEZHENGQUEFANGXIANGLAIZIHUIDU、TUOXIEYUKUANRONG。”ZHEZHONGHUIDUGUANLIWENHUANENGGOUQUEBAOZUZHIZAIMIANDUIMAODUNWENTISHI, BUHUIJIANDANDIYIFEIHEIJIBAIDEGUANDIANKANWENTI, ERSHIHUIYINDAOYUANGONGYIGENGWEIKAIFANGDEXINTAI, KANDAOMAODUNSHUANGFANGZHIJIANSUOQIANZANGDEHUISEDIDAI, LIYONGMAODUNZHONGYUNHANDEZHANGLI, BUDUANTUICHENCHUXIN;SHENZHITONGGUOZAIZUZHINEIBUZHUDONGZHIZAOBIYAODEMAODUNZHANGLI, BANGZHURENMENTUPOGUANYOUDESIWEIMOSHI, DAPOZIWOQIANGHUADEXUNHUAN, DUIGENSHENDIGUDERENSHITICHUZHIYIHEPIPING, QIANGHUADUIWENTIBENZHIDESHENRUTANSUOHELIJIE, CONGERYOULIYUQIANGJIANZUZHIDEJIUCUOJIUPIANNENGLIYUJINGZHENGLI。LIRU, TENGXUNZAIXINCHANPIN (RUWEIXIN) CHUANGXINKAIFASHANGCAIQUDEDUOXIANGMUBINGXINGKAIFAJINGZHENGDEFANGSHI, TONGGUOZHIZAONEIBUDEJINGZHENGYALILAIJIFACHUANGXIN。RUMAHUATENGSUOYAN:“WOMENDANGSHIHENJINZHANG, TENGXUNNEIBUYOU3GETUANDUITONGSHIZAIZUO, DOUJIAOWEIXIN, SHUIYINGLEJIUSHANGSHUIDE, ZUIHOUGUANGZHOUZUOE-mailCHUSHENDETUANDUIYINGLE, CHENGDOUDETUANDUIHENSHIWANG, JIUCHAYIGEYUE。”GENGDIANXINGRUHUAWEIYIZHIJIANCHIDE“PIPINGYUZIWOPIPING”DEGONGZUOZUOFENG, SHENZHIZAIZUZHIJUECESHANGSHIXING“LANJUNZHIDU”。QIYELANJUNDECUNZAIBUSHIWEILEJIANSHAOMAODUNYUCHONGTU, ERSHIWEILEZHUDONGZHIZAOCHONGTU。“LANJUN”DEZHUYAORENWUSHICHANGFANDIAO, XUNIGEZHONGDUIKANGXINGSHENGYIN, MONIGEZHONGKENENGFASHENGDEXINHAO, SHENZHITICHUYIXIEWEIYANSONGTINGDEJINGGAO, TONGGUOZHEYANGDEZIWOPIPANHEZHANGLIDUIKANG, BANGZHUGONGSIDEJUECEYUZUZHIGENGJUHUOLIHEJINGZHENGLI。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAIGUANLISHIZHENGYANJIUSHANG, GIBSONDENG[27]CONGZUZHIFENWEIDEJIAODU, TONGGUOJIAOHUXIAOYINGDEJIANYANFAXIAN, JIANGGAOJIXIAOGUANKONGHEGAOSHEHUIXINGZHICHILIANGZHONGMAODUNDAOXIANGRONGHEWEIJUYOUZHANGLIDEZUZHIFENWEISHI, GENGYOULIYUZUZHIDECHUANGXIN。ERQIE, YOUXUEZHEJIANGBAORONGXINGFENWEIGAIKUOWEIYIGEGOUNIAN, BINGDUIQINEIHANTEZHENGJIQIANYINHOUGUOJINXINGLEYIXILIEDETANSUO。RUNISHII[28]JIYUXIFANGQINGJINGKAIFALEBAORONGXINGFENWEIDECELIANG, BAOHANCHAYIZHENGHE、JUECEJIANRONGHEGUYONGGONGPING3GEWEIDU。LINGWAI, BIZHEJIANYILIYONGGENGDUODEANLIYANJIU, DUIZHURUHUAWEI“HUIDUGUANLI”“LANJUNZHIDU”DENGJUYOUMAODUNBAORONGXINGDEQIYEGUANLISHIJIAN, JINXINGWAJUEHEGOUNIANHUA, JINYIBUFENGFUTONGGUOFENWEIBAORONGLAISHIMAODUNZHANGLIDONGTAISHENGXIAODEKAOCHAJIZHI。

秒速赛车6码计划   (2) SANYUANYINRU

  SANYUANYINRUZHUYAOZHIZAIMAODUNDUILIMIANZHIWAI, TONGGUOYINRUDISANZHONGYAOSULAISHIMAODUNJIQIGONGNENGFASHENGZHUANHUA。ZHENGRU《DAODEJING》SUOYUN, “DAOSHENGYI, YISHENGER, ERSHENGSAN, SANSHENGWANWU”, DANGZAIMAODUNERYUANZHIWAIYINRUDISANYAOSUSHI, ZEKENENGTUOZHANCHUGENGDADEKONGJIANQUFAZHANGENGFENGFUDEDONGTAIJIZHI。RUTONGGUOKAIPI“DISANKONGJIAN”, WEIMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEDUIHUAHEJIAOLIUTIGONGXINDEPINGTAI, SHIMAODUNSHUANGFANGZAIXINKONGJIANNEIBINGCHIKAIFANGDETAIDU, CHIXUBUDUANDIZHANKAIGOUTONGHEDUIHUA[5];HUOYINRU“DISANZHUTI”, TONGGUOXIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGSUOGOUCHENGDEMAODUNTIZHONGYINRUDISANGULILIANG, KEYIZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIASHIXIANMAODUNDEZHUANHUA。TONGGUODUIWAIZHANZHENGDEFANGSHIZHUANJIANEIBUWEIJI, JISHITONGGUOYINRUDISANFANGSHILI, ZHUANHUANEIZAICHONGTUDEDIANXINGCELVEZHIYI;HUOYINRU“DISANGONGJU”, TONGGUOXINFANGFA、XINJISHU、XINLINIANDEYINRU, YENENGGOUDADAOZHUANHUAMAODUNDEMUDE。

  ZAISHIZHENGYANJIUFANGMIAN, KEYITONGGUOYINRUDIAOJIEBIANLIANGDEFANGSHI (ERWEIHUOSANWEIJIAOHU) , YANJIUBUTONGQINGJINGXIAMAODUNSHUANGFANGDECHONGTUSUODAILAIDEYINGXIANG。DANGMAODUNYIDANGEBIANLIANGDEXINGSHICHUXIANSHI, KEYITONGGUOERWEIJIAOHUDEFANGSHI, KAOCHADIAOJIEBIANLIANGDUIMAODUNYUJIEGUOBIANLIANGZHIJIANGUANXIDEDIAOJIEZUOYONG;DANGMAODUNYILIANGGEDULIBIANLIANGDEXINGSHICHUXIANSHI, KEYITONGGUOSANWEIJIAOHUDEFANGSHI, KAOCHAZAIBUTONGDEERZHONGDIAOJIEBIANLIANGQUZHIXIAMAODUNSHUANGFANGDEZUOYONGJIEGUO。

秒速赛车6码计划   (3) QINGJINGQIEHUAN

  QINGJINGQIEHUANZHITONGGUOJIANGMAODUNSHUANGFANGZHIYUYIGEXINDEZHENGTI、XINDEGUANXIDENGXINQINGJINGZHIZHONG, CONGERSHIMAODUNLIANGJIBUZAIHUXIANGDUILIERFASHENGXIANGHUGUANXIDEZHUANHUAZHONGGOU[12]。HOPSONDENG[29]YANJIUFAXIAN, ZUZHINEIBUDEFUNVHEYOUSERENZHONGGUYUAN, ZAIMIANDUIJUYOUQIANZAIQISHIYIWEIDEGONGSIGUANLIGUIZESHI, HUISHIYONGYOUMOHUOWANSHIBUGONGDEFANGSHI, LAISHIZUNSHOUGUIZEHEDIZHIGUIZEZHIJIANDEJINZHANGGUANXIDEDAOHUANHE。YOUMOKEYITONGGUODUIYOUBIANDIYIWEIDEGONGSISHIJIANCAIQUJIZUNSHOUYOUDIZHIDEFANGSHI, ZHEYANGYILAIJIUNENGSHIYUANGONGTONGGUOJIYINZANGYOUJIELUDEFANGSHILAISHIGONGSIBUQIADANGDEZUOFATUXIANCHULAI。TONGGUOQINGJINGQIEHUANSHIMAODUNGUANXIZHONGGOUDELIZIDALIANGCUNZAI, RUXIFANGZHENGZHICAOZUOZHONG, CHANGYOUTONGGUOQIANGHUABENGUOYUTAGUODEMAODUNQINGJINGLAIZHUANYIHEXIAOJIEGUONEIDEZHENGZHIMAODUNQINGJING, YIBODEXUANMINXUANPIAO。TONGGUOJIANGMAODUNQINGJINGJINXINGQIEHUAN, LAISHIXIANYUANLAIMAODUNSHUANGFANGYOUDUIKANGXINGXIANGFEIDUIKANGXINGDEZHUANHUA。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAISHIZHENGYANJIUZHONG, KEYITONGGUOYINRUQIANYINBIANLIANGHUOZHEDIAOJIEBIANLIANGDEFANGSHILAIKEHUA“QINGJINGQIEHUAN”, YOUQISHITONGGUOSANWEIJIAOHUMOXINGYINRUXINDEQINGJINGBIANLIANG, CONGERSHIMAODUNSHUANGFANGBIANLIANGDEXIANGHUGUANXIJIZUOYONGJIZHIFASHENGBIANHUA。DANGRAN, ZHURUYOUDIAOJIEDEZHONGJIEJIZHIHUOYOUZHONGJIEDEDIAOJIEJIZHIDENGLUJINGMOXING, YEKEYIYINGYONGLAIKAOCHAYINRUXINDEQINGJINGBIANLIANGHOU, MAODUNSHUANGFANGBIANLIANGZAISHENGXIAOLUJINGSHANGDEDONGTAIBIANHUAJIZHI。LIRU, VAN BUNDERENDENG[30]TONGGUOYINRUTUANDUINEIBUQUANLIJIEGOUZHEYIQINGJINGBIANLIANG, DIAOHELEQIANRENYANJIUDEMAODUN, JIEGUOFAXIAN, ERZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXIQUJUEYUTEDINGDETUANDUITEZHENG, ZAICENGJIZHITUANDUIQUANLIJIEGOUQINGJINGXIA, TUANDUIJIANCHONGTUHUITONGGUOZENGJIATUANDUINEIBUDEQUANLIZHENGDUOERJIANGDITUANDUIJIXIAO;ERZAITUANDUIJIEGOUBIANPINGDEQINGJINGXIA, ZHEZHONGXIAOYINGQUEBUMINGXIAN。

  (4) LUOXUANFANZHUANYUSHANGSHENG

  GENJUMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEDUISHIWUFAZHANNEIZAIGUILVDECHANSHU, SHIWUDEFAZHANSHI“FOUDINGZHIFOUDING”DEGUOCHENG, CONGCHANGZHOUQILAIKAN, MAODUNDEDONGTAIZHUANHUAYOUSHIHUICHENGXIANCHULUOXUANFANZHUANDETEZHENG, BINGZAIFANZHUANZHONGSHIXIANLUOXUANSHISHANGSHENG。LUOXUANFANZHUANZHIZAIBUTONGSHIJIAN、BUTONGQINGJINGXIA, GUANZHUDIANZAIMAODUNLIANGJIZHIJIANDELAIHUIYIDONG[11]。TONGGUOQIANGHUAMAODUNLIANGJIZHIJIANDECHABIE, BINGJIANGGUANLIZHULIDIANZAILIANGJIZHIJIANJINXINGLIANXUZHENDANGERCHANSHENGCHIXUBIANGEDEDONGLI[18]。BIRUSMITH[31]FAXIAN, GAOCENGGUANLITUANDUIZAICHANGSHIJIANNEI, KEYITONGGUODONGTAIJUECELAIYOUXIAOGUANLITANSUOHELIYONGLIANGZHONGSHIJIAN。GAOCENGGUANLITUANDUITONGGUOJIESHOUMAODUNDELIANGJIBINGJIANGQUFEN (BALIANGJIFENKAIYIKUODATAMENYOUJIAZHIDECHABIEXING) HEZHENGHE (QIANGDIAOTAMENDELIANXILAILIYONGXIETONGXIAOYING) LIANGZHONGCELVEJIEHEZAIYIQI, NENGRANGTAMENZAIXIANCUNCHANPINYUCHUANGXINZHIJIANJINXINGPINFANDEZHENBAI, BINGSHIXIANLIANGZHONGYEWUDEGONGTONGFANRONG。CONSIDINEDENG[18]DUILINZHONGGUANHUAIDEYANJIUYEFAXIAN, GUANHUAITIGONGZHEJINGCHANGHUIGENJUGUANHUAIGUOCHENGZHONGSUOYUDAODEJUTIQINGJING, ZAI“SUISHUN”YU“LINGDAO”LIANGZHONGFANGSHIZHIJIANJINXINGZHENBAI。

秒速赛车6码计划   ZAISHIZHENGYANJIUZHONG, KEYITONGGUOZHUIZONGYANJIUDEFANGFA, TANTAOMAODUNGEFANGSUIZHUSHIJIANDEYANJINZAIBUTONGQINGJINGZHONGDEQIEHUAN。LIRU, JINGDENG[32]YIYINYANGSHIJIAOWEIJICHU, DUIZHONGGUOCHENGDOUGONGJIAOGONGSIDEZUZHIBIANGEGUOCHENGJINXINGLEYANJIU, TANSUOLEBIANGEGUANLIZHETONGGUOLINGHUOYUNYONGYINGSHI、ZAOSHIHEWUWEI3ZHONGCELVETUIDONGZUZHIBIANGEDEGUOCHENG。TAMENDEYANJIUFAXIAN, ZAIXINGSHIDUIZIJIYOULIDESHIHOU, GUANLIZHECAIYONGYINGSHICELVEGENGYOUKENENGTUIJINBIANGE;ZAIBULITIAOJIANXIA, ZAOSHICELVEHUIGENGJIAYOUXIAO;ZAIXINGSHICONGBULIXIANGYOULIZHUANHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG, CAIYONGWUWEICELVEGENGRONGYIQUDECHENGXIAO。ZAIZUZHIBIANGEGUOCHENGZHONG, YOUYUSHOUNEIWAIBUYINSUDEYINGXIANG, GUANLIZHEHUIFANFUMIANLINDUIBIANGEYOULIHUOBULIDEQINGJING, ZHEJIUXUYAOCAIQULUOXUANFANZHUANYUSHANGSHENGDEMAODUNGUANLIFANSHI, ZAIZHURUYINGSHI、ZAOSHIHEWUWEIDENGJUTICELVEZHONGSHIXIANLINGHUOQIEHUAN。

  MAODUNSHIPUBIANCUNZAIDE, SHISHIWUFAZHANDENEIZAIDONGLI。SUIRANSHANGWENDUIGEZHONGMAODUNGUANLIDECELVEFANSHIFENBIEJINXINGLECHANSHU, DANSHIZHEXIECELVEZAISHIJIANZHONGKEYIBEIZONGHEYINGYONG, CONGMAODUNBENSHENYUNHANDEZHANGLIZHONGHUOQUDONGNENG (ERBUSHIXIAOMIEMAODUN) , TUIDONGMAODUNYOUDUIKANGWEIZHUDEZHUANGTAIXIANGHUBUWEIZHUDEZHUANGTAIBUDUANJINXINGLIANGXINGZHUANHUA, BINGWEICHIMAODUNSHUANGFANGZAIGENGGAOCENGCISHANGYILUOXUANFANZHUANSHANGSHENGDEXINGSHICHIXUDONGTAIZHUANHUA。

  4、討論

  “MAODUNSHIJIAO”ZHENGZHUJIANCHENGWEIJIZUIJIASHIJIANGUAN、GOUXINGGUAN、QUANBIANGUANZHIHOUDEYIZHONGZHUYAODEGUANLIXUEYANJIUFANSHI。BENYANJIUJIANGZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAYUDANGDAIYISHIZHONGDEMAODUNSIBIANLUOJI、YUDANGQIANXIFANGZHULIUGUANLIXUEWENXIANZHONGDEMAODUNSHIJIAOJINXINGJIEHE, JIUGUANLIXUEYANJIUZHONGPINFANCHUXIANDANYOUHENRONGYIHUNXIAODE“MAODUN”XIANGGUANGAINIANDENEIHANJIQIXIANGHUGUANXIJINXINGLELIQINGHECHUBUBIANXI, TICHULE3LEIYINGDUIMAODUNDEFANGSHI, BINGJIEHEDIANXINGYANJIUYANGLI, JIUMEILEIZHUYAOFANSHIXIASUOBAOHANDERUOGANCELVEJINXINGLELILUNNEIHANDEXITONGSHULI。LINGWAI, BENYANJIUHUANJIEHEYIXIEDIANXINGYANJIU, DUIZHEXIEMAODUNGUANLIFANSHIJICELVERUHEZAIGUANLIYANJIUZHONGJINXINGSHIZHENGCAOZUODEFANGFALUN, JINXINGLETANSUOXINGDESHULIYUJIANYI。

  SUIRANBENYANJIUDUI“MAODUN”XIANGGUANGAINIANDENEIHANJIMAODUNGUANLIFANGSHIJINXINGLEJIAOWEIXITONGDESHULI, DANSHIYECUNZAIBUZUZHICHU:①YOUYU“MAODUN”DELILUNFANCHOUSHEJIGUANGFAN, BENYANJIUNANYIQIONGJINSUOYOUDEWENXIAN, ERSHIZHUYAOYIGUANLIXUEWENXIANZHONGDELILUNFANCHOUWEIZHUTI;②SUIRANBENYANJIUXITONGXINGDIDUIERYUAN、HUNHE、KUNJING、BIANZHENGHEMAODUNDENGXIANGGUANGAINIAN, YIJIMAODUNGUANLIZHUYAOFANSHIDELILUNNEIHANJINXINGLEXITONGXINGDESHULI, DANZHEXIEGAINIANFANCHOURENGRANCUNZAIZHUFUZADEZHONGDIE, NANYIDUIZHEXIEGAINIANBIANJIEJINXINGWANQUANQINGXIDEJIEDING;③YOUYUZUZHIZHONGCUNZAIDEMAODUNGEZHONGGEYANG, DUISUOYOUMAODUNXIANXIANGJINXINGQUANMIANSHULIJIHUSHIBUKENENGDE。BENYANJIUBINGWEISHEJIDUIGOUCHENGMAODUNDEJUTINEIRONGWEIDU、JUTIZHUANTIJINXINGKAOCHA。

  ZONGSHANGKEZHI, XUEZHEMENKEYIJIANGMAODUNSHIJIAOZUOWEIYIZHONG“YUANFANSHI”ZAIBUTONGDELINGYUJINXINGYINGYONG, YUJUTIYANJIULINGYU、YUQITALILUNXIANGJIEHELAIYANJIUZUZHIZHONGDEMAODUNXIANXIANG。BENYANJIURENWEI, MAODUNSHIJIAOZAI (QIEBUXIANYU) YIXIAYIXIELINGYUKENENGJUYOUGENGQIANGDESHIQIEXING:①JIANGMAODUNSHIJIAOYINGYONGYUZHONGGUOZHUANXINGJINGJIDEQINGJINGHUAYANJIUZHONG。ZHUANXINGJINGJIXUEBENSHENZUOWEIYIGEZHONGYAODEYANJIUFANCHOU, KAOCHAZHUANXINGFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGJIHUAXINGJINGJIZHIDUYUSHICHANGHUAJINGJIZHIDUDEJIANRONGROUHE、GUODUGAIGEWENTI。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI, ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDEFAZHANCHENGXIANCHUTONGSHIRONGHESHEHUIZHUYITIZHIHESHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDEHUNHEXINGTEZHENG, MAODUNSHIJIAOJIANGYOUZHUYUJIANGZHONGGUOHONGGUANZHIDUDEZHUANXINGYUQIYEWEIGUANZHIDUDEDUOYUANJIANRONGTEZHENGJIANLIYANJIUGUANLIAN, QIANGHUAGUANLIXUEYANJIUDEZHONGGUOZHIDUQINGJINGSHUXING。②JIANGMAODUNLILUNYINGYONGYUZUZHIGUANLILINGYU。ZUZHIJINGCHANGHUITONGSHIMIANDUIDUOZHONGBUTONGDEZHIDULUOJI, XUEZHEMENKEYITONGGUOMAODUNSHIJIAOLAITANSUORUHEYOUXIAOGUANLIBUTONGZHIDULUOJIZHIJIANDEMAODUNWENTI;LINGWAI, YIXIEHUNHEXINGZUZHINEIBUYEHUIJINGCHANGMIANDUIGEZHONGGEYANGDEMAODUNWENTI, LIRU, YIXIESHEHUIXINGQIYETONGSHIJIANJUYINGLIXINGHESHEHUIXINGSHUANGZHONGSHUXING, RUHEZAIZHELIANGZHONGSHUXINGZHONGSHIXIANPINGHENGSHIQIMIANLINDEYIGEZHONGYAOWENTI, YINCIXUEZHEMENYEKEJIANGMAODUNLILUNYONGYUHUNHEZUZHIDEYANJIUZHONG。③JIANGMAODUNLILUNYINGYONGYUZUZHIXINGWEIHELINGDAOLILINGYU。YOUYURENDEXINLIHEXINGWEIBENSHENJIUJUYOUHENDADEDUOBIANXING, QIEYOUYUGETIZAISHEHUIZHONGHUIYOUDUOZHONGBUTONGDEJIAOSESHENFEN, YINCIGETIZHIJIANYIJIGERENZISHENDETAIDUHEXINGWEIZHIJIANJINGCHANGHUICHANSHENGZHANGLI, WEILAIKEYITONGGUOMAODUNSHIJIAODUIYURUHEGUANLIZHEXIEZHANGLI (RUGETIBUTONGJIAOSESHENFENZHIJIANDECHONGTU) ZHANKAITANSUO。④JIANGMAODUNSHIJIAOYINGYONGYUCHUANGXINHEZUZHIBIANGELINGYU。ZAICHUANGXINLINGYU, QIYEGUANLIZHEJINGCHANGYAOMIANDUITANSUOSHICHUANGXINHELIYONGSHICHUANGXINZHIJIANDEMAODUN, QIANRENYIJINGCONGJIEZOUGUANHEXIESHIGUANDENGJIAODUDUIERZHEDEGUANXIJINXINGLETANSUO[33], WEILAIKEYITONGGUOYINRUMAODUNSHIJIAOJINYIBUTANSUOERZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXI;LINGWAI, ZUZHIZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG, YOUYUSHOUDAOZUZHIJIEGOU、ZUZHIWENHUADENGFANGMIANDEGUANXINGDEYINGXIANG, ZUZHIZHANLVEHUIQUYUWENDING, DANSHIHUANJINGYALI、ZUZHINEIBUGAOGUANTUANDUIDEBIANDONGYOUJINGCHANGHUITUIDONGZUZHIBIANGE, YINCI, XUEZHEMENKEYITONGGUOMAODUNDESHIJIAOYANJIURUHECHULIZUZHIWENDINGYUBIANGEZHIJIANDEGUANXI。

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